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Artikel

Criminele bendes of hardwerkende arbeidsmigranten?

Het mediadiscours ten aanzien van Midden- en Oost-Europeanen in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Midden- en Oost-Europeanen, media discoursanalyse, interviews, verhard klimaat
Auteurs Flore van Rosmalen BSc en Anne van Es BSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The population of Central and East European immigrants in the Netherlands has increased following the eastward expansion of the European Union. Over the past years, a lot of media and political attention seems to focus on problems with crime and disorder relating to this immigrant group. This article describes a two-step study on this matter. First, by undertaking a media discourse analysis, we assess to what extent we can speak of a ‘hardened climate’ regarding Central and East Europeans in the Netherlands between 2007 and 2013. Second, we have conducted qualitative interviews with Central and East Europeans in the Netherlands, to explore their perceptions of the Dutch media and political discourse. The results show that this group is often connected with crime and disorder in the media, and that many of our respondents experience this negative framing. Dangers of this trend regarding feelings of discrimination, scapegoating, and self-fulfilling prophecies, are discussed.


Flore van Rosmalen BSc
Flore van Rosmalen BSc is masterstudent Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden en student-assistent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden.

Anne van Es BSc
Anne van Es BSc is masterstudent Criminal Justice aan de Universiteit Leiden en student-assistent aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie, Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open Racial Profiling and the Presumption of Innocence

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden racial profiling, stop-and-frisk, presumption of innocence, communicative theories of criminal law, social inequality and criminal law
Auteurs Peter DeAngelis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    I argue that a compelling way to articulate what is wrong with racial profiling in policing is to view racial profiling as a violation of the presumption of innocence. I discuss the communicative nature of the presumption of innocence as an expression of social trust and a protection against the social condemnation of being undeservingly investigated, prosecuted, and convicted for committing a crime. I argue that, given its communicative dimension, failures to extend the presumption of innocence are an expression of disrespect. I take the New York Police Department’s stop-and-frisk policy as an example of racial profiling and argue that its use of race-based forms of suspicion as reasons for making stops is a violation of the presumption of innocence. I maintain that this systemic failure to extend the presumption of innocence to profiled groups reveals the essentially disrespectful nature of the NYPD policy.


Peter DeAngelis
Peter DeAngelis is Ph.D. Candidate in Philosophy at Villanova University.
Artikel

Access_open What Makes Age Discrimination Special? A Philosophical Look at the ECJ Case Law

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden age discrimination, intergenerational justice, complete-life view, statistical discrimination, anti-discrimination law
Auteurs Axel Gosseries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper provides an account of what makes age discrimination special, going through a set of possible justifications. In the end, it turns out that a full understanding of the specialness of age-based differential treatment requires that we consider together the ‘reliable proxy,’ the ‘complete-life neutrality,’ the ‘sequence efficiency’ and the ‘affirmative egalitarian’ accounts. Depending on the specific age criteria, all four accounts may apply or only some of them. This is the first key message of this paper. The second message of the paper has to do with the age group/birth cohort distinction. All measures that have a differential impact on different cohorts also tend to have a differential impact on various age groups during the transition. The paper points at the practical implications of anti-age-discrimination law for differential treatment between birth cohorts. The whole argument is confronted all along with ECJ cases.


Axel Gosseries
Axel Gosseries is a permanent research fellow at the Belgian FRS-FNRS and a Professor at the University of Louvain (UCL, Belgium) where he is based at the Hoover Chair in Economic and Social Ethics.
Artikel

‘Staring at the felony forest’

De complexiteit van risicoprofilering nader in kaart gebracht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2014
Trefwoorden profileren, discretionaire bevoegdheden, etniciteit, selectie
Auteurs Tim Dekkers MSc en Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the debate around police profiling has been rather low key – until recently. Now it has turned into a heated discussion with a clear focus on ethnic profiling. This extensive international literature review aims to show that there is more to profiling than just ethnicity. Factors such as behavior and the vehicle someone is driving can be just as important as a person’s looks. The results of this study put profiling in perspective and level the playing field of the debate, in which the side of the organizations using profiling has not gotten enough attention until now.


Tim Dekkers MSc
Tim Dekkers MSc is junior onderzoeker bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude ishoofddocent Straf- en strafprocesrecht aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie te Leiden. Zij is tevens redactielid van PROCES.
Artikel

Voor en na Mabo. Rechtsontwikkeling in Australië

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Legal anthropology, legal culture, Australian indigenous people, Aboriginal law, High Court of Australia
Auteurs Agnes Schreiner
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Important legal developments are often credited to court decisions. This contribution will firstly discuss the Australian High Court decision in the Mabo case as such. The legal implications of a decision are often emphasised, instead of the actual persons who started the case, as Dutch sociological research has shown. The article will secondly state that in the Mabo case the person Eddy Mabo and his Aboriginal companions were a lot more important. Not that one has to solely think of him and his clansmen as political activists who go to court to change the legal order. The analysis will show that Eddie Mabo c.s. represent a legal culture in its own right. That legal culture has a far much longer history than the two centuries of Anglo-Australian common law. Mabo came to the fore as someone who was entitled by Aboriginal law to bear witness of Aboriginal law. The fact that an Aboriginal actor as such is the pure actuality of law is hardly recognised by the Anglo-Australian legal culture.


Agnes Schreiner
Agnes Schreiner is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de Afdeling Algemene Rechtsleer, sectie Rechtssociologie, van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij verzorgt onder meer het keuzevak Rechtsantropologie en het masterkeuzevak Anthropology of European Private Law. In 1990 promoveerde ze op Roem van het recht. Haar bijzondere belangstelling gaat uit naar recht & cultuur, recht & media, recht & ritueel, recht & semiotiek. Ze publiceerde onlangs eveneens over Australië: How Law Manifests Itself in Australian Aboriginal Art (2013).
Artikel

Discriminatie van transgenders door politie en justitie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2013
Trefwoorden transgender discrimination, violence against transgender, justice, police treatment, equal rights
Auteurs I. Pohlkamp
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While reflecting on gender issues transgender persons and their issues are often neglected. Government institutions on various levels don’t know how to handle their gender nonconformity as neither male nor female. Also they are often targets of inappropriate police and judicial measures. Transgender persons are often sceptical and cautious when interacting with those professionals: a fair and respectful treatment is not to be expected. In this article the author takes on to explore this blind spot. She presents the results of a survey on the transgender discrimination and violence by police and judicial institutions in Germany. The author points out that this is a result of the ongoing structural discrimination of gender non-conform persons in a binary gender system. This topic is part of her PhD thesis on the experience of discrimination and violence of gender non-conform persons in general. Her qualitative study is based on narrative interviews and a group discussion with gender non-conform persons in Germany.


I. Pohlkamp
Ines Pohlkamp MSc promoveert aan de universiteit van Hamburg op seksueel non-conforme vijandige discriminatie en geweld. Zij is verbonden aan het Gender Instituut in Bremen. Contact: pohlkamp@genderinstitut-bremen.de.
Artikel

Herken de homo

Over het beoordelen van de geloofwaardigheid van seksuele gerichtheid in asielzaken

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2013
Trefwoorden asylum, homophobia, refugees, LHBT asylum seekers, refoulement
Auteurs S. Jansen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the way in which a stated lesbian, gay or bisexual orientation or (trans)gender identity can be assessed in asylum cases. Recently, the Dutch Council of State sought guidance from the European Court of Justice on this topic. Decisions in which an asylum claim is rejected, because the stated sexual orientation is not considered credible, are often based on stereotypes regarding LGBTs, as the ‘Fleeing homophobia’ research has shown. Illustrated by Dutch examples of stereotypical reasoning, the author elaborates on the pitfalls that should be avoided. She concludes that, as sexual orientation is an extremely personal characteristic, it is in fact not possible to assess someone else’s sexual orientation. Therefore asylum authorities should not try to develop their ‘gaydar’, but should rely on the self-identification of the asylum seeker instead.


S. Jansen
Mr. Sabine Jansen is werkzaam bij het COC in Amsterdam.
Artikel

De Commissie-Hongarijeconfrontatie

Van vervroegd pensioen, leeftijdsdiscriminatie en rechterlijke onafhankelijkheid

Tijdschrift Nederlands tijdschrift voor Europees recht, Aflevering 6 2013
Trefwoorden Richtlijn 2000/78/EG, leeftijdsdiscriminatie, rechterlijke onafhankelijkheid, inbreukprocedure, EU-Handvest van de Grondrechten
Auteurs Prof. dr. H. de Waele
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Sinds de verkiezingsoverwinning van Viktor Orbán in 2010 heeft Hongarije in rap tempo een constitutionele metamorfose ondergaan. Op 1 januari 2012 trad een geheel nieuwe grondwet in werking, die vergezeld ging van een nieuwe regeling met betrekking tot de verplichte pensioenleeftijd voor rechters, officieren van justitie en notarissen. Die leeftijd werd abrupt verlaagd van 70 naar 62, zodat er met terugwerkende kracht een hele generatie magistraten aan de kant kon worden geschoven. De Europese Commissie startte nog datzelfde jaar een inbreukprocedure, die eind vorig jaar uitmondde in een veroordeling van Hongarije door het Hof van Justitie. Deze casus is met name saillant vanwege de tweeslachtige benadering van de Commissie enerzijds, en het kordate, maar enigszins elliptische oordeel van het Hof van Justitie anderzijds. Hoe dan ook voegt het arrest een nieuw hoofdstuk toe aan de groeiende hoeveelheid jurisprudentie over leeftijdsdiscriminatie in het EU-recht, en de kaderrichtlijn gelijke behandeling bij de arbeid.
    HvJ EU 6 november 20120, zaak C-286/12, Commissie/Hongarije, n.n.g.


Prof. dr. H. de Waele
Prof. dr. H. de Waele is Universitair hoofddocent Europees recht aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en gastprofessor Europees institutioneel recht aan de Universiteit Antwerpen.
Artikel

De Nederlandse veiligheidscultuur als katalysator voor etnisch profileren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden ethnic profiling, policing, culture of control, stereotyping
Auteurs Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the past couple of decades, the Netherlands unmistakably has developed into a Garlandian style culture of control. A distinct feature of this Dutch culture of control is the increasing interconnectedness between crime and migration in both public and political discourse. As a result of the growing urge to control potential dangerous others, various stop & search powers have been implemented. Besides by their proactive nature, these powers are defined by the fact that they give a fair amount of discretion to individual police officers in deciding who to stop. In this article, while drawing on criminological, sociological and social psychological literature on stereotyping and the rise of a crime complex, the authors will argue that the structural and cultural changes fuelling the emergence of a the typical Dutch culture of control might also affect the individual choices made by police officers in such a way that it fosters ethnic profiling.


Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude is universitair docent criminologie en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Email: m.a.h.vanderwoude@law.leidenuniv.nl

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Email: j.p.vanderleun@law.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Access_open Through the Looking Glass of Global Constitutionalism and Global Administrative Law

Different Stories About the Crisis in Global Water Governance?

Tijdschrift Erasmus Law Review, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden global water governance, global constitutionalism, global administrative law, water crisis, integrated water resources management
Auteurs Mónika Ambrus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In addition to (or sometimes rather than primarily) attributing it to water scarcity, water crisis has been described as a ‘crisis of governance’; with the word ‘crisis’ also indicating that water governance lacks (full) legitimacy. The article undertakes the task to analyse the current status of global water governance (GWG) from the perspective of two competing theories relating to the legitimacy of global governance, namely global constitutionalism (GC) and global administrative law (GAL). Having mapped the current legal framework of GWG from these two perspectives, it is discussed how these theories might shape GWG and how this shaping could contribute to solving the water crisis. In addition, it is also explored whether reading one of the most accepted proposals for legitimising global water governance, the concept of ‘integrated water resources management’ (IWRM), through the lenses of either GC or GAL would have an impact on how this concept is interpreted, and whether it can be a useful mechanism to address the water crisis. The use of two theories analysing the same subject matter provides interesting insights into global water governance and the nature of the water crisis as well as the relationship between these two theories.


Mónika Ambrus
Assistant professor of public international law at the Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus University Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open De staat als ‘neutral organiser of religions’?

Een analyse van de rechtspraak van het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens (I)

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden religie, godsdienstvrijheid, EVRM, secularisme, neutraliteit, Europees Hof voor de rechten van de mens
Auteurs Sophie van Bijsterveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2001 the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) regularly applies the normative characterization of the state as a ‘neutral and impartial organiser of religions’ in its cases. This qualification has no explicit basis in the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Where does it come from, how does the ECtHR understand this, in which type of cases does the ECtHR use it and with which result? This essay analyses the use of this qualification by the ECtHR and aims to provide an answer to these questions. It asserts that the qualification of the state as ‘neutral and impartial organiser of religions’ is an inadequate standard and examines wether it may harbor other normative dimensions that are important in the relation between state and religion. After introducing the first case in which the ECtHR used this qualification, the first part deals with cases concerning conflicts within and between churches, equal treatment of religious groups in multi-tiered church and state systems, and pupils in public schools wearing religious garb. The second part will appear in the next issue of this Journal and continues with an analysis of cases concerning the place of religion in education, and various alleged interferences of religious liberty. It concludes with a reflection on the use by the ECtHR of the qualification of the state as ‘neutral and impartial organizer of religious’.


Sophie van Bijsterveld
Prof. dr. S.C. van Bijsterveld is bijzonder hoogleraar Religie, rechtsstaat en samenleving aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Zij is redactielid van het Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid. s.c.vbijsterveld@uvt.nl.
Artikel

Registratie bij staandehouding en preventief fouilleren in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2012
Trefwoorden racial profiling, stop and search forms, police powers, stigmatization
Auteurs BSc. Yannick van Eijk, BSc. Roel Holman en BSc. Linde Lamboo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the desirability of implementing a registration system as a means of control on the discretionary space in police powers of stop and search. Firstly, the legal background concerning these powers is sketched, and the discretionary space therein is highlighted. This is then placed within the current social context in the Netherlands. Finally, the desirability of implementing a registration system in the Netherlands will be discussed by analyzing a similar system that has been implemented in the UK. We conclude that implementing a registration system is an essential step in coming closer to a solution for ethnic profiling.


BSc. Yannick van Eijk
Yannick van Eijk BSc. is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

BSc. Roel Holman
Roel Holman BSc. studeerde Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

BSc. Linde Lamboo
Linde Lamboo studeert Culturele Antropologie & Ontwikkelingssociologie aan de Universiteit Leiden
Artikel

Access_open Exciting Times for Legal Scholarship

Tijdschrift Law and Method, 2012
Trefwoorden legal methodology, law as an academic discipline, ‘law and …’-movements, legal theory, innovative and multiform legal scholarship
Auteurs Jan Vranken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Until recently, legal-dogmatic research stood at the undisputed pinnacle of legal scientific research. The last few years saw increasing criticism, both nationally and internationally, levelled at this type of research or at its dominant role. Some see this as a crisis in legal scholarship, but a closer look reveals a great need for facts, common sense, and nuance. Critics usually base their calls for innovation on a one-dimensional and flawed image of legal-dogmatic research. In this article, the author subsequently addresses the various critical opinions themselves and provide an overview of the innovations that are proposed. He concludes that there are a lot of efforts to innovate legal scholarship, and that the field is more multiform than ever, which is a wonderful and unprecedented state of affairs. This multiformity should be cherished and given plenty of room to develop and grow, because most innovative movements are still fledgling and need time, sometimes a lot of time, to increase in quality. It would be a shame to nip them in the bud now, merely because they are still finding their way. In turn, none of these innovative movements have cause to disqualify legal-dogmatic research, as sometimes happens (implicitly), by first creating a straw-man version of the field and then dismissing it as uninteresting or worse. That only polarises the discussion and gains us nothing. Progress can only be achieved through cooperation, with an open mind towards different types of legal research and a willingness to accept a critical approach towards their development. In the end, the only criterion that matters is quality. All types of research are principally subject to the same quality standards. The author provides some clarification regarding these standards as well.


Jan Vranken
Jan Vranken is hoogleraar Methodologie van het privaatrecht aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

De bestrijding van etnische discriminatie: van speerpunt tot non-issue?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2012
Trefwoorden discrimination, ethnicity, antidiscrimination policy in the Netherlands, human rights, right-wing extremism
Auteurs R. Witte en M.P.C. Scheepmaker
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article presents an overview of various measures, initiatives and developments regarding to the fight against discrimination in the Netherlands since 1971. It also gives a short overview of relevant international treaties on discrimination and the obligations for the parties involved. The political and societal attention for combating discrimination has decreased in recent years. There is a tendency to deny that discrimination is a real problem. Also the tone of voice in the public debate on integration of ethnic minorities has hardened. Nowadays, antidiscrimination policies and initiatives take place at the local level and state involvement is limited to facilitating support. The registration of discrimination complaints continues to be a problem and minor progress has been made in the last twenty years.


R. Witte
Dr. Rob Witte is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan IVA Beleidsonderzoek & Advies te Tilburg.

M.P.C. Scheepmaker
Mr. Marit Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Gekleurde ideeën

Gedachten achter het streven naar diversiteit bij de Nederlandse politie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2012
Trefwoorden police, police personnel, recruitment policy, multi-ethnic society, discrimination
Auteurs J. Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch police has a long tradition regarding the development of diversity policies. Although these policies also deal with issues concerning gender, (homo)sexuality, the position of the elderly and chronically ill or invalid employees, this contribution mainly focusses on diversity regarding the ethnic background of police officers and particular aspects of crime and safety within Dutch multi-ethnic society. First of all a brief historical (1950s till present) overview is presented of ideas and projects regarding this aspect of diversity. Furthermore a shift in focus is presented: diversity used to be a social issue and nowadays it is understood as a business issue. The difference between these two is explained and discussed. Finally some suggestions are made concerning future research.


J. Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek bij het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nederlandse politie. Daarnaast is zij verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Mijn en dijn in het huwelijk

Een Europese oplossing ook voor Nederland?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift Erfrecht, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden Europees eenvormig huwelijksvermogensrecht, internationaal huwelijksvermogens- en erfrecht, rechtsvergelijkend huwelijksvermogens- en erfrecht
Auteurs Prof. mr. A.L.G.A. Stille
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 4 februari 2010 is tussen de Bondsrepubliek Duitsland en de Franse Republiek een overeenkomst gesloten, waarin aan (aanstaande) gehuwden de mogelijkheid wordt geboden om het keuzestelsel van de Wahl-Zugewinngemeinschaft of de régime matrimonial optionnel de la participation aux acquêts als huwelijksvermogensstelsel te kiezen. In dit opstel wordt dit nieuwe stelsel inhoudelijk besproken. Ook de ermee verbonden erfrechtelijke regelingen naar Duits, Frans en Nederlands recht komen kort aan de orde. De auteur stelt dat dit stelsel mogelijk in de plaats van het huidige Nederlandse stelsel van de wettelijke gemeenschap van goederen kan komen en doet suggesties voor nader onderzoek.


Prof. mr. A.L.G.A. Stille
A.L.G.A. Stille was verbonden aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam (zie noot 1), alwaar hij bij de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid nog steeds gastvrijheid geniet; hij was voorts directeur van de Stichting Internationaal Juridisch Instituut te ’s-Gravenhage en vicepresident van het gerechtshof te ’s-Gravenhage; thans is hij in dat hof raadsheer.

    Met het juridisch bindend worden van het Handvest van de Grondrechten van de Europese Unie bestaat er in het recht van de Europese Unie een nieuwe verplichting om grondrechten te eerbiedigen. De duidelijkheid wanneer justitiabelen daadwerkelijk in rechte een beroep op het Handvest kunnen doen, laat echter nog te wensen over. Deze bijdrage bespreekt te maken keuzes en gaat in op daaraan ten grondslag liggende overwegingen en mogelijke consequenties.


Mr. T. Nauta
Mr. T. Nauta is werkzaam bij het ministerie van Buitenlandse Zaken, Directie Juridische Zaken, afdeling Europees recht.
Artikel

Door een gekleurde bril?

Bespreking van een verkennend onderzoek naar de percepties en ervaringen van allochtone en autochtone jongeren ten aanzien van oneigenlijk selectief politiewerk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2011
Trefwoorden racial profiling, actuarial justice, discretionairy powers, police
Auteurs Mr. dr. drs. Maartje van der Woude, Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun, Fleur van Barneveld e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    By expanding preventive powers, the Dutch criminal justice system is increasingly aimed at detecting risky people and groups as soon as possible. This so-called actuarial justice is accompanied by a great deal of discretionary power in the hands of those who have to enforce the law, bearing the risk that such powers may be carried out (in part) on the basis of generalizations relating to race, ethnicity, religion or nationality instead of on the basis of individual behavior and/or objective evidence. By presenting the results of an exploratory study into the perceptions of minorities with regard to racial profiling, the main conclusion of this article is that there is a clear necessity for further empirical research into this area.


Mr. dr. drs. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude is universitair docent bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Fleur van Barneveld
Fleur van Barneveld is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Yannick van Eijk
Yannick van Eijk is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Roel Holman
Roel Holman is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Madelin Mooijer
Madelin Mooijer is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Citizenship in Transnational Social Spaces

New Ways to Study Socio-legal Boundaries

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Auteurs Thomas Faist
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to establish and evaluate the significance of changing socio-legal boundaries and how these are mirrored in citizenship, cross-border formations of the social and citizenship rules must be discussed. The first part of this paper deals with changes in social boundaries across state borders and presents three generations of transnational studies. Based on this, the second part asks how legal boundaries have changed in the case of dual citizenship and supranational social citizenship. Citizenship is a particularly important issue because it sits at the intersection of social and legal boundaries. There is a growing tolerance toward dual citizenship and the evolution of supranational citizenship, one in which migrants enjoy a transnational life that is supported by the implementation of human rights principles in national constitutions, legislation and in European Union court rulings.


Thomas Faist
Thomas Faist is professor in the Department of Sociology, Bielefeld University. His fields of interest are transnational relations, citizenship, development and migration. He held visiting professorships at Brandeis University, Malmö University and the University of Toronto. Thomas Faist serves on the editorial board of The Sociological Quarterly, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Migration Letters, and South Asian Diaspora. He recently co-edited Migration, Development and Transnationalisation: A Critical Stance (Berghahn 2010), Diaspora and Transnationalism: Concepts, Theories and Methods (Amsterdam University Press 2010) and The Migration Development Nexus: Transnational Perspectives (Palgrave Macmillan 2011).
Artikel

Access_open Islam en gedrag: naar een serieuze onderzoeksagenda voor een serieus vraagstuk?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden Islam, female circumcision, terrorism, academic research
Auteurs Marnix Croes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    If one listens to what the authorities say about matters such as female circumcision and terrorism, Islam has nothing to do with it. These authorities are supported in this opinion by the work of many scientists. A cross section of the Dutch scientific literature on female circumcision and terrorism is discussed here. The upshot is that, regarding female circumcision, the literature is plagued with factual inaccuracies while the question of Islamic terrorism is dealt with in a one-sided and over-simplified way. The article concludes with an alternative research agenda that would help fill the gaps in our knowledge about the role of Islam in the behaviour of Islamic terrorists.


Marnix Croes
Dr. M.T. Croes werkt als onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum van het Minsterie van Veiligheid en Justitie.
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