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Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie x Jaar 2010 x Rubriek Artikel x
Artikel

Vrouwen en witteboordencriminaliteit

Theorieën en hypothesen over sekseverschil

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden Gender, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Vrouwelijke delinquenten, Feminisme
Auteurs Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    White-collar crime is mostly committed by men. It remains to be seen if this will stay this way. Increasing numbers of women succeed in attaining management positions in organizations. Could we therefore expect an increase in female white-collar crime?Criminological theories on female crime and on white-collar crime lead to contradicting hypotheses.Research on white-collar and organizational crime predominantly produces a situational hypothesis explanation according to which we could expect that the rise of women in organizational hierarchies will also bring more female white-collar crime.Research on female delinquency might lead to an opposite gender-difference hypothesis that would predict less white-collar crime, because they have a lesser tendency to show risky behavior.In this article, both assumptions will be elaborated for further research, against the background of possible gender bias in the relation between women and white-collar crime.


Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

‘White trash’ versus ‘Marokkaanse straatterroristen’

Een analyse van het Nederlandse en Engelse discours rond migranten en overlast

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Marokkanen, Overlast, Engeland en Wales, Mediadiscours
Auteurs Drs. Monique Koemans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the differences in perception that appear when the English and Dutch discourses on anti-social behaviour and street terror are compared. The political and media discourses in the Netherlands focus on the migration background of the youth responsible (mainly Moroccan juveniles) whereas in England and Wales the possible influence of discrimination is stressed. The analysis of the two discourses reveals that although the problems in the two countries are in essence comparable, very different discourses have developed.


Drs. Monique Koemans
Drs. M. Koemans M. Sc. is PhD. Fellow aan de Universiteit Leiden, m.l.koemans@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

De ovenbouwers van de Holocaust

Een casestudie van organisatiecriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Tweede Wereldoorlog, Holocaust, Organisatiecriminaliteit, Duitsland
Auteurs Prof. dr. Wim Huisman en BSc Annika van Baar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, theories on organisational crime are applied to the involvement of the German corporation Topf & Söhne in the Holocaust. This corporation produced ovens for various concentration and destruction camps in Germany and Poland and contributed significantly to the execution of the Holocaust with their innovative products. The motivation to procure these ovens to the SS does not seem to stem from force, ideological agreement or maximisation of profit. Instead loss-minimisation and a ‘culture of perfection’ seem to form the explanation. Opportunity was provided by the Nazi-Germany regime and the knowledge and skills were already at hand within the organisation. Because of the close collaboration between these two parties, this case can be qualified as a form of state-corporate crime. Administrative, political and social control was absent and neutralisations only seem to have been formed after the Holocaust. The analysis shows how theories about ‘regular’ organisational criminality can form an explanation of the involvement of corporations in international crimes.


Prof. dr. Wim Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, w.huisman@rechten.vu.nl.

BSc Annika van Baar
A. van Baar BSc. is student-assistent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, a.vanbaar@rechten.vu.nl.
Artikel

De stilte rondom Madoff

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Fraude, Madoff, Oplichting, Verenigde Staten
Auteurs Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the Madoff case which came to light at the end of 2008. Remarkable for this case is that Madoff could go on with his scam for a very long time. Failing supervision was not the only reason for this. Madoff’s qualities – disguising the illegal activities and his social stature – cannot explain the whole puzzle. The social network, a ‘secret society’ and the fact that people involved went on with it, even when knowing that ‘it was too good to be true’ are explained in this article.


Prof. dr. Henk van de Bunt
Henk van de Bunt is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Erasmusuniversiteit te Rotterdam, vandebunt@frg.eur.nl.
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