Zoekresultaat: 187 artikelen

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Actualiteiten rechtspraak

Access_open NTS 2020/20

HR 1 oktober 2019, 18/01356, ECLI:NL:HR:2019:1456

Tijdschrift Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Strafrecht, Aflevering 1 2020
Samenvatting

    Opzettelijk handelen in strijd met het in art. 2.A Opiumwet gegeven verbod door invoer van ruim 30 kg ayahuasca-thee bestemd voor kerk. Beroep op recht op vrijheid van godsdienst ex art. 9 EVRM.
    Was ’s Hofs oordeel dat veroordeling voor art. 2A Opiumwet (invoer harddrugs) en daarmee beperking van recht op vrijheid van godsdienst van verdachte in het onderhavige geval in een democratische samenleving noodzakelijk ter bescherming van volksgezondheid?

Artikel

Access_open Legal Philosophy as an Enrichment of Doctrinal Research Part I: Introducing Three Philosophical Methods

Tijdschrift Law and Method, januari 2020
Trefwoorden interdisciplinary research, reflective equilibrium, argumentation, philosophical analysis
Auteurs Sanne Taekema en Wibren van der Burg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we discuss a particular form of interdisciplinary legal research. We focus on a discipline that may be fruitfully combined with doctrinal research, namely philosophy. The aim of this article is to give an account of the methods of philosophy that are most relevant and useful for doctrinal legal scholars. Our focus is therefore mostly on legal philosophy and the philosophical subdisciplines closely related to it, such as political philosophy and ethics. We characterize legal philosophy in three complementary ways: as an activity, as insights, and as theories. We then discuss three methods of legal philosophy: argumentation analysis and construction, author analysis and reflective equilibrium. In the practice of research these three methods are usually combined, as we will show with various examples.


Sanne Taekema
Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam

Wibren van der Burg
Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Liberal Democracy and the Judeo-Christian Tradition

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2020
Trefwoorden national identity, historical narratives, universal values, equal citizenship
Auteurs Tamar de Waal
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Increasingly often, it is stated that the universal values underpinning Western liberal democracies are a product of a ‘Judeo-Christian’ tradition. This article explores the legitimacy of this claim from the perspective of liberal-democratic theory. It argues that state-endorsed claims about the historical roots of liberal-democratic values are problematic (1) if they are promoted as though they are above democratic scrutiny and (2) if they insinuate that citizens who belong to a particular (majority) culture remain the ‘cultural owners’ of the core values underpinning the state. More pragmatically, the paper suggests that the claim carries the risk of failing to facilitate all citizens becoming or remaining committed to nurturing fundamental rights and a shared society based on norms of democratic equality.


Tamar de Waal
Tamar de Waal is Assistant Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Amsterdam Law School of the University of Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open De blinde vlek in praktijk en discussie rond orgaandonatie

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2020
Trefwoorden organ donation, ethics of organ donation, symbolic nature of the human body, ethics and ritual, symbolic legislation theory
Auteurs Herman De Dijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In countries like Belgium and The Netherlands, there seems to be overwhelming public acceptance of transplantation and organ donation. Yet, paradoxically, part of the public refuses post-mortal donation of their own organs or of those of family members. It is customary within the transplantation context to accept the refusal of organ donation by family members “in order to accommodate their feelings”. I argue that this attitude does not take seriously what is really behind the refusal of donation by (at least some) family members. My hypothesis is that even in very secularized societies, this refusal is determined by cultural-symbolic attitudes vis-à-vis the (dead) human body (and some of its parts). The blind spot for this reality, both in the practice of and discussions around organ donation, prevents understanding of what is producing the paradox mentioned.


Herman De Dijn
Herman De Dijn is emeritus hoogleraar wijsbegeerte aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Legal and Political Concepts as Contextures

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering Pre-publications 2020
Trefwoorden Concepts, Contextualism, Essentially Contested Concepts, Legal Theory, Freedom
Auteurs Dora Kostakopoulou
Samenvatting

    Socio-political concepts are not singularities. They are, instead, complex and evolving contextures. An awareness of the latter and of what we need to do when we handle concepts opens up space for the resolution of political disagreements and multiplies opportunities for constructive dialogue and understanding. In this article, I argue that the concepts-as-contextures perspective can unravel conceptual connectivity and interweaving, and I substantiate this by examining the ‘contexture’ of liberty. I show that the different, and seemingly contested, definitions of liberty are the product of mixed articulations and the development of associative discursive links within a contexture.


Dora Kostakopoulou
Jurisprudentie en wetgeving

Lachiri/België: het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens blijft worstelen met de hoofddoek

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Islamitisch recht;, sharia in Europa;, hoofddoek;, vrijheid van religie, Mensenrechten
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Maurits S. Berger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the ruling on Lachiri/Belgium, commentators discern a new development in the ECHR’s jurisprudence on the relationship between the headscarf and freedom of religion. According to the author, that is not the case: in fact, he observes a continued bias of the Court towards the headscarf.


Prof. dr. mr. Maurits S. Berger
Prof. dr. mr. M.S. Berger is hoogleraar Islam en het Westen aan de Universiteit Leiden en directeur van de Leiden Islam Academie. Tevens is hij senior research associate aan Instituut Clingendael, en hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Case Reports

2019/26 List of discrimination criteria (PL)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Age discrimination
Auteurs Marcin Wujczyk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Polish Supreme Court has held that a criterion of discrimination may also be a relationship of a social or familial nature that exists in the workplace and whose existence or absence on the part of the employee results in different treatment by the employer.


Marcin Wujczyk
Marcin Wujczyk is an attorney at law at Wardyński & Partners, Poland (https://www.wardynski.com.pl).

    The author discusses the recent ECJ judgments in the cases Egenberger and IR on religious discrimination.


Andrzej Marian Świątkowski
Andrzej Marian Świątkowski, is a Jean Monet Professor of European Labour Law and Social Security, Jesuit University Ignatianum, Krakow, Poland and a member of the EELC Academic Board.
Pending Cases

Case C-341/19, Religious discrimination

MH Müller Handels GmbH – v – MJ, reference lodged by the Bundesarbeitsgericht (Germany) on 30 April 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Samenvatting

    Both the French Supreme Court and the Versailles Court of Appeal held that an employer, who must ensure that liberties and fundamental rights of each employee are respected in the working community, may lawfully prohibit the wearing of any visible sign of political, philosophical or religious beliefs in the workplace, provided that the rule contained in the company rules and regulations applies without distinction to employees in direct contact with the customers of the company only. But in the absence of such rules, sanctioning an employee who refuses to remove her Islamic veil based on the wish of a customer, which does not qualify as a genuine and determining occupational requirement, amounts to an unlawful direct discrimination and should consequently be held null and void.


Claire Toumieux
Claire Toumieux is partner and Thomas Robert is an attorney at Allen & Overy LLP in Paris, France.

Thomas Robert
Case Reports

2019/29 Eweida versus Achbita: a storm in a teacup? (EU)

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Auteurs Morwarid Hashemi LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Most scholars have argued that the Achbita judgment is not in line with the jurisprudence of the ECtHR, in particular with the Eweida judgment, and gives less protection to the employee than granted by the ECtHR. In this article, I provide a different perspective on the relation between both judgments and nuance the criticisms that followed the Achbita judgment.


Morwarid Hashemi LLM
Morwarid Hashemi LLM is a former student of Erasmus University Rotterdam

    In deze bijdrage staat General Comment No. 20 van het VN-Kinderrechtencomité, over het implementeren van kinderrechten tijdens de adolescentie, centraal. De aanleiding voor en inhoud van de General Comment worden in hoofdlijnen besproken. Daarnaast wordt specifiek aandacht besteed aan een onderwerp dat door het Kinderrechtencomité in het bijzonder van belang wordt geacht voor de bescherming van de rechten van adolescenten: het strafrecht. In dat kader wordt ook de positie van adolescenten in het Nederlandse straf(proces)recht behandeld.


E.P. Schmidt LLM, BSc
E.P. (Eva) Schmidt is promovenda bij de afdeling Jeugdrecht van de Universiteit Leiden.
Pending Cases

Case C-804/18, Religious Discrimination

IX – v – WABE e. V., reference lodged by the Arbeitsgericht Hamburg (Germany) on 20 December 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2019
Jurisprudentie en wetgeving

Molla Sali vs Griekenland: het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens inzake sharia in Europa

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Sharia in Europa, religieus familierecht, legal pluralism, interpersoonlijk recht, interreligieus recht
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Maurits Berger
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The decision of the Court that Muslims from the Greek province of West Thrace can choose in matters of family law between civil or Islamic law, is not surprising. However, much can be said about the way in which the Court came to that conclusion. Because in doing so it uses principles and considerations that show a lack of insight in the status and functioning of a unique legal system, namely that of interpersonal law, or the coexistence on equal basis of several family laws. Similarly, the Court seems biased towards Islamic family law, which it consistently refers to as ‘sharia’. A critical discussion of this judgment is therefore appropriate.


Prof. dr. mr. Maurits Berger
Prof. dr. mr. M.S. Berger is hoogleraar Islam en het Westen aan de Universiteit Leiden en directeur van de Leiden Islam Academie. Tevens is hij senior research associate aan Instituut Clingendael, lid van de Adviesraad Internationale Vraagstukken van het ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, en hoofdredacteur van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid.
Artikel

Afbakening van de godsdienstvrijheid in de context van sociale voorzieningen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Reikwijdte godsdienstvrijheid, sociaal grondrecht, Bijstand, sociale voorzieningen, islamitische geloofsuitingen
Auteurs Mr. dr. Jos Vleugel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Invoking the fundamental social right to assistance does not prevent the CRvB from also applying the traditional fundamental right to freedom of religion. This approach is in line with the current case-law of the ECHR. This also applies to the more subjective explanation of religion used by the CRvB. This can be justified by the doctrine of interpretative restraint and the importance of self-definition. In the light of these principles, it is unclear why the CRvB makes a distinction in the level of protection of different religious expressions when weighing up interests in the context of article 9 ECHR


Mr. dr. Jos Vleugel
Mr. dr. A. Vleugel is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de afdeling Staats-, Bestuursrecht en Rechtstheorie van het departement Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Utrecht. Hij promoveerde in 2018 op een proefschrift met de titel Het juridische begrip van godsdienst.
Artikel

A Look Back at Courage and a Look Forward to the Future of Non-Contractual Liability of Individuals for Breaches of EU Law

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 7-8 2019
Trefwoorden non-contractual liability, compensation, direct horizontal effect, effectiveness, effective judicial protection
Auteurs F. Bassi LL.M.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Courage ruling establishes that private parties are liable to compensate other private parties for the harm caused by a breach of Art. 101(1) TFEU. This article discusses whether a breach by private parties of other provisions of the TFEU with ‘direct horizontal effect’ also gives rise to non-contractual liability and what are the conditions for such liability to arise.


F. Bassi LL.M.
F. Bassi LL.M. is a PhD Candidate at Radboud University Nijmegen and at KU Leuven.
Artikel

De orthodoxe kerken en de mensenrechten in de 21ste eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Theologie, mensenrechten, menselijke waardigheid, oosters christendom
Auteurs Prof. dr. Alfons Brüning
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article examines and explains the relation of current Eastern Orthodox Theology to the concept of Human Rights. Putting the controversies into a larger historical and theological context, it seeks to highlight the conditions of a variety of Orthodox theological positions. Such positions, with their common features and strong differences, concern issues such as church and state, universalism or theological anthropology and human dignity. Considerations end with arguing, that much of the treasures of the Orthodox tradition still needs to be unearthed – to the benefit of Human Rights, and of all participants in current debates worldwide.


Prof. dr. Alfons Brüning
Prof. dr. A. Brüning werkt sinds 2007 als wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Instituut voor Oosters Christendom (IvOC) aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. In 2012 werd hij benoemd tot bijzonder hoogleraar Orthodoxie, mensenrechten, vredesopbouw in Europa, onder andere aan de Protestantse Theologische Universiteit Amsterdam (PThU). Zwaartepunten van zijn onderzoek zijn de vroege moderne tijd in Oost-Europa (Polen, Litouwen, Oekraïne, Wit-Rusland, Rusland), religie in de Sovjet-Unie, religie en kerk in Oekraïne, orthodoxe theologie en mensenrechten.

    The Supreme Court has ruled that a baker’s refusal to provide a cake with a slogan supporting gay marriage was not sexual orientation discrimination, nor discrimination on grounds of political belief. The Northern Ireland bakery was owned by Christians who had religious objections to gay marriage (they thought Christian doctrine holds that marriage can only take place between a man and a woman). Gay marriage is not legal in Northern Ireland, although it is in the rest of the United Kingdom. Gay couples can enter into a ‘civil partnership’ in Northern Ireland, which formalises the relationship and provides it with legal recognition in a similar way to marriage.


Soren Kristophersen
Soren Kristophersen is a Legal Assistant at Lewis Silkin LLP.
Rulings

ECJ 22 January 2019, case C-193/17 (Cresco Investigation), Discrimination, Religion

Cresco Investigation GmbH – v – Markus Achatzi, Austrian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Discrimination, Religion
Samenvatting

Jurisprudentie

Annotatie Lang

Belediging van de profeet Mohammed

Tijdschrift Crimmigratie & Recht, Aflevering 1 2019
Auteurs Marloes van Noorloos

Marloes van Noorloos
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