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Artikel

Access_open Wat is juridisch interactionisme?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden interactionism, Lon Fuller, interactional law, legal pluralism, concept of law
Auteurs Wibren van der Burg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Two phenomena that challenge theories of law in the beginning of the twenty-first century are the regulatory explosion and the emergence of horizontal and interactional forms of law. In this paper, I develop a theory that can address these two phenomena, namely legal interactionism, a theory inspired by the work of Fuller and Selznick. In a pluralist approach, legal interactionism recognizes both interactional law and enacted law, as well as other sources such as contract. We should aim for a pluralistic and gradual concept of law. Because of this pluralist and gradual character, legal interactionism can also do justice to global legal pluralism and to the dynamic intertwinement of health law and bioethics.


Wibren van der Burg
Wibren van der Burg is Professor of Legal Philosophy and Jurisprudence, Erasmus School of Law at the Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Recht als human condition

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden homo faber, homo agens, human condition, participatory judgment, law-linked justice, existence-linked justice
Auteurs Peter van Schilfgaarde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper concentrates on the dynamic tension between law as it is ‘made’ by legal professionals, functioning as homo faber, and law as it is experienced by citizens, functioning as homo agens. In between those two worlds, law develops as a human condition, a term borrowed from Hannah Arendt. It is argued that, in regard to law development and administration of justice, the function of homo agens should have priority over the function of homo faber. The two basic faculties that connect the two worlds are judgment and speech. This leads to further thoughts on the character of judgment as ‘participatory judgment,’ the function of ‘middle terms’ in legal language and the concept of ‘shared responsibility.’


Peter van Schilfgaarde
Peter van Schilfgaarde is an Attorney at Law at the Supreme Court of The Netherlands in The Hague and former Professor of Corporate Law at the Universities of Groningen and Utrecht.
Artikel

Access_open Hoe neutraal is kerkfinanciering?

Kritische analyse van het Belgische erkennings- en ondersteuningsbeleid

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden liberalism, neutrality, church-state policy, (anti)perfectionism, Belgium
Auteurs Leni Franken en Patrick Loobuyck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, the authors explore how active state support for religions and worldviews could be in accordance with the principle of liberal neutrality. They focus on the Belgian church-state policy because this policy is characterised by an explicit and extended form of active support for recognised worldviews. If this policy is in accordance with liberal neutrality, some other, weaker forms of state support for religions and worldviews may also be in accordance with this neutrality principle. In the light of these considerations, the authors make some suggestions about possible ways to bring the Belgian church-state policy more in accordance with liberal neutrality.


Leni Franken
Leni Franken is a researcher at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp, where she prepares a PhD on church, state and neutrality.

Patrick Loobuyck
Patrick Loobuyck is Associate Professor at the Centre Pieter Gillis of the University of Antwerp and guest professor at the Department of Philosophy and Moral Science at Ghent University.
Artikel

Access_open Law in the twilight of environmental Armageddon

A response to Han Somsen

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden environmental catastrophe, legitimacy, geo-engineering, phenomenology
Auteurs Luigi Corrias
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper argues that Somsen’s article, though brave in approach and daring in ideas, suffers from some fundamental flaws. First of all, it remains unclear how Somsen conceptualises the relationship between legitimacy and effectiveness, and what this means for his position towards the argument of a state of exception. Secondly, a plea for regulation by code has serious consequences for the claim to attain justice. Finally, geo-engineering poses some profound difficulties, both because of its consequences and because of its presuppositions.


Luigi Corrias
Luigi Corrias is Assistant Professor of Legal Philosophy at VU University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
Artikel

Access_open Techno-regulation and law: rule, exception or state of exception?

A comment to Han Somsen and Luigi Corrias

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden code, citizenship, trans-generational justice, agency, ethics and politics
Auteurs Oliver W. Lembcke
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Luigi Corrias challenged Han Somsen’s plea for an effective regulation in the wake of an impending ecological catastrophe. This article takes up some of the arguments that have been exchanged: First, the paper criticises Corrias’s call for an ‘eco-logos’ as an ethical evasion of the political dimension that regulations aiming at a radical policy change necessarily entail. Secondly, it disputes the assumption that Somsen’s argument invites the notion of Carl Schmitt’s state of exception. Thirdly, the paper discusses the possible effects that code law might have on the concepts of agency (lack of autonomy) and citizenship (loss of justice).


Oliver W. Lembcke
Oliver W. Lembcke is Associate Professor of Political Theory at the Friedrich Schiller University in Jena.
Artikel

Access_open De halve waarheid van het populisme

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden populism, self-inclusion, vitalism, democracy, Lefort
Auteurs Bert Roermund
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Does populism add value to the political debate by showing that the ideals of Enlightenment are too abstract and rationalist to understand politics in democratic terms? The paper argues two theses, critically engaging Lefort’s work: (i) instead of offering valuable criticism, populism feeds on the very principle that Enlightenment has introduced: a polity rests on self-inclusion with reference to a quasi-transcendent realm; (ii) populism’s appeal to simple emotions feeds on the vitalist (rather than merely institutionalist) pulse in any polity. Both dimensions of politics are inevitable as well as elusive. In particular with regard to the vitalist pulse we have no response to the half-truths of populism, as both national and constitutional patriotism seem on the wrong track.


Bert Roermund
Bert van Roermund has held the Chair in Legal Philosophy at Tilburg University and is currently Professor of (Political) Philosophy at the same University as well as 2010-2011 Visiting Professor at K.U. Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Constitutionele toetsing in een democratie zonder volk

Een kelseniaanse rechtvaardiging voor het Europees Hof van Justitie

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Kelsen, Democracy, Legitimacy, European Union, European Court of Justice
Auteurs Quoc Loc Hong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article draws on Hans Kelsen’s theory of democracy to argue that, contrary to conventional wisdom, there is nothing fundamentally wrong with the democratic legitimacy of either the European Union (EU) or the European Court of Justice (ECJ). The legitimacy problems from which the EU in general and the ECJ in particular are alleged to suffer seem to result mainly from our rigid adherence to the outdated conception of democracy as popular self-legislation. Because we tend to approach the Union’s political and judicial practice from the perspective of this democracy conception, we are not able to observe what is blindingly obvious, that is, the viability and persistence of both this mega-leviathan and the highest court thereof. It is, therefore, imperative that we modernize and adjust our conception of democracy in order to comprehend the new reality to which these bodies have given rise, rather than to call for ‘reforms’ in a futile attempt to bring this reality into accordance with our ancient preconceptions about what democratic governance ought to be. Kelsen is the democratic theorist whose work has enabled us to venture into that direction.


Quoc Loc Hong
Quoc Loc Hong was a FWO Postdoctoral Fellow from 2007 to 2009 at the University of Antwerp. He is currently an independent researcher.
Artikel

Access_open Paul Scholten en Herman Dooyeweerd: het gesprek dat nooit plaatsvond

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2010
Trefwoorden Scholten, Dooyeweerd, legal principles, legal reasoning, religion
Auteurs Bas Hengstmengel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The legal scholars Paul Scholten (1875-1946) and Herman Dooyeweerd (1894-1977) had much in common. The most significant agreement is their emphasis on the influence of a (religious) worldview on legal scholarship and practice. Unfortunately, they never met to discuss the similarities and differences of their jurisprudential ideas. In this article I try to reconstruct this conversation which never took place. Scholten’s legal thought is specifically oriented to the practice and difficulties of judging. Dooyeweerd above all was a philosopher whose specific philosophy of the modal aspects of reality is the basis for his thinking about the law. Both scholars emphasized the importance of legal principles. They also identified several fundamental legal categories and concepts. However, their methodology is different. The way religion and morality influence their legal thought is also different. A discussion of the contemporary relevance of their work completes the paper.


Bas Hengstmengel
Bas Hengstmengel is a PhD-candidate at Erasmus School of Law, Rotterdam. He writes a dissertation on procedural justice.
Artikel

Access_open Wetenschappelijke rechtsgeleerdheid

Commentaar op het preadvies van Carel Smith

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden law and hermeneutics, law and normativity, one right answer thesis, legal jurisprudence, legal doctrine
Auteurs Prof. dr. Arend Soeteman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article is a comment on Carel Smith’s paper. Smith rightly argues that the study of law has a hermeneutic character. But his interpretation of legal hermeneutics includes the thesis that in hard cases there is no right or true legal decision. This seems to have negative implications for the scholarly character of the study of law: in hard cases any solution goes. This paper argues, against Smith, that the study of law defends right answers for hard cases. It is also normative in another sense: legal answers, in easy cases as well as in hard cases, always presuppose a normative interpretation of the legal sources. This contributes to the differences of opinion under lawyers. But it is no obstacle to the scholarly character of the study of law, as long as a rational debate about these legal answers and the underlying values and principles is possible. Smith’s rejection of the right answer thesis, however, prevents the possibility of such a rational debate.


Prof. dr. Arend Soeteman
Arend Soeteman is professor at the Faculty of Law, VU University Amsterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Op de bres voor rechtszekerheid

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden rechtszekerheid, in dubio pro libertate, Brouwer, rechtspositivisme, constructivisme
Auteurs Marc Loth
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper addresses the principle of legal certainty, which was central in the work of Bob Brouwer. He both regretted and disputed the decline of this principle in the theory and practice of law, trying to defend it against the spirit of the time. I argue that this attempt was in vain, because it opposes recent developments in law, as is illustrated by a notorious case of the European Court of Human Rights. Moreover, these developments invoke a constructivist account of legal certainty, which opposes Brouwer’s legal positivist account. Additionally, this meta-level shows that legal certainty in its classical form is indefensible, which – of course – does not mean that it is senseless altogether. On the contrary, the principle of legal certainty does have meaning in current legal systems, and it is the task of new generations of young scholars to try to get a grip on it. In doing so, they will undoubtedly make use of Brouwer’s work, which excels both in the depth of thinking and the clarity of writing.


Marc Loth
Marc Loth is raadsheer in de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden.
Artikel

Access_open 'Sociale vrede' als kelseniaanse voorstelling van rechterlijke rechtvaardigheid

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2008
Trefwoorden aansprakelijkheid, rechtspraak, geweld, autonomie, rechtmatigheid, vertaling, auteur, idee, voorwaarde, belanghebbende
Auteurs M. Notermans

M. Notermans
Artikel

Access_open Democratie als heteronome autonomie?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2008
Trefwoorden raad van state, democratie, lidstaat, autonomie, verdrag, claim, Europees recht, innovatie, rechtsstaat, referendum
Auteurs H. Lindahl

H. Lindahl
Artikel

Access_open De filosofie van Legal Realism

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2008
Trefwoorden claim, contract, verhaal, getuige, idee, noodzakelijkheid, verlies, aansprakelijkheid, gebrek
Auteurs B. Goetschalckx

B. Goetschalckx
Artikel

Access_open Wetenschappelijke rechtsfilosofie?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2007
Trefwoorden mededinging, moeder, aansprakelijkheid, betrouwbaarheid, claim, gebrek, idee, krediet, noodzakelijkheid, publicatieplicht
Auteurs J. Hage

J. Hage
Artikel

Access_open Over de rechtstheorie van de Farizeeën: Een interview met Roberto Mangabeira Unger

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2007
Trefwoorden kind, interest, service, character, contract, E-business, geboorte, grootvader, making, minister van buitenlandse zaken
Auteurs P. Westerman

P. Westerman
Artikel

Access_open De kunst van het vak

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2007
Trefwoorden pleidooi, beschikking, bewijsmiddel, bouw, citaat, confrontatie, idee, kind, levering, ontslagname
Auteurs P. Westerman

P. Westerman
Artikel

Access_open Ook TBS is bedoelde leedtoevoeging

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2006
Trefwoorden terbeschikkingstelling, strafrecht, schikking, zoon, herstel, overleden, redenering, bank, claim, fabriek
Auteurs V. Geeraets

V. Geeraets
Artikel

Access_open Recht, onrecht, gerechtigheid

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2006
Trefwoorden idee, geschrift, justitiabele, citaat, bewijslast, mededeling, model, noodzakelijkheid, uitgave, verlies
Auteurs P. Schilfgaarde

P. Schilfgaarde
Artikel

Access_open In memoriam: Popke Wieger (Bob) Brouwer (1952-2006)

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2006
Trefwoorden overlijden, legaliteit, burgerlijk recht, erkenning, introductie, magazijn, medewerker, ondertekening, opzet, overleden
Auteurs J. Hage

J. Hage
Artikel

Access_open The Moralist. A conversation with John Harris about bioethics

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2005
Trefwoorden kind, wrongful life, embryo, claim, donor, leasing, au-pair, baby, computer, elektronisch geld
Auteurs P. Westerman

P. Westerman
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