Zoekresultaat: 6 artikelen

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Artikel

Financiën: een risicofactor voor delictgedrag?

Een onderzoek naar de complexiteit van financiële problematiek onder reclasseringscliënten

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden financiële problematiek financial problems, Schulden Debts, Delinquentie Delinquency, Reclassering Probation
Auteurs Gercoline van Beek MA, Dr. Vivienne de Vogel en Prof. dr. Dike van de Mheen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The relationship between debts and delinquency is still unclear and knowledge about the prevalence and scope of debts among delinquents, which is needed to systematically explore this relationship, is lacking. The present study contains a systematic and scoping literature review on this relationship and analyzed data from risk assessment and client files (N = 250) from the Dutch probation service. Results show that debt and crime are strongly related and that debts among probation clients are highly prevalent and complex and underline the importance of inquiring more knowledge about debts as a potential risk factor for relapse during supervision.


Gercoline van Beek MA
Gercoline van Beek MA is onderzoeker en docent aan de Hogeschool Utrecht. Zij doet momenteel promotieonderzoek naar financiële problematiek onder reclasseringscliënten.

Dr. Vivienne de Vogel
Dr. Vivienne de Vogel is lector Werken in justitieel kader aan de Hogeschool Utrecht en onderzoeker bij De Forensische Zorgspecialisten in Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Dike van de Mheen
Prof. dr. Dike van de Mheen is hoogleraar Transformaties in de zorg bij Tranzo, het wetenschappelijk centrum voor zorg en welzijn van de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Gedetineerd en debiteur

Onderzoek naar het hebben van schulden tijdens en na detentie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Schulden Debts, financiële problemen financial problems, Criminaliteit criminal offending, Detentie Imprisonment
Auteurs Dr. Rosa Koenraadt, Dr. Anja Dirkzwager en Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An exceptionally high prevalence of financial debt problems can be found among prisoners, but criminological knowledge on the link between debts and crime is limited. Previous studies are hindered by a lack of information on types of debts, informal debts and background characteristics. This article provides first and detailed insights in the types and amount of debts during and after prison in the Netherlands. Based on data from the Prison Project we show that the majority of prisoners report having debts during prison, show how different types of debts are related and how these debts change six months after release.


Dr. Rosa Koenraadt
Dr. Rosa Koenraadt is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. Anja Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De invloed van ouders en vriendin op desistance from crime

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Jonge veelplegers, Desistance form crime
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article addresses the role of parents and girlfriends in the process of giving up crime. It presents findings from a longitudinal study of 81 young recidivists examined over 15 years. It concludes that parents played a pivotal role in this process, since the young men began to realize what misery they had caused them. However, these young men did not change their path in life because of their parents. We conclude even stronger than with the parents that it does not seem likely that a young recidivist would desist because of his girlfriend. Nevertheless, it would seem that both parents and a secure, lasting relationship could indeed have a positive influence in this process, particularly in the motivation to stick to a new path towards a more pro-social lifestyle once it has been set out on.


Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
Prof. dr. I. Weijers is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdrechtspleging en Jeugdbescherming, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Zelfredzaamheid in detentie

Kritische kanttekeningen bij het systeem van promoveren en degraderen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Zelfredzaamheid, Burgerschap, Gevangenis, Autonomie
Auteurs Dr. Esther van Ginneken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the ‘participation society’ it is expected that citizens actively contribute to solving societal problems, including health care, immigration and security issues. A somewhat similar responsibilisation culture is visible in prisons, where prisoners are held responsible for their own rehabilitation. This article problematizes the way in which prisoners’ agency is promoted in Dutch prisons, considering prisoners’ constrained agency and the normative expectations that are tied to the approach. This critique is advanced through discussion of the promotion/demotion system that has been used in Dutch prisons since 2014. This system, comparable to the Incentives and Earned Privileges system in England and Wales, espouses both ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ behavioural norms. The soft behavioural norms reflect a citizenship ideal that extends beyond compliance with the law. It is argued that these normative expectations tied to agency have a limiting effect on prisoners’ autonomy. This article argues in favour of a shift from the citizenship ideal to an autonomy ideal, which applies the principle of minimum restrictions. Furthermore, access to education, reintegration courses and contact with family should be treated as a right, rather than a privilege, in order to maximise autonomy and minimise the harmful effects of imprisonment.


Dr. Esther van Ginneken
Dr. Esther van Ginneken is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Nazorg voor ex-gedetineerden door Exodus: maakt het verschil?

Recidiveonderzoek onder ex-gedetineerden die bij Exodus verbleven in de periode 1999-2012

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Recidive (Reoffending), Nazorg (Aftercare), Quasi-experimenteel onderzoek (Quasi-experimental research), Gevangenis (Prison), Exodus
Auteurs Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden, Suzan Verweij MSc, Dr. Bouke Wartna e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Exodus is an organization aimed at assisting prisoners at their transition to society. In the Exodus halfway houses participants receive help in finding a house and a job, in improving relationships with family and friends and in giving meaning to life. This study uses a quasi-experimental design to investigate whether participating in the Exodus program reduces reoffending: the observed reoffending rate is compared to the reoffending rate that was predicted based on characteristics of the participants. The findings show that two years after leaving Exodus, 46.5% of the participants reoffended. This is 4.1 percent point less than the total population of former prisoners and 4.6 percent point less than the predicted reoffending rate.


Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Suzan Verweij MSc
Suzan Verweij MSc is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Dr. Bouke Wartna
Dr. Bouke Wartna is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Prof. dr. mr. Martin Moerings
Prof. dr. mr. Martin Moerings is emeritus hoogleraar Penologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Nazorg ex-gedetineerden – tien jaar na invoering

Terugblik en huidige stand van zaken

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden Nazorg ex-gedetineerden, Reclassering, Recidive, Gemeenten
Auteurs Drs. Karel van Duijvenbooden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2002, the Dutch Ministry of Justice introduced the programme ‘Reducing Recidivism’ to reduce high recidivism rates among ex-prisoners. As part of this programme, a special project called ‘Follow-up care for former detainees’ was launched late 2004. Until then, little attention had been given to this topic and there had not been any organised form of cooperation between municipalities and penal institutions. In many cases the basic conditions for reintegration were not well arranged. The main aim of the project was to establish a connection between prisons and municipalities by which the basic conditions for social reintegration could be settled. First, cooperation at working level practice was established. In 2007, this practice was confirmed at a political administrative level. In doing so, a unique form of cooperation between prison services and municipalities for follow-up care for former detainees has been realised in the Netherlands.


Drs. Karel van Duijvenbooden
Drs. Karel van Duijvenbooden is manager van het Veiligheidshuis Regio Utrecht.
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