Zoekresultaat: 21 artikelen

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Artikel

Aantallen civiele rechtszaken in Nederland en elders

Een vergelijking in de tijd en in Europa

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2009
Auteurs E. Niemeijer en C.M. Klein Haarhuis
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Academic perceptions of litigation rates are dispersed: they vary from observations of a ‘litigation explosion’ to empirical accounts of ‘vanishing trials’. In this article the authors study whether civil trials are increasing or vanishing in the Netherlands. To find out, the authors studied trends in the number of civil cases in the Dutch courts. First, they observed developments in the filings as well as the dispositions of civil cases over the past 25 years, taking into account the trial-likeness of the procedures. Second, they put the Dutch figures - including other indicators of legal activity - in a European perspective. The findings show that the number of court cases in the Netherlands is on the rise. This does not automatically imply, however, that the Netherlands are a highly litigious society. ‘Light’ versions of trials are predominant, as is efficiency in the management of cases. Moreover, the number of lawyers and judges is rather small compared to other European countries.


E. Niemeijer
Prof. dr. mr. Bert Niemeijer is werkzaam bij de directie Algemene Justitiële Strategie van het ministerie van Justitie en is tevens als hoogleraar empirische rechtssociologie verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.

C.M. Klein Haarhuis
Dr. Carolien Klein Haarhuis is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.

Wibo van Rossum
Wibo van Rossum (w.vanrossum@uu.nl) is lecturer in legal theory at Utrecht University. He teaches courses in sociology of law, comparative legal cultures, and (at Erasmus University Rotterdam) anthropology of law. He published on the ritual behaviour of Turkish defendants in court, on the religious law and legal procedure of the alevis, on the influence of minority cultures in family and labour law cases, and on legal pluralistic family law among Moroccan immigrants.

Anita Böcker
Anita Böcker (a.bocker@jur.ru.nl) is associate professor at the Institute for Sociology of Law in Nijmegen. Her PhD thesis (Radboud University Nijmegen 1994) dealt with the impact of the Dutch state system of social security on informal social security arrangements within Turkish migrant families and networks. Her current research topics include the social security strategies of older migrants and ethnic diversity in the judiciary in old and new countries of immigration.

    Quality of organization and quality management are different concepts. The CEPEJ report on efficiency and quality of justice refers to a state of affairs. Quality management is a set of planned, reactive and proactive actions to enhance organisation development in order to improve the functioning of an organisation. Based on case studies on quality management in several COE member states, a distinction is suggested between various levels of involvement of a ministry of justice or a council for the judiciary in quality management in the courts and/or the court administration. A restricted comparative analyses suggests that cooperation between courts and a ministry of justice is based on mutual trust, where the ministry of justice does hardly interfere. In most countries, however, interactions between the court organisations and the ministry of justice to enhance quality management are coordinated at the central level.


Ph.M. Langbroek
Prof. mr. dr. Philip Langbroek is als hoogleraar rechtspleging en rechterlijke organisatie verbonden aan het Departement Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Utrecht.

    The notion that animal abuse and domestic violence are related has been existing for centuries. Recent studies in the United States, Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand and the Netherlands report evidence for this relation. In the western world, more than 50% of families have pets. They are often valued as members of the family. It is obvious that pets can be victims of family violence as well. The relation between animal abuse and domestic violence has many manifestations. Abused women reported violence against their pets, reported that their children abused the pets. Abused children, especially severely abused and/or sexually abused children, are more often than other children animal abusers. Animal abuse is often related to other violent behaviour or severe criminal acts later in life. Besides, animal abuse is an early diagnostic marker for psychopathology. Animal abuse is always a signal of a problematic situation. A greater awareness of the possible link between animal abuse and domestic violence could contribute to saving men, women, children and animals from violent situations.


M.J. Enders-Slegers
Dr. Marie-José Enders-Slegers is verbonden aan het departement Klinische en Gezondheidspsychologie van de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

A pilgrim’s progress

A reflection on how the mediation process in Construction has evolved into the hands of the legal profession

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden quantity surveyor, Construction disputes, lawyers
Auteurs Stuart Ness
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    After having explained what the function and role of a quantity surveyor is, the author describes his first acquaintance with mediation in the construction industry. One of his major observations is that ‘we quantity surveyors have been mediating long before mediation was a twinkle in the eyes of the legal fraternity’.


Stuart Ness
Stuart Ness, is a chartered quantity surveyor with extensive experience in international construction claims case management and dispute resolution. He is also an accredited mediator under the auspices of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, London, and is the founding chairman of the Netherlands chapter of the Institute.
Artikel

De aard en omvang van belaging in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden belaging, stalking
Auteurs Suzan van der Aa en Antony Pemberton
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over nine years after the enactment of the Dutch anti-stalking provision there are still no figures detailing the prevalence of stalking in the Netherlands. This article aims to estimate the prevalence and nature of this form of victimization within the Dutch population. In order to generate these findings the results of the national Police Monitor of 2001 were analysed. Of the 88,607 respondents 24 percent reported a lifetime rate of stalking victimization and for 1.2 to 3.1 percent of the respondents the harassment had begun in the 12 months previous to the study. With almost one in three women (28.6%) and almost one in five men (19.2%), women were significantly more likely to report having been stalked at some time during their lives. In line with previous research age was significantly related to life-time stalking with younger people having greater odds of reporting victimization. (Cor)relations were furthermore found between stalking and having a job, being originally of another than the Dutch nationality and education. But, apart from gender, the odds ratios for those socio-demographic variables were only very small. In most cases (65.6%) the stalker only used one method of harassment with unwanted telephone calls being the method that appeared most in isolation (65.7%). 59.1% of the victims indicated that they felt threatened because of the repetitive harassment. A remarkable finding was that in over 56 percent of the cases the identity of the stalker was unknown.


Suzan van der Aa
Suzan van der Aa is promovenda en onderzoeker bij het International Victimology Institute (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg. Postadres: Warandelaan 2, 5000 LE Tilburg. E-mail: s.vdraa@uvt.nl.

Antony Pemberton
Antony Pemberton is senior-onderzoeker en projectleider bij het International Victimology Institute (INTERVICT) van de Universiteit van Tilburg. E-mail: a.pemberton@uvt.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Het normatieve karakter van de rechtswetenschap: recht als oordeel

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden legal theory, science, methodology, normativity, knowledge
Auteurs Prof. mr. Carel Smith
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Propositions of law are based upon normative judgement. The interpretation and application of legal provisions rest upon a judgement that determines which weight must be attributed to some point of view or perspective. In this respect, legal theory has a normative character. Its normative character does not preclude legal theory from being a scientific discipline. The scientific character of legal theory is not located in the possibility of testing the correctness of its theories. Rather, legal theory owes it scientific character to the shared standards of production and evaluation of legal arguments: the grammar of justice.


Prof. mr. Carel Smith
Carel Smith is associate professor at the Department of Metajuridica, Faculty of Law, Leiden University.
Artikel

Juridische aspecten in het debat rondom staatsfondsen

Tijdschrift Onderneming en Financiering, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden Staatsfondsen, sovereign, wealth funds,, transparantie, beleggingen staatsfondsen
Auteurs Mr. J.S. Hament
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Staatsfondsen vormen onderwerp van een intensiverend debat. In dit artikel staat de vraag centraal of de bestaande wet- en regelgeving de bestaande zorgen rondom staatsfondsen (voldoende) wegnemen. Voor een goed begrip worden allereerst stilgestaan bij staatsfondsen en hun economische implicaties. Vervolgens worden de voornamelijk in het westen bestaande zorgen jegens staatsfondsen nader besproken. Daarna wordt onderzocht op welke wijze Nederland – maar ook andere landen – strategische sectoren tracht te beschermen tegen onwenselijke investeerders. Ook wordt gekeken op welke wijze door middel van regelgeving tegemoet wordt gekomen aan de behoefte aan meer transparantie bij staatsfondsen.


Mr. J.S. Hament
Mr. J.S. Hament is werkzaam als bedrijfsjurist bij ING. Tevens werkt hij aan een proefschrift over staatsfondsen aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Kartelhandhaving door de Europese Commissie in crisistijd: business as usual?

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 6 2009
Trefwoorden Kartelhandhaving, Crisiskartel, Boetevermindering, betalingsmodaliteit
Auteurs Mr. drs H.C.L. Hobbelen en Mr. V. Mussche
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel bevat een analyse van het kartelbeleid van de Commissie en arresten van het Gerecht van Eerste Aanleg en het Hof van Justitie van de Europese Gemeenschappen ten tijde van eerdere economische crisissituaties. In het bijzonder de volgende aspecten komen aan bod: (1) recente uitspraken van mededingingsautoriteiten over het kartelbeleid in de economische crisis; (2) hoe werden crisiskartels eerder beoordeeld onder artikel 81 van het EG-Verdrag; (3) werden in het verleden, en zo ja, onder welke omstandigheden, ‘crisiskortingen’ op kartelboetes toegestaan?; en (4) biedt het beleid van de Commissie met betrekking tot betalingsmodaliteiten van de boete ademruimte voor ondernemingen in moeilijkheden?


Mr. drs H.C.L. Hobbelen
Mr. drs. H.C.L. Hobbelen is advocaat bij Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer.

Mr. V. Mussche
Mr. V. Mussche is advocaat bij Freshfields Bruckhaus Deringer.
Artikel

Flex BV and MoMiG – Revising the law of limited liability companies in the Netherlands and Germany

Tijdschrift Vennootschap & Onderneming, Aflevering 9 2009
Trefwoorden limited liability, Flex BV, MoMig, BV, GmbH
Auteurs Mrs. C.E. Grundmeier, LL.M.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the light of the ECJ case law on the freedom of establishment, both the Dutch and German governments have recently launched legislative proposals that are designed to revamp their national limited liability companies. This gives reason to take a closer look at the Dutch and German approach regarding some important issues for investors, namely minimum capital, non-voting and non-profit participating shares and shareholder instruction rights.


Mrs. C.E. Grundmeier, LL.M.
Mrs. C.E. Grundmeier, LL.M. is working as a trainee at Clifford Chance. The author would like to thank J.A. Lazell and T.P. van Duuren for their contributions to this article.
Artikel

Access_open Morality Incorporated? Some Peculiarities of Legal Thinking

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden responsibility, accountability, imputation, liability
Auteurs prof. Bert van Roermund en prof. Jan Vranken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Responsibility disappears into the background of private law as it deals with imputation of liability. Fitness to be held liable is determined by normative viewpoints different from moral ones, in particular by convictions on how society ought to be organized so as to avoid or end conflict between private citizens. Modes of discursive control are geared to making authoritative decisions in view of the same end, and corporate agency is created, restricted or enlarged to undercut or to impose individual liability.


prof. Bert van Roermund
Bert Van Roermund is Professor of Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy of Tilburg University.

prof. Jan Vranken
Jan Vranken is Professor of Private Law at the Faculty of Law of Tilburg University and former Advocate General at the Dutch Supreme Court.
Artikel

Access_open Collective Responsibility, National Peoples, and the International Order

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden collective responsibility, international legitimacy, global justice
Auteurs prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper critically scrutinizes Pettit’s defence of corporate and collective responsibility in the light three questions. First, does Pettit successfully argue the passage from corporate responsibility to the responsibility of embryonic group agents, in particular nations? Second, are representation and the authorial and editorial dimensions of democratic control sufficient to ensure that a state is under the effective and equally shared control of its citizens? Third, what kind of international order is required to prevent states from being dominated?


prof. Ronald Tinnevelt
Ronald Tinnevelt is Associate Professor of Legal Philosophy at the Faculty of Law of the Radboud University Nijmegen.
Artikel

Case study: the international CSR conflict and mediation

Supply-chain responsibility: western customers and the Indian textile industry

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden corporate social responsibility, international CSR conflicts, supply-chain responsibility, CSR
Auteurs Tineke Lambooy
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2008, Ruud Lubbers led a mediation process to resolve the conflicts which had arisen between two Dutch campaigning organisations, various Indian non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and labour unions, two Dutch internet providers, an Indian clothing producer and a Dutch jeans brand. The mediation took place at the request of the disagreeing parties and the Dutch and Indian governments. The conflict related to corporate social responsibility (CSR) standards followed by the textile companies.In this contribution the effects of campaigning and litigating in issues concerning CSR will be examined. Limiting the analysis to CSR conflicts in the textile industry, the author will reflect on these new types of international conflicts in a globalising world and will share her view on appropriate ways to avoid them or, ultimately, to (re)mediate them if necessary.This contribution informs the reader about the events in India and the Netherlands which led to the escalation of the conflict. It provides an overview of the conflict resolution procedures and elaborates on the outcome of the ‘Lubbers Mediation’. The applicable legal and soft law labour standards are compared as well as the parties’ communication strategies. Lastly, this case is contrasted with other CSR conflicts in the textile industry, revealing a hidden conflict.


Tineke Lambooy
Tineke Lambooy is a Senior Researcher at Nyenrode Business University (Nyenrode) in the field of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and she lectures in Legal Aspects of Globalisation-CSR, and Mergers & Acquisitions at Utrecht University, the Netherlands. She is completing a PhD on the Legal Aspects of CSR. Ms Lambooy assisted Mr Lubbers as a mediator in the conflict discussed in this contribution. E-mail: T.Lambooy@nyenrode.nl or T.E.Lambooy@uu.nl.
Artikel

Analyse van het Zuid-Nederlandse xtc-netwerk

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden sociale netwerkanalyse, xtc-netwerk, xtc-handel, crimineel macronetwerk
Auteurs Dr. Toine Spapens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The social network approach is gaining influence among criminologists studying organized crime and terrorism. The theoretical concept, however, still needs further elaboration. To this end, concepts developed within the field of economic sociology could provide a substantial contribution. Economic sociologists have, among other things, focused on the role of social networks with regard to the completion of economic transactions. They regard mutual trust built through personal relations as an essential part of economic transactions, particularly if these imply certain risks for the parties involved. In other words, before transactions materialize, the parties must first be able to establish trustworthy personal relations. Based on these ideas, Spapens introduced in 2006 the theoretical concept of the criminal macro network, being a social network consisting of individuals able and willing to engage in illegal activities. The capital of each member of the criminal network consists, on the one hand, of his links, defined as information relations, within the network. On the other hand, a person’s position is determined by personal knowledge and skills. It is assumed that executing an actual illegal activity – e.g. drug production, trafficking human beings, bank robbery – requires cooperation between a subset of members of the criminal network, the criminal group.An extensive study of xtc production in the south of the Netherlands between 1996 and 2004 revealed the existence of a ‘xtc network’ consisting of individuals interconnected by social relations. The macro network proved to be relatively stable over time. The composition of the criminal groups, however, changed regularly. This was not only explained by shifting business opportunities, but also by the efforts of the police and the Public Prosecution Service leading to convictions and the dismantling of criminal groups. Better knowledge of the functioning of the criminal macro network can provide valuable contributions to criminological understanding of organized crime. These insights are of course also of great practical importance for law enforcement agencies.


Dr. Toine Spapens
Dr. Toine Spapens is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. Contactadres: Universiteit van Tilburg, Vakgroep Strafrechtswetenschappen, Postbus 90153, 5000 LE Tilburg. E-mail: a.c.spapens@uvt.nl.
Artikel

De Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure en het Nederlandse bewijsrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure, bewijslast, geschriften, getuigen, deskundigen
Auteurs Prof. mr. H.B. Krans
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In de Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure komt ook het bewijsrecht aan de orde. In deze bijdrage wordt bezien hoe de PTCP omgaan met verdeling van bewijslast, waardering van bewijs, bewijs door geschriften, getuigen en deskundigen. Hoe verhouden de Principles daarover zich tot het Nederlandse bewijsrecht?


Prof. mr. H.B. Krans
Prof. mr. H.B. Krans is hoogleraar privaatrecht i.h.b. burgerlijk procesrecht aan de RUG.
Artikel

A Modern Procedural Synthesis

The American Law Institute and UNIDROIT’s Principles and Rules of Transnational Civil Procedure

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Civiele Rechtspleging, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden Transational Civil Procedure, ALI/UNIDROIT Principles
Auteurs N.H. Andrews
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explains the background to the drafting of the ALI/UNIDROIT Principles of Transnational Civil Procedure. The structure of the principles is explained. The discussion relates this project to the widening interest in comparative civil procedure. The author was the English representative on the project and directly involved in the drafting.


N.H. Andrews
N.H. Andrews, University of Cambridge.
Artikel

Access_open ‘The Soviet Union did not have a legal system’

An interview with Jeremy Waldron on the methodology debate, historic injustice and the citation of foreign law

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden normative positivism, historic injustice, restitution of property rights, citation of foreign law, methodology debate
Auteurs Kees Quist en Wouter Veraart
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This interview with Jeremy Waldron covers three topics. Firstly, we dealt with the methodology debate, that is, the discussion about how to proceed in analyzing the nature of law. Does the question ‘What is law?’ require a descriptive analysis of the concept of law or, rather, a normative exercise in political philosophy? Secondly, we spoke about the role of law in response to historic injustice, especially in relation to the restitution of property rights. On this topic Waldron vindicates the ‘supersession-thesis’, the idea that, due to changed circumstances and the passage of time, historic injustices become superseded. The third section of the interview is devoted to Waldron’s perspective on the citation of foreign law by national judges.


Kees Quist
Kees Quist is junior lecturer and PhD fellow at Utrecht Law School.

Wouter Veraart
Wouter Veraart is professor of Legal Philosophy at the VU University Amsterdam.
Artikel

A fair deal, exchanging knowledge for money

Tijdschrift Vennootschap & Onderneming, Aflevering 4 2009
Trefwoorden Middle East, Sovereign Wealth Funds (SWF), transparency, protectionism, M&A
Auteurs A. Al-Alim LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Middle East SWFs target foreign, non-GCC economies, their investment choices are secular, which limits their move towards transparency. A description is given of the complex factors affecting and involving SWFs, including the financial crisis, the position of the USD, transparency and protectionism.


A. Al-Alim LLM
A. Al-Alim LLM is a lawyer working at the Amsterdam office of Allen & Overy LLP.
Artikel

Daderschap van kartelovertredingen, de facilitator beboet

Tijdschrift Markt & Mededinging, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden Facilitator, Medeplegen, Daderschap, Legaliteitsbeginsel, Artikel 81 EG-Verdrag
Auteurs Mr. Robbert de Bree
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In hoeverre is bij bepalen de normadressaat/het daderschap van kartelovertredingen een begrip als medeplegen of medeplichtigheid een aan te leggen criterium? Richt het kartelverbod zich ook tegen een facilitator? En verhoudt zich dat wel met het legaliteitsbeginsel? Voor die vragen zag het Gerecht van Eerste Aanleg zich gesteld in de zaak van AC-Treuhand AG, waarin het op 8 juli 2008 arrest wees (T-99/04 AC Treuhand AG t. Commissie).


Mr. Robbert de Bree
Robbert de Bree is werkzaam als advocaat bij Wladimoroff & Waling te ’s-Gravenhage
Artikel

Reformatio in peius of ambtshalve toetsing?

Over plichten, effectiviteit en nationale procedurele autonomie

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Vermogensrecht, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden reformatio in peius, ambtshalve toetsing, gemeenschapsrecht
Auteurs Mr. A.G.F. Ancery
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Op 25 november 2008 heeft het HvJ EG arrest gewezen in de zaak Heemskerk met betrekking tot de ambtshalve toetsing aan gemeenschapsrecht. In deze bijdrage wordt bekeken hoe dient te worden omgegaan met gemeenschapsrecht dat aan justitiabelen verplichtingen oplegt. Het arrest wordt daarbij in het kader van de ambtshalve toepassing van gemeenschapsrecht geplaatst.


Mr. A.G.F. Ancery
Mr. A.G.F. Ancery is promovendus aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
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