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Artikel

De nationale contactpunten voor de OESO-Richtlijnen

Een uniek systeem voor alternatieve geschillenbeslechting

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden OESO, nationaal contactpunt, multinationale onderneming, maatschappelijk verantwoord ondernemen, due diligence
Auteurs Marianne Gratia en Cyril Liance
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 1976 the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, about corporate social responsibility and sustainability, were carried. To implement the guidelines national contact points inform people and enterprises, and mediate in case of a complaint. This article describes the structure, procedure and role of the Dutch and Belgian National Contact Points.


Marianne Gratia
Marianne Gratia is werkzaam bij de Federale Overheidsdienst Economie in Brussel.

Cyril Liance
Cyril Liance is werkzaam bij de Federale Overheidsdienst Economie in Brussel.

    In this article, the author discusses mediation law and practice in Australia, with a focus on commercial disputes. Statistical data collected in several Australian jurisdictions suggest that mandatory referral works out positively. The author concludes with some observations as to the potential usefulness of the Australian model for court-referred mediation in Europe.


Justus Hoefnagel
Justus Hoefnagel is advocaat bij Linklaters LLP in Amsterdam en werkte van eind 2017 tot eind 2019 in Australië bij Allens, een advocatenkantoor in Perth, West-Australië, in het kader van een tweejarig secondment. Hij werkte daar mee aan de behandeling van procedures ter zake commerciële geschillen bij Australische rechtbanken.
Artikel

Naar een betere rechtsbijstand in België?

De wet van 22 april 2019 tot het toegankelijker maken van de rechtsbijstandsverzekering

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden rechtsbijstandsverzekering, België, fiscaal aftrekbaar, dekking
Auteurs Charline Ampe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Charline Ampe explains the workings of a Belgian 2019 statute, that has made insurance premium income tax-deductible as long as the policy provides that mediator fees and other qualified professionals’ fees will be borne wholly by the insurer.


Charline Ampe
Charline Ampe is advocaat bij Daldewolf te Brussel.

    Recently, a new law with articles concerning mandatory mediation was approved in Belgium. From January 1st, 2019, the judge will be able to refer parties to mediation on a mandatory basis. This article considers if mandatory mediation is a realistic and feasible track in Belgium, focusing on the evolution of alternative dispute resolution in Belgium and in the European Union. The first part will define mediation in Belgium, followed by an analysis of the articles concerning mandatory mediation of the newly passed law. The article will also have a gander at Belgian legal developments to see which initiatives have already been taken towards mandatory dispute resolution. To conclude, an assessment is made if mandatory mediation is a realistic and feasible track in light of the existing evolutions of ADR in Belgium.


Céline Jaspers
Céline Jaspers is doctoraatsbursaal aan de UHasselt. Voordien was zij advocaat-stagiair. Zij behaalde een LLM ‘Dispute Resolution’ aan Pepperdine University. Momenteel bereidt zij een proefschrift voor over ‘De verplichte ADR-poging in scheidingssituaties’.

    Care providers establish often long term relationships with their clients. It is of paramount importance that the threshold for a complaint or dispute resolution is preferably low. Ideally this is not a ‘mini-trial’ in which care provider and client are opposed against each other, but a constructive dialogue at a round table guided by a skillful complaints officer. This is what has been introduced by the Healthcare Quality, Complaints and Disputes Act (the Wkkgz).
    The new complaint system introduced with the Wkkgz applies to care covered by the Chronic Care Act (WLZ), the Healthcare Insurance Act (ZVW) and optionally can also apply to care based on the Social Support Act (WMO 2015).
    In my opinion it is a missed opportunity that the legislator has not introduced a similar complaint procedure in the Youth Act, but instead has chosen the ‘mini-trial’ option here. Moreover, it is also confusing for care providers and clients to follow different complaints systems next to each other.
    Finally, in psychiatric care where decisions of care providers can interfere with the right to self-determination there is a separate complaint procedure with a role for the Family Court. For all other run-of-the mill issues also in the psychiatric care the Wkkgz complaint procedure applies.


Simona Tiems
Simona Tiems is advocaat gezondheidsrecht bij Legaltree.

    Inclusive mediation involves a mediator whose neutrality is based on involvement with both sides of the dispute, and whose normative references are implicit; he or she is an insider. Exclusive mediation, on the other hand, involves a third party whose neutrality derives from his knowing neither disputant, and whose references to norms are explicit; an outsider, so to speak. The concepts of inclusive and exclusive mediation have been introduced by the anthropologist Carol Greenhouse in the 1980s. Inclusive mediation heavily relies on local knowledge and local ties, and its orientation can be labelled as horizontal. Basically, it fits small-scale societies, while exclusive mediation is more common in Europe and the United States. This article is about dispute settlement in an indigenous community in the Ecuadorian highlands, were I have encountered a unusual mixture of both forms: a local teniente político who applies inclusive as well as exclusive aspects of mediation at the same time.


Marc Simon Thomas
Marc A. Simon Thomas is rechtsantropoloog en postdoc onderzoeker bij het Montaigne Centrum voor Rechtspleging en Conflictoplossing, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Modernisering van de arbitragewetgeving

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden Arbitrage, Scheidsgerecht, Uncitral, Modernisering Arbitragewetgeving
Auteurs Thabiso van den Bosch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    On 1 January 2015 a new arbitration act entered into force in the Netherlands. This article discusses the main amendments to the old legislation. The purpose of this new act is to improve the efficiency and flexibility of the arbitration process. Partially, the changes consist of codification of existing case law. However, also new elements are introduced such as for example the possibility of remission. Another reason for this revision of the arbitration legislation is to make the Netherlands internationally more attractive as an arbitration venue.
    The main changes are related to, for example, the enforcement proceedings, which are significantly shortened for foreign awards, and making the annulment procedure more efficient. Furthermore, consumers are given more protection from arbitration clauses in general conditions, the rules regarding the challenging of arbitrators are amended and allow for the appointment of a third party to decide on the challenge. Summary proceedings are introduced as a possibility. The registration of the arbitral award with the district court is no longer required.


Thabiso van den Bosch
Thabiso van den Bosch is advocaat bij Conway & Partners in Rotterdam en lid van de redactie van TMD.
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