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Artikel

Evoluties in het Vlaams herstelrechtelijke beleid sinds 2000

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Vlaams justitieel beleid, Vlaamse wetgeving, detentie, herstelgerichte, herstelrecht
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Restorative justice practices and policies have been growing in Belgium during last three decades. This article looks in particular at policy developments in the Flemish Community. It reconstructs how restorative justice has adopted a legal basis in 2005 and 2006 respectively in adult criminal law and juvenile justice. The rise and fall of the Belgian model of ‘restorative prisons’ is discussed. Special attention goes to the role of the Belgian State reform process, where the regions were given more competencies also in restorative justice matters. We investigate how this process of devolution has shaped the restorative justice landscape for the sectors of penal mediation, restorative mediation and conferencing. Some ambivalences in policy making are shown. Moreover, in recent years there are signs of a declining political interest in restorative justice.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is emeritus hoogleraar KU Leuven, Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie.
Artikel

De gunfactor van herstelrecht

Clementie, compassie en de zorg om de dader

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Clementie, Vergeving, recht doen, tweede kans
Auteurs Bas van Stokkom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the willingness of the victim to judge the offender more mildly after the latter apologized for his wrongdoing and shows that he is involved in behavioral change. A large group of victims wants to help (young) perpetrators and offer them a second chance, even victims who have been treated violently. It is argued that these forms of compassion express a caring attitude, the wish that the offender will be rehabilitated and that a change in behaviour is more important than compensation. This attitude can also be referred to as ‘forbearance’, in terms that a less severe sanction is sufficient. This goodwill factor may well be the most important aspect of ‘doing justice’ in restorative meetings.


Bas van Stokkom
Bas van Stokkom is hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift. Hij is verbonden aan de vaksectie Strafrecht & Criminologie, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Tot de thema’s die in zijn onderzoek aan bod komen behoren politie, burgerschap en lokale veiligheidszorg, straftheorie en herstelrecht. www.basvanstokkom.nl
Artikel

Access_open Slachtoffers van bedrijfsgeweld

Empirische verkenning van een vergeten groep – ook in het herstelrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden victims, corporate violence, restorative justice
Auteurs Katrien Lauwaert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores victimisation by corporate violence on the basis of case studies, interviews and focus groups with victims and professionals carried out in the European project Victims and Corporations. The typical characteristics of victimisation by corporate violence are described, as well as the harmful effects for victims and their social context. The problematic aspects of tackling corporate violence through criminal procedures lead to a first evaluation of the possible contribution of restorative processes to this field on the basis of interviews and a focus group with restorative justice professionals.


Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is beleidscoördinator van Moderator Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling vzw, bijzonder hoogleraar restorative justice aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (Bianchi-leerstoel) en senior affiliated researcher bij het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie.

    The article provides a description of the issues and considerrations facing Flemish victim-offender mediators on the job. Instead of focusing on professinal risks and caveats present within victim-offender mediation, the authors concentrate on the positive concept of ‘enabling high quality mediations’. A description is given of the frames that are felt to be helpful towards mediators, stressing the need to act with due creativity if needed. Moreover, in order to enable high quality victim-offender mediations, conditions need to be met, more specifically a common acknowledgment of the need for teamwork. The latter implies conditions such a sound legal basis, a deontological code, formal procedures and constant interaction with practice.


Pieter Verbeeck
Pieter Verbeeck is lid van het coördinatieteam van Moderator Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling vzw en is verantwoordelijk voor het communicatiebeleid.

Hilde Deboeck
Hilde Deboeck is lid van het coördinatieteam van Moderator Forum voor herstelrecht en bemiddeling en is verantwoordelijk voor het personeelsbeleid.
Artikel

éDesistance’ en slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling in Belgié

De cruciale rol van de bemiddelaar

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Desistance, victim-offender mediation, restorative justice, criminal justice
Auteurs Ivo Aertsen en Katrien Lauwaert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents some of the results of a study in which 25 adult men were interviewed who took part in restorative mediation in the French speaking part of Belgium and were desisting from crime. Their narratives were used to find out whether participation in restorative justice influenced positively their journey towards desistance; if so, which factors in restorative mediation supported this change process and how these factors had been helpful. The results suggest that restorative mediation has the potential to contribute to desistance in a humble, but significant way. Core aspects of mediation supported mostly already started desistance processes and they were helpful in a mainly cognitive way. The authors propose to further investigate the specific and helpful ‘presence’ of mediators and to reflect upon the apparent absence in restorative mediation of practical follow-up support towards desistance.


Ivo Aertsen
Ivo Aertsen is als hoogleraar verbonden aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.

Katrien Lauwaert
Katrien Lauwaert is medewerkster bij het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven.
Artikel

Voor wie is herstelrecht?

Een studie naar slachtoffers en (niet-)participatie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden restorative justice, victim participation, victim-offender, mediation, victims’ motivations
Auteurs Daniela Bolívar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The phenomenon of victim participation in restorative justice (RJ) has been studied from two main angles: describing victims’ motivations to take part in RJ and studying the benefits that different groups of victims may obtain when participating in RJ. However, methodological limitations of former studies have impeded to offer conclusive answers to the question ‘for whom is RJ’. This article offers insights into these issues, focusing on the descriptive findings of a mixed-method study carried out in the context of victim-offender mediation (in Spain and Belgium) and assessed before the encounter (if any) took place. Findings suggest that, before mediation, victims’ personal characteristics tend to differ. The factor ‘victim-offender relationship’ also appeared as an important variable. Implications of these findings are discussed.


Daniela Bolívar
Daniela Bolívar was werkzaam aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (KU Leuven) en is momenteel verbonden aan Departamento de Psicología, Universidad de Chile, Santiago.
Artikel

Herstelgerichte praktijken, berouw en vergeving in het islamitische strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Islamic criminal law, forgiveness, Remorse
Auteurs Jacques Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since Islam stands for a total way of life, it also includes a vision on crime and punishment. According to several (Muslim)scholars the Sharia contains not so much a message of revenge and retribution but rather one of compassion, forgiveness and mercy. Much depends on which sections of the holy sources of Islam are read and subsequently how these sections are interpreted. However, fact is that – in the context of quite a number of criminal offences – Islamic criminal law gives room for restorative practices. These practices prove to be more beneficial with regard to the realization of remorse, forgiveness and reconciliation than the regular criminal process. Since restorative practices form an intrinsic part of (pre-modern) Islamic criminal law and since more and more initiatives are being developed nowadays to incorporate such practices in (modern) Western criminal law, it is of fundamental importance to take note of Islamic criminal law. Before focusing in this contribution on the role of restorative practices, remorse and forgiveness in Islamic criminal law, first the position of victims in criminal law under influence of Islam and Christianity will be discussed on the basis of the ideas of the Dutch victimologist Jan van Dijk. Furthermore, attention will be paid to the decline of mysticism in Islam and to the possible consequences and risks thereof – also for the role of restorative practices, remorse and forgiveness in Islamic criminal law.


Jacques Claessen
Jacques Claessen is redactielid van TvH.
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