Zoekresultaat: 2 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid x Jaar 2012 x Rubriek Praktijk x
Praktijk

De case van het rookverbod in de horeca

Instrumentele en normatieve nalevingsmotieven van horecaondernemers

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 3 2012
Trefwoorden compliance, motivational postures, smoking ban
Auteurs Willem Bantema
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Research on (self-reported) compliance has focused on instrumental explanations like deterrence and other rational choice based calculations. In my text, the focus will be on my operationalization of the normative explanation: motivational postures (an idea developed by Valerie Braithwaite). Motivational postures are clusters of compliance motivations in which the degree of agreement with the rules and the degree of agreement with the regulator have been integrated. Theoretically, there are five different postures. Motivational postures are applied in research in Australia to the contexts of taxing, nursing homes, safety and environmental regulation, but have never been applied to the context of a smoking ban. The motivational postures have been tested in a pilot study. First results of this study revealed that four of the five postures were based on valid and reliable measures. Finally, these motivational postures have a high explanatory value in the analysis on self-reported compliance, even when controlled for instrumental explanations.


Willem Bantema
Willem Bantema is in 2010 afgestudeerd als socioloog. Vanaf 1 januari 2011 is hij werkzaam als promovendus bij de vakgroep Rechtstheorie, Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Daar onderzoekt hij motieven van horecaondernemers bij het (niet) naleven van het rookverbod. Willem Bantema is gespecialiseerd in kwantitatief onderzoek.
Praktijk

Securing legal certainty within a multilevel regulatory space

Evidence from the regulatory practice of marketing authorisation of medical devices in Europe

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden legal certainty, multilevel regulation, regulatory space
Auteurs Nupur Chowdhury
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    One of the primary functions of law is to ensure that the legal structure governing all social relations is predictable, coherent, consistent and applicable. All these characteristics of law are referred to as legal certainty. In traditional approaches to legal certainty, law is regarded as a hierarchic system of rules characterised by stability, clarity, predictability, uniformity, calculable enforcement, publicity and predictability.1xWeber 1925, p. 68. Others like Llewellyn have underlined the importance of appellate courts in ensuring legal certainty by filling up gaps in the law.2xLlewellyn 1960. Also see, Stinchcombe 1999. Such traditional approaches to legal certainty were developed within the context of national legal orders, in which rule making, rule enforcement and rule adjudication authority vested within public actors functioning as representatives of the state.

Noten

  • 1 Weber 1925, p. 68.

  • 2 Llewellyn 1960. Also see, Stinchcombe 1999.


Nupur Chowdhury
Nupur Chowdhury is doctoral fellow at the Law and Regulation Group, School of Management and Governance, University of Twente.
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