Zoekresultaat: 27 artikelen

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De zoekresultaten worden gefilterd op:
Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2018 x Rubriek Article x
Peer reviewed

De twitterende wijkagent, veiligheidsbeleving en het beeld van de politie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Police, perception of safety, sociale media, Twitter
Auteurs Dr. Imke Smulders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reports briefly on research into the relationship between Twitter use by community police officers and citizens’ perceived safety. To this end, multiple relevant determinants of safety perceptions were included in the study: assessment of objective safety, perceptions of quality of life and social capital, risk perception and opinion on the police. The use of Twitter proved to have a modest, yet significant impact: followers on Twitter report a lower assessment of objective safety and a more positive opinion on the police. No direct, significant relation was found between the use of Twitter by the neighbourhood police officer and citizens’ perceived safety.


Dr. Imke Smulders
Dr. I.M.P. Smulders is onderzoeker bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool in ’s-Hertogenbosch.
Peer reviewed

Het zal je dochter maar zijn

Op zoek naar verklaringen voor de maatschappelijke impact van drie zaken van dodelijk seksueel geweld tegen jonge vrouwen in 2017

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Sexual violence, societal impact, media impact, altruistic fear of crime
Auteurs Dr. Remco Spithoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Three cases of sexual violence with two teenagers and one young woman as dead victims have put – besides the indescribable sufferings of themselves, their families, friends and acquaintances – a heavy burden on Dutch collective memories of the year 2017. Dutch society commiserated on a massive scale: volunteers helped searching, thousands united in silent marches and more than 400 thousand citizens signed an online petition that emotionally called for a firm revision of the ‘failing justice system’. In this article we explore the deeper social, personal and cultural elements that gave media messages their strong emotional impact in Dutch society.


Dr. Remco Spithoven
Dr. R. Spithoven is lector Maatschappelijke Veiligheid bij de Academie voor Bestuur, Recht en Ruimte van Hogeschool Saxion en research fellow bij de leerstoel Veiligheid en Veerkracht aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Peer reviewed

Onder een vergrootglas: de gevolgen van media-aandacht voor sociale professionals die werken met moeilijk bereikbaren

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Media-aandacht, Moeilijk bereikbaren, Incidenten, Beeldvorming, Zorg en welzijn
Auteurs Karlijn Suijkerbuijk en Drs. Jeanet de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While media coverage supports citizens in exercising their democratic rights, developments in the media have turned organizations into glass houses. In this article we investigate what media attention and subsequent public reactions after incidents mean for social professionals who work with the so-called ‘hard-to- reach’. We draw on a practical example, literature and interviews. Media attention turns out to affect the public image of organizations and professionals and consecutively alters the long term public judgment. This results in professionals feeling powerless, unrecognized and pressurized. Professionals adopt different strategies to deal with the effects of media attention: resignation, defensiveness, caution and organizational blame.


Karlijn Suijkerbuijk
Karlijn Suijkerbuijk is sociaal pedagogisch hulpverlener en studeert Zorgethiek en Beleid aan de Universiteit voor Humanistiek.

Drs. Jeanet de Jong
Drs. Jeanet de Jong is cultureel antropoloog en verbonden aan het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool. Zij doet promotieonderzoek naar de positie en het handelen van sociale professionals die werken met ‘moeilijk bereikbaren’.
Peer reviewed

Opsporingsberichtgeving in een veranderend medialandschap

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Opsporingsberichtgeving, (sociale) media, Privacy, belangenafweging, Engelse trefwoorden: Police and prosecutorial appeals for information and wanted notices, (social) media, privacy, balancing interests
Auteurs Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police and prosecution can appeal to the public for information to further their case. This requires a balancing exercise between the rights of the suspect (and other people involved), specifically the right to privacy and the interest of criminal investigations. Appeals for information and wanted notices require a medium as well. Also, in order for the appeal to be effective, other (news)media need to publish the appeal as well: it needs to be newsworthy and attractive for the public intended. Based on deskresearch, this article describes how an ever-changing media landscape and different media revolutions affect the appeals for information.


Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Dr. Gabry Vanderveen is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit, Rotterdam.
Peer reviewed

Onderzoeksjournalistiek en opsporing

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Opsporing, Persvoorlichting, Onderzoeksjournalistiek, Misdaadjournalistiek, Privacy
Auteurs Dr. Peter Klerks
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Investigative reporters show an increasing interest in criminal phenomena. Dutch journalists may be allowed access to ongoing police investigations on the condition that they comply with data protection legislation. Working in international cooperative projects, using sophisticated research tools and hot sources, journalists by themselves also manage to uncover hidden crimes that may prompt indictments. The article explores possibilities of future collaboration between criminal investigators and reporters, while acknowledging each other’s professional roles and responsibilities.


Dr. Peter Klerks
Dr. P.P.H.M. Klerks werkt als raadadviseur bij het Parket-Generaal van het Openbaar Ministerie en doceert aan de Politieacademie, waar hij van 2004 tot 2010 lector Recherchekunde was.
Peer reviewed

Dierenliefde en onderwereld-pr

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Dieren, Georganiseerde misdaad, Ondermijning, Media
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Prof. Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminological literature shows that criminals involved in organized crime benefit from positive images in the media. By opening a hospital or donating funds for the development of a football field they try to present themselves in a cordial way and as good citizens to the public. Using the media to present themselves as animal lovers is a very effective manner to go for public admiration and sympathy. In this contribution is investigated how this mechanism works and why it is so effective.


Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Prof. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning aan Avans Hogeschool.
Peer reviewed

Access_open Mediaberichten, framing en hypes: over de relatie van media en criminaliteit en de analyse hiervan

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Framing analyse,, Mediahypes, Moral panic, Oudejaarsnacht in Keulen, Bus incident in Gouda
Auteurs Dr. Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution discusses the supplementary value of media analyses to understanding the relationship between media and crime. Analyses of media framing and media hypes are discussed on the basis of two cases: the case of New Years Eve in Cologne in 2015 and the “bus incident” of Moroccan Dutch youngsters in Gouda in 2008. The two cases presented here illustrate the significance of media analysis in criminology and its relevance in a media society. Analyses of the media representation and the societal reactions show the influence of media on the image building about crime. Since media are a predominant force of modern society and mediatization is a characteristic of the present tense, media representation has a great impact on the perceptions of crime and punishment, and our reality.


Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is als universitair hoofddocent Criminologie verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Peer reviewed

Opsporingsmiddelen in ontwikkeling

Open-bronnenonderzoek als de nieuwe ‘tap’

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Open bronnen onderzoek (OSINT), Opsporingsbevoegdheid, Stelselmatigheid, Commissie-Koops
Auteurs Mr. Mark Feenstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    With the development of the ‘digital society’ the information about crime on the internet is increasing rapidly. This creates the necessity for clarity about the boundaries of open source research by law enforcement agencies. However a specific article in the Code of Criminal Procedure lacks. While waiting for this article the police, the prosecution office, criminal defense lawyers and judges are struggling to find these boundaries. Nevertheless are they the only ones that can bring this clarity by informing themselves and exploring what should be legitimate.


Mr. Mark Feenstra
Mr. M. Feenstra is werkzaam als senior parketsecretaris bij het Openbaar Ministerie, parket Amsterdam.
Artikel

Reclassering in een veranderende omgeving

Enkele opmerkingen naar aanleiding van een advies van de Raad voor Strafrechtstoepassing en Jeugdbescherming van 30 mei 2017

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2018
Trefwoorden Probation, RSJ, Criminal justice, Recidivism reduction
Auteurs Dr. Jaap A. van Vliet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The article describes some highlights of the advice and concludes that the document mainly describes the current situation of the probationservice. The advice may possibly contribute to the upcoming discussion regarding the organization of the probation service.


Dr. Jaap A. van Vliet
Dr. Jaap A. van Vliet is zelfstandig gevestigd onderzoeker en adviseur en lid van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Leren over radicalisering

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2018
Trefwoorden Radicalisering, Cursus, Praktijk, Professionals
Auteurs Karin Frissen en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution is explained what the researchers have learned from developing a course for professionals regarding recognizing signs of radicalization among youngsters. Giving this training has given us insight into the knowledge and expertise that professionals possess. The participants in our training were all enthusiastic and competent professionals. The will to support these young people and their families is great. But we have also encountered some bottlenecks: there is not sufficient time to maintain contacts with informal networks and next to that we have noticed that professionals are often insecure, meaning that they don’t know how to handle a case and/or who to contact for further advice or another form of help in dealing with these cases. As a consequence professionals might feel isolated and left behind within the institutions that they are working in. For the future we would like to see that this problem of what in The Netherlands is referred to as ‘professional loneliness’ is addressed.


Karin Frissen
Karin Frissen is als docent verbonden aan de opleiding Social Studies van Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch en tevens als onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool.

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie. Tevens is zij voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Access_open Niemand wil dode Chinezen in een afgesloten container

Een onderzoek naar het doorlaatverbod bij opsporingsonderzoeken naar mensensmokkel en de uitzonderingsmogelijkheid hierop

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2018
Trefwoorden Doorlaatverbod, Mensensmokkel, Opsporing, Opsporingsonderzoeken
Auteurs Lotte Hoes MSc en Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    According to Dutch law, investigating officers have to comply with a so-called ban on passage of people, in cases of concrete ‘knowledge’ about human smuggling, making intervention obligatory (in order to protect smuggled migrants). Nevertheless, a formal exception procedure is possible if non-intervention would be in the interest of the investigation. This exception procedure, however, is not used in practice. Based on interviews with investigating officers, this paper concludes that protection of smuggled migrants is a very important aim as such, that ‘knowledge’ is a complex concept as it is not always very concrete, that making this ‘knowledge’ more concrete depends on actual investigative efforts, and that – if this information is concrete – there are various ways in which interventions can take place that do not jeopardize the aims of the investigation.


Lotte Hoes MSc
Lotte Hoes MSc is opsporings- en interventiecriminoloog.

Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans is hoogleraar Zware Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving aan de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Peer reviewed

Mediation in strafzaken in kwaliteit geborgd?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Mediation in strafzaken, Restorative justice, Herstelbemiddeling, Strafrechtmediator
Auteurs mr. Tanja van Mazijk en Mr. Marion Uitslag
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we discuss what mediation in criminal cases encompasses, what the position is of mediation in criminal cases amidst other forms of recovery mediation and the question is posed whether mediation in criminal cases demands specific things from the mediator.


mr. Tanja van Mazijk
Mr. Tanja van Mazijk is Hogeschooldocent, MfN-registermediator, trainer en onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat ‘toegang tot het recht’ Hogeschool Utrecht.

Mr. Marion Uitslag
Mr. Marion Uitslag is Hogeschooldocent, MfN-registermediator, trainer en onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat ‘toegang tot het recht’ Hogeschool Utrecht.
Peer reviewed

Collectief leren van professionals zorg en strafrecht

Betekenisvol interdisciplinair samenwerken bij huiselijk geweld

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden collectief leren professionals, strafrecht en zorg, huiselijk geweld, Good Work
Auteurs Dr. Sietske Dijkstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article concerns an experiment involving three learning communities of professionals cooperating across institutional boundaries to address domestic violence cases in multiple complementary ways. Providers of social services interacted with law enforcement in a juridical context to achieve an integrated approach. This alliance indicates the potential for values-based Good Work based on safety, professional care, and compassionate treatment. Playing with time and capacity can be a strategy, and each professional can benefit from multiple viewpoints for recognising and anticipating patterns of domestic violence before it (re)occurs.
    A lack of funding has suspended embedding this Good Work, slowing progress toward achieving long-term goals and making this interdisciplinary approach to assuring sustainable safety unavailable to prevent repeated outbreaks of domestic violence.


Dr. Sietske Dijkstra
Dr. Sietske Dijkstra is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het KSI van de Hogeschool Utrecht en werkzaam als onderzoeker, adviseur en docent bij Bureau Dijkstra (www.sietske-dijkstra.nl). Zij dankt haar co-onderzoekers Lous Krechtig en Anneke Menger voor de samenwerking in dit project.
Peer reviewed

Access_open ‘Als je echt verkracht bent, doe je morgen aangifte’

Reacties op een non-stereotypische #MeToo–casus

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden #MeToo, sexual violence, observer reactions, victim stereotypes
Auteurs Drs. Eva Mulder en Mr. drs. Alice Bosma
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    #MeToo has played a significant role in the struggle to confront taboos around sexual violence, including the acknowledgment of male rape victims. In this article, the authors have examined reactions at three different moments in time (T1, T2, T3) to Dutch journalist Jelle Brandt Corstius, who shared his #MeToo experience via Twitter. The article shows that the Belief in a Just World, victim stereotypes and rape myths seem particularly useful concepts to examine different positive (supporting, compensating) and negative (blaming, distancing) observer reactions. Reactions are most negative at T2, when JBC’s case least adheres to stereotypes and rape scripts.


Drs. Eva Mulder
Drs. Eva Mulder is promovendus bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT), Tilburg University.

Mr. drs. Alice Bosma
Mr. drs. Alice Bosma is promovendus bij het International Victimology Institute Tilburg (INTERVICT), Tilburg University.
Artikel

Datingfraude: van romantische droom naar financiële nachtmerrie

Een onderzoek naar hulpverlening voor slachtoffers van datingfraude

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Slachtofferschap, Datingfraude, Hulpverlening, Slachtofferhulp
Auteurs Dr. mr. Miriam Wijkman en Isabel Kooij MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Datingfraud is nothing new but it is an underexposed subject. Victims are approached on online datingsites by criminals whose goal is to gain large amounts of money. To achieve this, they start, with a false identity, an online relationship with their victims. In this article research has been done what the needs of the victims are after the offense has been committed. To this end interviews have been made with victims of datingfraud and staff members of victim support. Many victims do not end up with victim support because the police refuse to make a report. Nevertheless, the emotional and legal aid seems to functioning well. However, the practical help leaves much to be desired, especially because employees are not informed about all possibilities there are to support the victims.


Dr. mr. Miriam Wijkman
Dr. mr. M. Wijkman is universitair docent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Isabel Kooij MSc
Isabel Kooij MSc is recruiter bij Fortress Staffing Services.
Artikel

De afdoening van ernstige strafbare feiten waar dementerende justitiabelen bij betrokken zijn

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Dementie, ernstige strafbare feiten, Afdoening, gedwongen zorg
Auteurs Ing. Marijke te Hennepe-van Vulpen MSc LLB
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Persons who suffer from dementia could potentially commit serious crimes. By studying 22 casus of settlements in cases of serious crimes allegedly committed by a demented person, published on ‘rechtspraak.nl’, the mode of settlement in these cases was established and problems in that field were identified. The group of dementia sufferers proved to be heterogeneous which resulted in a great variety of settlements within the criminal proceedings. However, problems do occur and certain aspects of these problems are not resolvable within the current Dutch penal systems. Reflection on this issue is desirable, as the number of people who suffer from dementia will increase considerably in the near future.


Ing. Marijke te Hennepe-van Vulpen MSc LLB
Ing. Marijke te Hennepe-van Vulpen MSc LLB studeert rechtswetenschappen aan de Open Universiteit Nederland. Dit artikel is gebaseerd op haar bachelorscriptie.
Artikel

Aandacht voor vaderschap in de gevangenis

Evaluatie van de Exodus-workshop Vrij Verantwoord Vaderschap

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Vaderschap, Detentie, Interventie, Evaluatie
Auteurs Dr. Joni Reef, Naomi Ormskerk MSc en Lisa van Es MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Around 36.000 men enter Dutch prisons every year. Nearly half of them are father. Imprisonment is destructive to father involvement. Many prisoners involuntary fail to stay connected with their family and are unable to reconnect with family after release. However, father involvement protects fragile families, children and fathers themselves from collateral consequences of imprisonment and even reduces recidivism. One of the first Dutch initiatives for fathers in prison came from voluntary organization Exodus. Since 2014, they run an 8-week workshop on fatherhood in a number of Dutch penal institutions. Fathers work on the restoration or reconstruction of their relationship with their children and parenting partners. In this article, we review participating fathers’ perceptions of the workshop and the changes in their attitude towards fatherhood.


Dr. Joni Reef
Dr. J. Reef is universitair docent Criminologie bij het Instituut Strafrecht en Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden.

Naomi Ormskerk MSc
N.R.S. Ormskerk is (Junior) onderzoeker en docent aan de Universiteit van Leiden.

Lisa van Es MSc
Lisa van Es is psycholoog en onderzoeker bij Exodus.
Artikel

Access_open Neurowetenschappelijke kennis en de jeugdstrafrechtsketen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Neurowetenschappen, jeugdstrafrechtketen, interventie, meetmethoden
Auteurs Liza Cornet MSc en Dr. Katy de Kogel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2017, the Research and Documentation Centre of the Ministry of Justice & Security (WODC) published the report ‘Neuroscientific application in the juvenile criminal justice system’. This report concerns an inventory of possible neuroscientific applications in the juvenile criminal justice system. The release of the report attracted attention from well-recognized national media. The positive media attention was striking for several reasons. It indicated that –in contrast to a few decades ago – it has become more accepted to study neurobiological correlates of antisocial behavior. On the other hand, the overwhelming news value indicated that the idea that antisocial behavior is also associated with neurobiological deficts has not become common knowledge yet. Based on the WODC report, in the current article the authors summarize how neuroscientific knowledge and methods could be applied in the juvenile criminal justice system.


Liza Cornet MSc
L.J.M. Cornet MSc is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Twente. Zij was ten tijde van het schrijven van dit artikel nog werkzaam als onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Dr. Katy de Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting

Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Arbeidsuitbuiting, Mensenhandel, georganiseerde criminaliteit, grensoverschrijdende criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Masja van Meeteren en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Human traffickers are usually depicted in public discourse as evil villains: the crème de la crème of organized crime. Although this image has also been dominant among scholars for a long time, it has become increasingly controversial. On the one hand, this debate is fueled by discussions amongst criminologists on criminal networks, on the other hand by the expansion of the legal definition of the crime since 2005. Apart from exploitation in the prostitution sector, various other forms of human trafficking are distinguished now, including labor exploitation. This article explores the question of which organizational forms play a role in labor exploitation. Through a review of the empirical research literature on labor exploitation, the authors show that in the field of labor exploitation, there is probably less involvement in criminal syndicates or criminal networks that maintain contacts with other criminal networks. In many cases, labor exploitation is committed by individuals or family businesses, or smaller loosely organized networks that are not necessarily embedded in other criminal networks. For researchers and policy makers alike, it is therefore advisable not to approach labor exploitation exclusively from the perspective of transnational organized crime.


Dr. Masja van Meeteren
Dr. Masja van Meeteren is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Zelfredzaamheid in detentie

Kritische kanttekeningen bij het systeem van promoveren en degraderen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Zelfredzaamheid, Burgerschap, Gevangenis, Autonomie
Auteurs Dr. Esther van Ginneken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the ‘participation society’ it is expected that citizens actively contribute to solving societal problems, including health care, immigration and security issues. A somewhat similar responsibilisation culture is visible in prisons, where prisoners are held responsible for their own rehabilitation. This article problematizes the way in which prisoners’ agency is promoted in Dutch prisons, considering prisoners’ constrained agency and the normative expectations that are tied to the approach. This critique is advanced through discussion of the promotion/demotion system that has been used in Dutch prisons since 2014. This system, comparable to the Incentives and Earned Privileges system in England and Wales, espouses both ‘hard’ and ‘soft’ behavioural norms. The soft behavioural norms reflect a citizenship ideal that extends beyond compliance with the law. It is argued that these normative expectations tied to agency have a limiting effect on prisoners’ autonomy. This article argues in favour of a shift from the citizenship ideal to an autonomy ideal, which applies the principle of minimum restrictions. Furthermore, access to education, reintegration courses and contact with family should be treated as a right, rather than a privilege, in order to maximise autonomy and minimise the harmful effects of imprisonment.


Dr. Esther van Ginneken
Dr. Esther van Ginneken is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
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