Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Artikel

Sociaaleconomische ongelijkheid en het strafrecht: aanzet tot discussie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden Ongelijkheid, Selectiviteit, sociaaleconomische status, strafrechtelijke beslissingen
Auteurs Dr. Gwen van Eijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recent sociological research and socio-political debates about socioeconomic inequality and social divisions urge legal scholars, criminologists, policy makers and practitioners to have a renewed discussion about the role of socioeconomic status of suspects and offenders in judicial decisions. If social divisions in Dutch society are deepening, we need to look anew at the possibility that injustices of the social structure affect legal rights and decisions about prosecution, sentencing and probation. This article intends to offer various starting points for debate and research.


Dr. Gwen van Eijk
Dr. Gwen van Eijk is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Het doel heiligt het middel? Over de noodzaak van uniforme criteria voor evaluatie van de effectiviteit en efficiëntie van de opsporing

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Effectiviteit, Efficiëntie, Opsporingsmethoden, Wet bewaarplicht
Auteurs Dave van Toor LLM BSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Both the Court of Justice and the regional Court of The Hague ruled the retention of telecommunications data directive and the Dutch Wet bewaarplicht telecommunicatiegegevens in violation of the right to respect for privacy. The police and the Dutch Prosecutors Office have attempted to clarify the importance of the retention for criminal investigation. However, without an efficiency and effectiveness assessment of the method to request and analyse telecommunication data, it is not possible to substantiate the significance of data retention. To ‘save’ the retention of telecommunication data in its current form, but also to assess the importance of the existing and new investigative methods, a thorough analysis is necessary.


Dave van Toor LLM BSc
Dave van Toor LLM Bsc is onderzoeksmedewerker aan de Universität Bielefeld en buitenpromovendus aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Ere wie ere toekomt

Een kritische analyse over de relatie tussen eer, geweld en gender

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2014
Trefwoorden gender, eergerelateerd geweld, sociale uitsluiting
Auteurs Dr. Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Honour, violence and masculinity are closely linked in traditional criminology, and are combined with an ethnic profile of the offender. This article discusses the conclusion of these assumptions as ethnocentric, but also as a simplification of the gendered idea of honour. Beliefs about honour, which are reduced to the male gender, and understood as conductive to crime, disregard insights regarding violent females, and awareness about the significance of honour in marginalized groups. Furthermore, this contribution discusses the supplementary value of a critical gender perspective, for discussion in criminology about honour and crime.


Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is als universitair hoofddocent Criminologie verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Zwijgen is zilver, spreken is goud. De weigerende observandus en de voorgestelde wijziging van artikel 37a Sr

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2014
Trefwoorden TBS, weigerende observandus, gedragsdeskundige rapportage, medische dossiers, wetsvoorstel forensische zorg
Auteurs Mr. Martine Valk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    When a person commits a severe crime in the Netherlands, for which he cannot be (fully) held responsible because of a mental disorder, a judge may impose a hospital order in a secured psychiatric institution. To make this possible, behavioural experts have to assess whether the suspect suffered from a mental disorder at the time of the crime. However, during this assessment a suspect has the right to remain silent. Since recent years the number of non-cooperating suspects is increasing. To solve this problem, the Secretary of State of Security and Justice has submitted a legislative proposal, which makes it possible to force health professionals to submit past medical records of the suspect to the behavioural experts for their assessment without his consent. This breaches the professional law of confidentiality. Following case law of the European Court of Human Rights, this can only be justified, if it complies with the principles of proportionality, subsidiarity and necessity. The legislative proposal does not comply with these principles, as alternatives are available. These are: improvement of the forensic psychiatric care, reduction of the duration of the treatment and extension of the behavioral research period.


Mr. Martine Valk
Mr. Martine Valk is junior onderzoeker aan het VU medisch centrum, afdeling Metamedica.
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