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Artikel

Als de berg niet naar Mohammed komt ...

Over het belang van inzicht in levensbeschouwing bij de politiële aanpak van eergerelateerd geweld

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden honour-based violence, religion, Islam, police, motive
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen en Drs. Ruth Sanberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How can police officers make use of citizens’ religious beliefs when dealing with cases of honour-based violence (HBV)? In this article religion is addressed regarding motive and legitimisation of violence and as a social network of people and institutions for communities of believers. We focus on Islamic religion, because most cases of HBV handled by the police take place within Islamic communities and because the Dutch public debate on religion revolves around Islam. We interviewed police officers with expertise on HBV. These officers have an instrumental vision on religion. It helps them to gain insight in motives for violence and it offers opportunities for conflict mediation and coping with the aftermath of HBV.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J.H.L.J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek bij het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) en universitair docent bij de vakgroep Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Ruth Sanberg
Drs. R. Sanberg is onderzoeker bij het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG).
Artikel

Access_open Relational Jurisprudence

Vulnerability between Fact and Value

Tijdschrift Law and Method, 2012
Trefwoorden fact/value separation, vulnerability, relational jurisprudence, empirical methodology, normative methodology
Auteurs Maksymilian Del Mar
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Relational jurisprudence is an approach to law that situates it in five relational contexts: (1) relations between individuals; (2) relations between individuals and communities; (3) relations between communities; (4) relations between individuals or communities on the one hand, and institutions on the other; and (5) relations between institutions. Thus, part of what makes relational jurisprudence distinctive is its object: the study of law in the context of certain relations, including investigating what factors affect and influence the quality of those relations. Relational jurisprudence is also distinctive, however, in its method. One of its methodological commitments is to avoid the dichotomy, without losing the benefits of a distinction, between facts and values. In trying to avoid this dichotomy, the approach identifies and uses devices that have both factual and evaluative dimensions, called here ‘factual-evaluative complexes’. These devices are then used to investigate the quality of different relations. One such device is ‘vulnerability’. The argument of this paper is that at least some of law can be profitably understood as managing vulnerability, i.e. recognising some vulnerabilities as worthy of protection and others not, or balancing the protection of different vulnerabilities in different relational contexts. Avoiding the dichotomy while retaining the usefulness of the distinction between facts and values in the above-outlined way means that we ought to employ a mix of empirical and normative methodology in the study of law.


Maksymilian Del Mar
Maksymilian Del Mar is lecturer in Legal and Social Philosophy, Department of Law, Queen Mary University of London.
Artikel

Access_open Jock Young

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 0 2011
Trefwoorden moral panic, left realism, sociological imagination, sociology of deviance, Jock Young
Auteurs René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this interview with René van Swaaningen Jock Young discusses the development of his work from the ethnographic work in Notting Hill that in 1971 led to the The Drugstakers, to the New Criminology of 1973 and Left Realism that emerged in the early 1980s. In his current work on cultural criminology Young invites us to take a closer look at the work of C. Wright Mills on sociological imagination and the power elites and Robert Merton’s on social structure and anomie. According to Young this would make a forceful critique of the current policy-ridden and a-theoretical state criminology is currently in.


René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. René van Swaaningen is hoogleraar Internationaal vergelijkende criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en wetenschappelijk directeur van de Erasmus Graduate School of Law. E-mail: vanswaaningen@law.eur.nl.
Artikel

Alles stroomt...?

Over ‘cultuur’ in de culturele criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 0 2011
Trefwoorden cultural criminology, essentialism, constructivism, structure-agency debate, globalization
Auteurs Brenda Carina Oude Breuil
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Cultural criminology has been criticized for not taking enough notice of classical anthropological debates on the concept of ‘culture’. This article responds to that. It analyses anthropological conceptualization from an initial essentialist to a social constructivist approach of ‘culture’. The constructivist approach can prevent cultural criminologists from focusing too much on ‘exotic subcultures’ and neglecting broader socio-cultural developments. The article treats the structure-agency debate and its relevance to cultural criminology. In conclusion, cultural criminology from a dynamic constructivist concept of culture is best equipped for studying crime and reactions to crime in the current era of globalization.


Brenda Carina Oude Breuil
Dr. Brenda Carina Oude Breuil is universitair docent/onderzoeker bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. E-mail: b.oudebreuil@uu.nl.
Artikel

Samenwerking in de criminaliteitsbestrijding

Kwalitatief onderzoek naar de integrale aanpak van illegale hennepteelt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 1 2011
Trefwoorden criminaliteitsbestrijding, hennepteelt, integrale aanpak, publiek-private samenwerking
Auteurs Marc Schuilenburg en Wytske van der Wagen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The fight against organized cannabis cultivation is an important topic within Dutch law enforcement. No longer the sole responsibility of the police, the current trend is for the police to work alongside local government, companies providing energy, housing associations and the Inland Revenue. Together they unite their strengths to deal more effectively and resolutely with the problem. Although different studies have been conducted concerning the (effectiveness of) the fight against cannabis cultivation, there is not much known regarding the way actors experience the fight from ‘within’, that is: the interactions, perceptions and transformations of agreements and premises which are enacted on the ‘molecular level’ of the cooperation. In two large Dutch cities, we have researched, on the basis of semi-structured interviews and observation, how parties implement their role within the integral fight against cannabis cultivation. The results reveal that the execution is more complex and uncontrollable than previously considered. The cooperation turns out not to be deductive, structured and ‘organized’; but rather flexible, dynamic and ‘self organizing’ in character.


Marc Schuilenburg
Marc Schuilenburg doceert aan de afdeling Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Zijn website is www.marcschuilenburg.nl. E-mail: m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl.

Wytske van der Wagen
Wytske van der Wagen is criminologe. E-mail: wytskevdwagen@gmail.com.
Artikel

Empirisch onderzoek in de Nederlandse criminologie

Een inventarisatie van 25 jaar methoden en technieken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2009
Trefwoorden empirisch onderzoek, criminologisch onderzoek, kwalitatief onderzoek, kwantitatief onderzoek
Auteurs Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun en Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Based on an analysis of twenty five years of articles in Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, we describe developments in the use of research methods and tools. One of the questions is how and to what extent new techniques are adopted over the years and whether certain sources of data become more or less popular. Almost half of the articles were non-empirical, and of the remainder the majority primarily made use of quantitative research methods. In the second half of the period under study, the use of secondary data, collected and often processed by people other than the researcher in question, became much more prominent. Amongst other elements, international comparative research was scarce, as was the use of experimental designs. About one-third of all empirical articles were based on qualitative research. We give some suggestions to increase variation among the kind of articles published in the journal.


Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. J.P. van der Leun is hoogleraar criminologie, faculteit rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit Leiden, j.p.vanderleun@law.leidenuniv.nl.

Prof. dr. mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof. dr. mr. C.C.J.H. Bijleveld is hoogleraar methoden en technieken van criminologisch onderzoek, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam en senior onderzoeker, Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR), CBijleveld@nscr.nl.
Artikel

Access_open Hoe vreemd is de vreemdeling voor het recht?

Tijdschrift Netherlands Journal of Legal Philosophy, Aflevering 2 2002
Trefwoorden legaliteit, illegaal, erkenning, geweld, rechtmatigheid, confirmatie, dwang, onrechtmatigheid, verblijfsvergunning, nabijheid
Auteurs H.K. Lindahl

H.K. Lindahl
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