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Artikel

Access_open Procedurele rechtvaardigheid in de strafrecht­keten

Hoe ervaren gedetineerden de bejegening door strafrecht­actoren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering Online First 2021
Trefwoorden procedural justice, treatment, multiple criminal justice authorities, criminal justice system
Auteurs Matthias van Hall, Anja Dirkzwager, Peter van der Laan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It has been proposed that when people perceive their treatment by criminal justice actors as more procedurally just, they will be more likely to comply with the law. Existing research mainly focused on the police or the judge. This longitudinal study examined how prisoners experienced their treatment by five different criminal justice actors using data from the Prison Project. The prisoners were most positive about the procedurally fair treatment by their lawyer and least positive about the treatment by the police. Additionally, the perceived treatment by the police was associated with the treatment by other actors at subsequent moments.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Peter van der Laan
Prof. P.H. van der Laan is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar reclassering aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De Scheldestad of Manhattan aan de Maas? Een vergelijkende analyse van de Antwerpse en Rotterdamse havens bij de in- en doorvoer van cocaïne

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden cocaine trafficking, Transnational organized crime, Corruption, public-private partnership, routine activity approach
Auteurs Richard Staring, Lieselot Bisschop, Charlotte Colman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The ports of Rotterdam and Antwerp are among the main European ports of entry for the import and further distribution of cocaine. Earlier research underlines the interchangeability of these ports regarding the criminal networks trafficking cocaine into Europe. In this contribution, the interchange­ability of these European sea ports regarding cocaine trafficking is questioned. Based on empirical research, and applying the routine activity approach, the Port of Rotterdam and the Port of Antwerp are compared with respect to their physical characteristics, the potential, motivated offenders, as well as the existing public and private security measures.


Richard Staring
Prof. dr. R.H.J.M. Staring is hoogleraar Empirische Criminologie bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Lieselot Bisschop
Prof. dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is Professor of Public and Private Interests bij Department of Criminology & Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity van de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Charlotte Colman
Prof. dr. C. Colman is docent Criminologie bij de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Gent. Zij is tevens postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek.

Jelle Janssens
Prof. dr. J. Janssens is hoofddocent bij het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy van de Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht, Sociaal Recht, Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, van de Universiteit Gent.

Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De rol van slachtoffercompensatie in de publieke waardering van strafoplegging

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden victim compensation, criminal justice system, public opinion, punishment
Auteurs Dr. Janne van Doorn, Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst, Dr. Jelle Brands e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the current study it was investigated to what extent the presence or absence of victim compensation influences public judgments about punishment by the general public. Results show that whether or not the victim is awarded compensation, both in the case of physical assault and burglary, did not influence the extent to which the general public agrees with the punishment imposed by the judge. Participants do consider it important that a victim has the opportunity to apply for compensation for non-material damage suffered.


Dr. Janne van Doorn
Dr. J. van Doorn is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden

Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst
Prof. dr. mr. Maarten Kunst is Hoogleraar aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Jelle Brands
Dr. J. Brands is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden

Prof. dr. Jan de Keijser
Prof. dr. J. de Keijser is Hoogleraar aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De kracht van verbinding

Een kwalitatief onderzoek naar de rol van lotgenotencontact voor nabestaanden van zware verkeersdelicten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden peer support, co-victims, traffic offenses, Big Two, narratives
Auteurs Dr. Pauline Aarten, Pien van de Ven MSc en Rik Ceulen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For co-victims of severe traffic offenses in the Netherlands, peer support is offered. However, no research into the meaning of peer support for this specific group of victims has been conducted. In this study, nineteen narrative interviews with co-victims of traffic offenses were collected. These interviews show that through dialogue and the sharing of experiences, as well as the care and support for each other, peer support offers the possibility to work on the meaning-making of the traffic offense and its aftermath. The article ends with policy implications and steps for follow-up research.


Dr. Pauline Aarten
Dr. P.G.M. Aarten is universitair docent bij het Institute of Security and Global Affairs van de Universiteit Leiden.

Pien van de Ven MSc
P. van de Ven MSc is promovenda bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) & Slachtofferhulp Nederland

Rik Ceulen MSc
R. Ceulen MSc is criminoloog bij gemeente Tilburg.
Onderzoeksnotities

Detentie specifieke normering van de d2 aandacht- en concentratietest

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden attention, concentration, norm scores, detainees, prison
Auteurs Dr. Jochem Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recent studies show that neurocognitive functioning of people within the criminal justice system might be relevant for judicial intervention and reintegration programs, but the use of this information is hindered by – among other things – a lack of appropriate norm scores for neuropsychological tests. A total of 272 detainees completed the d2 attention and concentration test. This article shows that for the d2 attention and concentration test, the already available norm scores are not appropriate for the use within the criminal justice system. New norm scores for Dutch detainees are provided, based on outcomes of a regression based norm procedure. These norm scores are made freely available.


Dr. Jochem Jansen
Dr. J.M. Jansen is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Meer straffen, minder schuld: de toekomst van de penologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden penology, punishment, administrative sanctions, algorythms & punishment
Auteurs Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Two developments are discussed that have a significant influence on the scope and content of the penology of the future, but otherwise have little to do with each other: The expansion of the sentencing field has resulted in a completely fluid research field. However, the important questions of penology can only be answered by integrally mapping and analyzing that sentencing field. For that reason, penology should radically free itself of the limitation of its field of research to the penal sanction. Ongoing insight into the functioning of the brain and the predictability of behavior on the basis of algorithms shine a different light on the portraits of mankind on which we base punishment. It also exposes a range of new possibilities to influence behavior and prevent criminal behavior. It is also part of the research field of penology to question which of those possibilities we want to use and under which conditions.


Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. M.M. Boone is hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Criminologie in 2040

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden futures of criminology, scenario, interdisciplinarity, public criminology
Auteurs Prof. dr. Tom Vander Beken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Scenario techniques allow for dynamic explorations of possible futures. With the uncertainties about interdisciplinarity and the public role of criminology four scenarios for criminology in 2040 are presented. Crime Science and Criminal Policy describe situations which combine a strong public role for criminology to a low and high level of interdisciplinarity. Da Vinci and Theoretical Criminology portray futures with a limited public role for criminology and a high and low level of interdisciplinarity.


Prof. dr. Tom Vander Beken
Prof. dr. T. Vander Beken is gewoon hoogleraar aan de Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

Gekkenhuis of poppenkast

Over de rol van de psychiatrische behandeling in het veilig houden van de toekomstige maatschappij

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden forensic psychiatry, risk assessment, risk management, re-socialization, mental health treatment
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joke Harte
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forensic psychiatric treatment plays a mayor role in keeping society safe. However, the expectations about what can be achieved with forensic treatment do not seem to be realistic. This complicates the chances of a successful re-socialization. It is foreseen that the number of patients will increase significantly in the upcoming years.
    More effective treatment programs and instruments for risk assessment are needed. For this, the causal relationship between psychopathology and delinquency must be better understood. This requires more criminological research.


Prof. dr. Joke Harte
Prof. dr. J.M. Harte is hoogleraar bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

De psychische gezondheid van gedetineerden in België en Nederland: een systematisch overzicht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden prison, mental disorders, distress, substance use, suicide
Auteurs Drs. Louis Favril en Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A well-established body of epidemiological research suggests that the prevalence of mental health problems (mental disorders, psychological distress, and substance use) in prisoner populations far exceeds that of non-incarcerated people in the surrounding community. Poor mental health in prisoners is associated with multiple adverse outcomes, including suicidal behaviour. In the past decade, novel data in Belgium and the Netherlands have been published on this topic, which have not been synthesized to date. The aim of the current systematic literature review was to provide an up-to-date overview of the mental health of prisoners in Belgium and the Netherlands. Based on 24 empirical studies conducted in 1997-2018, the authors conclude that people with mental health problems are overrepresented in Belgian and Dutch prisons, providing both a challenge and a public health opportunity to address the mental health care needs of a vulnerable and hard-to-engage population. Investing in the prevention and treatment of mental health problems not only benefits the prisoners concerned, but equally, society at large.


Drs. Louis Favril
Drs. L. Favril is doctoraatsonderzoeker bij de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Gent.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Genderdiversiteit en organisatiecriminaliteit: een systematische literatuurreview

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden gender, white-collar crime, old boys network, board diversity, corporate crime
Auteurs Dr. Marieke Kluin MSc. en Mr. Lucy de Ruiter BSc.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Women are less likely to commit criminal acts than men. This gender gap appears to be particularly pronounced in white-collar crime. This systematic literature review examines existing theories, such as the situational hypothesis and the ‘gendered theory of focal concerns’ and evaluates to what extent they find support in empiricism. The results seem to offer the most support to the ‘gendered theory of focal concerns’. This nourishes the hypothesis that with an increase of women at positions in the upper tiers of the company ladder a decrease in the prevalence of white-collar crime can be expected. However, it is also possible that the explanation of corporate crime does not lie in a lack of femininity, but in a lack of gender diversity. Furthermore, limited access to informal criminal networks, the ‘old boys networks’, seems to play an important role in the gender gap of white-collar crime.


Dr. Marieke Kluin MSc.
Dr. M.H.A. Kluin is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Mr. Lucy de Ruiter BSc.
L.M. de Ruiter heeft rechten en criminologie gestudeerd aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Strafrecht door de ogen van een witteboordencrimineel

Gevolgen en beleving van strafrechtspleging door vervolgden voor witteboordencriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Strafrechtspleging, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Detentiebeleving, Strafdoelen, Strafrechtelijk beleid
Auteurs Prof. mr. Wim Huisman en Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Internationally, research on the experiences of white-collar offenders with the criminal justice system and the consequences of prosecution and conviction is scarce. Such research becomes more relevant, as the response to white-collar crime has become more punitive and more offenders are convicted. This paper presents the experiences of the co-author as a convicted white-collar offender as an autobiographical case-study. In this cases study, the consequences and experiences during four phases (investigation, prosecution, sentence-execution and post-sentencing) are analysed on four live-domains: health, private life, social life and professional life. Such an approach could be a blueprint for further and more systematic study of the experiences with and consequences of criminal justice for white-collar offenders. Such study can shed light on the effects and actual achievement of goals of punishment for white-collar crime.


Prof. mr. Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. W. Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
Drs. D.R. Lesmeister is als geassocieerd onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Onderzoeksnotities

Vrijheidsbeneming in Nederland sinds 1837

Een analyse van 180 jaar gevangenisstatistieken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden gevangenissen, detentie, criminaliteitstrends, historische criminologie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies the development in the prison system over the period 1837-2016 in the Netherlands. It describes trends in three characteristics of the Dutch prison system: (a) the number of prisoners, (b) the number of cells, and (c) the inflow of persons from the free society. The findings are twofold. On the one hand – when examining absolute numbers – the article shows that three distinct periods can be distinguished: a period of 140 years with low stable numbers (1837-1975), four decades in which the numbers tripled (1975-2005), and a subsequent decade where the numbers halved (2005-2016). On the other hand – when examining relative numbers, i.e. per 100.000 inhabitants, and thus controlling for the growth in population – the article displays that developments in the prison system in the Netherlands between 1837-2016 can best be characterized by a long-term continuous decrease in detention.


Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Een bijzondere groep daders: vrouwelijke langgestraften na afloop van de Tweede Wereldoorlog in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden female, perpetrators, World War II, empirical study, criminal career
Auteurs Drs. Jantien Stuifbergen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Early literature on female perpetrators of World War II focused on labelling the accused as deranged psychopaths, thereby distinguishing the group of perpetrators from the vast subdued and ‘normal’ population. While this perception has changed over the past decades, the perception of female perpetrators has remained limited either way, women are denied having a lot of agency when perpetrating crimes in conflict. Similar to the ‘mad Nazi’-theory these narratives imply that female perpetrators are different from ‘ordinary’ women, as their actions collide with notions of ideal femininity. This empirical research has shown that in the case of female perpetrators of World War II in the Netherlands it seems that they can be seen as ordinary women operating in extraordinary circumstances. In this study, a special group of female war criminals is described. Against the background of early post-war imaging of such women and more recent research on female perpetration during wartime, an analysis of Dutch perpetrators who received severe punishments after the War, is made. Based on unique historical data, the criminal career of these women as World War II perpetrators is analysed. The outcomes show that a notable part already had a criminal record before the war and that the perception of who they were and why they acted the way they did needs reconsideration, since they were not psychologically weak and incompetent. They were generally young, unemployed and low educated and they planned and committed their crimes of treasons in order to create better living conditions for themselves. In fact, one can claim that these women are likely to be ordinary people influenced by dispositional and situational factors.


Drs. Jantien Stuifbergen MSc
Drs. J.A.M. Stuifbergen, MSc is programmacoördinator van de Master International Crimes, Conflict and Criminology en promovenda bij de sectie Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam,
Artikel

Het verloop van de partnerrelaties van gedetineerden tijdens en na detentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden detention, partnerships, relationship quality, longitudinal
Auteurs Anne Brons MSc, Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta en Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the current criminological literature surprisingly little is known about the development of partnerships of detainees during and after detention. In particular, it is unknown to what extent existing differences in the relationship quality at the start of the detention period continue. Therefore, this study examined how the partnerships of detainees developed by using data from the Prison Project. This is a longitudinal study in which 747 detainees with a partner were interviewed at various moments during detention and six months after detention. The results show that bad partnerships at the beginning of detention remain in general bad or end during and/or after detention, while the average to good relationships remain the same.


Anne Brons MSc
M.D. Brons, MSc is PhD student bij het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI).

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

‘Is daar nog werk voor zakkenrollers?’

Over mobiele bendes en de betekenis van criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden mobile banditry, property crime, organized crime, Itinerant criminal groups, crossing border crime
Auteurs Dr. Barbra van Gestel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on mobile organized criminal groups that travel through Europe and commit a broad range of property crimes. The study aims to explore the perspective of individual group members. Information was gathered from fifteen criminal investigations that were carried out in the Netherlands in recent years (2013-2016). The study shows that members of these crime groups view their criminal activities primarily as ‘work’. It is work that is characterized by conflicts and consensus. Conflicts often have to do with the stolen loot and reveal disagreement about leadership, rules and obedience. Rows and threats of violence go along with feelings of fear and distrust. At the same time gang members belong to an international deviant community with a shared common way of life and feelings of togetherness. Performing within this international community gives the possibility to attain social status and to express success and richness. These contractive emotions and symbolic meanings characterize the everyday life of gang members and motivates their daily practices.


Dr. Barbra van Gestel
Dr. B. van Gestel is socioloog en als onderzoeker werkzaam voor het WODC.
Artikel

Framing en interactie in grootschalige rechercheonderzoeken

Goffmans perspectief op de opsporing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, framing, police, Goffman
Auteurs Mr. dr. Renze Salet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This empirical study examines how criminal investigative police officers (re)construct a criminal case and the vulnerabilities of their logic.The investigation process is analyzed through Goffman’s framing and interaction theories. While Goffman’s theories have been widely applied to other disciplines, such contributions remain rare in criminology. Here, they shed light on how detectives understand and give meaning to the situation surrounding the criminal case they encounter. The results indicate that this approach shows promise for improving our understanding of the investigative process, if complemented by other theoretical views.


Mr. dr. Renze Salet
Mr. dr. R. Salet is universitair docent bij de sectie Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Quasi-experimentele criminologische effectstudies met propensity score matching

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden post hoc matching, quasi-experiment, propensity score matching, interpretation of observational data
Auteurs Prof. dr. Henk Elffers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Valid interpretation of quasi-experimental effect evaluation studies using propensity score matching is in need of a more detailed coverage of non-matched cases in both experimental and comparison group. The argument is illustrated using a number of recent Dutch criminological studies.


Prof. dr. Henk Elffers
Prof. dr. H. Elffers is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en emeritus hoogleraar empirische bestudering van de strafrechtpleging aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Gruwelijke beelden van plaatsen delict: kijkstrategieën, opgewekte emoties en oordeelsvorming

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden eyetracking, crime scene photography, disgust sensitivity, perceptions of seriousness, penal decision-making
Auteurs Dr. Lotte van Dillen en Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Eyetracking enabled the authors to study eye movements of 23 participants who looked at crime scene photographs. The authors measured the emotions elicited by the photographs, as well as perceptions of seriousness and the sentence that participants would give the perpetrator of the crime. Also, individual differences in disgust sensitivity were taken into account. Results show a positive relationship between disgust sensitivity and both the proportion of fixations as well as the number of fixations on gruesome aspects of the photos (the blood and the wound), emotion ratings of the photographs, perceptions of seriousness, and the sentence given. Implications, limitations, and future directions of the research are discussed.


Dr. Lotte van Dillen

Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Dr. G. Vanderveen is universitair docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en eigenaar van Recht op Beeld.
Artikel

Onderzoeksnotitie: Recidive na een korte of langere periode in detentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1-2 2017
Trefwoorden imprisonment, dose-response relationship, recidivism, propensity score methodology
Auteurs Dr. Hilde Wermink, Dr. Anke Ramakers, Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper examines the relationship between imprisonment length and registered recidivism. The data come from a unique longitudinal and nationwide study of Dutch male prisoners, serving an average of 4.1 months of confinement (N=1,467). Ideally an experimental design would be appropriate to examine the influence of different sentence lengths on recidivism. In order to approximate such a design using observational data, we adopt a propensity score methodology to control for selection bias in the dose-response relationship. Using a six-month follow-up, we do not find significant differences in post-release recidivism between men who spent shorter or longer periods of time in confinement. We discuss the pros and cons of the methodology applied as well as potential implications of the findings.


Dr. Hilde Wermink
Dr. H.T. Wermink is universitair docent aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anke Ramakers
Dr. A.A.T. Ramakers is universitair docent aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Jan de Keijser
Prof. dr. J.W. de Keijser is hoogleraar aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum voor Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Street-level bureaucracy en verwijzingen naar gedragsinterventies in Nederlandse penitentiaire inrichtingen

Discrepanties tussen beleid en praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden prison, treatment, reducing recidivism, correctional treatment referrals, street-level bureaucracy theory
Auteurs Anouk Bosma MSc, Dr. Maarten Kunst, Dr. Anja Dirkzwager e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Studies indicated that detainees are not always allocated to treatment programs based on official guidelines. Street-level bureaucracy theory suggests that this is because government employees do not always perform policies as prescribed. This study aimed to assess whether this also applies to the allocation of offenders to treatment in Dutch penitentiary institutions. This was studied among a group of 541 male prisoners who participated in the Recidivism Reduction program. The results showed that official policy guidelines were, in most cases, not leading when referring detainees to behavioral interventions. Instead, treatment referrals were influenced by a broad range of risk factors, as well as the length of an offender’s sentence.


Anouk Bosma MSc
A.Q. Bosma MSc is universitair docent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. M.J.J. Kunst is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
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