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Artikel

Illegale pesticiden en voedselcriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden illegal pesticides, organized crime, counterfeit, parallel trading arrangements, food crime
Auteurs Ch.I. Sambrook
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Counterfeiting is a major worldwide crime problem and one with demonstrable links to organized criminality. The production and distribution of fake plant protection products is no exception, the proliferation of such products within the European Union owing much to the abuse of parallel trading arrangements and the high profit, low risk opportunity it presents to organized crime groups. It is also a particularly insidious crime; these chemicals are untested and unapproved for use and they pose a serious economic, environmental and human health threat. Of particular concern is the potential for residues from illegal pesticides to persist in harvested crops to then be found in foodstuffs. It is argued that this should be regarded as a food crime.


Ch.I. Sambrook
Christopher Ian Sambrook, MSc is ruraal criminoloog. Hij is als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Harper Adams University in Shropshire in het Verenigd Koninkrijk. Hij is tevens technisch adviseur van het Thames Valley Police Operation Silo Initiative, gericht op het vergaren van inlichtingen over deze specifieke vorm van fraude en met name de mogelijke banden met de georganiseerde misdaad. E-mail: csambrook@harper-adams.ac.uk.
Artikel

Behandelingsbereidheid onder gedetineerden in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2013
Trefwoorden Behandelingsbereidheid, Deelname, Rehabilitatie, Gevangenis
Auteurs Anouk Bosma MSc, Dr. Anja Dirkzwager, Prof. Dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A survey of the literature suggested that low participation rates in prison-based rehabilitation programs in The Netherlands can be explained by a lack of treatment readiness amongst rehabilitation candidates and participants. The current contribution aims to examine treatment readiness amongst detainees that have been assigned a candidate for a prison-based rehabilitation program in the Netherlands. To address these aims, data were used from the fourth wave of a research project studying the effects of imprisonment on the life of detainees in the Netherlands. Results showed that about eighty percent of treatment candidates were not treatment ready. This lack of treatment readiness amongst potential participants will no doubt influence both treatment engagement numbers, which studies have shown to be low, and quite possible treatment effectiveness. Results imply that practitioners should be aware of the absence of treatment readiness amongst a large part of their clients. Assessment and (if necessary) interventions to increase treatment readiness amongst candidates and participants seems of the utmost importance.


Anouk Bosma MSc
Anouk Bosma MSc is promovenda Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. Anja Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving.

Prof. Dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. Maarten Kunst is universitair docent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Rehabilitatie in Nederlandse gevangenissen

Wat is de stand van zaken ten aanzien van de uitvoering en doelmatigheid van het programma Terugdringen Recidive?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden recidivism, detainees, evidence-based, correctional interventions, evaluation studies.
Auteurs Anouk Bosma, Maarten Kunst en Paul Nieuwbeerta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In an attempt to reduce re-offending rates in the Netherlands, the Dutch government has developed the Prevention of Recidivism program, which started in 2002. The current study aims to describe the content of this program, and aims to give an overview of the state of the art concerning the execution and effectiveness of the program. Results show that the number of detainees taking part in the program is fairly limited. Moreover, in many cases, correctional interventions are not part of the imposed rehabilitation program. An extensive literature study shows that the execution of the Prevention of Recidivism program and various correctional intervention show a number of implementation problems, which probably hamper the program’s effectiveness. However, further research is necessary to assess if the Prevention of Recidivism program successfully lowers recidivism rates amongst program participants.


Anouk Bosma
Anouk Bosma MSc is promovenda criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden , Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Instituut Strafrecht & Criminologie, Postbus 9520, 2300 RA Leiden E-mail: a.q.bosma@law.leidenuniv.nl

Maarten Kunst
Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst is universitair docent Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Instituut Strafrecht & Criminologie.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Instituut Strafrecht & Criminologie.
Artikel

De bijrol voor professionals in evidence-based criminaliteitspreventie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden professionalization, evidence-based practice, crime prevention, What Works, treatment program
Auteurs Dr. B. Rovers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The role of professionals in evidence-based crime prevention is a topic of discussion. The dominant view in the criminal justice field is that professionals are to support and faithfully execute evidence-based treatment programs based on risk factors for future crime. In other disciplines we find alternative approaches to evidence-based practice (EBP) in which the professionals, and more specifically features of the working alliance between professional and client, are considered to be the treatment program. In general, these approaches focus on treatment motivation and behavioural change. ‘Common factors’ like faith in outcome, trust between professional and client, et cetera, are considered as specific treatment factors. Empirical evidence shows that this may be a more fruitful approach towards effective interventions. The article looks into the scientific background of both perspectives and explains the key differences. It is concluded that EBP in criminal justice can gain from a (research) perspective in which professionals play a more central role.


Dr. B. Rovers
Dr. Ben Rovers is directeur van het Bureau voor Toegepast Veiligheidsonderzoek (BTVO) te Den Bosch en tevens redactieraadlid van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Zwerfafval als teken van wanorde en onveiligheid?

Een kwalitatief onderzoek naar het weggooien van zwerfafval door jongeren

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden Zwerfafval, Jongeren, regelovertredend gedrag, broken windows-theorie
Auteurs Dr. Thaddeus Müller
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article offers an alternative view on litter as a sign of disorder (broken windows theory) by presenting qualitative research from the perspectives of juveniles on littering, and the various meanings they give to this behaviour. About 100 teenagers were observed in a variety of public places, such as parks and squares. A symbolic interactionist interpretation suggests that teenagers do not automatically break norms in a ‘disorderly’ environment as suggested by the broken windows theory, nor is this behaviour related to feelings of safety or lack thereof. Teenagers attach various symbolic meanings to litter and littering behaviour as these relate to their desired public identity. These results challenge the notion that litter is a reliable indicator of the experience of public safety, and calls for greater integration of symbolic interactionism within studies using the broken windows theory.


Dr. Thaddeus Müller
Dr. T. Müller is verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, muller@frg.eur.nl.
Artikel

What Works en What goes Wrong?

Over evidence-based beleid in de dagelijkse praktijk

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2011
Auteurs M. van Ooyen-Houben, C.N. Nas en J. Mulder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands a system of evidence-based interventions was set up, in which only behavioural interventions which meet the scientifically proven ‘What Works’ criteria can be applied to well-defined categories of offenders. An accreditation commission was installed by the ministry of Security and Justice to test behavioural interventions. One of the crucial elements of this evidence-based policy is that the interventions are carried out according to protocol and are applied to the target group by well-trained personnel. This, however, is a problem in practice. Reasons for the low intervention integrity lie among others in lack of support and lead in the organisation and low inflow of participants. The integrity problems pose a risk to the effectiveness of behavioural interventions. Literature suggests that a 100% compliance to protocols might be necessary nor desirable. Causes that lie in the organisation could be improved and the implementation process could be given some more time. Evidence-based policy is not that easy to carry out in daily practice. The future will show whether the goal of a reduction of criminal recidivism will be realized.


M. van Ooyen-Houben
Dr. Marianne van Ooyen-Houben is werkzaam bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie. Zij is tevens verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam/Criminologie en Maastricht University/Top Institute for Evidence Based Education Research.

C.N. Nas
Dr. Coralijn Nas is werkzaam bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

J. Mulder
Dr. Juul Mulder is werkzaam bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.
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