Zoekresultaat: 24 artikelen

x
De zoekresultaten worden gefilterd op:
Rubriek Artikel x
Artikel

Over motieven voor het melden van misstanden

Een kwalitatief onderzoek binnen het Belgische federale politiekorps

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden Belgian federal police, organizational misbehavior, internal reporting behavior, internal reporting motives, grid-group cultural theory
Auteurs K. Loyens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Whistleblowing research should more explicitly focus on underlying motives for the decision to report on organizational misbehavior. Arguably, these motives are connected to the factors that can explain the decision whether or not to blow the whistle. Reporting for egoistic reasons can probably be explained by other factors than reporting for altruistic reasons. This article aims to enrich the whistleblowing literature by proposing grid-group cultural theory as an alternative approach. This theoretical framework could provide more insight into reporting decisions by identifying various motives for such decisions and linking them with elements in the organizational culture that could explain them. As an illustration, the theory is applied in an ethnographic study in two investigative teams of the Belgian federal police. More research is, however, needed to fine-tune the conceptual framework and to test the preliminary findings of this empirical study.


K. Loyens
Dr. Kim Loyens is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en plaatsvervangend docent Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Als de nood aan de man komt

Slachtofferschap van mannen bij eergerelateerd geweld

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2013
Trefwoorden honour-based violence, male victimisation, family pressure, homosexuality, adultery
Auteurs J. Janssen en R. Sanberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article sheds light on an aspect of honour-based violence (HBV) that is rarely addressed: male victimisation. HBV is usually regarded as violence inflicted on women by men. Police cases of male victimisation of HBV and scarce literature on this subject illustrate the ways in which men can become victims of violence. Men can be victimised in the same way that women are, for example when they commit adultery, are openly homosexual, or through conflicts about the choice of a partner. A specific and contested form of male victimisation occurs when their families pressure them to commit violence in order to restore family honour. Men are less likely than women to claim victim status and their victimisation of HBV is therefore possibly underreported. The authors do not argue to neglect female victims, but to expand hegemonic images of HBV and gender roles to include male victimisation. More insight into these matters is necessary to ensure the right support for each victim of HBV and to enable men and women to resolve these conflicts together.


J. Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nederlandse politie en tevens verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.

R. Sanberg
Drs. Ruth Sanberg is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het LEC EGG.
Artikel

De Nederlandse veiligheidscultuur als katalysator voor etnisch profileren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden ethnic profiling, policing, culture of control, stereotyping
Auteurs Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Over the past couple of decades, the Netherlands unmistakably has developed into a Garlandian style culture of control. A distinct feature of this Dutch culture of control is the increasing interconnectedness between crime and migration in both public and political discourse. As a result of the growing urge to control potential dangerous others, various stop & search powers have been implemented. Besides by their proactive nature, these powers are defined by the fact that they give a fair amount of discretion to individual police officers in deciding who to stop. In this article, while drawing on criminological, sociological and social psychological literature on stereotyping and the rise of a crime complex, the authors will argue that the structural and cultural changes fuelling the emergence of a the typical Dutch culture of control might also affect the individual choices made by police officers in such a way that it fosters ethnic profiling.


Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. Maartje van der Woude is universitair docent criminologie en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Email: m.a.h.vanderwoude@law.leidenuniv.nl

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie en verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Email: j.p.vanderleun@law.leidenuniv.nl
Artikel

Als de berg niet naar Mohammed komt ...

Over het belang van inzicht in levensbeschouwing bij de politiële aanpak van eergerelateerd geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden honour-based violence, religion, Islam, police, motive
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen en Drs. Ruth Sanberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How can police officers make use of citizens’ religious beliefs when dealing with cases of honour-based violence (HBV)? In this article religion is addressed regarding motive and legitimisation of violence and as a social network of people and institutions for communities of believers. We focus on Islamic religion, because most cases of HBV handled by the police take place within Islamic communities and because the Dutch public debate on religion revolves around Islam. We interviewed police officers with expertise on HBV. These officers have an instrumental vision on religion. It helps them to gain insight in motives for violence and it offers opportunities for conflict mediation and coping with the aftermath of HBV.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J.H.L.J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek bij het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) en universitair docent bij de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Ruth Sanberg
Drs. R. Sanberg is onderzoeker bij het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG).
Artikel

De politiefunctionaris en het risico op PTSS

Een terechte zorg of medicalisering van een beroepsgroep?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden police officers, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), psychosocial problems, medicalization
Auteurs M.J.J. Kunst
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Several policy measures have recently been undertaken to enhance resilience in Dutch police officers. The author of this article argues that these initiatives rely on false beliefs about the stressful nature of police work. Police officers are often exposed to traumatic or otherwise stressful events, but this does not necessarily render them at an increased risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other (trauma-related) psychosocial problems. After a discussion of empirical studies which support his view, he speculates that these false beliefs are grounded in the Western tendency to qualify stressful events as (potentially) traumatic. This tendency to medicalize stressful events is reflected both in the history of the diagnostic criteria for PTSD in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders and the empirical literature. The author concludes with pointing out a potential negative by-effect of this medicalization tendency: simulating PTSD (symptoms) for external motives, such as financial gain.


M.J.J. Kunst
Dr. mr. Maarten Kunst is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Stilstaan of meebewegen?

Over de effectiviteit van het opsporingsproces binnen de politie, belicht vanuit de bestrijding van georganiseerde hennepteelt

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Criminele netwerken, Opsporing, Politie, Georganiseerde misdaad
Auteurs Drs. Paul Duijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various paradigms on the structures of organized crime have shaped the criminal investigational approach within the Dutch police towards criminal networks. The idea of pyramid-shaped mafia structures, as dominant in the 1970s, led to large-scale and long-term criminal investigations, trying to get to the ‘top’ of the network. In the 1990s, the image of separate criminal groups, working independently from each other, led to isolated criminal investigations on distinct criminal networks. Today, new insights that have arisen from scientific studies and police practices call again for a renewal of investigational strategies. As shown in this article, criminal networks are not limited by social, cultural or physical boundaries and show a rapid recovery after interventions by state actors. For these reasons, the efficiency of police practices depends on the extent to which the police is able to move along with these networks.


Drs. Paul Duijn
Drs. Paul Duijn is criminoloog, recherchekundige en als strategisch analist werkzaam bij de Nederlandse Politie Eenheid Den Haag.
Artikel

Politie en wetenschap: waarom zij elkaar nodig hebben

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2013
Trefwoorden Politie, Wetenschap, Onderzoek, Opsporing
Auteurs Annemieke Venderbosch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Research Programme Police and Science was launched in 1999 with a mission to contribute towards the development of scientific knowledge with respect to the organisation and performance of the police and to promote the actual application of relevant new knowledge and understanding of police and safety practice. In this article we explore the challenging balance between those two worlds of researchers and practitioners. Scientific research can contribute to new methods or instruments in police forces and new training programmes. Based on former experience the conditions are defined that are necessary for a professional en productive relationship.


Annemieke Venderbosch
Drs. Annemieke Venderbosch is waarnemend programmadirecteur Politie en Wetenschap.
Artikel

Creatief gebruik van bevoegdheden

Een explorerend onderzoek binnen de Nederlandse politie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden Policing, Creative Use of Authorities, Noble Cause Corruption;, Organizational Misbehavior (OMB), Case study
Auteurs Robin Christiaan van Halderen en Karin Lasthuizen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Police officers sometimes use creative ways in deploying their authorities when they deal with obstacles that hinder the pursuit for higher organizational goals or the common interest. By doing this, the boundaries of legislative rules might be stretched or even exceeded. This article reports the findings of a Dutch case study within the police into this phenomenon, which the authors described as the ‘creative use of authorities’. By means of observations and interviews within the researched police forces 57 cases were described and analyzed. The cases enabled a first categorization of distinctive forms of creative use of authorities with 4 essential core elements, that is: abstain from use, abuse, improper use and selective use of authorities.


Robin Christiaan van Halderen
Drs. Robin Christiaan van Halderen is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid, Avans Hogeschool (www.expertisecentrum-veiligheid.nl) E-mail: rc.vanhalderen@avans.nl

Karin Lasthuizen
Dr. Karin Lasthuizen is universitair hoofddocent en senior-lid van de onderzoeksgroep Quality of Governance van de Afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. E-mail: k.m.lasthuizen@vu.nl
Artikel

Access_open De rol van religie bij het afbakenen, verklaren en aanpakken van eergerelateerd geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 1 2013
Trefwoorden eergerelateerd geweld, islam, multiculturele samenleving, Nederlands beleid
Auteurs Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Honour based violence has attracted a great deal of attention in recent years in the Dutch public debate. However, given that honour can be damaged and restored in many ways, defining this kind of violence is rather difficult. The term honour based violence is an umbrella concept. This article explains how, within this concept, the relationship between religion and violence in the name of honour is understood.


Janine Janssen
Dr. J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nederlandse politie. Daarnaast is zij universitair docent bij de vakgroep strafrecht en criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Janine.Janssen@ziggo.nl.
Artikel

Registratie bij staandehouding en preventief fouilleren in Nederland

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2012
Trefwoorden racial profiling, stop and search forms, police powers, stigmatization
Auteurs BSc. Yannick van Eijk, BSc. Roel Holman en BSc. Linde Lamboo
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines the desirability of implementing a registration system as a means of control on the discretionary space in police powers of stop and search. Firstly, the legal background concerning these powers is sketched, and the discretionary space therein is highlighted. This is then placed within the current social context in the Netherlands. Finally, the desirability of implementing a registration system in the Netherlands will be discussed by analyzing a similar system that has been implemented in the UK. We conclude that implementing a registration system is an essential step in coming closer to a solution for ethnic profiling.


BSc. Yannick van Eijk
Yannick van Eijk BSc. is masterstudent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

BSc. Roel Holman
Roel Holman BSc. studeerde Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

BSc. Linde Lamboo
Linde Lamboo studeert Culturele Antropologie & Ontwikkelingssociologie aan de Universiteit Leiden
Artikel

Toezichthouders op de tram

Een studie naar de handhaving van het ov-verbod in Amsterdam en Rotterdam

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Toezicht, Aflevering 4 2012
Trefwoorden beveiligers, handhavers, boa’s, openbaar vervoer, ov-verbod
Auteurs Dr. R. van Steden, Mr. drs. M.B. Schuilenburg, L. Leemeijer MSc e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Zogeheten ‘nieuwe toezichthouders’ in de vorm van buitengewoon opsporingsambtenaren (boa’s) en particuliere beveiligers moeten in Amsterdamse en Rotterdamse trams service verlenen en huisregels handhaven. Bij overtreding van deze huisregels kunnen zij in het uiterste geval een openbaarvervoerverbod (ov-verbod) aan reizigers opleggen. Onderhavige studie laat zien welke haken en ogen daar in de praktijk aan zitten.


Dr. R. van Steden
Dr. R. van Steden is universitair docent aan de afdeling Bestuurswetenschappen (Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen) van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Mr. drs. M.B. Schuilenburg
Mr. drs. M.B. Schuilenburg is universitair docent aan de afdeling Criminologie (Faculteit Rechten) van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

L. Leemeijer MSc
L. Leemeijer MSc heeft Criminologie gestudeerd aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

L. Loots MSc
L. Loots MSc heeft Bestuurswetenschappen gestudeerd aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Uitbuiting uit zicht?

Getuigenverklaringen van gesmokkelde migranten nader bekeken aan de hand van indicatoren voor mensenhandel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden human trafficking, migrant smuggling, irregular migration, exploitation, illegal employment
Auteurs Joanne van der van der Leun en Anet van van Schijndel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Human trafficking means exploitation; human smuggling is associated with illegal labour and a connection with exploitation is absent. Where a victim of human trafficking can appeal for legal protection, a smuggled migrant (illegally residing or with vulnerable legal status) overall has little rights because of the formal absence of the aspects of exploitation and coercion in human smuggling. In this article, the empirical analysis based on file analysis demonstrates that in several files of cases framed as human smuggling indications are found for exploitation of migrants, although this has not been recognised as such. Theoretically the authors tie this to the trend of crimmigration. Measures designed to combat human trafficking and smuggling are often concentrated on (criminal) law enforcement and criminal punishment, to the detriment of a human rights-based approach. The tension between immigration policy and the combat against human trafficking deserves more attention.


Joanne van der van der Leun
Prof. dr. J.P. (Joanne) van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid, Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie. Postbus 9520, 2300 RA Leiden. E-mail: j.p.vanderleun@law.leidenuniv.nl

Anet van van Schijndel
A.A.A. (Anet) van Schijndel MSc is onderzoeker bij de Algemene Rekenkamer. E-mail: a.vanschijndel@rekenkamer.nl
Artikel

Gekleurde ideeën

Gedachten achter het streven naar diversiteit bij de Nederlandse politie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2012
Trefwoorden police, police personnel, recruitment policy, multi-ethnic society, discrimination
Auteurs J. Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch police has a long tradition regarding the development of diversity policies. Although these policies also deal with issues concerning gender, (homo)sexuality, the position of the elderly and chronically ill or invalid employees, this contribution mainly focusses on diversity regarding the ethnic background of police officers and particular aspects of crime and safety within Dutch multi-ethnic society. First of all a brief historical (1950s till present) overview is presented of ideas and projects regarding this aspect of diversity. Furthermore a shift in focus is presented: diversity used to be a social issue and nowadays it is understood as a business issue. The difference between these two is explained and discussed. Finally some suggestions are made concerning future research.


J. Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek bij het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de Nederlandse politie. Daarnaast is zij verbonden aan de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Undercoveroperaties: een noodzakelijk kwaad?

Heden, verleden en toekomst van een omstreden opsporingsmiddel

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2012
Auteurs E.W. Kruisbergen en D. de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    An important part of the scientific literature looks upon undercover policing from a normative, critical point of view. These studies frequently problematize undercover operations as a necessary evil. Yet what do we actually know about the practice of the execution of undercover operations and about the results they yield for criminal investigations? Not much. Little empirical research has been done on this subject. This article analyses the implementation and results of undercover operations in the Netherlands. The empirical data consist of all covert policing operations in the Netherlands in 2004. The authors address the following questions: how often is this method of investigation deployed; what different types of undercover operations exist; and what results have these operations produced? Furthermore, they examine the history of undercover policing and look into the legislative debate. Finally, they explore some possible future developments in the use of undercover operations.


E.W. Kruisbergen
Drs. Edwin Kruisbergen werkt als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het WODC.

D. de Jong
Deborah de Jong, MSc werkt als wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het WODC.
Artikel

Intelligencegestuurd politie(mensen)werk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden Intelligence Led Policing, information, communication, safety analysis
Auteurs Drs. Paul Duijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to control problems of public safety the police have to respond proactively on potential threats. Analyzed information and knowledge (intelligence) is therefore needed to give direction to police work on strategic, operational and tactical police management levels. This principle is called Intelligence Led Policing (ILP), with its main goal to become a more effective police organization. Critics point at bureaucratization processes that go along with the implementation of ILP. In this paper the importance human interaction in relation to ILP is discussed as a key factor in preventing these bureaucratization processes. Direct interaction between information collectors, intelligence analysts and decision makers is a necessary ingredient in order to become an effective intelligence led police organization.


Drs. Paul Duijn
Drs. Paul Duijn is criminoloog en als strategisch analist werkzaam bij Bureau Regionale Informatie van Politie Haaglanden.
Artikel

Zijn Nederlandse burgers écht enthousiast over de nieuwe antiterrorismemaatregelen?

Een vergelijking van attitudes en willingness to pay

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2011
Trefwoorden counterterrorism policy, public opinion, willingness to pay, legitimacy
Auteurs Johan van Wilsem en Maartje van der Woude
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2001, the Netherlands have broadened their array of antiterrorism legislation and policies. However, there is hardly any insight into the level of public support for them. This article assesses the Dutch public opinion on four measures that were recently made effective: enhanced possibilities for stop-and-search, broadening of possibilities for special investigative resources, increased obligations for identification, and body scans in airports. Two randomly selected, comparable groups were asked different questions about these issues: attitudes or willingness to pay. The results show that respondents have positive attitudes towards newly introduced antiterrorism measures, yet simultaneously, they have low willingness to pay. Both groups were also asked how they would allocate an imaginary fixed budget to various criminal justice policies and tax rebate. These results show similar relations for both attitudes and willingness to pay, suggesting they both measure the relative importance assigned to antiterrorism policies. A right political orientation predicts both positive attitudes and high willingness to pay. Furthermore, people with high income have higher willingness to pay. The results underline the necessity to pay attention to the subtleties underlying public opinion on crime control.


Johan van Wilsem
Dr. J.A. (Johan) van Wilsem is universitair hoofddocent criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. E-mail: J.A.van.Wilsem@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Maartje van der Woude
Mr. dr. M.A.H. (Maartje) van der Woude is universitair docent criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. E-mail: m.a.h.vanderwoude@law.leidenuniv.nl.
Artikel

De strafrechtelijke aanpak van eergerelateerd geweld nader beschouwd

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2011
Trefwoorden eergerelateerd geweld, aanwijzing, politie
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen en Mr. Jeroen ten Voorde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Combatting honour related violence forms an important topic of criminal justice policy in the Netherlands. This article analyzes this policy, in particular the prosecution guideline on honour related violence, thereby focusing on victims and perpetrators, and the difficulties of dealing with the cultural background of honour related violence in criminal justice policy.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd wetenschappelijk onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eergerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG), dat is ondergebracht bij de politie Haaglanden. Daarnaast is zij redactielid van PROCES.

Mr. Jeroen ten Voorde
Mr. Jeroen ten Voorde is universitair docent straf- en strafprocesrecht bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en rechter-plaatsvervanger in de Rechtbank Haarlem.
Artikel

Veiligheid in veelvoud: beeld, beleid en realiteit in Rotterdams Oude Westen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden onveiligheidsgevoelens, veiligheidsindex, Oude Westen, etnografie
Auteurs Tom de Leeuw en René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we want to show how different actors (amongst whom residents, professional safety-functionaries and street youth) view the safety situation in Rotterdam’s problematic neighbourhood ‘the Old West’ in very different ways and start from very different parameters. We conclude that the one-dimensional image of an unsafe neighbourhood that emerges from the city’s official, quantitative measurement instrument, the so-called ‘Safety Index’ (Veiligheidsindex), does not do justice to the diversity of opinions and visions of the different actors in the neighbourhood and is thus unsuited as the political ‘compass’ for local safety policy it was intended for. This diversity comes much better to the surface in the qualitative, ethnographic research on which this article is based. Such research enables us first to better understand safety as a local phenomenon and secondly offers more concrete points of departure for policy.


Tom de Leeuw
Drs. Tom de Leeuw is als promovendus verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Contactadres: Tom de Leeuw, Sectie Criminologie L7-020, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Postbus 1738, 3000 DR Rotterdam, e-mail: deleeuw@frg.eur.nl.

René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is als hoogleraar Internationaal Comparatieve Criminologie verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. Hij is tevens wetenschappelijk directeur van de Erasmus Graduate School of Law. Contactadres: Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam, Burgemeester Oudlaan 50, 3000 DR Rotterdam, Kamer L7-022. E-mail: vanswaaningen@frg.eur.nl

    There is a tendency to put honour-based and domestic violence in the same box. This article examines whether this is correct or not. The perception of the two phenomena share a number of similarities: violence that often occurs in the context of the family and, in many cases, complex issues that have already been at play for some time. Furthermore, the perception is that primarily women are the victims of both domestic and honour-based violence. A big difference is that the term domestic violence refers to the social context where violence is taking place and the term honour-based refers to the motive for violent action or threats. A complicating factor is that hurt feelings of honour might provoke violence or threats in the context of the family. In research literature it is assumed that domestic violence occurs at all levels of society, which means that this phenomenon will also be encountered amongst ethnic minorities. It is striking that domestic violence amongst ethnic minorities is often mentioned in the same breath as honour-based violence. However, both phenomena deserve a different approach. The risks of treating domestic violence as an honour case and honour-based violence as domestic abuse are described.


J. Janssen
Dr. Janine Janssen is als hoofd onderzoek verbonden aan het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eergerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG), dat is ondergebracht bij Politie Haaglanden.
Artikel

De ontwikkeling van herstelrechtelijke praktijken in Noord-Ierland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Noord-Ierland, Jeugdsanctiesysteem, Preventie, Jeugdrecht
Auteurs Martin McAnallen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article provides a perspective on the development of restorative justice practice in Northern Ireland. The island of Ireland has a standing history as to the use of restorative justice. In fact, the earliest restorative form of law dates from 2000 BCE, the so-called Brehon Laws. To date, Northern Ireland features as a divided society; over the past 35 years intercommunity conflict brought devastation and heartbreak to the health of the community. Nevertheless, initial soundings were heard as to how the practice of restorative justice might be re-introduced to Northern Ireland. Already in 1989, the Probation Board indicated its intention of piloting a Victim Offender Mediation Programme. From that time, serious attempts were undertaken to implement restorative justice within the North-Irish society. Initiatives were undertaken by Republican as well as Loyalist communities, both being eager to move away from violent community based justice. Special attention was given towards juvenile crime. In 2000 this interest in restorative justice led to a commitment from the North-Irish authorities to put restorative justice matters at the heart of the criminal justice system for young offenders. As a result, in the Justice (Northern Ireland) Act 2002 the Youth Conference Service was initiated. Between 2003 and the present, Youth Conference Orders or Plans have been the most common disposals for adjudicated offenders up to eighteen years of age. The focus is on the parties resolving how the young person can make amends to the victim and what can be done to prevent further offending. All Agencies linked into the Youth Justice system recognize the special needs of young people. Recent figures show the numbers of young people going into youth custody in Northern Ireland have decreased due to the use of restorative justice models.


Martin McAnallen
Martin McAnallen is ruim 35 jaar actief geweest in het reguliere strafrecht in Noord-Ierland. Sinds halverwege de jaren tachtig was hij nauw betrokken bij de ontwikkeling van de mediationpraktijk in Noord-Ierland en herstelrecht. In 1992 vervulde Martin een actieve rol bij de oprichting van wat nu heet Mediation Northern Ireland. Zijn speciale aandacht ligt bij slachtoffer-daderbemiddeling en in het bijzonder Family Group Conferencing met jonge daders. Hij is een ervaren trainer en publiceert in diverse tijdschriften.
Toont 1 - 20 van 24 gevonden teksten
« 1
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.