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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie x Jaar 2010 x Rubriek Artikel x
Artikel

Vrouwen en witteboordencriminaliteit

Theorieën en hypothesen over sekseverschil

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Vrouwelijke delinquenten, Feminisme
Auteurs Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    White-collar crime is mostly committed by men. It remains to be seen if this will stay this way. Increasing numbers of women succeed in attaining management positions in organizations. Could we therefore expect an increase in female white-collar crime?Criminological theories on female crime and on white-collar crime lead to contradicting hypotheses.Research on white-collar and organizational crime predominantly produces a situational hypothesis explanation according to which we could expect that the rise of women in organizational hierarchies will also bring more female white-collar crime.Research on female delinquency might lead to an opposite gender-difference hypothesis that would predict less white-collar crime, because they have a lesser tendency to show risky behavior.In this article, both assumptions will be elaborated for further research, against the background of possible gender bias in the relation between women and white-collar crime.


Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

Criminele expats

Britse criminelen in Nederland en Nederlandse criminelen in Spanje

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden drugshandel, Internationale criminaliteit, Spanje, Verenigd Koninkrijk
Auteurs Dr. Melvin Soudijn en Dr. Sander Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on migration with criminal motives. Two specific groups are discussed, British migrants in the Netherlands and Dutch migrants in Spain. Little is written on criminal migration motives in combination with Western subjects. On the other hand, investigative authorities have first-hand knowledge on this matter. An analysis of 25 closed case files shows that within these two groups of migrants, some people are heavily involved in the international drugs trade. Although their numbers are small, their function is important. Through their actions it becomes possible for certain cities or areas to evolve into international criminal drug marketplaces. There are also some differences between British and Dutch criminals abroad. British criminals are often involved as brokers. They broker drugs for third parties in Great Britain. Their stay in the Netherlands seems temporarily. They do not invest in the economy or buy property. Conversely, Dutch criminals in Spain could be described as leaders of organized crime groups. They invest in Spain by buying companies and property.


Dr. Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M. Soudijn is senior onderzoeker bij de KLPD, melvin.soudijn@klpd.politie.nl.

Dr. Sander Huisman
Dr. S. Huisman is senior onderzoeker bij de KLPD, Sander.huisman@klpd.politie.nl.
Artikel

De ovenbouwers van de Holocaust

Een casestudie van organisatiecriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Tweede Wereldoorlog, Holocaust, Organisatiecriminaliteit, Duitsland
Auteurs Prof. dr. Wim Huisman en BSc Annika van Baar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, theories on organisational crime are applied to the involvement of the German corporation Topf & Söhne in the Holocaust. This corporation produced ovens for various concentration and destruction camps in Germany and Poland and contributed significantly to the execution of the Holocaust with their innovative products. The motivation to procure these ovens to the SS does not seem to stem from force, ideological agreement or maximisation of profit. Instead loss-minimisation and a ‘culture of perfection’ seem to form the explanation. Opportunity was provided by the Nazi-Germany regime and the knowledge and skills were already at hand within the organisation. Because of the close collaboration between these two parties, this case can be qualified as a form of state-corporate crime. Administrative, political and social control was absent and neutralisations only seem to have been formed after the Holocaust. The analysis shows how theories about ‘regular’ organisational criminality can form an explanation of the involvement of corporations in international crimes.


Prof. dr. Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.

BSc Annika van Baar
A. van Baar BSc. is student-assistent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, a.vanbaar@rechten.vu.nl.
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