Zoekresultaat: 6 artikelen

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    In the years 2000-2003 crime on Curaçao seemed to be going out of control and the economy was virtually stagnant with low growth and high unemployment. This situation has changed significantly since 2005. The author shows that a targeted approach by the authorities pushed back major crime problems like the smuggling of cocaine on passenger flights, armed robberies and homicides. However only a permanent effort can guarantee the continuation of this success. Corruption and nepotism are still vibrant, but mainly concern individuals, not institutions as a whole, while the judiciary actively prosecutes corrupt officials. In the long run not only repression, but preventive measures are needed as well. A major cause of corruption and nepotism is the small scale of island life, in combination with economic protectionism and state ownership of companies. Structural adjustments in economic institutions and policy in recent years heralded the return of economic growth and employment. More adjustments in economic policy and institutions could further reduce incentives for corruption; these might also lead to the opening up of Curaçao's rigid labour markets for the many unemployed youngsters. A more autonomous Curaçao faces serious challenges, but the island's record so far gives no reason for despondency.


A.W. Weenink
Dr. Anton Weenink is senior onderzoeker bij de Dienst Nationale Recherche van het Korps Landelijke Politiediensten (KLPD).

    The notion that animal abuse and domestic violence are related has been existing for centuries. Recent studies in the United States, Great Britain, Australia, New Zealand and the Netherlands report evidence for this relation. In the western world, more than 50% of families have pets. They are often valued as members of the family. It is obvious that pets can be victims of family violence as well. The relation between animal abuse and domestic violence has many manifestations. Abused women reported violence against their pets, reported that their children abused the pets. Abused children, especially severely abused and/or sexually abused children, are more often than other children animal abusers. Animal abuse is often related to other violent behaviour or severe criminal acts later in life. Besides, animal abuse is an early diagnostic marker for psychopathology. Animal abuse is always a signal of a problematic situation. A greater awareness of the possible link between animal abuse and domestic violence could contribute to saving men, women, children and animals from violent situations.


M.J. Enders-Slegers
Dr. Marie-José Enders-Slegers is verbonden aan het departement Klinische en Gezondheidspsychologie van de Faculteit Sociale Wetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

De Code Banken in vogelvlucht

Tijdschrift Vennootschap & Onderneming, Aflevering 12 2009
Trefwoorden Code Banken, governance, commissie-Maas, risicomanagement, beloningsbeleid
Auteurs Mr. S.B. Buijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage biedt de auteur een algemene beschouwing over de Code Banken, een vorm van zelfregulering van de Nederlandse Vereniging van Banken.


Mr. S.B. Buijn
Mr. S.B. Buijn is kandidaat-notaris bij Stibbe te Amsterdam.
Artikel

Drie modellen voor de Eerste Kamer

Tijdschrift RegelMaat, Aflevering 5 2009
Trefwoorden Eerste Kamer, interpretatiegemeenschap, semi-autonoom sociaal veld, evenwicht van machten
Auteurs Prof. dr. W.J. Witteveen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De Eerste Kamer is een dubbelzinnig politiek instituut: soms machtig, maar meestal onzichtbaar, vaak marginaal, maar soms van beslissende betekenis. Om helderheid te krijgen worden drie modellen onderzocht die de werkzaamheid van de Eerste Kamer op hun eigen manier duiden: interpretatiegemeenschap, semi-autonoom sociaal veld en machtsevenwicht. Dit leidt tot een heroverweging van het instituut, waarbij geconstateerd wordt dat ook zonder ingrijpende staatkundige vernieuwingen gesproken kan worden van een nuttige en zinvolle instelling.


Prof. dr. W.J. Witteveen
Prof. dr. W.J. Witteveen is hoogleraar rechtstheorie en retorica aan de Universiteit van Tilburg. w.j.witteveen@uvt.nl
Artikel

Ervaringen van klagers en aangeklaagde artsen met het tuchtrecht

Tijdschrift Nederlands-Vlaams tijdschrift voor mediation en conflictmanagement, Aflevering 3 2009
Trefwoorden tuchtrecht, gezondheidszorg
Auteurs Mr. Yasmine Alhafaji, Mr. dr. Brenda Frederiks en Prof. mr. Johan Legemaate
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    If a patient is not satisfied with any aspects of health care, he or she can file a complaint. In the Netherlands, as in other countries, there are several ways for handling patients’ complaints. One of the possibilities is to lodge a complaint with the medical disciplinary board. In 1997, the Individual Health Care Professions Act came into force. The main goals of this Act are to promote the quality of professional practice and to protect patients against unprofessional health care professionals.In 2008 research was undertaken into the experiences of patients (or others acting on behalf of them) with the disciplinary procedure. A sample of both complainants and practitioners against whom a complaint was lodged were interviewed about their expectations and experiences. The main conclusion is that for several reasons both parties are dissatisfied with the current procedure. This paper provides an overview of the outcome of the interviews. In addition, some concrete proposals are made regarding the improvement of the current disciplinary procedure.


Mr. Yasmine Alhafaji
Yasmine Alhafaji is als onderzoekster verbonden aan het VU Medisch Centrum, afdeling Sociale Geneeskunde/EMGO Instituut.

Mr. dr. Brenda Frederiks
Brenda Frederiks is universitair docent gezondheidsrecht en is verbonden aan het VU Medisch Centrum, afdeling Sociale Geneeskunde/EMGO Instituut.

Prof. mr. Johan Legemaate
Johan Legemaate is hoogleraar gezondheidsrecht en is verbonden aan het VU Medisch Centrum, afdeling Sociale Geneeskunde/EMGO Instituut.
Artikel

De slachtoffergerichte dimensie in rechterlijk denken

België en Nederland vergeleken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 1 2009
Trefwoorden rechterlijke attitudes, strafdoelen, vergelijkend onderzoek
Auteurs Veerle Scheirs, Kristel Beyens en Jan de Keijser
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research on magistrates’ penal attitudes has long been a blank spot in both the Netherlands and in Belgium. In the Netherlands, a theoretically integrated measurement instrument has been developed revealing the general structure of penal attitudes held by Dutch judges. It showed that the complex of penal attitudes is dominated by two independent perspectives: harsh treatment and social constructiveness. The latter perspective encompasses rehabilitation and restorative justice. Replicating the Dutch measurement instrument, penal attitudes of Belgian magistrates were recently examined. This article reports the results and compares them to earlier findings in the Netherlands. It is shown that, in contrast to Dutch magistrates’ penal attitudes, the structure of Belgian magistrates’ attitudes reveals an autonomous role for restorative justice. This finding and possible explanations are elaborated upon.


Veerle Scheirs
Veerle Scheirs is verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Kristel Beyens
Kristel Beyens is als hoogleraar verbonden aan de vakgroep Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Jan de Keijser
Jan de Keijser is verbonden aan het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), Leiden.
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