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Artikel

Het vermeende effect van de coronacrisis op de prevalentie en aard van huiselijk geweld

Een overzicht van veronderstellingen en empirische feiten

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden huiselijk geweld, coronacrisis, kindermishandeling, Pandemie
Auteurs Vere van Koppen, Carmen ter Weijden en Joke Harte
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scientific studies have shown the effect of social crises on the nature and magnitude of domestic violence. Since the beginning of 2020 we are facing a worldwide corona pandemic. There is a widespread fear that the measures as a consequence of this pandemic have led to a significant increase in domestic violence. In this study news reports on the assumptions about the effect of the pandemic on domestic violence were inventoried. Subsequently, an overview was made of current empirical research projects on the assumed effect on domestic violence. The methodological aspects and the preliminary results of these studies are discussed.


Vere van Koppen
Dr. Vere van Koppen is universitair docent bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Carmen ter Weijden
Carmen ter Weijden is student-assistent bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Joke Harte
Prof. dr. Joke Harte is hoogleraar bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit en lid van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Is verslaving behandelbaar?

Attitudes van forensisch sociale professionals ten aanzien van middelenmisbruik

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Lianne Kleijer-Kool, Vivienne de Vogel, Jolein Monnee-van Doornmalen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forensic social professionals play a crucial role in the resocialization trajectories of their clients with substance use problems. In this explorative study, we conclude that their attitudes to treatability of addiction are positive. However, there are differences in attitudes regarding needed treatment interventions and ways of controlling substance use, for example related to working within specialist addiction services, personal experiences with addiction and working in a clinical setting. When confronted with substance use of their clients, the forensic social professionals’ main reactions are discussing the problem with their client and analyzing the situation. The type of substance and the nature of criminal behavior are important considerations in this reaction.


Lianne Kleijer-Kool
Dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool is onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader en hogeschoolhoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Veiligheid van Hogeschool Utrecht.

Vivienne de Vogel
Dr. Vivienne de Vogel is lector Werken in Justitieel Kader van Hogeschool Utrecht.

Jolein Monnee-van Doornmalen
Drs. Jolein Monnee-van Doornmalen is reclasseringsambtenaar tbs en voormalig onderzoeker lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader van Hogeschool Utrecht.

Richard van Asch
Richard van Asch, MSw is docent Social Work bij Hogeschool Utrecht.
Artikel

Werken aan perspectief

De begeleiding van SVG-cliënten naar een structurele dagbesteding

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden structural daytime activities, Probation Service for addicted offenders, Subgroups, heterogeneity
Auteurs Yentl Keijser MSc en Dr. Victor van der Geest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study investigates daytime activities in clients at the Dutch Probation Service for addicted offenders (SVG). The article describes daytime activities, including work, based on official registrations of 9717 clients and an additional selection of client file study for 50 clients. The majority of the population does not have structural daytime activities, and within this group, substance use problems are slightly more prevalent. This study identifies four subgroups of clients without daytime activities: job seekers, work-incapacitated clients, motivated unemployed clients, and unmotivated unemployed clients. There is some heterogeneity between subgroups in terms of different background problems.


Yentl Keijser MSc
Yentl Keijser MSc is afgestudeerd criminoloog.

Dr. Victor van der Geest
Dr. Victor van der Geest is universitair docent/onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit.
Artikel

Handhaving van bijtincidenten

De gebeten hond

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2020
Trefwoorden bijtincidenten, artikel 425 Wetboek van Strafrecht, lichte bevelsbevoegdheid, Honden
Auteurs Mr. Jaap Baar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines how the enforcement of dog biting incidents takes place in the Netherlands. Enforcement can be carried out using both criminal and administrative law. This practice is discussed, as well as where the bottlenecks in enforcement practice are. Finally, proposals are made to improve present practices.


Mr. Jaap Baar
Mr. Jaap Baar is advocaat in straf- en bestuurszaken bij Kuyp Baar advocaten.
Artikel

Chimpanseepolitie?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2020
Trefwoorden mens-diervergelijking, politie, chimpansee, gedragsonderzoek
Auteurs Prof. dr. Otto Adang
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    People like to make comparisons between humans and other animals when they think a comparison helps them to make a point (e.g. that some human behavior can or cannot be considered to be ‘natural’) or to have a laugh when animals act in ways that are seen as funny or cute. There are a lot of misunderstandings about the feasibility of these kinds of comparisons and this chapter deals with the way in which meaningful use can be made of studies into animal behavior, using research into chimpanzee behavior (and specifically research into chimpanzee conflict regulation) as an example. The conclusion is that there are three ways in which ethological studies into non-human animal behavior can be relevant for an increased understanding of human behavior: by using ethological methods of systematic observation, by asking relevant research questions and by generating new hypotheses.


Prof. dr. Otto Adang
Prof. dr. Otto M.J. Adang is lector Openbare orde & gevaarbeheersing aan de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Veiligheid en Collectief Gedrag aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Samenwerken in de forensische keten

De investering waard

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden samenwerken, forensische zorg, interprofessioneel, continuïteit van zorg, interprofessional collaboration, forensic mental health care, continuity mental care
Auteurs Dr. Vivienne de Vogel, Dr. Petra Schaftenaar en Drs. Ellen van den Broek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Interprofessional collaboration in the treatment and supervision of clients in forensic mental health care is of great importance. However, collaboration between professionals within and between settings is not always easy. In this article, different forms of collaboration within the forensic mental health care system are described as well as the most important pitfalls and success factors. Finally, some recommendations are provided for practitioners, organizations and policy-makers to design and facilitate collaboration in forensic mental health care.


Dr. Vivienne de Vogel
Dr. Vivienne de Vogel is lector Werken in justitieel kader, Hogeschool Utrecht, en onderzoeker bij De Forensische Zorgspecialisten, Utrecht.

Dr. Petra Schaftenaar
Dr. Petra Schaftenaar is opleider en projectmanager in de forensische ggz en eigenaar van Metis Zorg.

Drs. Ellen van den Broek
Drs. Ellen van den Broek is gz-psycholoog, in opleiding tot specialist, en hoofd behandeling Van der Hoeven Kliniek, De Forensische Zorgspecialisten.
Artikel

Bezoek in Nederlandse gevangenissen

De stand van zaken

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Bezoek Visitation, Detentie Imprisonment, Leefklimaat Prison climate, Detentie-ervaringen prison experiences
Auteurs Maria Berghuis MSc, Dr. Hanneke Palmen en Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prison visitation is important for protecting against social isolation during imprisonment. It is also essential for maintaining contacts that are important for life in prison and after release. It is therefore not surprising that both nationally and internationally important policy measures and scientific research have been undertaken on the topic. Nationally, however, limited scientific research is available regarding how many, how often and from whom prisoners receive visits, how visits are experienced and the possible effects of visitation, thus leaving many questions unanswered. Meanwhile, in the past ten years great changes have been made to visitation in Dutch prison policy and practice. Given these recent developments, both scientists and practitioners could benefit from an overview of the current state of affairs of visitation. This article aims to bridge the gap between research, policy and practice by summarizing findings from the Life in Custody study. This study includes a description of how visitation is organized legally, at the policy level and in practice, a thorough review of prior research on visitation and an analysis of the most recent national data on the prevalence and frequency of visitation, while considering important differences between prisoners and prisons.


Maria Berghuis MSc
Maria Berghuis MSc is promovenda Criminologie aan de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie in Leiden.

Dr. Hanneke Palmen
Dr. Hanneke Palmen is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie in Leiden.

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie in Leiden.
Artikel

Helder communiceren over recidiverisico’s

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden risk communication, risk assessment, Recidivism
Auteurs Vivienne de Vogel, Jacqueline Bosker en Ellen van den Broek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Structured assessment of the risk of repeated offending has become common practice in the judicial system. However, much less attention has been paid to the way of communicating about the results of these risk assessments to the court or forensic settings. Research shows that the way of communicating about risks of relapse may affect decision-making by judges. In this article, these research results will be summarized and the different approaches to risk communication are discussed. Finally, recommendations are provided for clear communication about risk assessment results.


Vivienne de Vogel
Vivienne de Vogel is werkzaam bij Hogeschool Utrecht en de Forensische Zorgspecialisten.

Jacqueline Bosker
Jacqueline Bosker is werkzaam bij Hogeschool Utrecht.

Ellen van den Broek
Ellen van den Broek is werkzaam bij de Forensische Zorgspecialisten.
Artikel

Als huiselijk geweld en georganiseerde misdaad samenkomen…

De weerbare professional op het grensvlak tussen strafrecht en hulpverlening

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Huiselijk geweld, Georganiseerde misdaad, Ondermijning weerbaarheid
Auteurs Mr. Sylvia van Dooren, Prof. dr. Janine Janssen, Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is casuistry, where on the one hand it is the turn of the professionals from the investigation, enforcement and prosecution and on the other hand the turn of the social workers from the social domain. This is the case, for example, when domestic violence occurs in circles that are also involved in organized crime. In theory it is possible that the professionals involved work together, but it is also not impossible that they will get into each other’s waters because they have a different vision of the problem to be tackled and, of course, also have to fulfill other roles and tasks based on their positions. A professional must be able to handle complex situations of this kind.


Mr. Sylvia van Dooren
Mr. Sylvia van Dooren is als docent verbonden aan de Juridische Hogeschool van Avans en Fontys en als onderzoeker aan het lectoraat Ondermijning van Avans Hogeschool.

Prof. dr. Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit en voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning aan Avans Hogeschool.

Prof. dr. Nanne Vosters
Nanne Vosters is als docent verbonden aan de deeltijdopleiding Social Work van Avans Hogeschool en als onderzoeker aan het lectoraat Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties van Avans Hogeschool.
Artikel

‘We maken wat mee zeg…’

Mentale weerbaarheid binnen de werkcontext van de districtsrecherche

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Weerbaarheid, Recherche, Stressoren, Copingstrategieën
Auteurs Dr. Henk Sollie
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study provides an in-depth analysis of the resilience of criminal investigators in the Netherlands. Observational studies within three criminal investigation teams and 45 interviews with investigators and team leaders revealed that confrontations with human suffering, decision-making, and dirty and physically demanding circumstances at the crime scene can sometimes be (very) challenging. However, investigators have relatively little difficulty with the strain resulting from the operational stressors to which they are exposed during investigations. They know how to apply different coping strategies to reduce stress. However, this does not apply to organisational stressors. The way in which their work is organised regularly causes tension, dissatisfaction and frustration. The research highlights that investigators suffer more from these organisational stressors than from the stressors that can be associated with criminal investigations. Attention should therefore be focused on strengthening their ‘internal resilience’, the article makes a number of recommendations to support this.


Dr. Henk Sollie
Dr. Henk Sollie is onderzoeker en adviseur bij Twynstra Gudde.
Artikel

Access_open Vertrouwen in toezichtsactoren in uitgaansgebieden: een vergelijking tussen politie, portiers en cameratoezicht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden vertrouwen, Toezicht, plural policing, Legitimiteit
Auteurs Dr. Janne van Doorn en Dr. Jelle Brands
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While studies on trust in the police are numerous, this is much less the case for other policing actors. It is important to examine this in the light of the increasing number and diversification of policing actors and their legitimacy. Using a survey, 894 youngsters were asked to evaluate their trust in actors involved in the policing of urban nightlife areas: the police, door staff, and CCTV. Results showed that people tend to trust human actors of surveillance more compared to technological actors, however different (demographic and contextual) factors nuance this pattern.


Dr. Janne van Doorn
Dr. Janne van Doorn is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Jelle Brands
Dr. Jelle Brands is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Het leefklimaat in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen: de Life In Custody–studie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Quality of prison life, Imprisonment, Prison Climate Questionnaire, LIC-study
Auteurs Dr. Hanneke Palmen, Dr. Anouk Bosma en Dr. Esther van Ginneken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Life In Custody-study is a large scale, prospective panel study, aimed to examine the quality of prison life in The Netherlands. This paper describes the LIC-study by giving a detailed overview of the data collection procedure, and strategies to optimize response, and presents the first nationwide results on prison climate in The Netherlands. Results show that the data collection procedures utilized were successful in obtaining a high response rate (which was an exceptional 81%) and reaching a representative group of prisoners. Furthermore, results show that the perceptions of prison climate vary across prison regimes, and to a lesser extent across age groups and time spent in detention.


Dr. Hanneke Palmen
Dr. Hanneke Palmen is universitair docent Criminologie.

Dr. Anouk Bosma
Dr. Anouk Bosma is universitair docent Criminologie.

Dr. Esther van Ginneken
Dr. Esther van Ginneken is universitair docent Criminologie.
Artikel

De uitdagingen in het effectief aanpakken van stalking

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden stalking, Politie, veiligheid, risicotaxatie
Auteurs Bianca Voerman MsC. en Cleo Brandt MsC.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2016 an independent review into a deadly ex-partner stalking case1xEenhoorn Commission. (2016). Conclusies en aanbevelingen: Onderzoeksrapport TweeSteden. identified a number of structural problems in the police’s approach to stalking cases. Police struggle to accurately and effectively assess and respond to stalking cases because of several reasons. Police often fail to identify stalking by focusing too much on single incidents, missing the pattern of behaviours that constitute stalking. Investigations also focus on the criminal offence of stalking, with police waiting to take action until a particular threshold is reached. There is a lack of knowledge about stalking in general and risk factors associated with stalking in particular, which means the victim’s safety can be at stake if adequate security measures are not taken. These findings led to the development of a new structured response to ex-partner stalking cases, which consists of an automated query, case screening and prioritisation with the SASH2xMcEwan, T. E., Strand, S., MacKenzie, R. D., & James, D. V. (2015). Screening Assessment for Stalking and Harassment (SASH)., case management together with partner agencies and improved training for police officers who are handling stalking cases. Victim safety must always be the first priority.

Noten

  • * Bianca Voerman en Cleo Brandt zijn beiden recherchepsycholoog bij de Landelijke Eenheid van de Nationale Politie.
  • 1 Eenhoorn Commission. (2016). Conclusies en aanbevelingen: Onderzoeksrapport TweeSteden.

  • 2 McEwan, T. E., Strand, S., MacKenzie, R. D., & James, D. V. (2015). Screening Assessment for Stalking and Harassment (SASH).


Bianca Voerman MsC.
Bianca Voerman is recherchepsycholoog bij de Landelijke Eenheid van de Nationale Politie.

Cleo Brandt MsC.
Recherchepsycholoog bij de Landelijke Eenheid van de Nationale Politie
Peer reviewed

Opsporingsmiddelen in ontwikkeling

Open-bronnenonderzoek als de nieuwe ‘tap’

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Open bronnen onderzoek (OSINT), Opsporingsbevoegdheid, Stelselmatigheid, Commissie-Koops
Auteurs Mr. Mark Feenstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    With the development of the ‘digital society’ the information about crime on the internet is increasing rapidly. This creates the necessity for clarity about the boundaries of open source research by law enforcement agencies. However a specific article in the Code of Criminal Procedure lacks. While waiting for this article the police, the prosecution office, criminal defense lawyers and judges are struggling to find these boundaries. Nevertheless are they the only ones that can bring this clarity by informing themselves and exploring what should be legitimate.


Mr. Mark Feenstra
Mr. M. Feenstra is werkzaam als senior parketsecretaris bij het Openbaar Ministerie, parket Amsterdam.
Artikel

Aandacht voor vaderschap in de gevangenis

Evaluatie van de Exodus-workshop Vrij Verantwoord Vaderschap

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Vaderschap, Detentie, Interventie, Evaluatie
Auteurs Dr. Joni Reef, Naomi Ormskerk MSc en Lisa van Es MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Around 36.000 men enter Dutch prisons every year. Nearly half of them are father. Imprisonment is destructive to father involvement. Many prisoners involuntary fail to stay connected with their family and are unable to reconnect with family after release. However, father involvement protects fragile families, children and fathers themselves from collateral consequences of imprisonment and even reduces recidivism. One of the first Dutch initiatives for fathers in prison came from voluntary organization Exodus. Since 2014, they run an 8-week workshop on fatherhood in a number of Dutch penal institutions. Fathers work on the restoration or reconstruction of their relationship with their children and parenting partners. In this article, we review participating fathers’ perceptions of the workshop and the changes in their attitude towards fatherhood.


Dr. Joni Reef
Dr. J. Reef is universitair docent Criminologie bij het Instituut Strafrecht en Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden.

Naomi Ormskerk MSc
N.R.S. Ormskerk is (Junior) onderzoeker en docent aan de Universiteit van Leiden.

Lisa van Es MSc
Lisa van Es is psycholoog en onderzoeker bij Exodus.
Artikel

Nazorg voor ex-gedetineerden door Exodus: maakt het verschil?

Recidiveonderzoek onder ex-gedetineerden die bij Exodus verbleven in de periode 1999-2012

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Recidive (Reoffending), Nazorg (Aftercare), Quasi-experimenteel onderzoek (Quasi-experimental research), Gevangenis (Prison), Exodus
Auteurs Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden, Suzan Verweij MSc, Dr. Bouke Wartna e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Exodus is an organization aimed at assisting prisoners at their transition to society. In the Exodus halfway houses participants receive help in finding a house and a job, in improving relationships with family and friends and in giving meaning to life. This study uses a quasi-experimental design to investigate whether participating in the Exodus program reduces reoffending: the observed reoffending rate is compared to the reoffending rate that was predicted based on characteristics of the participants. The findings show that two years after leaving Exodus, 46.5% of the participants reoffended. This is 4.1 percent point less than the total population of former prisoners and 4.6 percent point less than the predicted reoffending rate.


Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Suzan Verweij MSc
Suzan Verweij MSc is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Dr. Bouke Wartna
Dr. Bouke Wartna is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Prof. dr. mr. Martin Moerings
Prof. dr. mr. Martin Moerings is emeritus hoogleraar Penologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Ruim baan voor het reclasseringswerk: doen wat nodig is

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Probation, court advice, custom made, professional discretion
Auteurs Drs. Jacqueline Bosker en Mr. dr. Katinka Lünnemann
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2016 advices the probation service delivers to the public prosecution office or prison service are no longer financed by counting the number of advices produced, but by a lump sum budget. That should give probation officers the much needed room to do what is necessary in an individual case, instead of following strict protocols. This article describes the changes in the work of probation officers and their co-operation with public prosecutors, as a result of this change. Findings are based on ongoing research, and describe the practice at the end of 2016.


Drs. Jacqueline Bosker
Drs. Jacqueline Bosker is hogeschoolhoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Recht en onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader van Hogeschool Utrecht. Tevens is zij redacteur van PROCES.

Mr. dr. Katinka Lünnemann
Mr. dr. Katinka Lünnemann is onderzoeker bij het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader van Hogeschool Utrecht.
Artikel

Reclassering, beeldvorming en identiteit

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Probation, Parole, identity advice, probation supervision, community service
Auteurs Prof. dr. Peter van der Laan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The probation service gives advice to the court tens of thousands of time each year, coordinates tens of thousands of community service orders, and supervises tens of thousands of offenders. This is done professionally and takes place without much incidents or problems. However, the probation is not very well known to the general public. The identity of probation is also ambiguous and therefore not strong. There is less appreciation for the probation than they deserve. This can be met by making the probation service responsible for the implementation of all community-based sanctions (suspended sentences and other conditional modalities and community service orders), similar to the responsibility of the prison system for custodial sanctions and measures. Secondly, by differentiation in the nature and intensity of activities. Many probation clients do well. They represent only a low risk, and probation involvement may be limited. For other clients, more is needed: more activities, greater intensity and focus on criminogenic needs. It is proposed to distinguish between probation and probation plus. In both, probation supervision and community service are at the center, but the plus version is emphatically more focused on rehabilitation and reintegration, and thus on minimizing recidivism. This requires more efforts by the probation service. It also requires adapting the organization: one probation organization that is accountable and responsible for the implementation of community-based sanctions, but with the possibility to outsource work if special expertise and special activities are required.


Prof. dr. Peter van der Laan
Prof. dr. Peter van der Laan is verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit en het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Actuele opvattingen inzake civiel schadeverhaal via het strafproces

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden schadevergoeding, voeging benadeelde partij, onevenredige belasting, convergentie strafrecht/civielrecht
Auteurs Dr. Renée Kool en Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Crime victims’ compensation is a focal point of interest within the present Dutch penal policy. Coming forward as an injured party, crime victims may claim compensation for pecuniary and non-pecuniary damages from the prepetrator. Since the claim is of a subsidiary, civil nature, the decision making may not represent an undue burden to the criminal procedure. To further compensation, the legal criterion for accessibility was extended (2010) and policy measures were taken. The article provides an overview of the most important findings of an evaluation into to date’s practice, paying special attention to the opinion of legal professionals. Focussing on both the preparatory and the trial phase, a multidisciplinary research was executed, combining quantitative and qualitative research methods. The results show an increase of the amount of claims awarded since 2007. To date, victims’ compensation is commonly accepted within the Dutch criminal procedure. Nevertheless, the legal professionals point at the potential draw backs that sprout from the acknowledgment of the victim as a participant within the Dutch criminal proceedings.


Dr. Renée Kool
Dr. Renée Kool is universitair hoofddocent Strafrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Utrechtse onderzoekscentrum Ucall.

Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus
Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus is universitair docent Privaatrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrechtse onderzoekscentra Ucall en Renforce, en is SIM-fellow.
Artikel

‘Buurt Bestuurt Niet’

Empirisch onderzoek naar burgerparticipatie in een Rotterdamse achterstandswijk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden CLEAR-Model, security and safety management, CAPS, Rotterdam
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, I report on an ethnographic research project conducted in 2013-2015 in Rotterdam’s neighbourhood Hillesluis on ‘Community Governs’, a community-based program which goal is to solve neighbourhood crime and disorder problems. By making use of the CLEAR model, the article focuses on three factors of effective participation of citizens: ‘Enabled to’, ‘Asked to’, and ‘Responded to’. The results indicate that making residents of a deprived neighbourhood responsible for the governing of safety and security issues is extremely difficult. It also becomes clear that the participants don’t believe that their involvement is making a difference in the neighbourhood. An importantly explanation for this is that the participants are not provided enough information to make the right decisions about which safety problems need to be tackled.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
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