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Artikel

Onlinegedragingen

Een risico voor hacken en persoonsgerichte cyberdelicten?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden cybercrime, victimization, hacking, cyber stalking, cyber threats
Auteurs Jurjen Jansen MSc, Rutger Leukfeldt MSc, Dr. Johan van Wilsem e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The number of Internet users who reported they have come into contact with cybercrime is substantial. This article examines three forms of cybercrime, namely: hacking, cyber stalking and cyber threats. Because cybercrime is relatively extensive in the life of Dutch citizens, it is important to gain insight into factors that influence victimization. By means of a secondary analysis of data from the first Dutch national cybercrime victim survey (N=9,161), it is assessed to which extend online behaviours affect victimization. In particular, online behaviours involving the use of communication applications affect victimization of the three aforementioned cybercrimes. The article provides suggestions for further research into cybercrime victimization.


Jurjen Jansen MSc
J. Jansen, MSc is als promovendus verbonden aan het lectoraat Cybersafety van NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie.

Rutger Leukfeldt MSc
E.R. Leukfeldt, MSc is als promovendus verbonden aan het lectoraat Cybersafety van NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie.

Dr. Johan van Wilsem
Dr. J.A. van Wilsem is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Wouter Stol
Prof. dr. W.Ph. Stol is lector Cybersafety aan NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en bijzonder hoogleraar Politiestudies aan de Open Universiteit.
Artikel

Je geld kwijt, en dan?

Financiële schade bij slachtoffers van onterechte bankafschrijvingen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden unauthorized cash withdrawal, bank account, identity fraud, financial damage
Auteurs Dr. Johan van Wilsem, Dr. Nicole van der Meulen en Dr. Maarten Kunst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Identity fraud is a rapidly growing problem, as shown by recent volume estimates from victim surveys. Little is known however about the amount of financial damage among victims of this crime, especially in the Dutch context. This article studies victims of unauthorized cash withdrawal from their bank account, which is one of the most common forms of identity fraud. For this, we use data on 180 victims from the representative LISS panel. The results show that the financial implications of this type of crime experience vary widely between victims. While many victims are disadvantaged for only a small amount of money (for almost 40 per cent is about less than 50 euros ), a quarter of this group suffers from substantial money loss of more than 500 euros. Nevertheless, the vast majority (85 per cent) are completely reimbursed by their banks. Eventually, only in rare cases victims suffer significant permanent money loss. Remarkably, the low educated are significantly less often reimbursed by their banks.


Dr. Johan van Wilsem
Dr. J. van Wilsem is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Nicole van der Meulen
Dr. N.S. van der Meulen is universitair docent bij de Afdeling Transnational Legal Studies van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. M.J.J. Kunst is universitair docent bij de Afdeling Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Cyberpesten vanuit een criminologisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden cybercrime, criminological challenges, cyberbullying, characteristics perpetrators, interrelation online-offline
Auteurs Drs. Joyce Kerstens en Sander Veenstra MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It is assumed that the online world creates new possibilities for criminal behaviour. Only recently criminologists started the debate on the applicability of traditional criminological theories to cybercrime offending. Data retrieved from the national Dutch survey Youth & Cybersafety indicate that cyberbullying behaviour is not only strongly interwoven with traditional bullying behaviours, but is also affected by the distinct features of the online environment. The findings give support to the suggestion that the aetiological schema to explain cyberbullying should postulate the interaction between individual characteristics, distinct features of the online environment and the interaction between offline and online social realities.


Drs. Joyce Kerstens
J. Kerstens is projectleider Jeugd & Cybersafety bij het lectoraat Cybersafety, verbonden aan NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie. Zij is tevens promovenda aan de rechtenfaculteit van de Open Universiteit.

Sander Veenstra MSc
S. Veenstra is cum laude afgestudeerd aan de University of Leicester (Criminology, thesis over cyber bullying) en werkt als onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Cybersafety, verbonden aan NHL Hogeschool en de Politieacademie.
Artikel

‘Als Allah mij kiest’

Rechtvaardigingen voor martelaarschap en geweld op Facebook

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden radicalisation, young Muslims, jihadists, martyrdom, internet, violence
Auteurs Dr. Marion van San
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    For the past few weeks, young Muslims from Belgium and the Netherlands leaving for Syria to join the armed struggle against the Assad regime have been dominating the local news. This is especially remarkable in light of the fact that it would appear that, until very recently, jihadists from Belgium and the Netherlands were far and few between. The armed struggle is a topic that is widely discussed among young Muslims on social media such as Facebook. During the research on which this article is based, we conducted an analysis of conversations between young Muslims on Facebook and held interviews with a number of them. The key question was: why is it that so many young people use social media to profess their willingness to sacrifice their lives in armed struggle while at the same time most of them are not prepared to put action to their words? Despite all the media reports, the fact remains that of the large number of young Muslims who are potentially ready to go into battle, the vast majority prefer to stay at home for the time being. When we confronted the participants in these discussions with this inconsistency, they offered a number of reasons and considerations as to why martyrdom was not yet granted to them. The way in which these considerations shape their lives and the role played by their religious convictions form the subject of this article.


Dr. Marion van San
Dr. M. van San is wetenschappelijk docent aan de faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en senior onderzoeker aan het Risbo (EUR).
Artikel

Omgevingscriminologie 2.0

Criminologisch onderzoek in een virtuele omgeving

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden virtual environments, research methods, disorder
Auteurs Dr. Gabry Vanderveen en Dr. Monique Koemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminological research on perceptions and behavior in an environmental context, scarcely uses virtual environments. Such virtual environments are available on the Internet or can be created. They can be presented to research participants either online or in a laboratory setting. This article gives a brief overview of criminological studies employing a virtual environment and describes a case study that used a virtual environment in order to investigate disorder. Despite the pitfalls, there are certainly possibilities for (criminological) research in virtual environments. The spatial context provided by a virtual environment, seems suitable for research in environmental criminology in particular.


Dr. Gabry Vanderveen
Dr. G.N.G. Vanderveen is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Monique Koemans
Dr. M. Koemans is docent en onderzoeker aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Seks op afstand

Leefstijl, routine-internetactiviteiten en slachtofferschap onder meisjes van seksueel hinderlijk gedrag en seksuele dwang op internet

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden internet, girls, lifestyle theory, routine activity theory
Auteurs drs. Carolien Swier MSc en mr. Miriam Wijkman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Lifestyle Theory and Routine Activity Theory are used to explain female adolescent victimization of sexual harassment on the internet. Girls completed a questionnaire on the internet about their experiences with these events. Girls’ lifestyle had a strong influence on risk of victimization of sexual harassment on the internet. A risky lifestyle outside the internet (especially having sexual intercourse with many partners) increased chances of victimization on the internet by almost 2.5 times for these girls. Routine activities on the internet did not have a significant influence.


drs. Carolien Swier MSc
Drs. C. Swier, MSc. is onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), cswier@nscr.nl.

mr. Miriam Wijkman
Mr. M.D.S. Wijkman is docent-onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, m.wijkman@vu.nl.
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