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Artikel

Rechtspleging in jeugdbeschermingszaken tijdens de coronacrisis

Een verslag van lopend onderzoek

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden vulnerable litigants, youth protection law, fundamental rights, procedural justice, remote justice
Auteurs Eddy Bauw, Yasemin Glasgow, Anne Janssen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution reports on an ongoing study into the impact of the COVID pandemic on the rights of vulnerable litigants in the handling of court cases concerning supervision orders and custodial placements of juveniles. The research is based on interviews with judges, lawyers and other professionals in the youth protection chain and a survey among litigants. The central question is whether the handling of these cases should be considered acceptable from the perspective of procedural and fundamental rights. In addition, the procedural justice experienced by litigants is examined. The preliminary results, based on desk research and interviews, is that of varyingly successful improvisations with telephone and digital hearings, in which procedural and fundamental rights could not be fully realized. This is mainly due to technical problems and the complexity of judicial case management under these circumstances. The interviewees differed about whether the bottom of what is acceptable was reached and how often this was the case. The final report will take stock of this and draw lessons for the future.


Eddy Bauw
Prof. dr. mr. E. Bauw is hoogleraar Privaatrecht, voorzitter van het Molengraaff Instituut voor Privaatrecht en programmaleider van het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Yasemin Glasgow
Mr. Y.K. Glasgow is junior onderzoeker bij het Centrum voor Migratierecht en Rechtssociologie van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en afgestudeerd in de master Jeugdrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Anne Janssen
A.A.A. Janssen is als student-assistent verbonden aan het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging en is in de afrondende fase van de Legal Research Master aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Marc Simon Thomas
Dr. mr. M.A. Simon Thomas is universitair docent Rechtssociologie en onderzoeker bij het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtsstaat en Rechtspleging van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Stay home, stay safe?

De gevolgen van COVID-19-maatregelen op huiselijk geweld in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden Covid-19 pandemic, lockdown, domestic violence, child abuse, (ex-)partner violence
Auteurs Anne Coomans, Sjoukje van Deuren, Meintje van Dijk e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since the outbreak of the Covid-19 virus in March 2020, there have been concerns worldwide about an increase in domestic violence and child abuse as a result of the measures taken to combat the pandemic. This article is based on a systematic study of the impact of the Covid-19 crisis on the magnitude, nature and severity of domestic violence. A brief overview of the literature is presented as a basis for the assumptions made about a possible increase in domestic violence. The design of the study is discussed as well as the first descriptive results and trends. The authors come to the preliminary conclusion that there is no deviating trend compared to domestic violence reports in 2019, the year prior to the outbreak of the pandemic. The future direction of the research project is also discussed.


Anne Coomans
A. Coomans MSc is als junioronderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR in Amsterdam.

Sjoukje van Deuren
S. van Deuren MSc is promovenda bij het NSCR in Amsterdam.

Meintje van Dijk
M. van Dijk MSc is promovenda bij het NSCR in Amsterdam.

Steve van de Weijer
Dr. S. van de Weijer is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR in Amsterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. A.A. Blokland is als senioronderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR in Amsterdam. Hij is tevens hoogleraar criminologie en strafrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Carlijn van Baak
C. van Baak LLM MA is promovenda bij het NSCR in Amsterdam.

David Kühling
D. Kühling MSc BS is stagiair bij het NSCR in Amsterdam.

Rosanne Bombeld
R. Bombeld is stagiair bij het NSCR in Amsterdam.

Veroni Eichelsheim
Dr. V. Eichelsheim is als senioronderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR in Amsterdam.
Artikel

Naleving van gedragsmaatregelen tijdens de COVID-19-pandemie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden compliance, social distancing, facemask, curfew, video-analysis
Auteurs Joska Appelman, Kiki Bijleveld, Peter Ejbye-Ernst e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    To mitigate the spread of the COVID-19 virus, the Dutch government has implemented several rules and regulations during the pandemic. Compliance with these rules and regulations is crucial for its effectiveness. In the current article, the authors give an overview of research findings from three different studies looking at compliance with the COVID-19 mitigating measures in the Netherlands. In these studies, both manual and computer-based video-analysis is used to give insight in the behavior of people on the streets of Amsterdam. Study 1 monitors compliance with the social distancing directive and stay-at-home advice, showing that people keep less distance when it is crowded on the street. Study 2 focusses on compliance with mandatory mask-wearing and shows that mask-wearing increases with the implementation of the mandatory mask areas, but crowding does not decrease. Finally, Study 3 looks at compliance of citizens during the curfew and shows that streets became far less crowded after 9 p.m. during curfew nights.


Joska Appelman
J.C.N. Appelman MSc is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR.

Kiki Bijleveld
K. Bijleveld BSc is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR.

Peter Ejbye-Ernst
P. Ejbye-Ernst MSc is PhD-student bij het NSCR en de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Evelien Hoeben
Dr. E.M. Hoeben werkt als onderzoeker bij het NSCR.

Lasse Liebst
Dr. L. Suonperä Liebst is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit van Kopenhagen en senior research fellow bij het NSCR.

Cees Snoek
Prof. dr. C.G.M. Snoek is hoogleraar computer science aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Dennis Koelma
Dr. D. Koelma is senior wetenschappelijk programmeur aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard
Prof. dr. M. Rosenkrantz Lindegaard is bijzonder hoogleraar sociologie aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij is tevens senior onderzoeker bij het NSCR en verbonden aan de Universiteit van Kopenhagen.
Artikel

Sekswerk ten tijde van corona

De impact van de lockdown op sekswerkers

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden lockdown, prohibition of prostitution, sex workers, financial problems, state subsidies
Auteurs Roos de Wildt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As a part of measures taken to contain the spread of the coronavirus, sex work was barred in the Netherlands between 23 March and 1 July 2020, as well as between 15 december 2020 and 19 May 2021. Shortly after the start of the first lockdown, many sex workers appeared to be in increasingly precarious situations. They lost their main source of income but were largely excluded from receiving financial support provided by the Dutch government. This article examines the situation of sex workers during the first lockdown and in the weeks after they were permitted to resume work.


Roos de Wildt
Dr. R. de Wildt is senior onderzoeker bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut.
Redactioneel

Inleiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Auteurs Marit Scheepmaker en Edwin Kruisbergen
Auteursinformatie

Marit Scheepmaker
Mr. drs. M.P.C. Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.

Edwin Kruisbergen
Dr. E.W. Kruisbergen is als kenniscoördinator verbonden aan het Directoraat-Generaal Politie en Veiligheidsregio’s van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Access_open De pandemie als criminologisch experiment

De ontwikkeling van de criminaliteit tijdens een jaar coronamaatregelen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden social disruption, empirical research, lockdown, routine activity theory, crime opportunity theory
Auteurs Edwin Kruisbergen, Marco Haas, Lisa van Es e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The social abstinence imposed by governments in many countries in response to the corona pandemic raises interesting questions and research opportunities. One of those questions is how crime develops in times of forced stay at home and reduced social interaction. That question is the focus of this article. In their analysis, the authors use police data from the Corona Crime Change Monitor for twelve ‘corona months’ (mid-March 2020-mid-March 2021) and compare the development of crime in that period with the development in the same period a year earlier.


Edwin Kruisbergen
Dr. E.W. Kruisbergen is als kenniscoördinator verbonden aan het Directoraat-Generaal Politie en Veiligheidsregio’s van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Marco Haas
M.B. Haas is teamleider Informatie-analyseteam (IAT) van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Lisa van Es
L. van Es MSc is als data-analist verbonden aan het Informatie-analyseteam (IAT) van de Nationale Politie.

Joanieke Snijders
Drs. J.M.A. Snijders is senior-adviseur en analist bij het Informatie-analyseteam (IAT) van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Misleiding tijdens de coronapandemie

Over nepnieuws, complotdenken en maatschappelijke ontvankelijkheid

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden disinformation, conspiracy activism, social receptivity, law enforcement, security
Auteurs Peter Klerks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the corona period, phenomena such as disinformation and conspiracy activism have taken on a greater and more disturbing significance. This article provides a first problem picture of current manifestations in the broader social context and offers tentative explanations. It looks in turn at who makes and distributes the fake news, what role conspiracy activism plays in this, what is known about social receptivity, and what the implications are for law enforcement and security. Finally, an action perspective is presented.


Peter Klerks
Dr. P.P.H.M. Klerks is raadadviseur bij het Parket-Generaal van het Openbaar Ministerie en docent aan de Politieacademie. Hij is tevens redactieraadlid van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Broze fundamenten en alarmerende signalen

Lessen uit het ‘cellulaire drama’ voor gesloten jeugdhulp

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden cellular prison system, solitary confinement, shortages regular youth care, judicial juvenile institution, child protection measures
Auteurs Jolande uit Beijerse
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution, a comparison is drawn between the origins of the cellular system in the 19th century and the system of closed youth care in the 21st century. The comparison then focuses on the alarming signals from closed youth care practice and how these are dealt with. The author argues that shortages in the provision of regular youth care have led to situations in which young people are unnecessarily placed in closed youth care institutions. By focusing on eliminating this deficit closed youth care can be gradually phased out and reduced to a minimum.


Jolande uit Beijerse
Prof. mr. J. uit Beijerse is als hoogleraar Justitiële Jeugdinterventies verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

In de roman kun je iedereen zijn

Over creatief schrijven in gevangenschap

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden literature, way-out, fiction, identification, human reciprocity
Auteurs Christine Otten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines why literary fiction (based on extensive research and cooperation with inmates) allows us to understand the reality of being incarcerated sometimes better than non-fictional work or scientific research. Based on her long-term experiences as a creative writing coach in a Dutch prison the author explains why literature is such a great tool for empowerment and developing the talent of inmates, because it creates a ‘free space in prison’, where inmates are (aspired) writers instead of prisoners. She describes in detail how equivalent working relations between her as an ‘outsider’ and inmates have allowed her to create the novel Een van ons (One of us), an intimate story told from the perspective of a prisoner sentenced to life and a writing coach, and how she avoided the clichés of the questions of guilt and stigmatization. Otten explores the ‘unique power’ of fiction as a tool for opening up the closed world of incarceration.


Christine Otten
C. Otten is schrijver, performer en theatermaker, www.christineotten.nl.
Artikel

De betekenis van Herman Frankes proefschrift in een internationaal vergelijkende context

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden International penology, Prison system Western Europe, history, Herman Franke, Norbert Elias
Auteurs Cyrille Fijnaut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    One can only welcome the re-edition of Herman Franke’s impressive Ph.D. thesis on the history of the prison system in the Netherlands. Although a short English-language version of this book has been published, one still has to look out for a comparative assessment between his analysis and histories on the prison system in other Western countries. This contribution to the special issue of Justitiële verkenningen (Judicial explorations) does not make up an attempt to fabricate such an assessment. It only relates to the ways Franke has dealt with, on the one hand, international authors such as Cesare Beccaria, Edouard Ducpétiaux and Cesare Lombroso, who have played an important role in the development of the Western prison system. And it looks into Franke’s dealing with, on the other hand, international authors such as Georg Rusche and Otto Kirchheimer, and Michel Foucault, whose interpretations of its development to a large extent still dominate the academic debate with regard to the history of the prison system. The conclusion is that Franke’s analysis of the first category of authors really is rather superficial and his analysis of the second category is a much more balanced one.


Cyrille Fijnaut
Prof. dr. C.J.C.F. Fijnaut is emeritus hoogleraar strafrecht en criminologie aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Over emancipatie en de rechtspositie van gedetineerden

Levensomstandigheden in gevangenis ernstig verslechterd tijdens corona

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden detainees, emancipation, Right of complaint and appeal, corona measures, resocialization
Auteurs Judith Serrarens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the second half of the last century, the position of detainees in the Netherlands improved considerably. As far as is possible in the case of persons deprived of their freedom, there has been a certain emancipation of detainees. A well-functioning right of complaint and appeal has been created, for example, that offers detainees the possibility to have decisions of the government, in particular those of the director of the institution and the selection official, that are unfavourable to them, reviewed by an independent judicial authority. Their living conditions have also improved during this period. However, in recent years there has also been a tendency for the government to make ever greater demands on the behaviour of detainees, in return for fewer opportunities for activities and freedoms aimed at resocialisation. Since last year, the corona pandemic and the way in which it is dealt with in prisons have put further pressure on the already vulnerable position of detainees. Since March 2020, prisoners have had their opportunities for phasing in and resocialising further reduced by the virtual prohibition of leave. Furthermore, the visiting possibilities and the activity programmes within the penitentiary institutions have been minimal for over a year.


Judith Serrarens
Mr. J.J. Serrarens is advocaat bij Keulers & Partners Advocaten in Beek (Limburg).
Artikel

Access_open Civilisatie en emancipatie, maar van wie precies?

Twee eeuwen gevangen dertig jaar later

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden civilization process, emancipation of prisoners, penality, history of the prison system, modernity and late modernity
Auteurs René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 1990, criminologist Herman Franke published a seminal book on 200 years detention in the Netherlands. For the occasion of the reissue of this book in 2020, the question is posed to what extent Franke’s vision of a gradual ‘emancipation’ of prisoners, in the realm of a societal ‘civilization process’, as it is put forward by Norbert Elias, still holds today. The author confronts the civilization perspective with the three main competing paradigms in penology, derived from the work of Émile Durkheim, Max Weber and Michel Foucault. After describing some recent developments in penal practices, he concludes that despite the fact that sanctioning is increasingly taking place within society, which can well be analyzed from an eliasian perspective, there is little reason to still adhere to the progress optimism, implicit in Franke’s book, and that today we rather witness an emancipation of the ‘angry citizen’, in which vulnerable groups in society, such as prisoners, are despised rather than ‘emancipated’.


René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. R. van Swaaningen is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Redactioneel

Inleiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Herman Franke, reprint dissertation, penology, history, comtemporary prison system
Auteurs Jolande uit Beijerse, Miranda Boone en Marit Scheepmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 1990 Herman Franke’s masterly dissertation Twee eeuwen gevangen. Misdaad en straf in Nederland was published. An abbreviated version appeared in English in 1995: The emancipation of prisoners: A socio-historical analysis of the Dutch prison experience, awarded best foreign study by the American Society of Criminology. Franke analyzes the developments in the Dutch prison system from the end of the eighteenth century to the end of the twentieth century. Despite the size of almost a thousand pages, the book reads like a novel. Even before Herman Franke’s untimely death in 2010 there were plans for a re-publication of the book in a hardcover. That re-edition was finally made available by Boom criminologie in 2020. In this special issue of Justitiële verkenningen, eight prison experts from science and practice reflect on the contemporary prison system from the perspective of the book. It offers tools to rise above the delusions of the day in public and scientific discussions about punishment and to relate new developments to the theoretical concepts introduced by Franke.


Jolande uit Beijerse
Gastredacteur prof. mr. J. uit Beijerse is als hoogleraar Justitiële Jeugdinterventies verbonden aan de School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Miranda Boone
Gastredacteur prof. mr. dr. M.M. Boone is als hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens lid van de redactieraad van Justitiële verkenningen.

Marit Scheepmaker
Mr. drs. M.P.C. Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Van zelfdwang naar zachte macht

Civilisatie slokt emancipatie op

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden stimulating responsibility (of detainees), the civilization theory, self-compulsion, promote and relegate, Punishment and Protection Act
Auteurs Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In his famous dissertation Twee eeuwen gevangen (Two centuries of imprisonment), Franke explains the history of imprisonment in the Netherlands as a development from external to internal coercion, based on the civilization theory of Norbert Elias. Central question of this contribution is in how far the pursuit of responsibilization of prisoners as described by modern penologists can be conceived as a continuation of this process and what the consequences of this pursuit are. It is concluded that the forces behind these two processes differ, but that both rehabilitation strategies are modelled on a new citizenship ideal. In so far the introduction of the responsibilization strategy illustrates Franke’s main thesis, namely that developments within the penitentiaries can only be understood in their social and historical context. It is argued that responsibilization can lead to the erosion of the legal position of prisoners, while emancipation was precisely described by Franke as an achievement of the Dutch prison system.


Miranda Boone
Prof. mr. dr. M.M. Boone is als hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Toen en nu: heeft het gevangeniswezen de middelen om zijn doelen te bereiken?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden goals of imprisonment, prison facilities, Dutch prison history, implementation, prison staff
Auteurs Toon Molleman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Starting point in this article is the classical work of Herman Franke on the history of the Dutch prison system. Franke showed how policymakers and other people who influence prison policy and practice tried to reduce criminal behavior in the past two centuries. These attempts had various backgrounds, among which religious, sociological and biological, and varied greatly in scientifical substantiation. Every new prison policy elicited high hopes, but in practice criminal behavior was rarely pushed in the desired direction. The means of the prison system, among which staff, buildings and regime regulations, showed to be much later realized than the formulated goals established by law. Another problem that came up more than once in history was that the urge and compulsion mechanism of a new prison policy lacked support base and (agogical) skills among prison staff. Recommendations are formulated for the (near) future in favor of more successfull prison policy implementations.


Toon Molleman
Dr. T. Molleman is vestigingsdirecteur van de Penitentiaire Inrichting Arnhem.
Artikel

Macht, emancipatie, onmacht

Over de geschiedenis van het lijden van gedetineerden en gekken

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden legal protection, prison system, mental health institutions, living conditions, repression
Auteurs Pieter Ippel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reflects on the brilliant 1990-book of criminologist Herman Franke on long-term developments in the Dutch prison system from 1800 onward. A pertinent question is whether it is possible and adequate to use the discourse of ‘emancipation’ to catch the historical processes in total institutions. A comparison is made with parallel transformations in the institutional sector of mental health, a social field in which there has been a radical movement claiming better legal protection and more humane living conditions. Surely an improvement has occurred in the actual situation of prisoners and mental patients, but one has to be reluctant (or even sceptical) to frame this in terms of ‘emancipation’.


Pieter Ippel
Prof. dr. P.C. Ippel is emeritus hoogleraar rechtstheorie (en/in praktijk) bij de Universiteit Utrecht en University College Roosevelt in Middelburg.
Artikel

Access_open Commerciële DNA-databanken: een mixed blessing of een bedreiging voor de forensische praktijk?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden commercial DNA databases, Dutch jurisdiction, legislation, forensic practice, Marianne Vaatstra case
Auteurs Amade M’charek en Peter de Knijff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In April 2018, serial killer Joseph DeAngelo, also known as the Golden State Killer, was spectacularly tracked down. After 13 years of groping in the dark, uploading his DNA profile to a commercial genetic genealogical DNA database helped to identify him within a few months. The use of such commercial DNA databases elicited both hope and dismay. In this contribution the authors address concerns about the use of this technology in the Dutch jurisdiction by situating it in the more than 25 years of careful legislation and forensic practice. They show that much care and attention has been given to the legal and societal aspects of forensic genetic technology and argue that the use of commercial DNA databases warrants a careful and thorough debate before it can be introduced in any sound way.


Amade M’charek
Prof. dr. A.A. M’charek is als hoogleraar Antropologie van de wetenschap verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam.

Peter de Knijff
Prof. dr. P. de Knijff is als hoogleraar Populatie- en Evolutiegenetica verbonden aan het Leids Universitair Medisch Centrum.
Artikel

Publieke waarden en het gebruik van genetische gegevens

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden technological advances, sequencing DNA, internationalization, commercial use, public values
Auteurs Petra Verhoef, Yayouk Willems en Marc Groenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Three developments – technological advances in sequencing DNA data, the booming market for commercial DNA tests, and internationalization of collecting and sharing DNA data – are accelerating the use of DNA data worldwide. The authors discuss the impact of the increase in international and commercial use of DNA data and the way it puts public values (like privacy, autonomy, fairness) under pressure. When collecting, analyzing, and translating DNA data, privacy should be guarded, genetic discrimination has to be prevented, digital citizenship could be strengthened, and responsibilities for those applying DNA data should be strongly defined. By doing so, we can thrive for a future in which we make valuable use of DNA data.


Petra Verhoef
Dr. ir. P. Verhoef is themacoördinator bij het Rathenau Instituut. Zij en haar team werken aan verschillende onderwerpen rondom technologie voor gezondheid en landbouw.

Yayouk Willems
Dr. Y.E. Willems is onderzoeker bij het Rathenau Instituut, en zij is gepromoveerd bij het Nederlands Tweelingen Register.

Marc Groenen
M. Groenen MSc werkte tot april 2021 bij het Rathenau Instituut als onderzoeker. Momenteel werkt hij als onderzoeker bij Wageningen Food Safety Research.
Redactioneel

Inleiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2021
Auteurs Nico Kaptein en Marit Scheepmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This special issue of Justitiële verkenningen (Judicial Explorations) discusses three developments that have driven the use of DNA to grow: technological advances in DNA data sequencing, the booming market for commercial DNA testing, and the internationalization of the collection and sharing of DNA data. More and more DNA data is being distributed without any insight into what exactly happens to this data. While strict rules apply to the management and use of DNA data by the police and judicial authorities, this is not yet the case for data from commercial DNA tests. In this episode of Justitiële verkenningen, particular attention is paid to the rise of investigative genetic genealogy (IGG). This phenomenon means that the police and the judicial authorities use data from commercial DNA databases to track down suspects. The successes achieved in this way in deadlocked murder cases, including in the United States, are also discussed. It is clear that not everyone who sends DNA material to a DTC company foresees such an application, and this use is therefore controversial. Moreover, relatives of these customers are not systematically informed and they are usually not asked for permission. This special issue aims to contribute to the public debate on the consequences and risks of the dissemination of DNA data.


Nico Kaptein
Drs. N.A. Kaptein is directeur van advies- en onderzoeksbureau Maruda.

Marit Scheepmaker
Mr. drs. M.P.C. Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.
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