Zoekresultaat: 18 artikelen

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Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2013 x Rubriek Artikel x

    Starting in 2015, Dutch municipalities will have complete administrative responsibility for all types of youth care on the continuum of preventive child education programs to youth probation and re-entry aftercare. In the process of this so called ‘youth care transition’, the use of available and valid scientific knowledge about effective reduction of juvenile crime (distilled from What Works, desistance focused studies and forensic pedagogy) seems to be suppressed by the administrative and procedural concerns that municipalities are now facing. In this article, these concerns are discussed and some solutions are presented.


Dr. Bas Vogelvang
Dr. Bas Vogelvang is lector Reclassering en Veiligheidsbeleid bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van de Avans Hogeschool en expertadviseur bij Van Montfoort.
Artikel

‘Wat ik ervan vind; de stem van het kind’

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2013
Trefwoorden Minderjarigen, Communicatie, Bijzondere curator, Kinderverhoor, kindgesprek
Auteurs Lisanne van Heel LL.B., Majse Hofman LL.B. en Mandy Kooijman LL.B.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Recent research by the National Children’s Ombudsman shows that minors are, or at least feel, insufficiently heard in civil legal procedures such as divorce and guardianship procedures. In response, a conference about the role of minors in the often complex civil litigation was organized at the Erasmus University in Rotterdam, on the 31st of May 2013. Based on the results of this conference, this article identifies both bottlenecks and potential areas for improvement in providing minors with a voice during legal procedures. The main improvement areas include the communication process with minors, child hearings and the appointment of the guardian ad litem and awareness of his role. Specifically, more attention should be paid to the communication between legal professionals and minors. In addition, consensus should be achieved between the courts and tribunals about children’s hearings. The most crucial improvement area is to change the name ‘child hearing’ into ‘conversation with children’. This modification will reduce the associations with criminal law.


Lisanne van Heel LL.B.
Lisanne van Heel LL.B. is masterstudent Strafrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Majse Hofman LL.B.
Majse Hofman LL.B. is masterstudent Jeugdrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Mandy Kooijman LL.B.
Mandy Kooijman LL.B. is masterstudent Strafrecht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Behandelingsbereidheid onder gedetineerden in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2013
Trefwoorden Behandelingsbereidheid, Deelname, Rehabilitatie, Gevangenis
Auteurs Anouk Bosma MSc, Dr. Anja Dirkzwager, Prof. Dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A survey of the literature suggested that low participation rates in prison-based rehabilitation programs in The Netherlands can be explained by a lack of treatment readiness amongst rehabilitation candidates and participants. The current contribution aims to examine treatment readiness amongst detainees that have been assigned a candidate for a prison-based rehabilitation program in the Netherlands. To address these aims, data were used from the fourth wave of a research project studying the effects of imprisonment on the life of detainees in the Netherlands. Results showed that about eighty percent of treatment candidates were not treatment ready. This lack of treatment readiness amongst potential participants will no doubt influence both treatment engagement numbers, which studies have shown to be low, and quite possible treatment effectiveness. Results imply that practitioners should be aware of the absence of treatment readiness amongst a large part of their clients. Assessment and (if necessary) interventions to increase treatment readiness amongst candidates and participants seems of the utmost importance.


Anouk Bosma MSc
Anouk Bosma MSc is promovenda Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. Anja Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.

Prof. Dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. Maarten Kunst is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De hybride positie van de inrichtingsarts: gevangen tussen patiënt en directie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2013
Trefwoorden Inrichtingsarts, Detentie, Medische zorg, Dwangmaatregelen
Auteurs Mr. Drs. Marjan Groenouwe
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the complicated position of Dutch prison doctors. They not only act as a patient’s personal doctor, but they also have to verify that a prisoner is fit to undergo punishment and they can even be asked by the authorities to carry out involuntary body searches. This can raise serious ethical concerns and cause harm to the doctor-patient relationship. I have tried to determine in what situations the duty to care for their patients conflicts with considerations of prison management.


Mr. Drs. Marjan Groenouwe
Mr. drs. Marjan Groenouwe is junior universitair docent Strafrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Een herstelgerichte benadering van delinquenten met een psychische stoornis

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2013
Trefwoorden resocialisatie, psychisch gestoorde delinquenten, herstelrecht, actieve verantwoordelijkheid
Auteurs Prof. dr. Frans Koenraadt en Mr. dr. Renée Kool
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Today’s risk based criminal justice policy leaves but little room to tune sentencing decisions to the individual offender’s mental capacities. As a result, sanctioning has become one-sided, being directed towards retribution. However, in the long run such a non-reciprocal concept of sanctioning, implying a denial of the need to facilitate rehabilitation, weakens the social fabric. Moreover, it holds a denial of citizenship towards (mentally ill) offenders. For the past decades, restorative justice has offered alternative solutions to deal with delinquency. Using informal procedures, taking into account peculiarities of the case, including the offender’s mental capacities, offenders are invited to take accountability for wrongful acts. A similar approach has been introduced within the field of mental health services, including the sector of the forensic mental health care. In response to the popular social biological model, a model of restorative treatment has been introduced, implying treatment to be directed towards reintegration, requiring active participation of the patient/offender. Bearing in mind the communalities between both models, we explore the potential of such a restorative citizenship based approach to better the integration of mentally disturbed offenders.


Prof. dr. Frans Koenraadt
Prof. dr. Frans Koenraadt is hoogleraar Forensische psychologie en psychiatrie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en wetenschappelijk adviseur in het Pieter Baan Centrum (NIFP) te Utrecht en bij de FPK te Assen.

Mr. dr. Renée Kool
Mr. dr. Renée Kool is universitair hoofddocent bij het Willem Pompe Instituut, Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Van je familie moet je het hebben

Een onderzoek naar de werking van preventief beleid in de derde pijler van de Top 600-aanpak van de gemeente Amsterdam

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2013
Trefwoorden Top 600-aanpak, Amsterdam, derde pijler, preventiefuik
Auteurs Drs. Hugo Aalders, Drs. Bas Kurvers, Mr. Monique Mos e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prevention is very difficult to evaluate. If the situation you are trying to avoid, does not occur, it is likely to continue with prevention. If the situation does occur, it is logical to continue with the already taken preventive measures or even intensify these. This is what we call the ‘prevention trap’. In the first part of the article, a framework is presented for a methodological way to test policy on signals of the presence of a ‘prevention trap’. In the second part this framework is applied on the way the city of Amsterdam is dealing with the brothers and sisters of the top 600 criminal offenders, in the so called ‘Top 600 approach’. Some conclusions are drawn.


Drs. Hugo Aalders
Drs. Hugo Aalders is manager van de Dienst Werk en Inkomen van de gemeente Amsterdam.

Drs. Bas Kurvers
Drs. Bas Kurvers is strategisch adviseur van de Dienst Werk en Inkomen van de gemeente Rotterdam.

Mr. Monique Mos
Mr. Monique Mos is senior officier van justitie en afdelingshoofd van het parket Den Haag.

Mr. Gert Veurink
Mr. Gert Veurink is senior officier van justitie en sectiehoofd van het Landelijk Parket.
Artikel

Het slachtoffer centraal?

Opinie ten aanzien van slachtofferrechten in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2013
Trefwoorden opinie over slachtofferrechten, slachtofferrechten in Nederland, attitudes, willingness to pay
Auteurs Dr. Karlijn F. Kuijpers, Sanne van Parera en Lieke Popelier
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The aim of the current study is to provide insight in the support for victim rights among Dutch citizens. Although it is generally assumed that the Dutch public supports these rights, empirical research into this topic appears to be scarce. The opinion with regard to four victim rights was established in two ways. Firstly, respondents were asked about their attitudes and, secondly, about their willingness to pay extra taxes for those rights. Respondents’ attitudes concerning the victim rights in this study appear to be positive; their willingness to pay, however, is low. Findings indicate the importance of combining conventional attitude questions with alternative methods (such as questions about willingness to pay) when studying public preferences and opinions.


Dr. Karlijn F. Kuijpers
Dr. Karlijn Kuijpers is universitair docent Criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden

Sanne van Parera
Sanne van Parera was ten tijde van het onderzoek bachelorstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Lieke Popelier
Lieke Popelier was ten tijde van het onderzoek bachelorstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Een puzzel van zeven weken; observeren, rapporteren en adviseren

De jeugdige in het observatieonderzoek

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden klinische observatieafdeling, jeugdstrafrecht, ForCA, PIJ
Auteurs Mr. Caroline Schalk en Drs. Medy Hulshof
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Forensic Juvenile Center ‘Teylingereind’ a psychiatric and psychological assessment takes place in a residential setting. Following a court order, a juvenile suspect of a criminal offense is observed for seven weeks by a multidisciplinary team. Each discipline has its own expertise. The team generates an observation report, which will advise the Court on the defendant’s pathology, the risk of re-offending and any recommendations regarding treatment or appropriate security measures. For this article we have analyzed the observation reports generated in Teylingereind between May 2009 and May 2012. This analysis shows the variations in participation by the suspects in the assessment and the recommendations in a legal context.Although with juvenile suspects participating in the observation the conditions attached to a suspended sentence can easier be examined, the observation reports of those difficult to examine have also lead to useful recommendations.


Mr. Caroline Schalk
Mr. Caroline Schalk is als jurist verbonden aan de observatieafdeling van Teylingereind.

Drs. Medy Hulshof
Drs. Medy Hulshof is als GZ-psycholoog verbonden aan de observatieafdeling van Teylingereind.
Artikel

Ik zie, ik zie, wat jij niet ziet

Het gebruik van paragnosten door de Nederlandse politie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Paragnosten, Opsporing, Politie, Regelgeving
Auteurs Priscilla van Hal MSc en Drs. Jasper van der Kemp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In many police investigations, a psychic turns up to help the investigation with his ‘extraordinary knowledge’ of the crime and the crime scene. Little is known about how the Dutch police deals with psychics and their information. We conducted research into this phenomenon through interviews with experts, a review of the legal literature and an online questionnaire for police practitioners. Although a guideline by the public prosecutor’s office states that psychics are not to be consulted without permission, most police practitioners are not aware of this guideline. At the moment, little is known about the actual use of information of psychics in police investigations.


Priscilla van Hal MSc
Priscilla van Hal MSc is afgestudeerd criminoloog en werkzoekend.

Drs. Jasper van der Kemp
Drs. Jasper van der Kemp is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Stilstaan of meebewegen?

Over de effectiviteit van het opsporingsproces binnen de politie, belicht vanuit de bestrijding van georganiseerde hennepteelt

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Criminele netwerken, Opsporing, Politie, Georganiseerde misdaad
Auteurs Drs. Paul Duijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various paradigms on the structures of organized crime have shaped the criminal investigational approach within the Dutch police towards criminal networks. The idea of pyramid-shaped mafia structures, as dominant in the 1970s, led to large-scale and long-term criminal investigations, trying to get to the ‘top’ of the network. In the 1990s, the image of separate criminal groups, working independently from each other, led to isolated criminal investigations on distinct criminal networks. Today, new insights that have arisen from scientific studies and police practices call again for a renewal of investigational strategies. As shown in this article, criminal networks are not limited by social, cultural or physical boundaries and show a rapid recovery after interventions by state actors. For these reasons, the efficiency of police practices depends on the extent to which the police is able to move along with these networks.


Drs. Paul Duijn
Drs. Paul Duijn is criminoloog, recherchekundige en als strategisch analist werkzaam bij de Nederlandse Politie Eenheid Den Haag.
Artikel

Recherche, rechercheur... recherchekundige!

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Recherchekundige master, Justitiële dwalingen, Politie, Tunnelvisie
Auteurs Miriam Visser MCI
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Following the evaluation regarding the judicial error in the Schiedam park murder (‘Schiedammer parkmoord’), the Public Prosecutor, Police and the Netherlands Forensic Institute (NFI) have drawn up an enhancement program to prevent future errors. Part of this program is to fill 20% of the posts within the police investigation process with those who have completed a higher education study of ‘criminal investigation’ and have obtained the Master of Criminal Investigation (MCI) title. One of the MCI’s tasks is to act as counterparties within the investigation research, to reduce the tunnel vision that develops within these investigations. In this way, more attention can be paid to alternative scenarios, so that judicial errors are less likely to occur.


Miriam Visser MCI
Bc. Miriam Visser MCI (1978) is in 2005 afgestudeerd als inspecteur aan de Politieacademie. In 2009 studeerde zij af als recherchekundige doorstromer. Tussen 2000 en 2010 was zij onder andere werkzaam als tactisch rechercheur bij de Politie Utrecht en als recherchekundige bij de afdeling Zware Georganiseerde Criminaliteit binnen de Politie Amsterdam-Amstelland. Sinds 2011 werkt zij als internationaal fraudeonderzoeker bij ING Insurance. In 2009 stond zij aan de wieg van Alumnivereniging Ascensio voor de recherchekundige master; sinds de formele oprichting in 2012 vervult ze daarin de rol van penningmeester.
Artikel

Een politiële vernieuwing die vruchten afwierp, vastliep en ontspoorde

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden professional policing, Dutch police, professional thief, Nazi-Germany
Auteurs Guus Meershoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After World War I, the Dutch police, inspired by the German example, underwent a fast modernisation of its organisation. Two generations of police officers were the pacesetters in this reform. Technological innovations made them realize that the effectiveness of the police could be increased, that they had acquired the status of professionals, thanks to their new insights, and that professional thieves were their main enemies. During the 1930s, the police renewal stagnated, but the ties with Germany were not broken. Based on shared beliefs, some innovators rallied to the side of the German occupiers during World War II. In the end, the renewal movement did not recover from the experiences during the occupation.


Guus Meershoek
Dr. Guus Meershoek is lector Politiegeschiedenis aan de Politieacademie en universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Als iemand wordt vermoord

De gevolgen en hulp voor de nabestaanden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Survivors, co-victims, Casemanagement, victim assistance
Auteurs Dr. mr. Anton van Wijk en Drs. Ilse van Leiden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, not only victims of serious crimes, but also their relatives received increased attention in criminal justice procedures. Victim Support Netherlands started a project in which paid professionals support surviving relatives of murdered victims. Through interviews and questionnaires, a group of 62 surviving relatives was followed for two to three years, to map out what their problems and needs are, how the case manager helped them and how they appreciated the help. Problems and needs include psychological, practical, social and legal matters. The appointment of a case manager appeared to be very valuable for the surviving relatives. Partly because of the case manager, they managed to get back to everyday life.


Dr. mr. Anton van Wijk
Dr. mr. Anton van Wijk is criminoloog en directeur van Bureau Beke.

Drs. Ilse van Leiden
Drs. Ilse van Leiden is psycholoog en senior onderzoekster bij Bureau Beke.
Artikel

Gratie uit de gratie?

Ontwikkelingen in gratiewetgeving, -verzoeken en -beslissingen (1990-2011)

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Gratie, tenuitvoerlegging van straffen, Straftoemeting, Strafdoel
Auteurs Mw. mr. Sigrid van Wingerden en Mr. dr. Ard Schoep
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Under Dutch law, convicted criminals have the opportunity to request a pardon to cancel, reduce or alter their punishment. Pardoning is an important institute to guarantee fair and reasonable execution of sentences. However, little is known about the everyday practice of pardoning in the Netherlands. The current study sets out the legal framework of the institute of pardoning, as well as changes in pardoning law and policy. We demonstrate that over the period 1990-2011 both the amount of pardoning requests and decisions have decreased dramatically, and that the period 1995-2004 is characterized by an upsurge of conditional pardons at the expense of both unconditional pardons and pardon denials. We try to explain these developments in the light of changes in pardoning law and policy, prison overcrowding, increases in life sentences and of royal celebrations. We conclude that we cannot fully explain the developments in the pardoning practice and that better registration of the pardoning requests and grants are needed for a better understanding of the pardoning practice.


Mw. mr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Mw. mr. S.G.C. van Wingerden is promovenda aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden, en tevens redactielid van PROCES.

Mr. dr. Ard Schoep
Mr. dr. G.K. Schoep is universitair hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden, en tevens rechter-plaatsvervanger aan de Rechtbank Haarlem en plaatsvervangend officier van justitie.
Artikel

Wraak de wraking

Een oproep tot herziening van de wrakingsprocedure in het Nederlandse strafprocesrecht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Wraking, Strafprocesrecht, Rechtsvergelijking, Art. 6 EVRM
Auteurs Mr. Eva Borg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    According to article 512 of the Dutch Criminal Procedure Code judges can be removed from a case due to facts or circumstances that (might) damage their impartiality. By analyzing how this procedure of challenge is used in practice, this research shows that it could and should be organised in a different way. Both with regards to the applicants, the challenged actors and the assessors of the procedure there are gaps and points of improvement in the current Dutch legislation. Suggestions for revision are gained from a comparative investigation of the challenge procedure in the Belgian criminal law system.


Mr. Eva Borg
Mr. Eva Borg is juridisch medewerker in de Rechtbank Midden-Nederland, afdeling Strafrecht.
Artikel

Dieren in detentie

Een kritische blik

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Detention, Animals, pet assisted activity, pet assisted therapy
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen, Jessica Hoeven MSc, Vera Vermeulen MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Animals appear to be increasingly incorporated in pet assisted activities and in pet assisted therapies in detention. But if one reviews the literature on these projects, it becomes clear that not much attention is being paid towards methodological issues. In this contribution, a set of questions is presented in order to help those that are interested in starting such a program to construct a more thoroughly thought through project. In such a project, animal welfare should be one of the key features.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is redactielid van PROCES en publiceert al jaren over de positie van dieren in de criminologie. Zij is werkzaam bij de Nederlandse politie en als criminoloog verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Jessica Hoeven MSc
Jessica Hoeven MSc is in 2012 afgestudeerd in de criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Vera Vermeulen MSc
Vera Vermeulen MSc is in 2012 afgestudeerd in de criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Rose Mandungu MSc
Rose Mandungu MSc is docent criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Uitsluiting van ex-gedetineerden door verzekeraars

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden selective exclusion, prisoners, actuarial justice, insurance
Auteurs Lucrecia Paulina MSc en Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we address the question of whether former prisoners are excluded by insurance companies when they apply for insurance. We found that, in several cases, ex-prisoners had been denied insurance in the Netherlands. This so-called ‘actuarial justice’ is accompanied by a great deal of discretionary power in the hands of insurance companies. Moreover, the results emphasize that former prisoners are still in an extremely vulnerable position in society. The article concludes by emphasizing that this form of ‘selective exclusion’ happens to a variety of risk groups in society.


Lucrecia Paulina MSc
Lucrecia Paulina MSc studeerde criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.

Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg doceert aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Tegenspraak bij de politie

Distantie, betrokkenheid en doorwerking

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden tunnel vision, critical review, criminal investigation, police
Auteurs Mr. drs. Renze Salet en Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After some serious failures in criminal justice procedures, in 2006 ‘critical review’ was introduced in the Dutch police as a measure to prevent tunnel vision in criminal investigation. An analysis of 26 review cases and interviews with representatives of the Dutch police forces shows that in practice reviewers are confronted with a fundamental dilemma of distance vs. involvement in their relation with criminal investigation team. Critical review proves to have concrete effects on the criminal investigation process, although their scope usually appears to be limited. Although these effects are modest and review takes scarce police resources, the authors recommend a continuation of critical review.


Mr. drs. Renze Salet
Mr. drs. Renze Salet is onderzoeker aan het Criminologisch Instituut van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.

Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra
Prof. dr. ir. Jan Terpstra is hoogleraar aan het Criminologisch Instituut van de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
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