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Article

Access_open The Child’s Contact with Grandparents

Tijdschrift Family & Law, september 2021
Trefwoorden Family life, Best interest of the child, Contact rights, Grandchildren, Grandparents
Auteurs prof. M. Holdgaard
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Grandparents hand down their experiences, knowledge, traditions and values to their grandchildren. As a high level of grandparental involvement may play an important role in a child’s well-being, legal protection of that family relation may be in the best interest of a given child. There is a continuing interaction between family law, cultural and social norms of what constitutes a family and how family life should be, and actual family practices and structures. Due to changing family patterns combined with an increasing number of divorces and cohabiting couples with children splitting up grandparents now play an increasing role in their grandchildren’s lives. Children become members within other types of family structures, e.g. single parents (raising half-siblings), families with yours and/or mine (and joint) children etc. When a child’s family includes a step-parent with children and step-grandparents – as well as the biological parents and grandparents – a potential risk of conflict among the family members is high. Grandparents, therefore, risk losing contact or having less contact than they had previously. At first glance, there might appear to be little reason for society to regulate the practices of grandparents as providers of non-formalized childcare or to protect the rights of children in these relationships. However, due to the changing family practices and social norms, one could argue that the legal protection of contact between grandparents and grandchildren is an important legal topic in domestic law and in academic discussions in the coming years. This article articulates these issues by framing three articles that together create a thematic map in this journal on Spanish and Catalan law, and Scandinavian law as well as the grandparents’ right to maintain contact with their grandchildren under the European Convention on Human Rights seen in a context of the best interest of the child.


prof. M. Holdgaard
Marianne Holdgaard is Professor in family and inheritance law at the School of Law, Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Aalborg
Artikel

Access_open Enhanced Contact Rights for Grandparents? A Critical View from Spanish and Catalan Laws

Tijdschrift Family & Law, september 2021
Trefwoorden Contact with grandchildren, Best interest of the child, Parental responsibilities
Auteurs prof. dr. J. Ribot Igualada
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article examines how Spanish and Catalan laws deal with claims of grandparents who seek contact with their grandchildren against the will of one or both parents, and the scope given to their rights. It starts by explaining the content and the goals of the legal reforms enacted in Spain at the beginning of the 21st century to promote grandparents’ interests. Then, it presents the case law developed in the interpretation of the relevant legal rules. The resulting state of the law is assessed, taking into account the interests of all the parties involved (parents, grandparents, and grandchildren). The experience of more than twenty years of application of the specific provisions concerning grandparents’ contact rights sheds light on the impact of giving grandparents stronger legal rights. However, it also prompts the question of whether this legislative choice might have brought about useless and potentially harmful litigation.


prof. dr. J. Ribot Igualada
Jordi Ribot Igualada is Professor of Civil Law at the Institute of European and Comparative Law and Director of the Institute of European and Comparative Private Law (University of Girona).
Artikel

Access_open De verwachte richtlijn duurzame corporate governance: verantwoord ondernemen moet hoog op de bestuursagenda

Tijdschrift Maandblad voor Ondernemingsrecht, Aflevering 7-8 2021
Trefwoorden MVO, moederaansprakelijkheid, duurzaamheid, human rights due diligence, zorgplicht
Auteurs J.E.S. Hamster LLM MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    De auteur bespreekt de verwachte conceptrichtlijn duurzame corporate governance. Daarbij wordt uitgebreid ingegaan op het beginsel van human rights due diligence, dat de kern zal vormen van de conceptrichtlijn. Deze ontwikkeling zal verstrekkende gevolgen hebben voor ondernemingen, en zij zullen dit onderwerp hoog op de agenda moeten zetten.


J.E.S. Hamster LLM MA
J.E.S. Hamster LLM MA is advocaat bij DLA Piper te Amsterdam.

    This year, 2021, TMD has reached a milestone: its 25th volume. To celebrate this event, the issues to be published this year will highlight what has been achieved over the past 25 years, in mediation practice, and in respect of scientific knowledge on the various modes of dispute resolution. The question which targets to set for the future, will equally be addressed.
    Geographically, the focus of this first issue is on the Netherlands, whereas the third issue will be addressing developments in Belgium. The fourth issue this year will highlight international developments, ranging from the USA to China. The second issue will be a special surprise for our subscribers.
    The present issue, dealing with the Netherlands, starts with a tribute to the pioneer of family mediation in this country, the late professor Peter Hoefnagels. His original article, published in the very first volume of TMD (1997) and reproduced here in its entirety, describes his own experience when pioneering divorce mediation from 1974 onwards. In 1997, the year of original publication, mediation was not yet widely acknowledged nor embraced. Brigitte Chin-A-Fat responds to Peter Hoefnagels through a personal letter following his article, reassuring the great pioneer that 25 years further on, mediation has become well established in the family domain.
    The issue continues with three interviews, organized by editors Roger Ritzen and/or Rob Jagtenberg, with individuals who have (sometimes inadvertently) become leading authorities in the field.
    Steve Whittaker, an English solicitor who moved to the Netherlands in 1988 to work in the construction industry and became inspired by the use of ADR in Hongkong, became the founder of the Netherlands Mediation Institute (NMI), in the mid 1990s. For 20 years, NMI was the umbrella structure for (almost) all mediators in the Netherlands and the interface between the mediation community and government. Compared with those early years, today, interests seem to diverge increasingly, at the risk of fragmentation.
    The second interview is with former President of the Court of Appeal in Arnhem, Ms. Machteld Pel. For many years, she spearheaded the Dutch national research program on court-referred mediation, thereby acting as the trait-d’union between the judiciary and the mediation community. Judges who were sceptics at first, often became interested after having taken the special training courses co-designed by Machteld Pel. Her book ‘Referral to Mediation’, which is packed with checklists and practical tips for formulating questions, has become a genuine classic.
    The interview with Fred Schonewille takes the reader to the past decade in particular. Fred Schonewille has been the driving force behind various proposals for mediation legislation, aiming to secure a more prominent place for mediation, while improving professional quality standards. The Netherlands and Belgium constitute contrasting cases, where in the Netherlands legislation proposals were hitherto torpedoed, whereas Belgium has comprehensive legislation in place for some time now.
    Fred Schonewille has also pioneered premarital mediation and new varieties of mediation in the domain of family-owned companies. Some fascinating insights gained in these areas are also shared in this third interview.
    This first issue in the special year 2021 is concluded by two smaller contributions; in the first of these, Médiation à la française, Paris-based Dutch lawyer-mediators Marinka Schillings and Thom Verkuilen provide an overview of recent developments in France. Legislative action as well as some recent research outcomes are addressed. The second of the smaller contributions highlights a conference organized by a professorial team from the Radboud University in Nijmegen, addressing the position of the judge vis-a-vis various modes of dispute resolution. The proceedings of the conference will be published as a book later this year.


Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.

Lukas van den Berge
Lukas van den Berge is assistent professor of legal theory at Utrecht University.
Artikel

Access_open Verantwoordelijkheid voor mensenrechtenschendingen WK voetbal Qatar

Tijdschrift Voetbal- & Sportjuridische Zaken, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden FIFA World Cup Qatar, arbeidsmigranten, grote sportevenementen, mensenrechtenschendingen, gedeelde verantwoordelijkheid
Auteurs Daniela Heerdt
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Sinds het evenement aan Qatar werd gegund in 2010 is de uitbuiting van arbeidsmigranten op de bouwplaatsen van het WK voetbal een voortdurende bron van zorg voor de internationale gemeenschap. Vanuit een juridisch-pluralistische benadering analyseert dit artikel de verschillende verantwoordelijkheden van de diverse betrokken stakeholders en bespreekt het de uitdagingen bij het ter verantwoording roepen van de verantwoordelijken en hoe een benadering van gedeelde verantwoordelijkheid deze uitdagingen zou kunnen oplossen.


Daniela Heerdt
Dr. D.M. (Daniela) Heerdt is researcher aan de Universiteit van Tilburg en onafhankelijk consultant op het gebied van sport- en mensenrechten.
Artikel

Is verslaving behandelbaar?

Attitudes van forensisch sociale professionals ten aanzien van middelenmisbruik

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Lianne Kleijer-Kool, Vivienne de Vogel, Jolein Monnee-van Doornmalen e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Forensic social professionals play a crucial role in the resocialization trajectories of their clients with substance use problems. In this explorative study, we conclude that their attitudes to treatability of addiction are positive. However, there are differences in attitudes regarding needed treatment interventions and ways of controlling substance use, for example related to working within specialist addiction services, personal experiences with addiction and working in a clinical setting. When confronted with substance use of their clients, the forensic social professionals’ main reactions are discussing the problem with their client and analyzing the situation. The type of substance and the nature of criminal behavior are important considerations in this reaction.


Lianne Kleijer-Kool
Dr. Lianne Kleijer-Kool is onderzoeker bij het lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader en hogeschoolhoofddocent bij het Instituut voor Veiligheid van Hogeschool Utrecht.

Vivienne de Vogel
Dr. Vivienne de Vogel is lector Werken in Justitieel Kader van Hogeschool Utrecht.

Jolein Monnee-van Doornmalen
Drs. Jolein Monnee-van Doornmalen is reclasseringsambtenaar tbs en voormalig onderzoeker lectoraat Werken in Justitieel Kader van Hogeschool Utrecht.

Richard van Asch
Richard van Asch, MSw is docent Social Work bij Hogeschool Utrecht.
Artikel

Access_open Procedurele rechtvaardigheid in de strafrecht­keten

Hoe ervaren gedetineerden de bejegening door strafrecht­actoren?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering Online First 2021
Trefwoorden procedural justice, treatment, multiple criminal justice authorities, criminal justice system
Auteurs Matthias van Hall, Anja Dirkzwager, Peter van der Laan e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    It has been proposed that when people perceive their treatment by criminal justice actors as more procedurally just, they will be more likely to comply with the law. Existing research mainly focused on the police or the judge. This longitudinal study examined how prisoners experienced their treatment by five different criminal justice actors using data from the Prison Project. The prisoners were most positive about the procedurally fair treatment by their lawyer and least positive about the treatment by the police. Additionally, the perceived treatment by the police was associated with the treatment by other actors at subsequent moments.


Matthias van Hall
M. van Hall MSc is promovendus bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Peter van der Laan
Prof. P.H. van der Laan is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) en bijzonder hoogleraar reclassering aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Vernieling en plundering als iconoclasme en bron voor illegale handel in antiquiteiten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden iconoclasm, looting, antiquities, illicit antiquities trade, Islamic State
Auteurs Mathias Desmet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    During the conflict in Syria and Iraq, Islamic State demolished and looted countless cultural heritage sites and the statues therein, as well as archaeological sites and museums. These acts of iconoclasm, broadly shown in propaganda videos, were aimed at erasing the cultural identity of the population. Additionally, the destruction and looting were also a means to obtain antiquities that could be sold in order to bring in revenues. This article tries to explain the iconoclasm and illicit antiquities trade constructed by Islamic State and how they were related.


Mathias Desmet
Mathias Desmet, MSc Law, is onderwijsassistent in de Faculteit Recht en Criminologie, Vakgroep Criminologie, Strafrecht en Sociaal Recht en promovendus werkzaam in het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy aan de Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

Access_open Professional Ethics for Judges – Lessons Learned from the Past. Dialogue as Didactics to Develop Moral Leadership for Judges

Special Issue on Education in (Professional) Legal Ethics, ­Emanuel van Dongen & Jet Tigchelaar (eds.)

Tijdschrift Law and Method, juli 2021
Trefwoorden professional ethics, ethical dilemmas, judiciary, independence
Auteurs Alex Brenninkmeijer en Didel Bish
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    There is an intimate link between good conduct by judges and the rule of law. The quintessence of their role is that judges shape a trustworthy and fair legal system from case to case. Ethical trading is not carved in granite, and judges must determine their course on different levels. First, it concerns personal conduct and requires integrity and reliability. On the second level, the challenge is to achieve proper adjudication by conducting a fair trial in accordance with professional standards. Third, judges exercise discretion, in which normative considerations run the risk of becoming political. They should act independently as one of the players in the trias politica. A triptych of past cases illustrate moral dilemmas judges may encounter in their profession. Calibrating the ethical compass is not an abstract or academic exercise. A dialogue at the micro (internal), meso (deliberation in chambers) and macro levels (court in constitutional framework) could be incorporated in the legal reasoning as a didactic framework to make future judges aware of their ethical challenges.


Alex Brenninkmeijer
A.F.M. Brenninkmeijer, PhD is Member of the European Court of Auditors, Luxembourg. Professor of Institutional Aspects of the Rule of Law at Utrecht University.

Didel Bish
D.A. Bish, LLM is a trainee at the European Court of Auditors, Luxembourg.
Artikel

Levensbeschouwelijk perspectief op goed bestuur in onzekere tijden

De dreiging van een gesloten samenleving keren

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Religie, Recht en Beleid, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden reflexiviteit, open samenleving, post-seculier, Nederigheid, improvisatie
Auteurs Robert van Putten
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What is a good governance approach to uncertainty or reflexivity? Reducing uncertainty is an important task of policy and governance, but it can also derail. That is why good governance includes holding space for uncertainty. A Christian worldview provides insights for a more relaxed handling of uncertainty. The notions of certitudo, improvisation and humility are then central. Together, they form building blocks for a post-secular perspective on governance in times of crisis.


Robert van Putten
Dr. R.J. van Putten promoveerde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam op een bestuursfilosofisch proefschrift getiteld De ban van beheersing (2020). Momenteel werkt hij als onderzoeker aan het Wetenschappelijk Instituut van de ChristenUnie en aan het lectoraat Bezieling & Professionaliteit van de Christelijke Hogeschool Ede.
Article

Access_open Invisible before the law

The legal position of persons with intellectual disabilities under the Dutch Care and Compulsion Act (Wzd) in light of Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD)

Tijdschrift Family & Law, juni 2021
Trefwoorden dicrimination, guardianship, incapacitated adults, legal (in)capacity
Auteurs F. Schuthof LLM
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands, the use of involuntary treatment in the mental health care sector is governed by the Dutch Care and Compulsion Act (Wzd). This study examines the legal position of persons with intellectual disabilities under this Act. The Wzd is analyzed in light of the human rights standards of Article 12 of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD). The findings of this study show that the Wzd does not meet the standards of Article 12 in several cases. The Wzd does not recognize the legal capacity of persons with intellectual disabilities, it continues to allow for substituted decision-making and support measures are not complemented by adequate safeguards. From a theoretical point of view, an imbalance between the protection of and the respect for the autonomy of persons with intellectual disabilities can be observed. This article formulates several recommendations in order to restore this balance.
    ---
    De Nederlandse Wet zorg en dwang (Wzd) ziet toe op de rechten van mensen met een verstandelijke beperking bij onvrijwillige zorg of onvrijwillige opname. Dit artikel onderzoekt de juridische positie van mensen met een verstandelijke beperking ten aanzien van deze wet. De Wzd wordt geanalyseerd in relatie tot artikel 12 van het Verdrag inzake de Rechten van Personen met een Handicap (VRPH). De bevindingen van dit onderzoek laten zien dat de Wzd in verschillende gevallen niet voldoet aan de normen van artikel 12 VRPH. Zo wordt onder andere de handelingsbekwaamheid, ofwel ‘legal capacity’, van mensen met een verstandelijke beperking niet erkend en blijft plaatsvervangende besluitvorming mogelijk. Vanuit theoretisch oogpunt is er sprake van een disbalans tussen de bescherming van en het respect voor de autonomie van mensen met een verstandelijke beperking. Dit artikel doet daarom meerdere aanbevelingen om dit evenwicht te herstellen.


F. Schuthof LLM
Fiore Schuthof conducts research into better empowerment and protection of the elderly as a PhD student at Utrecht University (UU).
Artikel

Publieke waarden en het gebruik van genetische gegevens

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden technological advances, sequencing DNA, internationalization, commercial use, public values
Auteurs Petra Verhoef, Yayouk Willems en Marc Groenen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Three developments – technological advances in sequencing DNA data, the booming market for commercial DNA tests, and internationalization of collecting and sharing DNA data – are accelerating the use of DNA data worldwide. The authors discuss the impact of the increase in international and commercial use of DNA data and the way it puts public values (like privacy, autonomy, fairness) under pressure. When collecting, analyzing, and translating DNA data, privacy should be guarded, genetic discrimination has to be prevented, digital citizenship could be strengthened, and responsibilities for those applying DNA data should be strongly defined. By doing so, we can thrive for a future in which we make valuable use of DNA data.


Petra Verhoef
Dr. ir. P. Verhoef is themacoördinator bij het Rathenau Instituut. Zij en haar team werken aan verschillende onderwerpen rondom technologie voor gezondheid en landbouw.

Yayouk Willems
Dr. Y.E. Willems is onderzoeker bij het Rathenau Instituut, en zij is gepromoveerd bij het Nederlands Tweelingen Register.

Marc Groenen
M. Groenen MSc werkte tot april 2021 bij het Rathenau Instituut als onderzoeker. Momenteel werkt hij als onderzoeker bij Wageningen Food Safety Research.
Artikel

Het nieuwe activisme? Een kwalitatieve studie naar strategieën en betekenisgeving binnen de Nederlandse tak van Anonymous for the Voiceless

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden green-cultural criminology, animal activism, impression management, new activism
Auteurs Anantha Thelen en Fiore Geelhoed
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the ways in which animal activists that are affiliated with the Dutch branch of Anonymous for the Voiceless – a rapidly growing animal rights organization – shape their movement and actions in the context of the Anthropocene. Drawing on qualitative data, the results show that there are tensions between the way in which the organization presents itself to its audiences and the internal dynamics within the movement. In their frontstage performance, they highlight the open and non-coercive nature of their movement, which they describe as new activism. However, this performance contrasts with the abolitionist vision and internal dynamics within the movement, which is characterized by a clear hierarchy, strict rules for a vegan lifestyle and far-reaching consequences when not complying with those rules.


Anantha Thelen
Anantha Thelen, MSc, is junior-onderzoeker binnen de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. thelen@law.eur.nl

Fiore Geelhoed
Dr. mr. Fiore Geelhoed is universitair docent binnen de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redactielid van Tijdschrift over Cultuur en Criminaliteit. geelhoed@law.eur.nl
Essay

Dubbel gevangen

Over slachtofferschap en dieren in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden dieren, antropoceen, dierethiek, slachtofferschap
Auteurs Joost Leuven, Eva Meijer en Bernice Bovenkerk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In recent years, there has been a shift within animal ethics, in which animals are no longer seen purely as passive suffering subjects, but attention is also being paid to their role as agents. In this essay, we look at what that agency means and argue that in the Anthropocene animals are actually victimized in two ways: because their agency is literally curtailed by human actions and because at the knowledge level agency is taken away from them: we see them as victims even when they are not. In this text, we focus on zoo animals to illustrate how this works.


Joost Leuven
Joost Leuven, MA, MSc. jleuven@gmail.com

Eva Meijer
Eva Meijer, PhD, is post-doc, Wageningen University. eva1.meijer@wur.nl

Bernice Bovenkerk
Bernice Bovenkerk, PhD, is universitair hoofddocent, Wageningen University. bernice.bovenkerk@wur.nl
Artikel

Climate Change Litigation: learning from the Urgenda case

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden climate litigation, Urgenda, green criminology, climate justice, climate victims
Auteurs Yanna Hoek, Daan van Uhm en Damián Zaitch
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Climate litigation is an understudied phenomenon in criminology. In this article we will discuss the rise of climate change litigation and growing recognition of global environmental harms from a green criminological perspective. More specifically, we will discuss both the legal reasoning and the impact of the Urgenda case in the Netherlands in the context of environmental, ecological and climate justice. We will conclude with how this case contributes for the recognition of diverse climate victims and strengthening of climate justice in the near future.


Yanna Hoek
Yanna Hoek, MA, werkt als ‘verbindend’ strateeg bij projecten die bijdragen aan vernieuwende ideeën en waardeverandering binnen klimaat & vergroening.

Daan van Uhm
Dr. Daan van Uhm is als universitair docent verbonden aan de sectie criminologie van het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Hij onderzoekt en publiceert over groene criminaliteit. D.P.vanUhm@uu.nl

Damián Zaitch
Dr. Damián Zaitch is universitair hoofddocent bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen, Universiteit Utrecht. Hij onderzoekt en publiceert over drugshandel, drugsbeleid en georganiseerde misdaad in Nederland en Latijns-Amerika, en over diverse vormen van transnationale misdaad, globale criminele markten en organisatiecriminaliteit. D.Zaitch@uu.nl
Artikel

Burgers als institutioneel werkers. Een nieuw perspectief op burgerparticipatie in veiligheid

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Veiligheid, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden institutional work, citizen participation, fire, disruption, actor perspective
Auteurs Jasper Bongers en Wim de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we show how the concept of ‘institutional work’ can be used to study citizen participation in the field of security arrangements. Institutional work starts from the perspective of actors trying to influence security institutions, and not from the perspective of government (as concepts like the ‘participation society’ and ‘ladder’ do). As such, this dynamic concept can be a useful addition to the conceptual arsenal of security experts. By applying the concept to the case of the Voluntary Fire Brigade in nineteenth-century Utrecht (1879-1890) we show how institutional work can work in practice. Finally, we reflect on the contribution that institutional work can make to our understanding of citizen participation in the field of safety.


Jasper Bongers
Jasper Bongers is promovendus aan de Open Universiteit. jasper.bongers@ou.nl

Wim de Jong
Wim de Jong is postdoc aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam en Radboud Universiteit. wpthdejong@gmail.com
Artikel

Access_open De ontwikkeling en implicaties van kinder- en mensenrechten op het gebied van klimaatverandering

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Jeugdrecht, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Klimaat, Kinderrechten/IVRK, Jeugdrecht, Mensenrechten, VN-Kinderrechtencomité
Auteurs Dr. M.J. Wewerinke-Singh, Mr. J.A.M. Stein MSc en Prof. mr. J.E. Doek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Hoewel kinderen disproportioneel geraakt worden door klimaatverandering, is er tot op heden nog relatief weinig aandacht besteed aan de juridische kant hiervan. Dit artikel tracht bij te dragen door antwoord te geven op de vraag in hoeverre kinderen ‘klimaatrechten’ hebben op mensen- en kinderrechtelijk vlak. In dit kader worden de ontwikkelingen op het terrein van mensenrechten geschetst. Ook wordt ingegaan op de belangrijkste juridische implicaties van kinderrechten zoals neergelegd in het IVRK. Hiervoor zijn ook alle Concluding Observations uit 2019 op dit onderwerp bestudeerd. Bovendien wordt het analytisch rapport van de OHCHR over klimaat en kinderrechten besproken. Tot slot wordt ingegaan op de klimaatklacht die momenteel voorligt bij het VN-Kinderrechtencomité en de mogelijkheden van kinderen in Nederland voor de effectuering van hun rechten op dit vlak.


Dr. M.J. Wewerinke-Singh
Dr. M.J. Wewerinke-Singh is als universitair docent verbonden aan het Grotius Centre for International Legal Studies in Leiden.

Mr. J.A.M. Stein MSc
Mr. J.A.M. Stein is lid van de werkgroep Jeugd- en Gezondheidsrecht van het Nederlands Juristen Comité voor de Mensenrechten (NJCM). Dit artikel vloeit voort uit de door het NJCM georganiseerde seminar ‘Kinderrechten & klimaat’ gehouden in februari 2020 te Den Haag.

Prof. mr. J.E. Doek
Prof. mr. J.E. Doek is Emeritus hoogleraar familie en jeugdrecht bij de VU Amsterdam en gastmedewerker bij de afdeling jeugdrecht van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Iris Sportel
Iris Sportel is Universitair Docent Rechtssociologie aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen.
Artikel

Persoonsgerichte handhaving van de socialezekerheidswetgeving

Een actieonderzoek naar de betekenis van motiverende houdingen in de uitvoeringspraktijk

Tijdschrift Recht der Werkelijkheid, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden Regulatory enforcement, Motivational postures, Social security, Action research
Auteurs Dr. Paulien de Winter en Prof. dr. Marc Hertogh
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article, we discuss a ‘person-centred’ view on the enforcement of social security laws. This is a new vision on enforcement whereby welfare workers can ‘differentiate’ in order to create more room for ‘customization’ with an eye for ‘the human dimension’ and an ‘appropriate’ enforcement style. Despite the unanimity about the desirability of this approach, most of the practical details are still unclear. Our central question is therefore: How may a person-centred approach of the enforcement of social security laws be implemented in practice? Based on an action research study, in which we closely collaborated with welfare workers and benefit recipients at a Dutch welfare office, we attempt to answer this question. We first discuss a number of central concepts from the enforcement literature and consider the concept of ‘motivational postures’. For this study, we developed a prototype of a new electronic analytical tool (which can be used to support enforcement) and then applied this tool in a small pilot study. In the article we describe our findings and discuss the experiences of benefit recipients and welfare workers with the analytical tool. We conclude that this tool appears to offer a good basis for the further development of the person-centred enforcement of social security laws.


Dr. Paulien de Winter
Paulien de Winter werkt als universitair docent bij de vakgroep Staatsrecht, Bestuursrecht en Bestuurskunde aan de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Zij is gepromoveerd in de Rechtssociologie en doet onderzoek naar hoe uitvoerende medewerkers in de praktijk regels uitvoeren.

Prof. dr. Marc Hertogh
Marc Hertogh is hoogleraar Rechtssociologie aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. Centrale thema’s in zijn onderzoek zijn: de maatschappelijke beleving van recht en rechtsstaat; de sociale werking van wetgeving en handhaving; en de legitimiteit van het overheidsoptreden.
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