Zoekresultaat: 20 artikelen

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Signalement

The beauty and trouble of reparation

The European Forum for Restorative Justice is celebrating 20 years of restorative work

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Artikel

De kracht van verbinding

Een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de rol van lotgenotencontact voor nabestaanden van zware verkeersdelicten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden peer support, co-victims, traffic offenses, Big Two, narratives
Auteurs Dr. Pauline Aarten, Pien van de Ven MSc en Rik Ceulen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For co-victims of severe traffic offenses in the Netherlands, peer support is offered. However, no research into the meaning of peer support for this specific group of victims has been conducted. In this study, nineteen narrative interviews with co-victims of traffic offenses were collected. These interviews show that through dialogue and the sharing of experiences, as well as the care and support for each other, peer support offers the possibility to work on the meaning-making of the traffic offense and its aftermath. The article ends with policy implications and steps for follow-up research.


Dr. Pauline Aarten
Dr. P.G.M. Aarten is universitair docent bij het Institute of Security and Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden.

Pien van de Ven MSc
P. van de Ven MSc is promovenda bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) & Slachtofferhulp Nederland

Rik Ceulen MSc
R. Ceulen MSc is criminoloog bij gemeente Tilburg.
Artikel

Conflict narratives and conflict handling strategies in intercultural contexts

Reflections from an action research project based on restorative praxis

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden action research, conflict, restorative justice, intercultural contexts
Auteurs Brunilda Pali
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A rapidly growing field of research and practice, restorative justice has primarily found its gravitational centre within the criminal justice system, as an alternative of dealing with the aftermath of crime. Less explored remains the application of restorative justice in complex, urban, or intercultural contexts, an application which raises a whole set of conceptual and practical challenges. This article is based on an action project which aimed to research conflict narratives in intercultural contexts and transform them through restorative praxis. Mostly used in educational, organizational, and health care settings, action research remains an underused but a highly interesting methodology for criminology and criminal justice research. Its alternative epistemology makes it particularly apt for scientific projects that aim both at investigating crime and justice related issues and at engendering change, either at the level of criminal justice or communities. Although action research has focused mostly on creating change at the level of practical knowledge, when conceived in a critical manner, action research aims not only at improving the work of practitioners, but also at assisting them to arrive at a critique of their social or work settings. Practice concerns at the same time problem setting or problem framing. By zooming into one of the case studies of the project, more specifically the social housing estates in Vienna, I focus in this article specifically on the tensions and dilemmas created by processes of engagement in a problematizing approach to the context and to practice. During these processes, together with other social actors, such as inhabitants and professionals, we named problems (in our case social conflicts) and framed the context in which we addressed them. I argue that participatory forms of inquiry, such as action research, should actively reframe rather than merely describe contexts and problems they work with.


Brunilda Pali
Brunilda Pali is FWO Postdoctoral researcher, Leuven Institute of Criminology, Leuven, Belgium.
Artikel

Vergeving en heel worden na afloop van zware geweldsdelicten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Vergeving, trauma, dialoog, verontschuldiging, vergelding
Auteurs David L. Gustafson
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In a recent research study entitled Encountering ‘The Other’: Victim Offender Dialogue in Serious Crime the impact and outcomes for victims/survivors of meeting with the prisoner participants who had caused them harm were examined. In the vast majority of those cases, organised within the context of the Victim Offender Mediation Program (VOMP), forgiveness was offered by victims and received by offenders. This research, utilizing a qualitative multiple case study method, examined twenty-five randomly selected cases referred for victim/offender mediation over a 10-year period, in which victims/survivors, following a period of preparation, had participated in at least one day-long dialogue with their offenders facilitated by trained personnel. This article addresses only one of the research questions posited in this study, namely, the ways in which apology and forgiveness played a part in those dialogues and in the experience of the participants following their mutual encounters. It is argued that granting forgiveness can have great power in its effects when experienced by the participants.


David L. Gustafson
David L. Gustafson is directeur van de Fraser Region Community Justice Initiatives Association. Hij is tevens adjunct professor aan de School of Criminology van de Simon Fraser University, therapeut en klinisch counsellor. Hij ontwikkelde en gaf leiding aan het Victim Offender Reconciliation Program (VORP) in Langley. Onlangs rondde hij een proefschrift af aan de Universiteit van Leuven.
Artikel

Het verontschuldigingsritueel en herstelrecht

Het slachtofferperspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden apology ritual, The victim perspective, Sincerity, Physical aspect of apology, symbolic meaning of apology
Auteurs Inge Vanfraechem, Daniela Bolívar en Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Empirical research on restorative justice shows that offenders can apologise to victims. Because of the ritual component of restorative justice and the possible influence on the justice system, certain questions arise: how do victims perceive these apologies? Is it important for victims that these apologies are sincere? The aim of the article is to discuss these questions through three topics, namely the physical aspect of the ritual, the symbolic meaning for victims and the relation between the offender’s apologies and the victim’s reaction.


Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is consultant (Libra), senior vrijwillig wetenschappelijk medewerkers KU Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.

Daniela Bolívar
Daniela Bolívar is assistant professor aan de School of Social Work, Catholic University of Chile. Ze is board member van de International Journal of Restorative Justice en heeft een onderzoeksproject rond bemiddeling en jeugddelinquenten in Chili afgerond.

Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is professor herstelrecht en victimologie aan de KU Leuven en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

éDesistance’ en slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling in Belgié

De cruciale rol van de bemiddelaar

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Desistance, victim-offender mediation, restorative justice, criminal justice
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen en Katrien Lauwaert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents some of the results of a study in which 25 adult men were interviewed who took part in restorative mediation in the French speaking part of Belgium and were desisting from crime. Their narratives were used to find out whether participation in restorative justice influenced positively their journey towards desistance; if so, which factors in restorative mediation supported this change process and how these factors had been helpful. The results suggest that restorative mediation has the potential to contribute to desistance in a humble, but significant way. Core aspects of mediation supported mostly already started desistance processes and they were helpful in a mainly cognitive way. The authors propose to further investigate the specific and helpful ‘presence’ of mediators and to reflect upon the apparent absence in restorative mediation of practical follow-up support towards desistance.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is als hoogleraar verbonden aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is medewerkster bij het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Article

Access_open Legal Constraints on the Indeterminate Control of ‘Dangerous’ Sex Offenders in the Community: The German Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Supervision, twin track system, principle of proportionality, human rights, violent and sex offenders
Auteurs Bernd-Dieter Meier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After release from prison or a custodial preventive institution, offenders may come under supervision in Germany, which means that their conduct is controlled for a period of up to five years or even for life by a judicial supervising authority. Supervision is terminated if it can be expected that even in the absence of further supervision the released person will not commit any further offences. From the theoretical point of view, supervision is not considered a form of punishment in Germany, but a preventive measure that is guided by the principle of proportionality. After a presentation of the German twin track system of criminal sanctions and a glimpse at sentencing theory, the capacity of the principle of proportionality to guide and control judicial decisions in the field of preventive sanctions is discussed. The human rights perspective plays only a minor role in the context of supervision in Germany.


Bernd-Dieter Meier
Prof. Dr. Bernd-Dieter Meier is the Chair in Criminal Law and Criminology at the Law Faculty of Leibniz University Hannover.
Artikel

Social theory and the significance of free will in our system of criminal justice

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden free will, determinism, communicative action, legitimacy, social theory
Auteurs Dr. Rob Schwitters
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Free will is a key assumption of our system of criminal justice. However, the assumption of a free will is questioned by the rapidly growing empirical findings of the neuro and the brain sciences. These indicate that human behavior is driven by subconscious forces beyond the free will. In this text I aim to indicate how social theory might contribute to this debate. This text is an attempt to demonstrate that social theory does not automatically side with the deterministic attacks on free will. The denial of the free will is to a great extent based on a flawed interpretation of free will, in which it is seen as a capacity of separate individuals. I will suggest that it is the sociological realization that free will is embedded in intersubjective relations that helps to clarify which value is at stake when we deny free will. Free will presumes social practices and social relations that facilitate moral and political discourse. As long as we see human actors as capable to evaluate these practices and contexts in moral and political terms, we cannot deny them a free will. My argumentation will build on the theories of Peter Strawson, Anthony Giddens and Jürgen Habermas.


Dr. Rob Schwitters
Rob Schwitters is Associate Professor of Sociology of Law and connected to the Paul Scholten Centre at the University of Amsterdam. He publishes on tort law, responsibility and liability, the welfare state and compliance.
Artikel

Vrijwilligheid, vertrouwelijkheid en onpartijdigheid

Opvattingen van deelnemers aan herstelbemiddeling in Vlaanderen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Herstelbemiddeling, werkingsprincipes, onpartijdigheid, vrijwilligheid, vertrouwelijkheid
Auteurs Vicky De Mesmaecker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers the fundamental restorative justice principles of voluntary participation, the impartiality of the facilitator and the confidentiality of the restorative process from the point of view of participants to victim-offender mediation in Flanders, Belgium. These principles have remained relatively theoretical; little is known about how they are perceived by the participants to restorative practices. Results of our study show that whereas victims and offenders unequivocally support the principles of voluntariness and impartiality, the principle of confidentiality causes dissatisfaction and frustration when they believe it hinders the judge trying the case in court from establishing the truth about the facts.


Vicky De Mesmaecker
Vicky De Mesmaecker behaalde een doctoraat en master in de Criminologische Wetenschappen en een master in de Internationale Betrekkingen en Conflictbeheersing aan de KU Leuven (België). Zij werkte als doctoraal en postdoctoraal onderzoeker aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC) van de KU Leuven en als Visiting Researcher aan Yale Law School in de Verenigde Staten en het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving in Nederland. Zij werkt momenteel als Senior Qualitative Researcher bij GfK Belgium.
Artikel

Herstelrecht en slachtoffers van geweldsmisdrijven

Tevredenheid met een herstelgerichte interventie voor en na de gerechtelijke procedure

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden Beslissingscontrole, België, Canada, recht vóór en na vonnis, slachtofferparticipatie
Auteurs Tinneke Van Camp en Jo-Anne Wemmers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this paper we compare the experiences of victims of serious violent crimes with a restorative intervention completed before or after a judicial decision was taken. Specifically, we ask: What is the impact of the availability of a judicial decision on the victims’ assessment of the restorative intervention? We conducted interviews with victims of violence in Belgium and Canada. The findings show that these victims are satisfied with a restorative intervention, irrespective of the phase in which this intervention takes place, provided that the intervention is complemented with a judicial procedure in which the offender is held responsible for his actions.


Tinneke Van Camp
Tinneke Van Camp is docent criminologie, School of Law, Centre for Criminological Research, University of Sheffield, UK.

Jo-Anne Wemmers
Jo-Anne Wemmers is hoogleraar en hoofd onderzoek aan de École de criminologie, Université de Montréal, Canada.
Artikel

Een victimologisch perspectief op het internationale strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden international crimes, victimology, (international) criminal justice, victims’ rights
Auteurs Dr. Antony Pemberton, Prof. mr. dr. Rianne Letschert, Dr. mr. Anne-Marie de Brouwer e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article develops a victimological perspective on international criminal justice, based on a review of the main victimological characteristics of international crimes. These include the complicity or active involvement of government agencies, the large numbers of victims and the peculiar position of international crime victims who, at the time the crimes are committed, are usually not viewed as victims by the perpetrators, but placed outside the moral sphere or even depicted as perpetrators rather than victims.Key elements of this perspective concern the external coherence of the criminal justice reaction - the interlinking of criminal justice with other reparative efforts - as well as its internal coherence - the extent to which the procedures of international criminal justice are aligned with what it realistically can and should achieve. With internal coherence in mind, the article examines the victimological findings relating to the main rights of victims in the criminal procedure (recognition/acknowledgement, information/participation and compensation/reparation) and subsequently analyzes how the specifics of international crimes moderate them.


Dr. Antony Pemberton
Dr. A. Pemberton is associate professor of victimology aan het International Victimology Institute Tilburg van Tilburg University, a.pemberton@uvt.nl.

Prof. mr. dr. Rianne Letschert
Prof. mr. dr. R.M. Letschert is professor of victimology and international law aan het International Victimology Institute Tilburg van Tilburg University, r.m.letschert@uvt.nl.

Dr. mr. Anne-Marie de Brouwer
Dr. mr. A.-M. de Brouwer is associate professor of international criminal law aan het Department of Criminal Law van Tilburg University, a.l.m.debrouwer@uvt.nl.

Mr. dr. Roelof Haveman
Mr. dr. R.H. Haveman is freelance Rule of Law Consultant, momenteel gestationeerd in Côte d’Ivoire, roelof.haveman@gmail.com.
Artikel

Evaluatie van de implementatie van de slachtoffer-dadergesprekken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden victims,, victim-offender dialogue, restorative justice, victim-in-focus
Auteurs Bart de Jong en Agnes van Burik
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2007, an organisation called ‘Slachtoffer in Beeld’ offers victims and juvenile delinquents the opportunity to engage in victim-offender dialogue. Since 2010, it is also possible for adult offenders to engage in victim-offender dialogue. Van Montfoort Advisory evaluated the implementation of victim-offender dialogue in 2010. The article sums up the most relevant conclusions of the evaluation, with a focus on conclusions related to victims. Results related to the internal implementation at ‘Slachtoffer in Beeld’ and the external implemention at organisations who refer to victim-offender dialogue are presented. Numbers of referrals are shown. It is striking to see that most referrals are coming from organisations working with offenders, even though victim-offender dialogue is, given the parlementary history, primarily an offer for victims. In the article reasons are given to explain the difference between the number of referrals from victim oriented organisations and offender oriented organisations. At the end possible effects of victims-offender dialogue on victims are presented.


Bart de Jong
Mr. drs. Bart de Jong is criminoloog en strafrechtsjurist en als onderzoeker verbonden aan onderzoeksbureau Van Montfoort, een onderzoeksbureau dat praktijkgericht sociaal-wetenschappelijk onderzoek verricht op het terrein van (jeugd)zorg, (jeugd)criminaliteit en veiligheid. Daarnaast is hij redacteur van de nieuwsbrief van de Stichting Restorative Justice Nederland. Samen met Agnes van Burik en andere collega’s heeft hij de evaluatie van de implementatie van de slachtoffer-dadergesprekken uitgevoerd.

Agnes van Burik
Drs. Agnes van Burik is socioloog en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan onderzoeksbureau Van Montfoort. Samen met Bart de Jong en andere collega’s heeft zij de evaluatie van de implementatie van de slachtoffer-dadergesprekken uitgevoerd.
Artikel

Slachtofferbewegingen en herstelrecht

Over het belang van de realiteit achter de stereotypes

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2011
Trefwoorden victimology, victim movements, social movements, restorative justice
Auteurs Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The position of victims of crime has shown marked improvement over the past 30 years. The rise of the victim has been associated with the growth of a unified ‘victim movement’; a social movement that strives to improve the position of victims of crime. However, it is questionable whether the victim movement should be viewed as a unitary phenomenon. Instead of one movement, there appear to be a number of victim movements. There are differences between the victim advocates in the United States, Victim Support in Europe, the violence against women movement and proponents of restorative justice.. In this article, reasons for these differences are sought in victim-endogenous factors: differences in victims’ characteristics and the idealtypes employed by the different movements are an important explanation for the divergent development in organisations representing victims interests, which in turn influences their policy preferences. It is argued that advocates of restorative justice would benefit from understanding both the reality and the distortion involved in the idealtypes, including their own. This would allow proponents of restorative justice to adapt their practices in a manner that is both suitable and convincing to the representative and target group of the different victim movements.


Antony Pemberton
Dr. Antony Pemberton is sociaalwetenschapper en universitair hoofddocent bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Een empirische blik op herstelrecht en criminaliteitspreventie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden Criminalteitspreventie, empirisch onderzoek, Daderperspectief, Slachtofferperspectief
Auteurs Anniek Gielen en Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The authors summarize the empirical findings with regard to restorative justice and crime prevention as presented in the report of the European project on the matter at hand. With regard to the offender, they studied empirical research on the reduction of recidivism. Data refer to characteristics of the offender, the view of the offender with regard to the restorative process, characteristics of the communication processes and the type of offence as influencing factors. Results in general seem to be quite positive, although there are some cases when recidivism is worse in comparison to the traditional justice process. Crawford indicates how preventative effects for the victims can be taken into account – the researchers refer to the different effects depending on the type of crime and characteristics of the victim; satisfaction, re-victimisation and post-traumatic symptoms; and the prevention of revenge. With regard to the societal preventative effects, research on restorative justice seems to be restricted to the theoretical level: empirical research in this regard is lacking.


Anniek Gielen
Anniek Gielen was verbonden aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, K.U. Leuven, als project officer voor het Europese project Restorative Justice and Crime Prevention. Ze werkt thans als begeleider van mensen met autisme.

Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is verbonden aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, K.U. Leuven, als projectcoördinator van het Europese project Victims and Restorative Justice, onder promotorschap van het European Forum for Restorative Justice. Ze was copromotor van het Europese project Restorative Justice and Crime Prevention.

Kristel Buntinx
Kristel Buntinx is herstelbemiddelaar bij Suggnomè, de bemiddelingsorganisatie in Vlaanderen, en bemiddelt in (zware) zaken met volwassenen in Leuven.
Artikel

Het aanbod van herstelgerichte interventies aan slachtoffers van geweldsmisdrijven

Is een beschermende of proactieve aanpak wenselijk?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, victimologie, geweldsmisdrijven, slachtofferhulp, bemiddeling, bescherming
Auteurs Tinneke Van Camp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Evaluative studies show that victims are generally satisfied with their participation in a restorative intervention, even when concerning violent crime. Therefore, we don’t have to ask whether restorative justice should be offered to victims of crime, but how it should be offered. Using the victimological literature, we explore the appropriateness of two opposing models with regard to the offer in violent crime cases. The protective model, as for instance endorsed by victim support services in Québec, is based on the concern for the protection of vulnerable victims. The proactive model, as inscribed in the 2005 law on the general offer of mediation in Belgium, is based on the informed consent principle. Both models respect the needs of victims, while ranking these needs differently. The available empirical and theoretical observations on the subject do not unilaterally support or reject either model. We, therefore, present a complementary, albeit theoretical model, i.e. the integration of the invitation to a restorative intervention within victim support services.


Tinneke Van Camp
Tinneke Van Camp is doctoraatsstudent aan de École de Criminologie, Université de Montréal (Canada), en vrijwillig medewerker van het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, KULeuven.
Artikel

Justitiepastoraat en ‘herstel’: een poging tot positiebepaling

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden justitiepastoraat, herstelrecht, schuldverwerking
Auteurs Anne-Mie Jonckheere
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is a natural alliance between the ambitions of prison chaplaincy and those of restorative justice in the sense that in both approaches (coping with) responsibility and guilt by offenders are important issues and mechanisms at the same time. Both share a relational concept of crime, consider the evil deed as occasion to start a dialogue to examine responsibility, stress the importance of process and bi-lateral partiality with both the victim and the offender. Coping with guilt and making it productive requires that communication with the offender reaches the deeper and more intimate levels of giving meaning to the criminal offence committed, self, others, past and future. For this communication the context should be open and fundamentally loving in a Christian sense, leading the way to a liberation from guilt once it is thoroughly known and accepted. At that point guilt can be transformed into a constructive moral impetus in human relations.


Anne-Mie Jonckheere
Anne-Mie Jonckheere is justitiepastor in de Koepelgevangenis van Breda.
Discussie

Herstelrecht, eigenbelang en verantwoord burgerschap

Enkele reacties op het boek met dezelfde titel van Lode Walgrave

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2009
Auteurs John Blad
Auteursinformatie

John Blad
John Blad is hoofddocent strafrechtswetenschappen aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redactielid van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

De komende emancipatie van het slachtoffer

Naar een verbeterde rechtspositie voor gedupeerden van misdrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, etikettering, spreekrecht, herstelrecht
Auteurs Jan van Dijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Western languages those affected by crime are universally labelled as the sacrificed ones. This label is inspired by the suffering of Jesus Christ and evokes images of helplessness and meekness. It acts as hidden justification for the marginal, self-effacing role of victims in criminal procedure and restorative justice. The author argues for deconstruction of the stereotypical victim label and the creation of more space in criminal procedure for victims as autonomous parties. In his view the recent innovation in Dutch law of a limited Victim Impact Statement still gives victims insufficient voice. He also argues for a reconceptualisation of restorative justice practices as a supplement to the criminal trial rather than as a substitute.


Jan van Dijk
Jan van Dijk is als hoogleraar victimologie verbonden aan INTERVICT, Universiteit van Tilburg.

Hjalmar van Marle
Hjalmar van Marle is Professor of forensic psychiatry at the Erasmus University Medical Centre and at the School of Law of Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands.
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