Zoekresultaat: 10 artikelen

x
De zoekresultaten worden gefilterd op:
Rubriek Discussion x
Impressies

Controlled auction in het Nederlandse rechtsbestel

De verhouding tussen de contractsvrijheid en de precontractuele fase

Tijdschrift Contracteren, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden controlled auction, contractsvrijheid, precontractuele fase
Auteurs W. Hoogeveen en Prof. mr. H. Koster
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In deze bijdrage wordt ingegaan op de controlled auction en de positie die de controlled auction heeft in het Nederlandse recht. Daarbij wordt de nadruk gelegd op de verhouding tussen de contractsvrijheid en de precontractuele fase. De auteurs stellen dat door middel van de procedurebrief en het multilaterale karakter van de controlled auction het gerechtvaardigd vertrouwen niet snel aan de orde zal zijn. De precontractuele redelijkheid en billijkheid gaan bovendien pas een prominente rol spelen bij de (uiteindelijke) bilaterale onderhandelingen. De koper in een controlled auction is niet onbeschermd. Uit de jurisprudentie volgt dat heldere communicatie over de procedure essentieel is voor de mogelijkheid om af te wijken van de op voorhand gestelde procedure. Vanuit een economisch perspectief blijkt in de praktijk het optimale aantal bieders bij de verkoop van een onderneming sterk casuïstisch te worden bepaald, wil de veiling maximaal waardegenererend zijn. Derhalve zijn de auteurs van mening dat gelijke informatieverschaffing en gestandaardiseerde regelgeving de effectiviteit van de controlled auction niet zullen bevorderen. De controlled auction krijgt daarmee in het huidige rechtsbestel een juiste behandeling.


W. Hoogeveen
W. Hoogeveen is student Ondernemingsrecht en Behavioural Economics aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof. mr. H. Koster
H. Koster is verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden en aan de Universiteit van Dubai.
Essay

Slachtofferschap: planten en habitats

Waarom habitats en planten ondanks strikte regels toch niet voldoende worden beschermd

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Antropocene, habitat protection, plants, environmental problems, biodiversity
Auteurs Sander Kole
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The current poor conservation status of Dutch nature is a result of human activities and is therefore characteristic of the era of the Anthropocene in which we now live. As a result of climate change, desiccation and a surplus of nitrogen and other environmental problems, the survival of many habitats and plants in the EU and in the Netherlands is at stake. Recent scientific research shows that many habitats and plants are in an unfavorable conservation status. Biodiversity is under great pressure. In almost all cases, the declining biodiversity can primarily be traced back to human activities and the consequences of these activities for nature. The EU Habitats Directive and the Dutch Nature Conservation Act provide a legal system that obliges the protection of all wild habitats and plants. Although the objective of both regulations suggests otherwise, the protection of nature in the application of provisions from the Dutch Nature Conservation Act is not an intrinsic objective. The extent to which habitats and plants are protected is linked to human – often economic – interests. It is this ambivalence in existing laws and regulations – the human perspective – that makes it possible to ‘disable’ rules that are precisely intended to preserve habitat types and plants relatively easily. As a result, environmental problems caused by humans are not or not completely resolved. Remarkably enough, the design and application of current national and international nature conservation law contributes to the undisturbed continuation of the Anthropocene era in which we live.


Sander Kole
Mr. dr. Sander Kole is universitair docent algemeen bestuursrecht en omgevingsrecht bij de Open Universiteit. Sander.Kole@ou.nl
Essay

De Green New Deal

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Green New Deal, climate change
Auteurs Merijn Oudenampsen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The impact of climate change, long merely an abstract prospect, has rapidly become manifest these last years. To prevent rapid global warming, a daunting level of policy intervention is needed. The Green New Deal is an attempt to address that challenge. It is a political programme that combines energy transition with a social agenda focused on providing employment and welfare. While the early and more radical versions of the Green New Deal idea question the necessity of growth itself, the more moderate programmes now pursued by the EU and the Biden administration approach the Green New Deal as a new ‘growth strategy’ that will help western economies recover from the corona pandemic.


Merijn Oudenampsen
Dr. Merijn Oudenampsen is postdoc-onderzoeker aan de Faculteit der Maatschappij- en Gedragswetenschappen, Programmagroep Geographies of Globalizations, Universiteit van Amsterdam. m.oudenampsen@uva.nl
Discussie

Welke toekomst voor herstelrecht in Brussel?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht, Aflevering 3 2020
Trefwoorden CONRAD, participatief actieonderzoek, Brussel, radicalisering, Marokkaanse jongeren
Auteurs Ali Moustatine, Tom Flachet en Erik Claes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article critically examines the prospects of restorative justice in Brussels from the perspective of urban youth work. The insights issue from action research on the topic of ‘radicalisation’. The authors develop two arguments. The first tempers restorative optimism. It shows how restorative interventions are not necessarily the most adequate response to tensions and conflicts in urban settings. The second argument points out that resistance from urban youth workers regarding the implementation of restorative interventions should not be seen as a regrettable obstacle for academics who are eager to experiment with these interventions. Such a resistance can lead to new insights and fresh opportunities to radically rethink Restorative Justice. One of the ideas that the article brings to the surface comes down to this. In a city like Brussels, characterised by superdiversity, and clearly marked by social inequalities, academic researchers only gain credibility in initiating restorative interventions if they undeniably denounce these inequalities and fully express their engagement for social justice.


Ali Moustatine
Ali Moustatine is voormalig jeugdwerker bij de Brusselse jeugdorganisatie D’broej. Hij was werkzaam in de Vereniging voor Marokkaanse Jongeren. Hij was verantwoordelijke onderwijsondersteuning en begeleider van ateliers rond religie, identiteit en sociale exclusie.

Tom Flachet
Tom Flachet is jeugdwerker bij de Brusselse jeugdorganisatie D’broej. Hij is bokstrainer bij de Brussels Boxing Academy. Hij heeft jarenlange ervaring als begeleider van trektochten met Brusselse jongeren in de bergen.

Erik Claes
Erik Claes is senior onderzoeker aan Odisee Hogeschool, opleiding sociaal werk. Zijn expertise en publicaties bestrijken de domeinen van rechtsfilosofie (grondslagen van de rechtsstaat), criminologie (herstelrecht), sociaal werk onderzoek (grootstedelijkheid, grondrechten en conflictbeleving).
Essay

Drugsgebruik, exces en criminaliteit

Een historisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden history of drugs, tobacco, drug policy, civilizing process, opium
Auteurs Dr. Stephen Snelders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article discusses the problem of excessive drug use from a historical perspective. Cultural ambivalence towards excessive use of alcohol, tobacco, and drugs has roots going back into the seventeenth century. A case study is presented of the introduction and adaptation of tobacco in the Dutch republic. Dutch national and colonial drug regulation is discussed. It is concluded that regulations have been primarily motivated by anxieties about excessive behaviour among the labouring classes, endangering public order, and non-white users in the colonies. This has led to criminalization of excessive behaviour, and to the creation of a criminal underground economy.


Dr. Stephen Snelders
Dr. S.A.M. (Stephen) Snelders is research fellow aan de Faculteit Bètawetenschappen en het Freudenthal Instituut/History and Philosophy of the Sciences van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Discussie

Access_open Positief veiligheidsbeleid ook mogelijk met oorlogstaal?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden role models, responsivity, gang prevention, desistance, applied science
Auteurs dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    How could positive security policies take shape? On what kind of empirical research should these policies be based? And what sort of concepts would we need for this development? If the starting point is to understand safety as a positive notion, it seems wise to avoid the terms of war that are prevailing in current policy programs on security and public safety (fighting, frontline and city-marines). On the other hand some type of decisive jargon might be unavoidable when one sets out to have an actual impact on youth crime policies and policy makers. Is it possible to keep using some type of military terminology in research benefitting the development of positive security policies and still emphasize a positive composition? This dilemma has arisen in recent research activities on positive, street-oriented role models in response to Dutch problematic youth groups and youth at risk. De Jong argues that with the sensitizing concept of the ‘liaison officer’ it might be possible to encourage a positive change through applied social science.


dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong is lector Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit, Cluster Social Work & Toegepaste Psychologie aan de Hogeschool Leiden, en wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Discussie

Access_open Positieve criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden securitas, rule of law, Polizeiwissenschaft, politeia, democracy
Auteurs prof. dr. Bob Hoogenboom
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Positive security is a very promising development in criminology. The ‘movement’ reconnects the current debate on crime with the origins of ancient Greek thinking on the positive nature of politeia, policy and policing. Securitas - providing safety and security for the common good - has a long and rich tradition. Good governance is about many things, but foremost about providing security in society. Polizeiwissenschaft in 18th and 19th century Prussia made a distinction between Wohlfahrt- and Sicherheitspolizei.
    The latter is outright dangerous because security becomes equated with negative connotations: the other, the enemies of the state, the drug war and more recently the war in terror. In times like these the positive qualities of securitas become inflated. Human rights, privacy and the rule of law are no longer viewed in positive terms. Therefore I advocate the positive security movement. But the author is worried about two things. Firstly, the current Zeitgeist which is charged with xenophobia and war like languages. And, secondly the fact that the ‘movement’ is limited to a few rebels with a cause. The mainstream of criminology is not really interested in reconnecting with the philosophical positive roots of securitas. Mainstream criminology fosters the status quo and is financially too depended on the state to actually follow the new heroes of positivity. The only way out is to develop a following but this requires academics to actually take a stand.


prof. dr. Bob Hoogenboom
Prof. dr. Bob Hoogenboom is hoogleraar fraude en regulering aan de Nyenrode Business Universiteit.
Discussie

Veranderingen in de visie op druggebruik – van een strafrechtelijk naar een gezondheidsparadigma

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden drug policy, paradigms, criminalisation, harm reduction, health problem
Auteurs drs. Franz Trautmann
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various studies show that the views on the drug problem and appropriate policy responses have undergone profound changes from the 1960s onward. This article is analysing one of these changes, the decriminalisation of drug use, reflecting a fundamental change of view: understanding drug use as a health issue and not as crime. A useful heuristic to understand this type of change is Thomas Kuhn’s paradigm concept. He sees a paradigm as a set of beliefs that are shared by a scientific community and accepted by a wider community. A paradigm change is therefore a socio-psychological process rather than rooted in new scientific or research facts.
    The author analyses the change from the dominance of a crime to the dominance of a health paradigm reflecting its social-historic context, starting with the widely shared concerns about substance use related health problems in the 20th century. These concerns translated into two different views on the essence of these problems, a crime and a health paradigm. The first served as fundament of the international drug control efforts, resulting in the still governing drug prohibition. Yet, the health paradigm was also of influence from the start and gradually gained weight. From the 1970s onwards the health paradigm became more important as part of a wider reform movement. It started in the Netherlands and the UK as bottom-up process criticising criminalising the users of illicit drugs as inappropriate, detrimental for their health and inhumane. The health paradigm was seen as more appropriate.
    The author reflects on the benefits and disadvantages of the health paradigm. Its primary benefit is that it helps to understand the health problems related to drug use. A key disadvantage is its close relationship with the disease paradigm. The latter fits well with the generally negative view on drugs as dangerous or evil. It is encompassing the risk of ‘pathologising’ all forms of drug use and denying phenomena of unproblematic use for, among other things, recreational or spiritual purposes. Like the crime paradigm it can serve for control purposes. The drug user remains subject of control or disciplining policies and is not in charge of his/her own life. An additional problematic issue is that ‘softening’ the approach towards the users seems to be mirrored by a harder, more punitive approach to the producers and sellers of the substances, which are seen as villains, making available the drugs which deserve harsh punishment for ‘devastating’ the lives of users.
    The author concludes with a short discussion of the well-being paradigm as possible alternative for the health paradigm. It covers a broader spectrum than the health paradigm and helps to grasp the negative impact of (problem) drug use, reducing well-being, but is also useful in understanding the positive sides, enhancing well-being.


drs. Franz Trautmann
Drs. Franz Trautmann was Senior Drug Policy Advisor bij het Trimbos-instituut in Nederland. Hij werkte meer dan tien jaar aan harm reduction-programma’s in Amsterdam en leidde sinds 1990 tal van nationale en internationale projecten rond de ontwikkeling van preventie, behandeling en harm reduction-programma’s in verschillende landen en kwalitatief, praktijkgericht onderzoek (Rapid Assessment and Response). De laatste vijftien jaar legde hij zich tevens toe op onderzoek naar het functioneren van de internationale drugsmarkt en naar de beleidsrespons daarop. Enkele weken na het aanleveren van de laatste versie van zijn bijdrage, op 11 juni 2016, overleed hij geheel onverwacht.

J. Kien
J. Kien was tot december 2015 avocat au Barreau de Paris en advocaat te Rotterdam. Voorheen was hij juridisch directeur bij Alstom Transport Azië en Grote Projecten bij EDF. Hij treedt geregeld op als arbiter in internationale geschillen.
Discussie

Nooit meer thuis in deze wereld

Jean Améry’s verlangen naar herstel na Auschwitz

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Holocaust, resentment, forgiveness, recovery, victims
Auteurs prof. dr. Theo de Wit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The author examines the thoughts of the originally Austrian author Jean Améry. After his concentration camp experiences Améry publicly acclaimed that he continued to resent the Germans. He felt abandoned and deeply overwhelmed and never recovered from these feelings. He refused to forgive and forget and practiced moral and physical rebellion.


prof. dr. Theo de Wit
prof. dr. T.W.A. (Theo) de Wit is werkzaam aan de Faculteit Katholieke Theologie van de Universiteit van Tilburg en is tevens bijzonder hoogleraar Vraagstukken geestelijke verzorging in justitiële inrichtingen.
Interface Showing Amount
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.