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Artikel

Raphael Lemkin en de misdaad zonder naam

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Genocide Convention, human rights, public international law, United Nations, international tribunals, jurisdiction, campaigning
Auteurs Reyer Baas
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Could one imagine that up until the mid-1940s international treaties had been ratified on postal services, copyright protection, and whale hunting, but not on genocide? It was only after the Second World War that the deliberate and systematic destruction of groups was recognised as an international crime. There had not even been a name for this practice, which has existed since the beginning of humanity. The 1948 Genocide Convention, the first human rights treaty adopted by the United Nations, was a milestone in the international protection of human rights, although several tragedies have shown that mere law is not sufficient to relegate genocide to the scrapheap of history. The initiator of the Convention was not a very well-known man. This article is about the struggle of Raphael Lemkin, who had, with unflagging zeal, devoted his life to the elimination of genocide.


Reyer Baas
Reyer Baas is promovendus Rechtspleging aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen en bereidt een proefschrift voor over rechterlijke besluitvorming. Tevens is hij docent Algemene rechtswetenschap. Hij publiceerde onder andere: R. Baas e.a., Rechtspraak: samen of alleen, Den Haag: Raad voor de rechtspraak 2010.
Artikel

Access_open Rechtspraak en waarheid in Aischylos’ Oresteia en Yael Farbers Molora

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden Oresteia, tragedy, conflict resolution, truth and reconciliation commission, restorative justice
Auteurs Lukas van den Berge
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article explores the themes of injustice and dehumanization in Aeschylus’ Oresteia and Yael Farber’s Molora, in which the story of the Oresteia is dramatized against the backdrop of post-apartheid South Africa. It is argued that both plays depict wrongdoers and victims alike as social outcasts. Thus, they can both be described with Paul Ricoeur as ‘sketches of a man,’ not being able to live up to their full human potential. Borrowing from Ricoeur’s legal philosophy, it is then explained how public trials and hearings help them to reintegrate into society, in which they can regain their full humanity.


Lukas van den Berge
Lukas van den Berge is researcher at the Montaigne Centre for Judicial Administration and Conflict Resolution of Utrecht University (the Netherlands), where he prepares a dissertation on the theory of administrative procedural law.
Artikel

Juridische verkaveling van publieke taken: een historische vergelijking van dijkonderhoud en re-integratietaken

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden allotment, legal continuity, work reintegration, collective action
Auteurs Robert Knegt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands the task of reintegrating partially disabled workers into the labour market, that used to be accomplished by collective institutions, has been redistributed by the government to private actors: those who were the last to employ these workers. It is pointed out that this policy choice implies reusing a medieval legal technique and that its use regenerates typical legitimacy problems. Building on Ostrom’s theory of ‘institutions for collective action’, a historical comparison of the organization of dyke maintenance in the Dutch bog peat areas of the 11th-13th centuries and of these recent policies reveals that both are to be analysed in terms of a ‘double allotment’: duties as to collective tasks are allotted to individual participants in a collectivity by linking them up with a preceding allotment of usage rights, legally formalized in terms of ‘private law’. While neoliberal ideology may account for the direction that recent reintegration policies have taken, it is only in the Netherlands that this legal technique has to such an extent been mobilized. This observation raises questions as to long-term continuities in Dutch policies.


Robert Knegt
Robert Knegt is als directeur onderzoek verbonden aan het Hugo Sinzheimer Instituut, centrum voor onderzoek van ‘arbeid en recht’ aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij doet daar onderzoek naar de praktijk van arbeidsrechtelijke regelingen (ontslagrecht, flexwerk, arbeidstijden) en werkt aan een bij uitstek interdisciplinair project over ‘langetermijnontwikkelingen in de regulering van arbeid’. In 2008 verscheen The employment contract as an exclusionary device (Antwerp/Oxford/Portland: Intersentia).
Artikel

Geslaagde emancipatie als probleem voor de politie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2012
Trefwoorden police/public, emancipation, emancipatory fatigue, police authority, police legitimacy
Auteurs G. van Oenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Public attitude towards police intervention has changed in the last twenty years or so, as a result of more general changes in society towards figures and institutions of authority. From the 1970s onward, we have witnessed a change from an authoritarian ‘command household’ to a ‘household of negotiation’ in which parties mutually exchange views and reasons. Since the 1990s however, unanticipated consequences of this emancipatory movement are becoming apparent, most importantly the inability of citizens to always live up to this emancipatory responsibility. And more importantly, a generally shared sense that we are overburdened by this responsibility, and thus cannot reasonably be expected to act according to emancipatory norms. This creates a new kind of problem or challenge for the police. Appeals to the emancipatory responsibility of the public, or entering into dialogue with offenders and bystanders, are not as effective as before. Both police and public are therefore in search of a new kind of authority that is responsive to the emancipatory ‘fatigue’ increasingly experienced by citizens.


G. van Oenen
Dr. Gijs van Oenen is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de Faculteit der Wijsbegeerte van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Access_open Tijd voor een ruimere eedspraktijk

Laat ieder de eed afleggen volgens eigen godsdienstige gezindheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden Eed, andere religies, belijdenisvrijheid
Auteurs Jurn de Vries
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It fits in with the objective of the oath that everybody is given the opportunity to swear an oath in compliance with his or her own faith. In The Netherlands this has already been legally possible since 1911. It is in agreement with the articles 1 and 6 of the Constitution and with tradition. After all, those who take the oath must fully realize the obligations they enter into. There is, however, some uncertainty about the scope and purport of the law of 1911. Therefore we are making three recommendations to clarify the rules.


Jurn de Vries
Dr. J.P. de Vries is onderzoeker aan de Theologische Universiteit van de Gereformeerde Kerken (vr.) in Kampen. vries.jpde@tiscali.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Een mijlpaal op weg naar maatschappelijke uitsluiting

Over het SGP-arrest van de Hoge Raad van 9 april 2010

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 3 2010
Trefwoorden discriminatie, godsdienstvrijheid, sociale uitsluiting
Auteurs Matthijs de Blois
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The exclusion of women from being elected for an orthodox Christian political party (SGP) is declared discriminatory by the Supreme Court. It overlooked however the importance of the freedom of religion in a pluralistic society. Furthermore, not any woman concerned was prepared to start proceedings. The party was moreover not inspired by an idea of inferiority, but by religious views on the roles of men and women. The Court ignored the importance of a representation of non-dominant social currents.


Matthijs de Blois
Dr. M. de Blois is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan de afdeling Rechtstheorie van het Department Rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

    Many actors have been blamed for the financial crisis: Greenspan, banks, rating agencies, careless mortgage takers and incompetent mainstream economists. This paper however focusses on other explanations for the crisis which are usually neglected in mainstream economics. The imbalances in the income and wealth distribution worldwide have become so large, that the poor cannot buy the goods produced by rich countries anymore, while the rich have become so rich that they cannot spend all their income anymore in the real sector. This lack of demand for goods has artificially been filled by unsecured debts given to the poor, but eventually led to a taking off of financial markets, and to a crisis. When imbalances are too large, this backfires. Government packages aimed at stabilizing the economy should therefore not forget the income and wealth distribution in order to be successful in the long run.


B. Unger
Prof. dr. Brigitte Unger is hoogleraar economie van de publieke sector bij de Utrecht School of Economics.
Artikel

De komende emancipatie van het slachtoffer

Naar een verbeterde rechtspositie voor gedupeerden van misdrijven

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden slachtoffers, etikettering, spreekrecht, herstelrecht
Auteurs Jan van Dijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In Western languages those affected by crime are universally labelled as the sacrificed ones. This label is inspired by the suffering of Jesus Christ and evokes images of helplessness and meekness. It acts as hidden justification for the marginal, self-effacing role of victims in criminal procedure and restorative justice. The author argues for deconstruction of the stereotypical victim label and the creation of more space in criminal procedure for victims as autonomous parties. In his view the recent innovation in Dutch law of a limited Victim Impact Statement still gives victims insufficient voice. He also argues for a reconceptualisation of restorative justice practices as a supplement to the criminal trial rather than as a substitute.


Jan van Dijk
Jan van Dijk is als hoogleraar victimologie verbonden aan INTERVICT, Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Access_open Lettres Persanes 8

Het geval <i>Aalst</i> of de kortsluiting van het theatrale alsof

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2007
Trefwoorden film, kind, rechtspraak, vrijheid van meningsuiting, apparaat, auteur, re-integratie, verbod, voeging, aanhouding
Auteurs K. Vanhaesebrouck

K. Vanhaesebrouck
Artikel

Access_open Een versplinterde troon. Aantekeningen bij Sophie van Bijsterveld, The Empty Throne. Democracy and the Rule of the Law in Transition (2002)

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 1 2004
Trefwoorden legaliteit, idee, democratie, rechtsstaat, schikking, uitvoerende macht, feitelijke macht, getuige, geweld, legitimiteit
Auteurs D. Loose

D. Loose
Interface Showing Amount
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