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Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x Jaar 2015 x Rubriek Article x
Artikel

Motieven voor decentralisatie

Schipperen tussen normativiteit en pragmatiek

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2015
Trefwoorden administrative organization, constitutional law, decentralization, government, Thorbecke
Auteurs Dr. L. Raijmakers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the administrative relation between the levels of authority in the Netherlands while paying special attention to the distribution of administrative tasks and legislative power between government tiers. How has this process developed since the constitutional reform in 1848? Which motives have underpinned the fluctuating ways in which responsibilities and powers were divided? The constitutional reform of 1848 laid the foundation for the current administrative structure. A three-tier system forms the basis of its organization: national government, regional government (provinces) and local governments (municipalities). This article shows that in the Netherlands the leitmotiv for decentralization is to improve the governmental performance; efficiency, standardization and simplification are recurring objectives. Decentralization is also often used as an instrument to resolve specific policy issues. The article describes a discrepancy between the motives for decentralization, which can be explained by the differences between fundamental legislation involving the administrative structure on the one hand and legislation aimed at policy-making on the other hand.


Dr. L. Raijmakers
Dr. Laurens Raijmakers is adviseur Kabinetszaken & Openbare Orde en Veiligheid van de commissaris van de Koning in Zuid-Holland. Hij promoveerde in 2014 aan de Universiteit Leiden op het proefschrift Leidende motieven bij decentralisatie. Discours, doelstelling en daad in het Huis van Thorbecke.
Artikel

Veranderende mensbeelden van gedetineerden

Een kort historisch overzicht

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden man’s view of detainees, prison history, detainees rights, prison circumstances, punitive tendencies
Auteurs C. Kelk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Throughout history the way detainees were portrayed by society has varied. At first, until the Second World War, detainees were mainly seen as blameworthy objects. After the war they became a fellow human being with dignity in need of resocialization or psychological treatment. In the Seventies detainees became citizens with a legal status according to the rule of law. When in the Eighties criminal law became more punitive, prisoners developed into enemies of society. Since then the detainee is moreover seen as dangerous and as a risk. Consequently the desirability of resocialization is questioned. This has resulted in a more individual approach towards prisoners, who need to prove that they are motivated for resocialization programs. In the end this leaves the most vulnerable detainees to their fate and expresses a view of man which could be characterized as the lost human.


C. Kelk
Prof. mr. Constantijn Kelk is emeritus hoogleraar straf(proces)recht en penitentiair recht aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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