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Essay

Voor roem of fortuin

Vervalsingen van archeologische objecten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden archaeological forgery, James Ossuary, Shroud of Turin, Piltdown Man Skull, Archaeoraptor Fossil
Auteurs Noah Charney
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper looks at a selection of famous forgeries of archaeological objects – the James Ossuary, the Shroud of Turin, the Piltdown Man Skull and the Archaeoraptor Fossil – to consider how these artefacts were falsified for personal benefit, whether in terms of fame or finance. The Shroud of Turin was identified as a forgery as early as 1389, and yet the value in terms of income from pilgrims was such that it continued to be displayed and venerated. The James Ossuary was forged for profit and notoriety, to gain renown and then to sell. The Piltdown Man Skull was one of many alleged forgeries by a man who sought renown by finding the ‘missing link’ that proved the Darwinian theory of evolution from ape to homo erectus. The same motivation drove the scientists who tried to pass off the Archaeoraptor Fossil as the ‘missing link’ that proved the relation of dinosaurs and birds.


Noah Charney
Dr. Noah Charney is professor in de kunstgeschiedenis en oprichter van ARCA, de Association for Research Into Crimes Against Art, (www.artcrimeresearch.org). Hij is de auteur van bestsellers zoals The Art of Forgery (Phaidon 2015) en hij is oprichter van The Journal of Art Crime.

    From day one of the journal Recht der Werkelijkheid (Journal of Living Law) the Legal Anthropology was welcomed. What once started as the jurisprudential study on Folk Law on the one hand and the cultural anthropological study of law on the other hand, evolved into an intensive collaboration among the researchers. Even more intensive under the subject Legal Pluralism. The legal anthropological studies extended over the years to subjects closer to the First World legal practices, i.e. the studies of social groups like the one on migrants. Under the concept of semi autonomous social fields many contributions on cultural versus legal norms were published. Later on, the legal anthropological expertise that sustained the comparative studies for international and supranational law was welcomed. The article thus shows that the journal provided room for the socio legal studies of law practices in other continents, expanded to those of other continents in the home continent as well as to those in all continents.


Agnes Schreiner
Agnes Schreiner was tot de AOW-gerechtigde leeftijd universitair docent en wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de Afdeling Algemene rechtsleer, Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Tegenwoordig is ze als gastonderzoeker aan dezelfde afdeling en faculteit verbonden. Ze was van 1985-1999 redactielid en van 1989-1995 tevens redactiesecretaris van Recht der Werkelijkheid. In 2007 trad ze toe tot de redactieraad van RdW.

Prof. dr. Bart van Klink
Bart van Klink is hoogleraar Methoden van recht en rechtswetenschap, afdeling Rechtstheorie en Rechtsgeschiedenis, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Discussie

Law is again

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden legal anthropology, legal pluralism, anthropology of law
Auteurs Barbara Oomen
Auteursinformatie

Barbara Oomen
Barbara Oomen holds a chair in the Sociology of Human Rights at Utrecht University and is the Dean of University College Roosevelt, one of the first Liberal Arts and Sciences Colleges in the Netherlands. She previously held an endowed chair in Legal Pluralism at the University of Amsterdam. Her most recent book is Rights for Others: the slow home-coming of human rights in the Netherlands (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014).
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