Zoekresultaat: 292 artikelen

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Artikel

Access_open De strafbaarstelling van straatintimidatie en het risico van etnisch profileren

Een pragmatische ‘sociologie van kritiek’

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden Street Harassment, Feminism, Ethnic profiling, Gender-based violence, Criminalization
Auteurs Mischa Dekker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2014, several countries have introduced legislation to criminalize ‘street harassment.’ In France, this criminalization was framed within a feminist perspective, by conceiving of street harassment as the first level of a ‘continuum of violence against women.’ In the Netherlands, on the other hand, proposals to criminalize these behaviors came from right-wing political parties. They framed ordinances as protecting public order and focused on racialized loitering youth as the main problem group. Despite these differences, proponents of penalization in both countries encountered a similar criticism: according to left-wing politicians, feminists, and anti-racist activists, criminalizing street harassment could lead to disproportionate punishment of racialized men from disadvantaged backgrounds. This article argues for a pragmatic ‘sociology of critique’ within the sociology of law, which provides insight into how actors involved in the introduction of regulation develop reflexivity about the risks of legislation, as well as their blind spots.


Mischa Dekker
Mischa Dekker is socioloog aan het Laboratoire interdisciplinaire d’études sur les réflexivités, École des hautes études en sciences sociales in Parijs. Zijn onderzoek gaat over publieke problemen, gendergerelateerd geweld, rechtssociologie en sociale bewegingen. Voor zijn proefschrift deed hij onderzoek naar de opkomst van straatintimidatie als publiek probleem in Nederland en Frankrijk.
Artikel

De effectiviteit van morele gedragsinterventies bij jeugdige delinquenten

Een overzichtsstudie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden moral development, behavioral interventions, conscience, meta-analysis
Auteurs Evelyn Heynen, Eveline van Vugt, Mark Assink e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Juvenile delinquents appear to be delayed in their moral development, more specific the development of their moral judgment, empathy, guilt and shame. Moral development also appears to predict recidivism. It is therefore plausible that interventions that focus on the moral development of juvenile delinquents could have a beneficial effect on reducing recidivism. However, our systematic review (i.e., meta-analysis) shows that with these so-called moral behavioral interventions the level of moral judgment of juvenile offenders can be significantly increased, by 22%, but that such interventions have no effect on recidivism. It may be possible to increase the effectiveness of moral interventions for juvenile delinquents by simultaneously influencing several aspects of moral development instead of, for example, only moral judgment or empathy. In addition, problems of poor aggression regulation, often caused by a history of traumatic events, may need to be addressed first before moral-behavioral interventions can be effective.


Evelyn Heynen
Dr. E.J.E. Heynen is universitair docent klinische kinder- en jeugd psychologie aan de Open Universiteit, Faculteit der Psychologie.

Eveline van Vugt
Dr. E.S. van Vugt is universitair docent forensische orthopedagogiek aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen.

Mark Assink
Dr. M. Assink is universitair docent forensische orthopedagogiek aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen.

Geert-Jan Stams
Prof. dr. G.J.J.M. Stams is hoogleraar forensische orthopedagogiek aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam, Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen.
Peer reviewed

Detentie en vaderschap

Een scoping review

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2022
Trefwoorden gedetineerde vaders, vader-kindrelatie, herstelgericht werken, sociaal kapitaal
Auteurs Angela Verhagen, Janine Janssen en Bart Claes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Background: In 2018 the Council of Europe issued recommendations on parenthood and detention. However, children and their detained parents still are administratively and socially invisible within the Netherlands.
    Method: We conducted a scoping review of the literature on the largest group of detained parents, namely fathers. The goal was to describe what we know about imprisoned fatherhood.We also wanted to determine the focus for follow-up research.
    Results: The thematic analysis of the literature reveals four main themes in the research on imprisoned fatherhood . The content analysis results in four recommendations for follow-up research, including qualitative research with incarcerated fathers and their children.


Angela Verhagen
Drs. A. Verhagen is docentonderzoeker bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Zij werkt aan een proefschrift over de vader-kindrelatie gedurende detentie.

Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie, en tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Bart Claes
Dr. Bart Claes is lector Transmuraal Herstelgericht Werken bij Avans Hogeschool, bestuurder bij het European Forum for Restorative Justice en directeur van CAW Boom Mechelen Lier.
Artikel

Agressie tegen politiemedewerkers en omgang met burgers: wederkerige beïnvloeding of gemeenschappelijke oorzaken?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden police-citizen, victimization, violence, use of force, patience
Auteurs Lisa van Reemst, Tamar Fischer en Frank Weerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers are often the victim of aggression by citizens, which has negative consequences for them and society in general. Therefore, it is important to gain knowledge about related factors. This study examines to what extent experiencing aggression as a police officer is related to their patience with citizens and use of force. Two explanations based on the victim-offender overlap are examined: that aggression experiences and dealing with citizens influence each other and that they have common causes. This study was conducted on the basis of a longitudinal questionnaire survey among police officers (N=693). The results show that interaction with citizens, including patience with citizens and the use of force, is related to the aggression police officers experience. The association diminishes when common causes, in this case socio-demographic and work-related characteristics, are taken into account, but does not disappear. No direct support is found for reciprocal influence. Implications and suggestions for further research are described.


Lisa van Reemst
Dr. L. van Reemst is Universitair docent aan de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T. Fischer is Universitair hoofddocent Criminologie bij het departement Law, Society & Crime van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Frank Weerman
Prof. dr. F. Weerman is bijzonder hoogleraar jeugdcriminologie bij het deparmtent Law, Society & Crime van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Effecten van de COVID-19-lockdown op sociale stabiliteit: wat leren we van data van de meldkamers?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2022
Trefwoorden COVID-19 crisis, lockdown, effecten, sociale stabiliteit, inzet hulpdiensten
Auteurs Ike Kroesbergen en Leonard Vanbrabant
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we investigated the effects of the Covid-19 crisis and lockdown on social stability within the individual level, group level and society level. To investigate these effects, data from incident reports of emergency services (i.e., police, fire brigade and ambulance) in the South of the Netherlands from 2018 to 2020 were collected. An incident is defined as an unique notification with deployment of one or more emergency service(s). Incidents were categorized according to the standardized classification LMC 6.0. We investigated regional differences from 2018 to 2020 using monthly time trends. On the individual level we found a time trend in accordance with the onset of the lockdown, with a decrease in property crime operationalized as theft, burglary and robbery, and an increase in psychological effects, operationalized as suicide attempts and nuisance by a person. On the group level, operationalized as incidents nuisance by youth, noise, fireworks and vandalism, we found a time pattern with an increase in incidents coherent with the lockdown period. On the level of the society, operationalized as incidents public order, conflicts, violence and explosives, we also found an increase in incidents coherent with the lockdown period. We conclude that incident reports of emergency services give additional insight in the effects of a lockdown on social stability.


Ike Kroesbergen
Ike Kroesbergen is als senior onderzoeker veiligheid & gezondheid werkzaam bij de GGD West-Brabant. i.kroesbergen@ggdwestbrabant.nl

Leonard Vanbrabant
Leonard Vanbrabant is als statistisch data-analist werkzaam bij de GGD West-Brabant.
Peer reviewed

Access_open Ondersteunen van verandering en terugkeer

Een raamwerk voor exitprogramma’s voor geradicaliseerde (ex-)­gedetineerden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2022
Trefwoorden deradicalisering, disengagement, exitprogramma, gevangeniswezen
Auteurs Robin Christiaan van Halderen, Nanne Vosters, Janine Janssen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article a framework is provided for the design and implementation of exit programmes used in prisons and by probation services. These programmes are targeted at violent extremist (ex-)offenders and are used for the purpose of deradicalisation or disengagement and support the successful reintegration of (ex-)offenders back into society. Based on a review of scientific and practice-oriented literature six categories of standards and practices are described. An exit programme needs to be tailored to the context in which it is used and to the risks and needs of the individual. In addition to various other aspects, earlier attention for reintegration and the active involvement of an (ex-)offender’s social environment are crucial in an exit progamme.


Robin Christiaan van Halderen
Dr. Robin Christiaan van Halderen is werkzaam als onderzoeker bij Hogeschool Saxion en was ten tijde van het project WayOut onderzoeker bij Avans Hogeschool.

Nanne Vosters
Nanne Vosters, MSc is onderzoeker bij Politie Midden-Nederland en was ten tijde van het project WayOut onderzoeker/docent bij Avans Hogeschool.

Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie, en tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Bart Claes
Dr. Bart Claes is lector Transmuraal Herstelgericht Werken bij Avans Hogeschool, bestuurder bij het European Forum for Restorative Justice en directeur van CAW Boom Mechelen Lier.
Artikel

De ‘disposable army’ van georganiseerde misdaadgroepen

Onderlinge relaties en weerbaarheid in de onderwereld

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden the underworld, vulnerable youth, securitisation, national security, research agenda
Auteurs Anna Sergi
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article considers the concept of ‘disposable army’ as a recent addition to the agendas of some policing units countering organized crime in the Western world. The idea of a disposable army comes from counterterrorism and national security languages, but it also echoes studies on disposable youth, their delinquency and vulnerability. The author sketches the main lines of arguments on both the securitisation of organized crime and the vulnerability of disadvantaged and disposable children and young people. Also, she reflects on the concept of disposable army in organized crime by presenting starting observations for a research agenda on this subject and by pointing out how unpacking this concept, and its implications, indeed means to understand how relationships, values, and resilience work in the so-called ‘underworld’.


Anna Sergi
Dr. A. Sergi is senior lecturer in Criminology aan de University of Essex.
Artikel

Daders van georganiseerde misdaad: wie zijn het en hoe raken ze betrokken?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden organized crime, criminal careers, involvement mechanisms, career criminals, adult-onset offenders
Auteurs Vere van Koppen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The complexity of organized crime activities as compared to most common crimes makes that the offender types and involvement mechanisms differ from what has been described in traditional life-course studies. This article addresses two different involvement mechanisms for organized crime: family ties and work ties. Those who become involved through family or close friends are more likely to have an early start in crime, to intentionally search for opportunities for crime, and to situate themselves in a context where these opportunities are common. Those who become involved through work ties are more likely to have a late start in crime and to have no preconceived plan to involve in crime, but they are faced with an opportunity. Both types of offenders are interesting as crime groups benefit from a certain degree of heterogeneity, providing access to different contacts, knowledge, and skills.


Vere van Koppen
Dr. M.V. van Koppen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Leges Artis

De kunst van het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden kunst, zachte vaardigheden, oordeelsleer, leges artis
Auteurs Claudia Mazzucato
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article was written by Claudia Mazzucato for The International Journal of Restorative Justice 21(2) and translated for our thematic issue. Mazzucato explains that there is something in restorative justice that resembles art. In her view restorative justice is made of the same fabric. Both deal with ‘creativity and rigour, imagination and insight, preparation and improvisation, vocation and inclination, talent and skill’. Both trigger innovation and have a political dimension when identifying problems and look for transformations or cultural change. The use of art in the restorative field is growing and visible in literature, paintings, theatre and films. Art can become a sort of mediator of restorative encounters or can give a concrete shape to stories that otherwise cannot be told. The author asks questions about liaisons between restorative justice, law and art. The leges artis of restorative justice are values and standards as drafted by the United Nations and Council of Europe. Do they nourish criminal justice in terms of beauty? To a certain extent yes. A challenging task of the art of restorative justice is in her view: ‘to approach the complexity of the quest for justice in the real world, combining hard and soft skills harmonically, and complying rigorously with the proper restorative leges artis, in order to amend in democratic ways what has proved wrong and harmful, and to prospectively avoid its reoccurrence’.


Claudia Mazzucato
Claudia Mazzucato is Associate Professor (universitair hoofddocent) Strafrecht aan de Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milaan, Italië. Contact auteur: claudia.mazzucato@unicatt.it.
Article

Access_open Dutch Penal Protection Orders in Practice

A Study of Aims and Outcomes

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden enforcement practice, victim safety, street level bureaucracy, criminal justice chain, penal protection orders
Auteurs Tamar Fischer en Sanne Struijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Penal protection orders (PPOs) aim to protect initial victims from repeat victimisation and in a broader sense from any danger for his or her dignity or psychological and sexual integrity and may therefore be important instruments for victim safety. However, knowledge on the actual practice of the PPOs and the successes, dilemmas and challenges involved is scarce. In this article, we describe the legal framework and actual enforcement practice of Dutch PPOs. The theoretical framework leading our explorative analyses regards Lipsky’s notion of ‘street-level bureaucracy’ and the succeeding work of Maynard & Musheno and Tummers on coping strategies and agency narratives of frontline workers. Using interview data from criminal justice professionals, victims and offenders, we describe the conditions of the enforcement practice and answer the question which coping mechanisms and types of agencies the professionals tend to apply in order to meet the legislative aims and to protect victims as effectively as possible. Results show that the five conditions described by Lipsky are clearly present. So far, in almost all situations the process of monitoring violations is reactive and because knowledge on risk indicators for violent escalation is still limited, it is difficult for frontline workers to decide how many and what type of resources should be invested in which cases. This results in a ‘moving away from clients’ strategy. However, within this context in which reactive enforcement is the default, we also found several examples of coping that represent ‘moving towards clients’ strategies.


Tamar Fischer
Tamar Fischer is Associate Professor of Criminology at the Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

Sanne Struijk
Sanne Struijk is Professor of Penal Sanctions Law and associate professor of Criminal Law at the Erasmus University Rotterdam, the Netherlands.

    Ethnic profiling by governments unfortunately has a worldwide interest. If we look at the Dutch situation, it turns out that the problem is not limited to the police. Serious problems also arise when it comes to checking the legality of tax benefits and detecting benefit fraud. In this contribution, the authors draw attention to racial discrimination due to the use of profiles by government institutions in the Netherlands. It seems that our anti-discrimination legislation is in good order and that raises the question of whether legal refinement is needed or whether solutions should be sought outside the legal sphere. The authors think the latter strategy and make suggestions for a more holistic solution direction.


Peter Rodrigues
Prof. mr. P.R. Rodrigues is hoogleraar Immigratierecht bij de Universiteit Leiden en voorzitter van de redactie van dit tijdschrift.

Maartje van der Woude
Prof. mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude is hoogleraar Rechtssociologie bij het Van Vollenhoven Instituut voor Recht, Bestuur & Samenleving bij Universiteit Leiden en lid van de redactie van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Access_open Te groot voor de wijkagent, te klein voor de recherche

Een vergeten groep: jonge doorgroeiers in de criminaliteit

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2021
Trefwoorden Doorgroeiers, georganiseerde drugscriminaliteit, ontwikkeling jeugdcriminaliteit, Aanpak
Auteurs Ido Weijers, Henk Ferwerda en Robby Roks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    We are witnessing a remarkable trend in the youth crime in the Netherlands. A spectacular crime drop is accompanied by growing concerns about the serious nature of youth crimes and young people on a pathway to become hardened criminals at an early age. In this article, we focus on the rise of young offenders in organized drug crime in the Netherlands. We describe some of the features of these young offenders, highlighting their intelligent, strategic and professional behavior. Furthermore, we signal the development and the (territorial) violence of the (youth) groups these young offenders are usually embedded in. In light of these developments, we argue that there is a need for more specialism amongst law enforcement and judicial authorities to identify and deal with these young and potential serious criminals.


Ido Weijers
Prof. dr. I. Weijers is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdrechtspleging en Jeugdbescherming aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Henk Ferwerda
Dr. H. Ferwerda is criminoloog/politieonderzoeker en directeur van Bureau Beke in Arnhem.

Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Article

Access_open Big Data Ethics: A Life Cycle Perspective

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden big data, big data analysis, data life cycle, ethics, AI
Auteurs Simon Vydra, Andrei Poama, Sarah Giest e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The adoption of big data analysis in the legal domain is a recent but growing trend that highlights ethical concerns not just with big data analysis, as such, but also with its deployment in the legal domain. This article systematically analyses five big data use cases from the legal domain utilising a pluralistic and pragmatic mode of ethical reasoning. In each case we analyse what happens with data from its creation to its eventual archival or deletion, for which we utilise the concept of ‘data life cycle’. Despite the exploratory nature of this article and some limitations of our approach, the systematic summary we deliver depicts the five cases in detail, reinforces the idea that ethically significant issues exist across the entire big data life cycle, and facilitates understanding of how various ethical considerations interact with one another throughout the big data life cycle. Furthermore, owing to its pragmatic and pluralist nature, the approach is potentially useful for practitioners aiming to interrogate big data use cases.


Simon Vydra
Simon Vydra is a Researcher at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Andrei Poama
Andrei Poama is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Sarah Giest
Sarah Giest is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Alex Ingrams
Alex Ingrams is Assistant Professor at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.

Bram Klievink
Bram Klievink is Professor of Digitization and Public Policy at the Institute for Public Administration, Leiden University, the Netherlands.
Artikel

Procedurele rechtvaardigheid in de strafrecht­keten

Hoe ervaren gedetineerden de bejegening door strafrecht­actoren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden procedural justice, treatment, multiple criminal justice authorities, criminal justice system
Auteurs Matthias van Hall, Anja Dirkzwager, Peter van der Laan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It has been proposed that when people perceive their treatment by criminal justice actors as more procedurally just, they will be more likely to comply with the law. Existing research mainly focused on the police or the judge. This longitudinal study examined how prisoners experienced their treatment by five different criminal justice actors using data from the Prison Project. The prisoners were most positive about the procedurally fair treatment by their lawyer and least positive about the treatment by the police. Additionally, the perceived treatment by the police was associated with the treatment by other actors at subsequent moments.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Peter van der Laan
Prof. P.H. van der Laan is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar reclassering aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Ouders aanpakken als hun kind over de schreef gaat?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden young repeat offenders, Desistance, Parents, Empathy
Auteurs Em. prof. dr. Ido Weijers en Yoni Geerlings MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article builds on two previous publications in this journal on the topic of the role of the parents of misbehaving children. We previously concluded that the family plays an important role in ending crime among young people. More recently, we sharpened that conclusion on the basis of long-term monitoring of a large group of young repeat offenders: they don’t stop because their parents say so. The role of the parents turned out to be much more fragile. This article aims to offer an extra insight into the complexity of the relationship between education and crime based on three recent cases.


Em. prof. dr. Ido Weijers
Em. prof. dr. Ido Weijers is pedagoog. Hij was als bijzonder hoogleraar Jeugdrechtspleging verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht en als hoogleraar Jeugdbescherming aan de opleiding Pedagogiek van dezelfde universiteit.

Yoni Geerlings MSc
Yoni Geerlings MSc is orthopedagoog. Zij werkt als junior docent bij de opleiding Pedagogische Wetenschappen van de Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Artikel

Climate Change Litigation: learning from the Urgenda case

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden climate litigation, Urgenda, green criminology, climate justice, climate victims
Auteurs Yanna Hoek, Daan van Uhm en Damián Zaitch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Climate litigation is an understudied phenomenon in criminology. In this article we will discuss the rise of climate change litigation and growing recognition of global environmental harms from a green criminological perspective. More specifically, we will discuss both the legal reasoning and the impact of the Urgenda case in the Netherlands in the context of environmental, ecological and climate justice. We will conclude with how this case contributes for the recognition of diverse climate victims and strengthening of climate justice in the near future.


Yanna Hoek
Yanna Hoek, MA, werkt als ‘verbindend’ strateeg bij projecten die bijdragen aan vernieuwende ideeën en waardeverandering binnen klimaat & vergroening.

Daan van Uhm
Dr. Daan van Uhm is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Hij onderzoekt en publiceert over groene criminaliteit. D.P.vanUhm@uu.nl

Damián Zaitch
Dr. Damián Zaitch is universitair hoofddocent bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Hij onderzoekt en publiceert over drugshandel, drugsbeleid en georganiseerde misdaad in Nederland en Latijns-Amerika, en over diverse vormen van transnationale misdaad, globale criminele markten en organisatiecriminaliteit. D.Zaitch@uu.nl
Artikel

Herstelrecht en recidivevermindering

Meningen van Surinaamse ex-gedetineerde jongemannen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Suriname, herstelrecht, jongvolwassenen, ex-gedetineerden
Auteurs Sabine de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyzes the opinion of twenty-four Surinamese ex-convicted young men on restorative justice. The results were obtained through four focus group sessions and a concise survey form. The factors (a) type of offense, (b) seriousness of offense and (c) prevention of recurrence were discussed. The opinions are divided, but the majority is of the opinion that restorative justice can mainly work for serious and violent crimes. Fear of revenge appears to be a barrier to participation. Employment has been indicated as the key to real recovery of the offender and prevention of recidivism (and thus satisfaction for the victim). The results provide insight into the susceptibility to restorative justice among this specific group in Suriname.


Sabine de Vries
Sabine M. de Vries is socioloog en als fulltime onderzoeker verbonden aan het Instituut voor Maatschappijwetenschappelijk Onderzoek (IMWO), Anton de Kom Universiteit van Suriname.

Dr. Iris Sportel
Iris Sportel is Universitair Docent Rechtssociologie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

AI-risicotaxatie: nieuwe kansen en risico’s voor statistische voorspellingen van recidive

Tijdschrift Boom Strafblad, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Artificiële intelligentie, Risicotaxatie, Kunstmatige intelligentie, recidiverisico, voorspellingen
Auteurs G.M. (Max) de Vries, Mr. dr. J. (Johannes) Bijlsma, Prof. mr. dr. A.R. (Anne Ruth) Mackor e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In het artikel wordt inzicht geboden in nieuwe instrumenten die een risicotaxatie mogelijk maken met behulp van artificiële intelligentie. In het bijzonder wordt ook ingegaan op de talrijke fundamentele vragen die met het gebruik ervan gepaard gaan. Tevens gaan de auteurs na in welke mate AI-risicotaxatie accurater is – of kan zijn – dan de bestaande methoden van risicotaxatie.


G.M. (Max) de Vries
Max de Vries volgt de Master Rechtswetenschappelijk Onderzoek aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Mr. dr. J. (Johannes) Bijlsma
Johannes Bijlsma is als universitair docent strafrecht verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen (WPI) en het Utrecht Centre for Accountability and Liability Law (UCALL), Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. mr. dr. A.R. (Anne Ruth) Mackor
Anne Ruth Mackor is als hoogleraar professie-ethiek, in het bijzonder van juridische professies, werkzaam bij de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.

Prof. dr. F.J. (Floris) Bex
Floris Bex is bijzonder hoogleraar data science en rechtspraak aan het Department of Law, Technology, Markets and Society, Tilburg University, wetenschappelijk directeur van het Nationaal Politielab AI bij het Innovation Centre for AI (ICAI) en universitair docent AI bij het departement Informatica, Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. G. (Gerben) Meynen
Gerben Meynen is als hoogleraar forensische psychiatrie verbonden aan het WPI en UCALL, Universiteit Utrecht en tevens bijzonder hoogleraar ethiek en psychiatrie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Een kijkje achter de schermen: een kwalitatieve studie over het ontstaan van cybercriminele carrières

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden cybercrime, cyber offenders, criminal careers, online disinhibition, pathways
Auteurs Sifra Matthijsse, Wytske van der Wagen, Elina van ’t Zand e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This qualitative study examines how criminal careers in cybercrime start and can be explained. Based on offender and expert interviews, the authors conclude that traditional factors linked with the initiation, such as a maturity gap (for juvenile offenders) and opportunism (for adult offenders), in combination with different types of (online) disinhibition – social, technical, situational and psychological – can explain the start of a criminal career. Features of the digital context appear to play a major role in the development of a criminal career and this requires more online supervision and education about – among other things – legal alternatives and the risks and boundaries of the online environment.


Sifra Matthijsse
S.R. Matthijsse MSc is als practicumdocent en tutor verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Wytske van der Wagen
Dr. W. van der Wagen is als universitair docent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Elina van ’t Zand
Dr. mr. E.G. van ’t Zand is als universitair docent criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Tamar Fischer
Dr. T.F.C. Fischer is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
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