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Artikel

Access_open Met datascience op zoek naar indicatoren van georganiseerde criminaliteit en ondermijning

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Georganiseerde criminaliteit Organized crime, Ondermijning Drugs, Datascience Data science, Voorspellende indicatoren Indicators
Auteurs Dr. Patricia Prüfer en Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Increasing digitization and datafication lead to an increasingly important role of data in our society and to changes in the way institutions work and decisions are made. Although it can lead to changes in the type of crime (e.g. cybercrime), datafication also facilitates shifts from visible and registered crime to crime that has not (yet) been measured and registered, like manifestations of organized crime. Analyzing so-called big data can help to recognize new forms of crime, predict risk factors, and decrease the dark number of these forms of crime.
    In this study, we illustrate which indicators determine the stage of an industrial area regarding the occurrence of organized crime. Our supervised machine learning analysis shows that a number of indicators actually have predictive value for the degree of organized crime. These indicators could be used in the future to distinguish which industrial areas run an increased risk of organized and subversive crime.


Dr. Patricia Prüfer
Dr. Patricia Prüfer is groepsleider Data Science bij CentERdata, Tilburg.

Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning bij Avans Hogeschool.
Artikel

Weerbaarheid jegens ongewenste omgangsvormen op het werk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden Weerbaarheid, Ongewenste omgangsvormen, Beleid tegen ongewenste omgangsvormen, Bedrijfscultuur
Auteurs Mr. Margriet Maris
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the boundary conditions an organization has to take to make the workplace, where all kind of people work together, a safe place. Employers are responsible for a safe working environment according to the Arbowet. The confidential councilor is an important part of the infrastructure against workplace harassment. Next to commitment from the top of the organization, a code of conduct based on the support of the employees, a complaints procedure with access to an independent complains committee, the confidential councilor is key to discover and act on workplace harassment. Not all confidential councilors are trained and aware of the pitfalls of the job. Organizations have to set boundary conditions. For example legal privilege within the organization and some sort of protection against retaliation. The confidential councilor follows the lead of the complainant and can put down the responsibility of solving the issue of harassment at the proper authority within the organization.


Mr. Margriet Maris
Mr. Margriet Maris is zelfstandig mediator en extern vertrouwenspersoon ongewenste omgangsvormen en integriteit. Zij is tevens voorzitter van de Landelijke Vereniging van Vertrouwenspersonen (LVV).
Peer reviewed

Access_open Knokkers en vrije jongens

Het criminele verleden van het Nederlandse kickboksen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Kickboksen, Verknoping criminaliteit, Penoze
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the early years of kickboxing in the Netherlands, a number of fighters got involved in criminal activities. Literature typically focusses on social learning, but as the inner city of Amsterdam in the eighties provides a specific setting, this article particularly describes a historical process. In the qualitative data from interviews, observations, and various documents, three questions: Who were these kickboxers? Where did they enter the criminal circles? Why did they go along with what happened there? It turns out, successful fighters easily came in contact with people from the underground, as they met in the gyms and in the night life where many fighters worked as bouncers. In a friendly atmosphere, the risks of seduction were hard to recognize for inexperienced fighters.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. F.H.M. van Gemert is criminoloog en werkt bij de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.
Peer reviewed

Dierenliefde en onderwereld-pr

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Dieren, Georganiseerde misdaad, Ondermijning, Media
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Prof. Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminological literature shows that criminals involved in organized crime benefit from positive images in the media. By opening a hospital or donating funds for the development of a football field they try to present themselves in a cordial way and as good citizens to the public. Using the media to present themselves as animal lovers is a very effective manner to go for public admiration and sympathy. In this contribution is investigated how this mechanism works and why it is so effective.


Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Prof. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning aan Avans Hogeschool.
Artikel

Sociaaleconomische ongelijkheid en het strafrecht: aanzet tot discussie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden Ongelijkheid, Selectiviteit, sociaaleconomische status, strafrechtelijke beslissingen
Auteurs Dr. Gwen van Eijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recent sociological research and socio-political debates about socioeconomic inequality and social divisions urge legal scholars, criminologists, policy makers and practitioners to have a renewed discussion about the role of socioeconomic status of suspects and offenders in judicial decisions. If social divisions in Dutch society are deepening, we need to look anew at the possibility that injustices of the social structure affect legal rights and decisions about prosecution, sentencing and probation. This article intends to offer various starting points for debate and research.


Dr. Gwen van Eijk
Dr. Gwen van Eijk is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Nederland een van de meest punitieve landen in Noord- en West-Europa? Een mythe ontzenuwd

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2015
Trefwoorden Strafklimaat, Punitiviteit, Gevangenisstraffen, Internationale vergelijking
Auteurs Dr. Ben van Velthoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is frequently claimed that the punishment regime in the Netherlands lately has become one of the most severe in North and West Europe. This claim is critically addressed using data over the period 1990-2011 from the European Sourcebooks of Crime and Criminal Justice. Prison stock data from recent SPACE I Annual Penal Statistics are also taken into account. These data hardly do warrant a reliable international comparison of punitivity levels in Europe. At any rate, there is no evidence that the punishment regime in the Netherlands is among the most severe in North and West Europe, on the contrary.


Dr. Ben van Velthoven
Dr. Ben van Velthoven is als universitair hoofddocent Rechtseconomie verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid te Leiden.
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