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Artikel

Vernietigende arresten

Het ‘sec’ vernietigen van bijzondere voorwaarden in cassatie door de Hoge Raad

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden cassatie, Hoge Raad, bijzondere voorwaarde(n), strafrecht
Auteurs Sam van den Akker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch Supreme Court has the power to destroy a penal condition if a lower court imposes those conditions contrary to the law. Problems may arise when the Supreme Court solely destroys the condition. In that case there is no longer an imposed condition, which can be contrary to the meaning of the lower court. It can even derogate the imposed sentence, whilst the convicted is not obligated to conform to those conditions. That problem can – in extreme cases – harm society. Even so can be said that those decisions of the Supreme Court are not in favor of the convicted.


Sam van den Akker
Mr. Sam van den Akker is strafrechtadvocaat bij Baumgardt Strafcassatie Advocatuur.
Peer reviewed

De ‘Gulden Route’ in de realiteit

Het verloop van verlof tijdens tbs

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden verlof, tbs
Auteurs Maartje Clercx MSc, Marije Keulen-de Vos PhD en Hyacinthe van Bussel MBZD
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Rehabilitation of hospitalized offenders is a stepwise process ideally achieved through four consecutive types of leave: supervised, unsupervised, extra-institutional and a probational leave. However, in reality this sequence may often be deviated from. The current study was undertaken to examine the most common deviations and the relationship with how the treatment ended (e.g. positive/negative). File information of 422 offenders previously admitted to a high-secure forensic hospital was used. Deviations from the standard sequence are relatively common. Probational leave is often missing, and one in ten sequences contains a suspension of leave. The relevance for forensic and legal professionals is discussed.


Maartje Clercx MSc
M. Clercx MSc is promovenda/junior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Forensisch Psychiatrisch Centrum (FPC) de Rooyse Wissel.

Marije Keulen-de Vos PhD
M.E. Keulen-de Vos PhD is senior wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Forensisch Psychiatrisch Centrum (FPC) de Rooyse Wissel.

Hyacinthe van Bussel MBZD
H.M. van Bussel MBZD is algemeen directeur van het Forensisch Psychiatrisch Centrum (FPC) de Rooyse Wissel.
Peer reviewed

Onderzoeksjournalistiek en opsporing

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Opsporing, Persvoorlichting, Onderzoeksjournalistiek, Misdaadjournalistiek, Privacy
Auteurs Dr. Peter Klerks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Investigative reporters show an increasing interest in criminal phenomena. Dutch journalists may be allowed access to ongoing police investigations on the condition that they comply with data protection legislation. Working in international cooperative projects, using sophisticated research tools and hot sources, journalists by themselves also manage to uncover hidden crimes that may prompt indictments. The article explores possibilities of future collaboration between criminal investigators and reporters, while acknowledging each other’s professional roles and responsibilities.


Dr. Peter Klerks
Dr. P.P.H.M. Klerks werkt als raadadviseur bij het Parket-Generaal van het Openbaar Ministerie en doceert aan de Politieacademie, waar hij van 2004 tot 2010 lector Recherchekunde was.
Artikel

De keuze tussen strafrechtelijke en bestuursrechtelijke sanctionering en het criterium van de ernstige gedraging

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Bestuursstrafrecht, Sanctiestelsel, Ernstige gedraging, Moraliteit, Strafrecht
Auteurs Mr. dr. drs. Benny van der Vorm
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the near future, the legislator will decide on the criteria to be applied to make a choice between the administrative and the criminal justice system. It is a possibility that the legislator will depart from the so-called ‘open context’ and the ‘confined context’. In his Farewell Speech, Rogier pleaded that the severity of behavior should be the criterion to the applied. When behavior can be qualified as ‘serious’ a criminal procedure should take place and if the behavior is ‘less serious’ the administrative procedure has to be chosen.


Mr. dr. drs. Benny van der Vorm
Mr. dr. drs. Benny van der Vorm is universitair docent Straf(proces)recht aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Het doel heiligt het middel? Over de noodzaak van uniforme criteria voor evaluatie van de effectiviteit en efficiëntie van de opsporing

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Effectiviteit, Efficiëntie, Opsporingsmethoden, Wet bewaarplicht
Auteurs Dave van Toor LLM BSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Both the Court of Justice and the regional Court of The Hague ruled the retention of telecommunications data directive and the Dutch Wet bewaarplicht telecommunicatiegegevens in violation of the right to respect for privacy. The police and the Dutch Prosecutors Office have attempted to clarify the importance of the retention for criminal investigation. However, without an efficiency and effectiveness assessment of the method to request and analyse telecommunication data, it is not possible to substantiate the significance of data retention. To ‘save’ the retention of telecommunication data in its current form, but also to assess the importance of the existing and new investigative methods, a thorough analysis is necessary.


Dave van Toor LLM BSc
Dave van Toor LLM Bsc is onderzoeksmedewerker aan de Universität Bielefeld en buitenpromovendus aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Zwijgen is zilver, spreken is goud. De weigerende observandus en de voorgestelde wijziging van artikel 37a Sr

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden TBS, weigerende observandus, gedragsdeskundige rapportage, medische dossiers, wetsvoorstel forensische zorg
Auteurs Mr. Martine Valk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When a person commits a severe crime in the Netherlands, for which he cannot be (fully) held responsible because of a mental disorder, a judge may impose a hospital order in a secured psychiatric institution. To make this possible, behavioural experts have to assess whether the suspect suffered from a mental disorder at the time of the crime. However, during this assessment a suspect has the right to remain silent. Since recent years the number of non-cooperating suspects is increasing. To solve this problem, the Secretary of State of Security and Justice has submitted a legislative proposal, which makes it possible to force health professionals to submit past medical records of the suspect to the behavioural experts for their assessment without his consent. This breaches the professional law of confidentiality. Following case law of the European Court of Human Rights, this can only be justified, if it complies with the principles of proportionality, subsidiarity and necessity. The legislative proposal does not comply with these principles, as alternatives are available. These are: improvement of the forensic psychiatric care, reduction of the duration of the treatment and extension of the behavioral research period.


Mr. Martine Valk
Mr. Martine Valk is junior onderzoeker aan het VU medisch centrum, afdeling Metamedica.
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