Zoekresultaat: 11 artikelen

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Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2014 x Rubriek Artikel x
Artikel

Criminele bendes of hardwerkende arbeidsmigranten?

Het mediadiscours ten aanzien van Midden- en Oost-Europeanen in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Midden- en Oost-Europeanen, media discoursanalyse, interviews, verhard klimaat
Auteurs Flore van Rosmalen BSc en Anne van Es BSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The population of Central and East European immigrants in the Netherlands has increased following the eastward expansion of the European Union. Over the past years, a lot of media and political attention seems to focus on problems with crime and disorder relating to this immigrant group. This article describes a two-step study on this matter. First, by undertaking a media discourse analysis, we assess to what extent we can speak of a ‘hardened climate’ regarding Central and East Europeans in the Netherlands between 2007 and 2013. Second, we have conducted qualitative interviews with Central and East Europeans in the Netherlands, to explore their perceptions of the Dutch media and political discourse. The results show that this group is often connected with crime and disorder in the media, and that many of our respondents experience this negative framing. Dangers of this trend regarding feelings of discrimination, scapegoating, and self-fulfilling prophecies, are discussed.


Flore van Rosmalen BSc
Flore van Rosmalen BSc is masterstudent Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden en student-assistent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden.

Anne van Es BSc
Anne van Es BSc is masterstudent Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden en student-assistent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Naar een vervanging van de unus-testisregel van artikel 342 lid 2 Sv

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden unus testis, bewijsmotivering, bewijsbeslissing, bewijsminimum
Auteurs Mr. dr. Joost S. Nan
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The rule that a conviction cannot be based on the statement of just one witness, is codified in article 342 of the Dutch Criminal Procedural Code. The Supreme Court has recently demanded that such a statement finds sufficient support in other evidence and that sometimes the trial judge needs to specify why that statement is corroborated enough by other evidence. However, the Supreme Court has always given a very marginal meaning to this rule, by allowing convictions which basically are substantiated by only that one statement. The evidence supporting the story of the witness does not have to prove that the crime actually took place, nor that is indeed the defendant who has committed it. In this article, I propose the replacement of the rule with a well-founded motivated ruling of the trial judge on this subject.


Mr. dr. Joost S. Nan
Mr. dr. Joost S. Nan is universitair docent Straf(proces)recht aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en (cassatie)advocaat.
Artikel

De speelruimte van de strafrechter

Een pleidooi voor een meer open en transparante opstelling

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden strafrecht, onpartijdigheid, rechter, wraking
Auteurs Mr. Leonard de Weerd en Mr. Liza Stapel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A fair trial can only be guaranteed if a judge gives as much insight in his line of thinking as possible and if a judge is actively participating in finding the truth in a criminal case. According to statutes and case law a judge has a lot of freedom to show how he feels about certain things during criminal proceedings. A challenge to a judge shall not quickly be admissible. Still, a judge needs to be impartial and willing to review his preliminary decision/opinion.


Mr. Leonard de Weerd
Mr. Leonard de Weerd is senior rechter bij de Rechtbank Midden-Nederland, locatie Utrecht, afdeling strafrecht.

Mr. Liza Stapel
Mr. Liza Stapel is senior juridisch medewerkster Midden-Nederland, locatie Utrecht, afdeling strafrecht.
Artikel

Straffen in soorten en maten

De ontwikkeling van de straftoemeting door de rechter in de periode 1995-2012

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden straftoemeting rechter, decompositie strafpunten, omrekensleutel
Auteurs Dr. Ben van Velthoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper studies the development of the sentences that were imposed by criminal courts in the Netherlands over the period 1995-2012. Available data cover all principal sanctions: (unconditional) prison sentences, community service orders and fines. A decomposition is made to separate the gravity of sentencing (changes in the type and severity of the sanctions) from size effects (changes in the composition of the criminal cases dealt with). The gravity of sentencing is found to oscillate over the period 1995-2012. There is (as yet) no clear trend towards heavier sentencing, contrary to recent claims by Dutch judicial authorities.


Dr. Ben van Velthoven
Dr. Ben van Velthoven is universitair hoofddocent Rechtseconomie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

    Victims of violent crime who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can request financial compensation from the Dutch Violent Offences Compensation Fund (VOCF). Problematic with this is that PTSD is amenable for malingering. Malingering involves the invention or exaggeration of psychological symptoms or the attribution of such symptoms to wrong causes. If malingered PTSD remains undetected, the VOCF will run the risk of compensating damages which do not exist. The literature suggests that malingering can be detected by focusing on extreme scores on symptom screeners. The results of the current study, however, seem to suggest that this may not be an adequate strategy.


Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. Maarten Kunst is universitair docent Criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Over de bestrijding van politiële discriminatie

Kanttekeningen bij de beschuldiging van etnisch profileren

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden etnisch profileren, politie, discriminatie, preventief fouilleren
Auteurs Dr. Guus Meershoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Several reports and publications criticise the Dutch police for discriminating against minorities during stop-and-search actions. This article argues that discrimination can be found in the police but not to the extent that the critics suggest. Recent research on stop-and-search practices in a large Dutch city suggests that the police treat youth with a minority background differently but that they don’t treat them unequally. The article concludes with a warning against the use of the expression ethnic profiling, because it hinders correction of discrimination by the police.


Dr. Guus Meershoek
Dr. Guus Meershoek is lector Politiegeschiedenis aan de Politieacademie en universitair docent Bestuurskunde aan de Universiteit Twente.
Artikel

Het politiewerk en gendergerelateerde selectiviteit

Processen van waarnemen, interpreteren, beoordelen en toeschrijven van gender

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden politie, gender, selectiviteit, criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Martina Althoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the ways in which the work of the police is influenced by ideas about gender. Even though there is a long tradition of doing research about selectivity of the control agencies of criminal law, criminology has hardly had any attention for this topic. The main purpose of this article is to find out the meaning of the theoretical concept of gender for the social control of crime by the police and to give some examples for illustration. First of all, the article takes into consideration any crucial aspects of the process of selectivity.


Dr. Martina Althoff
Dr. Martina Althoff is als universitair docent verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Gezocht: rol voor de advocatuur bij ZSM

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden ZSM, advocatuur, ketenpartners, rechtsbescherming
Auteurs Mr. Ineke van den Brûle
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ASAP: As Soon (or Selective, Smart) As Possible is meant to be a form of summary justice, in March 2011 introduced by the Dutch Public Prosecution Service (PPS). ASAP is meant to handle common criminality more rapidly and more effectively. So far, so good. However, the PPS seems to direct all efforts to velocity instead of quality. ASAP was established without interference of defense lawyers. Lawyers, criminal law scientists and National Ombudsman have been criticizing ASAP since its introduction. Values of legal protection, accuracy and sustainability are ignored by velocity. Nowadays, the PPS desires cooperation with defense lawyers in the ASAP method. First of all: it is not easy to climb aboard a driving train. Suspects must be advised and acquainted by lawyers, not by prosecutors or police officers. Equality of arms must be guaranteed. A quick access to the criminal file is one of the demands for a serious and active role of lawyers in the ASAP approach.


Mr. Ineke van den Brûle
Mr. Ineke van den Brûle is als advocaat verbonden aan advocatenkantoor Prinsegracht te Den Haag.
Artikel

ZSM, Zo Selectief Mogelijk…

Triage in de strafrechtsketen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden ZSM, selectiviteit, Openbaar Ministerie, ketensamenwerking
Auteurs Mr. dr. Johan Bac en Mr. Machiel Vink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch abbreviation ‘ZSM’ literally means ASAP. In the Dutch criminal justice system, it stands for a response to a crime ‘as speedy, selective, smart and supportive for victims as possible’. The project was initiated by the Public Prosecution Service and the Police, and it also involves the Dutch Probation Services, Victim Support Netherlands and the Child Care and Protection Board. The goal of ZSM is to assure meaningful and fast interventions, based on quality and effectiveness for society, including suspects and victims. To reach this goal, the Public Prosecutor is situated at the front of the criminal justice chain and triages the high volume crimes to determine the best procedure for a case, in cooperation with the partners.


Mr. dr. Johan Bac
Mr. dr. Johan Bac is hoofdofficier van justitie van het Parket Midden-Nederland en programmaleider van het Landelijk Programma ZSM.

Mr. Machiel Vink
Mr. Machiel Vink is landelijk ZSM-officier van justitie en lid van het landelijk programmateam ZSM.
Artikel

‘Staring at the felony forest’

De complexiteit van risicoprofilering nader in kaart gebracht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden profileren, discretionaire bevoegdheden, etniciteit, selectie
Auteurs Tim Dekkers MSc en Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the debate around police profiling has been rather low key – until recently. Now it has turned into a heated discussion with a clear focus on ethnic profiling. This extensive international literature review aims to show that there is more to profiling than just ethnicity. Factors such as behavior and the vehicle someone is driving can be just as important as a person’s looks. The results of this study put profiling in perspective and level the playing field of the debate, in which the side of the organizations using profiling has not gotten enough attention until now.


Tim Dekkers MSc
Tim Dekkers MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude ishoofddocent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie te Leiden. Zij is tevens redactielid van PROCES.
Artikel

Maatwerk of eenduidigheid

(On)gelijke behandeling in het reclasseringswerk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden reclassering, rrisicotaxatie, overeenstemming, plan van aanpak
Auteurs Drs. Jacqueline Bosker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to support desistance from crime and rehabilitation into society, the probation service has to adapt its service to the individual problems and strengths of offenders. As a result, offenders who have committed similar crimes but differ in the problems related to their offending behavior are approached differently. However, equal treatment of offenders by the probation service is important if their problems are comparable. In this article the results are described of a study about the level of agreement between probation officers about intervention plans. In addition, it was studied whether the use of an instrument for structured decision making improves agreement about these plans.


Drs. Jacqueline Bosker
Drs. Jacqueline Bosker werkt als onderzoeker en docent aan het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie van de Hogeschool Utrecht.
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