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Securing legal certainty within a multilevel regulatory space

Evidence from the regulatory practice of marketing authorisation of medical devices in Europe

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2012
Trefwoorden legal certainty, multilevel regulation, regulatory space
Auteurs Nupur Chowdhury
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    One of the primary functions of law is to ensure that the legal structure governing all social relations is predictable, coherent, consistent and applicable. All these characteristics of law are referred to as legal certainty. In traditional approaches to legal certainty, law is regarded as a hierarchic system of rules characterised by stability, clarity, predictability, uniformity, calculable enforcement, publicity and predictability.1xWeber 1925, p. 68. Others like Llewellyn have underlined the importance of appellate courts in ensuring legal certainty by filling up gaps in the law.2xLlewellyn 1960. Also see, Stinchcombe 1999. Such traditional approaches to legal certainty were developed within the context of national legal orders, in which rule making, rule enforcement and rule adjudication authority vested within public actors functioning as representatives of the state.

Noten

  • 1 Weber 1925, p. 68.

  • 2 Llewellyn 1960. Also see, Stinchcombe 1999.


Nupur Chowdhury
Nupur Chowdhury is doctoral fellow at the Law and Regulation Group, School of Management and Governance, University of Twente.
Praktijk

De markt van misdaad

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2010
Trefwoorden Economische criminaliteit, literatuuroverzicht, Kosten van criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Tulder
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Economists like to think in terms of markets, where supply and demand meet. There are, however, also ‘real’ criminal markets where either supply and demand of illegal goods or services can meet, or where perpetrators ‘receive’ a financial penalty for his/her illegal acts. This article focuses on economic research in the field of these markets, especially where it concerns victimless crimes.


Dr. Frank van Tulder
Dr. F.P. van Tulder is senior onderzoeker/adviseur bij de afdeling Ontwikkeling van de Raad voor de rechtspraak, f.van.tulder@rechtspraak.nl.
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