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Pending Cases

Case C-344/20, Religious Discrimination

L.F. – v – S.C.R.L., reference lodged by Tribunal du travail francophone de Bruxelles (Belgium) on 27 July 2020

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden Religious Discrimination
Pending Cases

Case C-341/19, Religious discrimination

MH Müller Handels GmbH – v – MJ, reference lodged by the Bundesarbeitsgericht (Germany) on 30 April 2019

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Samenvatting

Pending Cases

Case C-804/18, Religious Discrimination

IX – v – WABE e. V., reference lodged by the Arbeitsgericht Hamburg (Germany) on 20 December 2018

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2019
Rulings

ECJ 22 January 2019, case C-193/17 (Cresco Investigation), Discrimination, Religion

Cresco Investigation GmbH – v – Markus Achatzi, Austrian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Discrimination, Religion
Samenvatting

    If a religious organisation relies on an exception to the principle of equal treatment to draft rules that differ according to the religion of the employees, this must be subject to judicial review and will be acceptable only if the religion or belief constitutes a genuine and legitimate occupational requirement, justified by the ethos of the organisation concerned and the application of the exception is proportionate. If there are contrary provisions in national law, these must be disapplied.

Landmark ruling

ECJ 17 April 2018, C-414/16 (Egenberger), Religious discrimination

Vera Egenberger – v – Evangelisches Werk für Diakonie und Entwicklung eV, German case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Samenvatting

    It is ultimately for the courts to verify whether religious organisations can legitimately invoke occupational requirements as a reason for unequal treatment.

ECJ Court Watch

Case C-193/17. Fundamental rights

Cresco Investigation GmbH – v – Markus Achatzi, reference lodged by the German Oberster Gerichtshof on 13 April 2017

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 3 2017
ECJ Court Watch

ECJ (Grand Chamber) 14 March 2017, case C-188/15 (Bougnaoui), Religious discrimination

Asma Bougnaoui and Association de défense des droits de l’homme (Association for the Defence of Human Rights) – v – Micropole SA, formerly Micropole Univers SA, French case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Samenvatting

    The concept of a ‘genuine and determining occupational requirement’ within the meaning of Article 4 of Directive 2000/78 does not cover subjective considerations, such as the willingness of an employer to take account of customers’ wishes.

ECJ Court Watch

ECJ (Grand Chamber) 14 March 2017, case C-157/15 (Achbita), Religious discrimination

Samira Achbita and the Centrum voor gelijkheid van kansen en voor racismebestrijding (Centre for Equal Opportunities and Opposition to Racism) – v – G4S Secure Solutions NV, Belgian case

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Religious discrimination
Samenvatting

    Company regulations that prohibit the visible wearing of political, philosophical or religious symbols do not discriminate directly on grounds of religion. A policy of projecting an image of neutrality is not indirectly discriminatory if pursued consistently and systematically.

ECJ Court Watch

Case C-414/16. Religious discrimination

Vera Egenberger – v – Evangelisches Werk für Diakonie und Entwicklung e.V., reference lodged by the German Bundesarbeitsgericht on 27 July 2016

Tijdschrift European Employment Law Cases, Aflevering 4 2016
Trefwoorden Discrimination, Religion
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