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    In this article Emese von Bóné discusses the main findings of a Netherlands research (report) into the origin and functioning of the Belgian justice de paix and the French juge de proximité, the successor of the French justice de paix. The report also provides avenues how this type of adjudication could be implemented in the Dutch administration of justice.


Emese von Bóné
Emese von Bóné is als rechtshistorica verbonden aan de Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit te Rotterdam.
Artikel

Enforceability of mediation clauses in Belgium and the Netherlands

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Enforceability, Mediation clauses, contracts
Auteurs Ellen van Beukering-Rosmuller en Patrick Van Leynseele
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article authors discuss (possible) legal means and methods aimed at making mediation clauses effective and/or enforceable. In particular Belgian and Dutch law are examined. In part attention is also paid to English, French and Italian law. Against the background of recent EU-legislation the validity of mediation clauses is discussed as well, with a focus on consumer related disputes. By reviewing US case law with regard to the duty to participate in good faith in the mediation process, the authors also outline the limits of this concept for the effectiveness of mediation clauses. The central theme of the enforceability of mediation clauses has been looked at both from a procedural as from a financial angle. Substantial differences can be noted between the Belgian and the Dutch approach towards what courts should do when dealing with a dispute in which parties have previously agreed to mediation. Belgian law provides in art. 1725 § 2 Judicial Code that the court, if so requested by the defendant, is in principle obliged to suspend the examination of the case until the mediation has taken place. According to current case law, the situation in the Netherlands is that mediation clauses are in principle not enforceable (Supreme Court 2006). Following the most recent legislative proposal regarding mediation (July 2016) the court should examine whether mediation can still have an added value in case one party refuses to take part in a mediation as provided for in a clause invoked by the other party, prior to (possibly) proposing mediation. Based on the plans repeatedly announced by the Belgian Minister of Justice, it is likely that there will soon be an amendment to the mediation provisions in the Judicial Code that will allow courts to ‘force’ mediation upon the parties, even in the absence of a mediation clause. If this becomes the rule, judges would be well advised to exercise this power with due care. In the authors’ opinion the Dutch approach (as suggested in the most recent legislative proposal) in connection with mediation clauses, consisting in having the court examine whether mediation may (still) have an added value for the parties, could serve as a good guideline for the Belgian judges to use.


Ellen van Beukering-Rosmuller
Ellen J.M. van Beukering-Rosmuller is Universitair Docent Burgerlijk Procesrecht, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid.

Patrick Van Leynseele
Patrick H. Van Leynseele is lid van de balies van Brussel en New York en partner in het Brussels advocatenkantoor DALDEWOLF, een referentie inzake ADR. Met als achtergrond het ondernemingsrecht werkt hij als litigator en arbiter in internationale zaken. Hij schreef verschillende artikels inzake mediation en Med-Arb in vooraanstaande juridische tijdschriften.

Dennis Hesemans
Dennis Hesemans is coördinerend raadadviseur bij de directie Wetgeving en Juridische Zaken van het Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

    In the last couple of years we see new models of accessible and innovative jurisdiction, such as ‘neighbors judge’, ‘ejudge’ and the ‘office hour judge’. Are these innovations really new? This article gives insight into the Dutch legal history of accessible jurisdiction and compares the forms of accessible jurisdiction.


Emese von Bóné
Emese von Bóné is Assistant Professor aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

When it takes thousands to tango

Over de buitengerechtelijke collectieve afwikkeling van massaschade in Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden mass damage claims, collective settlement, high profile mediation, shadow of the settlement, 2013 European Commission Recommendation on settling mass damage claims (informal mechanisms)
Auteurs Rob Jagtenberg en Stefaan Voet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the authors compare Belgian and Dutch (draft) regulation of mass damage claims, and notably the prominent place reserved for the collective amicable settlement of such claims. Though collective action for the recovery of damage is still not possible in the Netherlands, Dutch law does provide for the possibility of the court endorsing collectively agreed settlements, since 2005. One of most notorious settlements, i.e. the Dexia case, is discussed, illustrating how individual victims may retain their standing to sue in court, although in such cases the courts show a tendency to cling to the terms of the collective settlement just the same (‘reflex effect or shadow of the settlement’). Mediation in brokering such high profile settlements does not necessarily follow the vested principles of mediation in ‘regular’ one to one disputes.


Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en lid van de redactie van TMD.

Stefaan Voet
Stefaan Voet is postdoctoraal onderzoeker bij het FWO Vlaanderen, verbonden aan het Instituut voor Procesrecht van de Universiteit Gent en lid van de redactie van TMD.
Artikel

Modernisering van de arbitragewetgeving

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Arbitrage, Scheidsgerecht, Uncitral, Modernisering Arbitragewetgeving
Auteurs Thabiso van den Bosch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On 1 January 2015 a new arbitration act entered into force in the Netherlands. This article discusses the main amendments to the old legislation. The purpose of this new act is to improve the efficiency and flexibility of the arbitration process. Partially, the changes consist of codification of existing case law. However, also new elements are introduced such as for example the possibility of remission. Another reason for this revision of the arbitration legislation is to make the Netherlands internationally more attractive as an arbitration venue.
    The main changes are related to, for example, the enforcement proceedings, which are significantly shortened for foreign awards, and making the annulment procedure more efficient. Furthermore, consumers are given more protection from arbitration clauses in general conditions, the rules regarding the challenging of arbitrators are amended and allow for the appointment of a third party to decide on the challenge. Summary proceedings are introduced as a possibility. The registration of the arbitral award with the district court is no longer required.


Thabiso van den Bosch
Thabiso van den Bosch is advocaat bij Conway & Partners in Rotterdam en lid van de redactie van TMD.

    In his article, Jurgen Kuiper describes what rules will be included in the law governing mediation in disputes between the tax authorities and a taxpayer (and his or her tax adviser/lawyer) in the Netherlands, based on the draft law proposal initiated by Ard van der Steur, a member of the Dutch Parliament. Jurgen Kuiper describes when and how mediation is achieved, what else is regulated in relation to mediation, and who the mediator will be. He also describes what is new in the draft law proposal in comparison with the content of the mediation agreement which currently in practice is concluded between the tax authorities, the taxpayer (and his or her (tax) adviser/lawyer) and the mediator at the beginning of the mediation. Although the draft law proposal contains some new items, he expects that, in practice, the draft law will hardly make any difference when it comes to mediation in tax disputes. He also expects that regulation of mediation in tax disputes in the law might contribute to mediation in tax matters being taken more seriously.


Jurgen Kuiper
Jurgen Kuiper is als praktijkgroepmanager werkzaam in de algemene fiscale praktijk bij Loyens & Loeff N.V. Daarnaast is hij MfN-registermediator in mediations in conflicten tussen een belastingplichtige en de Belastingdienst en in zakelijke conflicten. Hij is voorzitter van de Vereniging voor Fiscale Mediation (VFM) en een van de auteurs van het boek Mediation in belastingzaken, Anders en effectief (Den Haag: Sdu Uitgevers 2013).
Artikel

Interview met Kamerlid Ard van der Steur: de wetsvoorstellen bevordering mediation

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden wetsvoorstellen, registermediator, kwaliteitseisen, rechtsbijstand
Auteurs Rob Jagtenberg en Herman Verbist
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Mr Ard van der Steur MP for the Dutch Liberals (VVD), has introduced three interconnected private member bills to anchor mediation more firmly into the Dutch legal system. This initiative grew out from dissatisfaction over the truly minimal implementation of EU Directive 2008/52 in the Netherlands. For one thing, the bill envisages stricter quality standards and registration requirements. Professional privilege, for instance, will only accrue to those who meet all requirements as Registermediators. Another interesting aspect of the bills concerns the duty for parties to indicate to court in the writ of summons whether mediation has been attempted, and if not, why not. If a legal question arises while a mediation is pending before a Registermediator, the latter may refer that question on behalf of the parties to a cantonal judge electronically, whereas proviso is made for the judge handing down judgment at short notice, in order not to interrupt the flow of mediation more than necessary. These are just some of the innovative aspects of the bills that are being discussed during this interview at the premises of the Dutch parliament.


Rob Jagtenberg
Rob Jagtenberg is docent aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

Herman Verbist
Herman Verbist is advocaat bij de balies te Gent en te Brussel, werkzaam bij Everest Advocaten, erkend bemiddelaar en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.
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