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Artikel

Conferencing internationaal: vaker toegepast dan gedacht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2013
Trefwoorden Conferencing, Internationale toepassing
Auteurs Estelle Zinsstag en Inge Vanfraechem
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Conferencing is a restorative justice practice which has started developing quite consistently since the 1990s, in majority in Anglophone countries such as New Zealand, Australia, the USA, Canada or the UK and in particular with consistently promising results for juvenile justice in Northern Ireland. Some continental European, Latin American and African countries are also starting to introduce this alternative to traditional criminal justice, especially in the case of juvenile justice, with some equally promising results. This article presents up-to-date information about the state of conferencing in the world and discusses some of the major conclusions that have come out of a European research project and book.


Estelle Zinsstag
Estelle Zinsstag is senior onderzoeker aan het KU Leuven Instituut voor Criminologie (België) en coördineert een EC Daphne project rond seksueel geweld en herstelrecht. Ze is managing editor van Restorative Justice: An International Journal.

Inge Vanfraechem
Inge Vanfraechem is senior onderzoeker aan het KU Leuven Instituut voor Criminologie (België) en manager van een Europees FP7 project rond herstelrecht en interculturele conflicten.
Artikel

Samen beslissen over je eigen omgeving.

Wijkbewoners aan zet met een Eigen Kracht-conferentie voor groep, wijk of buurt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2013
Auteurs Hilleke Crum
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Eigen Kracht Centrale is striving for a society based on participation and mutual self reliance of citizens, where citizens remain in charge of their own life, especially when dealing with organizations and government bodies. It is important, in the Eigen Kracht Centrale vision, that everyone is part of society and everyone can participate, everyone has a say and remains in charge of his or her own life, everyone gets support from their own social network: family, friends, neighbors, etc.
    Especially when problems arise that might lead to involvement of various (social care) institutions.
    To implement this vision in daily life, the Eigen Kracht Centrale has introduced the Family Group-conference as a decision making model. This model appears to be effective for citizens to make their own plans. When given responsibility for the situation and the solution, citizens, in every situation thinkable, create, according to themselves and professionals as well, save and creative plans that fit.
    In this article the FG-c for a group, district or neighbourhood is discussed and is illustrated by real life examples. Even when people don’t know each other, they can make a plan to solve conflicts in their street or neighbourhood: they all have a strong interest in living in safe, comfortable surroundings. Although the experience with this variant of FGC is limited in The Netherlands: what are they, what lessons can be learned?


Hilleke Crum
Hilleke Crum is regiomanager Eigen Kracht Centrale Noord-Holland en redacteur van dit tijdschrift.

    In various neighbourhoods in Amsterdam tensions between their inhabitants are felt. Inhabitants are irritated by the behaviour of youths, polluted streets and nuisance from their neighbours. They are incapable or do not dare to address each other about this and to solve their problems by themselves. Instead they look towards the authorities for help, which are dealing with insufficient capacity. As a consequence it is getting harder and harder to address and correct each other. Small problems and conflicts develop into big and complex issues.
    Amsterdam authorities use various policy tools, pointed at both increasing its own decisiveness and credibility and at mobilizing civilians. Those policies are the Bully-approach, Neighbourhood Safety Teams, Self-protective Neighbourhoods and stimulation of civic initiatives. The reality is stubborn, but also shows bottom-up examples which function succesfully and independently from government approaches and programs. In these examples civic force plays an important role.
    These examples, knowledge and persons who play key roles can be brought together and are useful in the search for solutions of problems in other situations. This is most effective when civilians attack issues and are integrated with worthy instruments from the authorities. This will gradually enable a reconstruction of the current system and a social reacquisition of neighbourhoods. In this social ‘football ‘ team civilians would be the strikers, backed up by a strong and professional governmental midfield. This article consecutively defines the current problem, regards the governmental instruments, bottom-up initiatives. It ends up with the suggestion for the construction of a good teamplay between policy tools en bottom up initiatives.


Piet van Diepen
Piet van Diepen is mede-initiator van Wikistad, dat bijdraagt aan een maatschappij waar Eigen Kracht en Burgerkracht het uitgangspunt is bij de aanpak van problemen en de overheid aansluit. Als professionele onderzoeker, conceptontwikkelaar en burger combineert hij kennis op onder meer het gebied van veiligheid en armoedebestrijding met deze doelstelling.

    Since 2001 Family Group Conferences are being organised in the Netherlands, and in Flanders since 2006. The Eigen Kracht Centrale, the Dutch forum organising Family Group Conferences, supported in 2011 research into the economic potential of Family Group Conferences, particularly in multi problem families. The results of the research are promising, meaning that Family Group Conferences may contribute to savings of costs for youth care.


Annie de Roo
Mr. dr. Annie de Roo is verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en mediator.
Artikel

Maatschappelijke integratie: variëren op het thema

Een reactie op Maria Bouverne-De Bie & Rudi Roose en Lode Walgrave

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 4 2010
Trefwoorden restorative justice, social work, reintegration, structural problems
Auteurs Jan van Lieshout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author, reflecting upon both Bouverne-De Bie & Roose and Walgrave, deplores to some degree the fact that the Journal for Restorative Justice, from its foundation, has narrowed its focus and scope by making it a priority to attempt to influence the criminal justice system. Most of the conflicts and troubles between citizens never reach the criminal agencies and are dealt with by other methods, such as methods of social work, without approaching the police. The potential scope for influencing conflict-behavior is therefore immensely greater outside the sphere of the criminal law.


Jan van Lieshout
Jan van Lieshout is journalist en betrokken bij de Eigen Kracht Centrale te Zwolle.

    The author notes that the growth of restorative justice practices seems to be hampered by the consequences of the effective socialization into the ‘penal equation’ that presents punishment as the necessary consequence of criminal offending. Upbringing in a different conflict-culture may be a fundamental condition for creating more room for restorative justice in the formal sphere of criminal justice. The need for a different socialization is also noted and discussed in the movement for human rights and has resulted in an Action Plan for human rights education of UNESCO in 2005. A satisfactory implementation of this action plan seems to be absent in the Netherlands today and methods of human rights education do not refer at all to the potentials of restorative practices such as peer mediation in schools. On the other hand, authors in restorative justice do not often refer to human rights and how they are promoted. The author claims that it is plausible that making ample room for peer mediation and conferencing in schools can be an effective way, not only to address offending conduct that often implies a breach of basic human rights – the most basic values therein being human dignity and equality – but also to make new generations aware of the meaning of human rights in their daily interactions and the qualities of their own social life.


John Blad
John Blad is als hoofddocent Strafrechtswetenschappen verbonden aan de capaciteitsgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en hoofdredacteur van dit tijdschrift.
Artikel

Veerkracht. Van concept naar praktijk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2008
Trefwoorden kind, tussenkomst, hulpverlener, leerling, stichting, enquête, ouders, gevonden goed, herstel, verspreiding
Auteurs H. te Brake, M. van der Post en A. Ruijter

H. te Brake

M. van der Post

A. Ruijter
Artikel

Verhuld vermogensrecht: Korte signalering van zes andere dissertaties uit 2004, in het bijzonder op het terrein van het vennootschaps- en rechtspersonenrecht, waarin het vermogensrecht ook betekenis heeft

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 1 2005
Trefwoorden vermogensrecht, pensioenfonds, overeenkomst, pandrecht, auteur, bestuurder, pensioenovereenkomst, recht van vruchtgebruik, aandeel, conversie
Auteurs B. Wessels

B. Wessels
Artikel

Herstelrecht in de Nederlandse school: een democratische oefenplaats?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 02 2008
Trefwoorden Leerling, Onderwijs, Kind, Ouders, Delinquent, Slachtoffer, Herstel, Mes, Registratie, Voortgezet onderwijs
Auteurs Lieshout, J. van

Lieshout, J. van
Artikel

Injectie voor burgerschap

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 03 2006
Trefwoorden Aansprakelijkheid, Model, Hulpverlener, Kind, Bestuurder, Herstel, Ministerie van volksgezondheid, welzijn en sport, Gemeente, Geweld, Wetgeving
Auteurs Pagée, R. van en Lieshout, J. van

Pagée, R. van

Lieshout, J. van
Artikel

Herstelrecht en subsidiariteit van strafrecht: Een pleidooi voor herstelrecht als operationalisering van subsidiariteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 02 2005
Trefwoorden Strafrecht, Delinquent, Strafbaar feit, Slachtoffer, Binding, Mediation, Verlies, Openbaar ministerie, Subsidiariteitsbeginsel, Delictstype, Strafrecht, Delinquent, Strafbaar feit, Slachtoffer, Binding, Mediation, Verlies, Openbaar ministerie, Subsidiariteitsbeginsel, Delictstype
Auteurs Blad, J.

Blad, J.
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