Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2014 x Rubriek Article x
Artikel

Zwijgen is zilver, spreken is goud. De weigerende observandus en de voorgestelde wijziging van artikel 37a Sr

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden TBS, weigerende observandus, gedragsdeskundige rapportage, medische dossiers, wetsvoorstel forensische zorg
Auteurs Mr. Martine Valk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When a person commits a severe crime in the Netherlands, for which he cannot be (fully) held responsible because of a mental disorder, a judge may impose a hospital order in a secured psychiatric institution. To make this possible, behavioural experts have to assess whether the suspect suffered from a mental disorder at the time of the crime. However, during this assessment a suspect has the right to remain silent. Since recent years the number of non-cooperating suspects is increasing. To solve this problem, the Secretary of State of Security and Justice has submitted a legislative proposal, which makes it possible to force health professionals to submit past medical records of the suspect to the behavioural experts for their assessment without his consent. This breaches the professional law of confidentiality. Following case law of the European Court of Human Rights, this can only be justified, if it complies with the principles of proportionality, subsidiarity and necessity. The legislative proposal does not comply with these principles, as alternatives are available. These are: improvement of the forensic psychiatric care, reduction of the duration of the treatment and extension of the behavioral research period.


Mr. Martine Valk
Mr. Martine Valk is junior onderzoeker aan het VU medisch centrum, afdeling Metamedica.
Artikel

Draaideurvreemdelingen in de strafrechtsketen?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden VRIS, illegale immigranten, strafrecht, terugkeer, migratie
Auteurs Daphne Huininga MSc en Mr. dr. Maartje van der van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Irregular immigration is considered a big problem to Western societies. In the Dutch political discourse much attention is being attributed to dealing with a specific group of irregular immigrants: those who commit crimes and cause nuisance. Despite firm migration policies focusing on catching and deporting criminal undocumented immigrant, many seem to be coming back. By means of a exploratory study this article empirically explores the underlying rationales and traits of illegal immigrants returning to the Netherlands after they have been deported.


Daphne Huininga MSc
Daphne Huininga MSc is werkzaam als adviseur Bedrijfsvoering bij de Dienst Terugkeer en Vertrek.

Mr. dr. Maartje van der van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude is universitair hoofddocent Straf- en strafprocesrecht bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Gevangenisstraffen van moeders en de belangen van kinderen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden Imprisonment of mothers / Detentie van moeders, Alternative sentencing of mothers / Alternatieve straf voor moeders, Children’s interests / Belangen van kinderen
Auteurs Prof. dr. Doret De de Ruyter, Drs. Sanne Hissel en Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A substantial number of children are confronted with the detention of their mothers. Empirical research shows that these children’s well-being is seriously affected, although no study has been able to assess whether a mother’s detention as such causes long-term damage. On the basis of children’s interests, this article defends the principle that mothers who are actively involved in raising their children should not receive a prison sentence but an alternative punishment, unless continuing care is detrimental to the children or if the legal order or interests of society and its citizens would be disproportionally threatened. The article ends with several practical implications.


Prof. dr. Doret De de Ruyter
Prof. dr. Doret de Ruyter is hoogleraar Theoretische pedagogiek aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en opleidingsdirecteur Pedagogische wetenschappen.

Drs. Sanne Hissel
Drs. Sanne Hissel is postdoc onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld is hoogleraar Onderzoeksmethoden in de criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, adjunct professor aan het Griffith University Key Centre for Research en directeur van het NSCR.
Artikel

Probleemoplossingsgericht denken bij witwassen van uit eigen misdrijf afkomstige voorwerpen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden Witwassen, Eigen misdrijf, Uitzondering, Poging tot witwassen
Auteurs Mr. Joost Verbaan en Mr. dr. Joost Nan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    According to the text of the law and the meaning of the (international and) Dutch legislator, someone can also commit the crime of money laundering when the illegal proceeds originate from a crime he committed himself. The acquisition or possession of property that was derived from criminal activity is also considered as money laundering regardless whose criminal activity it was. The Dutch Supreme Court made an exception for situations in which the defendant has done nothing to conceal or disguise the criminal background of the property. This means that, for instance, when a drug dealer has hidden his ‘dirty money’ in or around his house, it cannot be qualified as money laundering. This poses problems for investigative authorities. In this article, the possibility of regarding the act of hiding and keeping hidden money as an attempt to launder money, based on the presumption that every act involving the hidden or kept money will result in money laundering, is researched.


Mr. Joost Verbaan
Mr. Joost Verbaan is docent Straf(proces)recht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en directeur van het Erasmus Centre for Penal Studies van die universiteit.

Mr. dr. Joost Nan
Mr. dr. Joost Nan is universitair docent Straf(proces)recht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en (cassatie)advocaat bij Gilhuis Advocaten te Dordrecht.
Artikel

Hoe effectief straft de keten eigenlijk?

De ontwikkeling van het strafrisico in de periode 1995-2012

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden strafrisico, commune criminaliteit, decompositie strafpunten, omrekensleutel
Auteurs Dr. Ben Van Velthoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper studies the development of the average punishment per criminal offence, the product of frequency and severity, imposed by the Criminal Justice System in the Netherlands over the period 1995-2012. Available data cover all principal sanctions: (unconditional) prison sentences, community service orders and fines. A decomposition is made to separate the frequency and severity of punishment from size effects (changes in the composition of crime). The decomposition points out that, on average, crime has become more serious over time. The average punishment per criminal offence in 2012 is lower than it was in 1995.


Dr. Ben Van Velthoven
Dr. Ben van Velthoven is als universitair hoofddocent Rechtseconomie verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid te Leiden.
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