Zoekresultaat: 952 artikelen

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    This year, 2021, TMD has reached a milestone: its 25th volume. To celebrate this event, the issues to be published this year will highlight what has been achieved over the past 25 years, in mediation practice, and in respect of scientific knowledge on the various modes of dispute resolution. The question which targets to set for the future, will equally be addressed.
    Geographically, the focus of this first issue is on the Netherlands, whereas the third issue will be addressing developments in Belgium. The fourth issue this year will highlight international developments, ranging from the USA to China. The second issue will be a special surprise for our subscribers.
    The present issue, dealing with the Netherlands, starts with a tribute to the pioneer of family mediation in this country, the late professor Peter Hoefnagels. His original article, published in the very first volume of TMD (1997) and reproduced here in its entirety, describes his own experience when pioneering divorce mediation from 1974 onwards. In 1997, the year of original publication, mediation was not yet widely acknowledged nor embraced. Brigitte Chin-A-Fat responds to Peter Hoefnagels through a personal letter following his article, reassuring the great pioneer that 25 years further on, mediation has become well established in the family domain.
    The issue continues with three interviews, organized by editors Roger Ritzen and/or Rob Jagtenberg, with individuals who have (sometimes inadvertently) become leading authorities in the field.
    Steve Whittaker, an English solicitor who moved to the Netherlands in 1988 to work in the construction industry and became inspired by the use of ADR in Hongkong, became the founder of the Netherlands Mediation Institute (NMI), in the mid 1990s. For 20 years, NMI was the umbrella structure for (almost) all mediators in the Netherlands and the interface between the mediation community and government. Compared with those early years, today, interests seem to diverge increasingly, at the risk of fragmentation.
    The second interview is with former President of the Court of Appeal in Arnhem, Ms. Machteld Pel. For many years, she spearheaded the Dutch national research program on court-referred mediation, thereby acting as the trait-d’union between the judiciary and the mediation community. Judges who were sceptics at first, often became interested after having taken the special training courses co-designed by Machteld Pel. Her book ‘Referral to Mediation’, which is packed with checklists and practical tips for formulating questions, has become a genuine classic.
    The interview with Fred Schonewille takes the reader to the past decade in particular. Fred Schonewille has been the driving force behind various proposals for mediation legislation, aiming to secure a more prominent place for mediation, while improving professional quality standards. The Netherlands and Belgium constitute contrasting cases, where in the Netherlands legislation proposals were hitherto torpedoed, whereas Belgium has comprehensive legislation in place for some time now.
    Fred Schonewille has also pioneered premarital mediation and new varieties of mediation in the domain of family-owned companies. Some fascinating insights gained in these areas are also shared in this third interview.
    This first issue in the special year 2021 is concluded by two smaller contributions; in the first of these, Médiation à la française, Paris-based Dutch lawyer-mediators Marinka Schillings and Thom Verkuilen provide an overview of recent developments in France. Legislative action as well as some recent research outcomes are addressed. The second of the smaller contributions highlights a conference organized by a professorial team from the Radboud University in Nijmegen, addressing the position of the judge vis-a-vis various modes of dispute resolution. The proceedings of the conference will be published as a book later this year.


Annie de Roo
Annie de Roo is associate professor of ADR and comparative law at Erasmus University Law School in Rotterdam, editor-in-chief of TMD, and vice chair of the exams committee of the Mediators Federation of the Netherlands MFN. She has published extensively on mediation and has inter alia been a Rapporteur three times for the European Commission on the use of mediation in employment disputes.
Artikel

Access_open Civilisatie en emancipatie, maar van wie precies?

Twee eeuwen gevangen dertig jaar later

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden civilization process, emancipation of prisoners, penality, history of the prison system, modernity and late modernity
Auteurs René van Swaaningen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 1990, criminologist Herman Franke published a seminal book on 200 years detention in the Netherlands. For the occasion of the reissue of this book in 2020, the question is posed to what extent Franke’s vision of a gradual ‘emancipation’ of prisoners, in the realm of a societal ‘civilization process’, as it is put forward by Norbert Elias, still holds today. The author confronts the civilization perspective with the three main competing paradigms in penology, derived from the work of Émile Durkheim, Max Weber and Michel Foucault. After describing some recent developments in penal practices, he concludes that despite the fact that sanctioning is increasingly taking place within society, which can well be analyzed from an eliasian perspective, there is little reason to still adhere to the progress optimism, implicit in Franke’s book, and that today we rather witness an emancipation of the ‘angry citizen’, in which vulnerable groups in society, such as prisoners, are despised rather than ‘emancipated’.


René van Swaaningen
Prof. dr. R. van Swaaningen is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Van zelfdwang naar zachte macht

Civilisatie slokt emancipatie op

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden stimulating responsibility (of detainees), the civilization theory, self-compulsion, promote and relegate, Punishment and Protection Act
Auteurs Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In his famous dissertation Twee eeuwen gevangen (Two centuries of imprisonment), Franke explains the history of imprisonment in the Netherlands as a development from external to internal coercion, based on the civilization theory of Norbert Elias. Central question of this contribution is in how far the pursuit of responsibilization of prisoners as described by modern penologists can be conceived as a continuation of this process and what the consequences of this pursuit are. It is concluded that the forces behind these two processes differ, but that both rehabilitation strategies are modelled on a new citizenship ideal. In so far the introduction of the responsibilization strategy illustrates Franke’s main thesis, namely that developments within the penitentiaries can only be understood in their social and historical context. It is argued that responsibilization can lead to the erosion of the legal position of prisoners, while emancipation was precisely described by Franke as an achievement of the Dutch prison system.


Miranda Boone
Prof. mr. dr. M.M. Boone is als hoogleraar Criminologie en Vergelijkende Penologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Macht, emancipatie, onmacht

Over de geschiedenis van het lijden van gedetineerden en gekken

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden legal protection, prison system, mental health institutions, living conditions, repression
Auteurs Pieter Ippel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reflects on the brilliant 1990-book of criminologist Herman Franke on long-term developments in the Dutch prison system from 1800 onward. A pertinent question is whether it is possible and adequate to use the discourse of ‘emancipation’ to catch the historical processes in total institutions. A comparison is made with parallel transformations in the institutional sector of mental health, a social field in which there has been a radical movement claiming better legal protection and more humane living conditions. Surely an improvement has occurred in the actual situation of prisoners and mental patients, but one has to be reluctant (or even sceptical) to frame this in terms of ‘emancipation’.


Pieter Ippel
Prof. dr. P.C. Ippel is emeritus hoogleraar rechtstheorie (en/in praktijk) bij de Universiteit Utrecht en University College Roosevelt in Middelburg.
Ten geleide

PROCES en de wetenschap

Een goed en vooral duurzaam huwelijk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2021
Auteurs Joke Harte
Auteursinformatie

Joke Harte
Prof. dr. Joke Harte is als hoogleraar Evaluatie juridische gedragsinterventies verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, en is redacteur van PROCES.
Artikel

De gevangene als actor

De mogelijkheden van gevangenen om hun eigen situatie en het gevangenissysteem te beïnvloeden in Rotterdamse gevangenissen, 1800-1850

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2021
Trefwoorden Agency, gevangenen, geschiedenis van het gevangeniswezen, macht
Auteurs Iris van der Zande
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prisoner’s agency is often marginalized in the Dutch history of the prison. This article concretizes how inmates could influence their own lives and the prison system in the first half of the nineteenth century. By focusing on interaction as an indicator of agency, it is possible to go beyond the traditional analysis of agency as a form of resistance. A multidimensional perspective, in which attention is paid to resistance, negotiation and cooperation enlightens the diversity in which prisoners’ agency is expressed. In this way, this article aims to disprove the persistent stereotype of the powerless prisoner in the historiography of the Dutch prison.


Iris van der Zande
Iris van der Zande, MA is historicus en promovendus bij de Open Universiteit. Ze doet in het door NWO-gefinancierde onderzoeksproject ‘The Power of the Prisoner: Agency, Emotions and Gender, 1800-1900’, onderzoek naar de macht van gevangenen in Nederland.
Artikel

Witteboordendaders over (on)eerlijk strafrecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Bijzonder Strafrecht & Handhaving, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden witteboordencriminaliteit, strafrechtspleging, strafbeleving, beginselen behoorlijke rechtspraak, strafdoelen
Auteurs Prof. dr. W. Huisman en Drs. D. Lesmeister
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In dit artikel wordt verslag gedaan van het eerste Nederlandse onderzoek naar de ervaring van justitiabelen die strafrechtelijk zijn vervolgd zijn voor ‘witteboordencriminaliteit’. Dertig ‘witteboordendaders’ zijn geïnterviewd over de beleving en gevolgen van strafrechtspleging tijdens verschillende fasen (opsporing en vervolging, terechtzitting, strafexecutie en na strafexecutie of vrijspraak) en op verschillende levensdomeinen (mentaal, gezin en familie, sociale relaties en zakelijk). Daarnaast is hun gevraagd te reflecteren op het strafproces zelf.


Prof. dr. W. Huisman
Prof. dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. D. Lesmeister
Drs. D. Lesmeister is geassocieerd onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Call for papers

Call for papers

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2021
Artikel

Werken aan perspectief

De begeleiding van SVG-cliënten naar een structurele dagbesteding

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden structural daytime activities, Probation Service for addicted offenders, Subgroups, heterogeneity
Auteurs Yentl Keijser MSc en Dr. Victor van der Geest
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study investigates daytime activities in clients at the Dutch Probation Service for addicted offenders (SVG). The article describes daytime activities, including work, based on official registrations of 9717 clients and an additional selection of client file study for 50 clients. The majority of the population does not have structural daytime activities, and within this group, substance use problems are slightly more prevalent. This study identifies four subgroups of clients without daytime activities: job seekers, work-incapacitated clients, motivated unemployed clients, and unmotivated unemployed clients. There is some heterogeneity between subgroups in terms of different background problems.


Yentl Keijser MSc
Yentl Keijser MSc is afgestudeerd criminoloog.

Dr. Victor van der Geest
Dr. Victor van der Geest is universitair docent/onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit.
Artikel

Access_open Pleidooi voor de terugdringing van de korte gevangenisstraf

Tijdschrift Nederlands Tijdschrift voor Strafrecht, Aflevering 3 2021
Trefwoorden korte gevangenisstraf, (herstelgerichte) taakstraf, (herstelgerichte) thuisdetentie, elektronische detentie, herstelrecht
Auteurs Prof. mr. J.A.A.C. (Jacques) Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dit artikel bevat een pleidooi voor de terugdringing van de korte gevangenisstraf. De positieve effecten van deze straf wegen namelijk niet op tegen de negatieve effecten ervan. Daarom wordt gepleit voor een ruimere inzet van de herstelgerichte taakstraf en de invoering van herstelgerichte thuisdetentie. Uit onderzoek blijkt dat de recidive na een taakstraf of thuisdetentie significant lager ligt dan na een korte gevangenisstraf. Bovendien dient vanuit herstelrechtelijk perspectief de nadruk te liggen op actieve verantwoordelijkheid en omgekeerde vergelding: de dader dient iets goed te maken richting slachtoffer en gemeenschap en dat doet hij niet door in de cel te zitten.


Prof. mr. J.A.A.C. (Jacques) Claessen
Prof. mr. J.A.A.C. Claessen is bijzonder hoogleraar herstelrecht en universitair hoofddocent strafrecht aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Maastricht. Daarnaast is hij rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de rechtbank Limburg.
Discussie

Fear of drowning by numbers?

Omzetberekeningen van synthetische-drugsproductie in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Drug trafficking, Organized Crime, Turnover Estimates
Auteurs Judith van Valkenhoef en Pieter Tops
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2018 we published a report on the production of synthetic drugs in the Netherlands. We calculated the turnover of synthetic drugs produced in the Netherlands in 2017; we estimated it to be at least 18.9 billion euro (worldwide, street prices). In this article, we will discuss how these calculations were executed and on which assumptions they were based. We describe the responses to these calculations, nationally and internationally. Finally, we describe problems we encountered when performing a repetition of the calculations for the year 2018. Our central message is: drug turnover calculations can be an important addition to scientific and political discussions about illicit drugs, provided they are presented in a transparent way and acknowledging the inherent limitations of these calculations.


Judith van Valkenhoef
J.M. van Valkenhoef MSc is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker aan de Politieacademie.

Pieter Tops
Prof. dr. P.W. Tops is bijzonder hoogleraar ondermijningsstudies aan de Universiteit Leiden, bijzonder hoogleraar Data Science en ondermijning bij JADS in Den Bosch en lector aan de Politieacademie.
Redactioneel

Drugscriminaliteit in de Lage Landen

De omvang(schatting) van de drugseconomie en de verwevenheid van de drugsindustrie met de wettige wereld in Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2021
Trefwoorden Drug trafficking, Drug production, Subversive crime, Drug economy, Narco state
Auteurs Robby Roks, Edward Kleemans en Arjan Blokland
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    As drug producing countries and logistical hubs, the Netherlands and Belgium are topping the worldwide charts in the field of international drug trafficking. For this reason, the Netherlands – and to a lesser extent Belgium – is depicted as a ‘narco state’ in the media and the political arena. Another term that is frequently used when it comes to crime problems related to drugs is ‘subversive crime’. In this introduction of the special issue on drug crime, the authors elaborate on two themes that are central to the terms ‘narco state’ and ‘subversive crime’: the size and estimates of the drug economy and the embeddedness of the drug industry in the legal world in the Netherlands and Belgium.


Robby Roks
Dr. R.A. Roks is universitair docent Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Edward Kleemans
Prof. dr. E.R. Kleemans is hoogleraar zware criminaliteit en rechtshandhaving aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR) in Amsterdam en bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Het gebruik van DNA in het opsporingsproces

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, DNA, DNA analysis, crime scene, evidence
Auteurs Christianne de Poot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes why forensic DNA research is so interesting for criminal investigation processes, and why DNA does not yet play the role in these processes that could be expected given its unique properties. To this end, the bottlenecks that arise in the forensic investigation process are discussed as well as the opportunities to solve these bottlenecks in the coming years with new technologies and new scientific insights. The article focuses on (1) finding biological traces, (2) determining the relevance and the success rate of these traces, (3) the learning process of criminal investigators, (4) the importance of integrating processes that are currently performed in different places by different professionals, and (5) the promises of rapid mobile DNA technologies in this development.


Christianne de Poot
Prof. dr. C.J. de Poot is als bijzonder hoogleraar Criminalistiek verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Daarnaast is zij lector Forensisch Onderzoek aan de Hogeschool van Amsterdam. Tot voor kort was zij tevens werkzaam als senior onderzoeker bij het WODC in Den Haag.
Essay

Onderzoeksmethoden in het antropoceen

Uitdagingen voor een groene criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden green criminology, environmental harm, non-anthropocentric perspectives, transspecies research
Auteurs Stephen Snelders en Nick Verouden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This essay discusses green criminology in relation to the development of non-anthropocentric research perspectives in history and cultural anthropology. Green criminological concepts of ‘environmental harm’ and ‘ecocide’ turn doing harm to nature and ecosystems, even when legal, into object of criminological research. Historical research exploring a wider time frame deepens and enriches criminological understanding of, e.g., wildlife trafficking and climate change. According active agency to animals and other non-human actors and attempts to create a new language transcending human-nature dichotomies, as undertaken in transspecies or multispecies history, anthropology, and narratology, offer substantial contributions to green criminologies of everyday life.


Stephen Snelders
Dr. Stephen Snelders is research fellow aan de Faculteit Bètawetenschappen en het Freudenthal Instituut/History and Philosophy of the Sciences van de Universiteit Utrecht. s.a.m.snelders@uu.nl

Nick Verouden
Dr. Nick Verouden is cultureel antropoloog, Digital Society School, Hogeschool van Amsterdam. n.w.verouden@hva.nl
Artikel

Het nieuwe activisme? Een kwalitatieve studie naar strategieën en betekenisgeving binnen de Nederlandse tak van Anonymous for the Voiceless

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden green-cultural criminology, animal activism, impression management, new activism
Auteurs Anantha Thelen en Fiore Geelhoed
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the ways in which animal activists that are affiliated with the Dutch branch of Anonymous for the Voiceless – a rapidly growing animal rights organization – shape their movement and actions in the context of the Anthropocene. Drawing on qualitative data, the results show that there are tensions between the way in which the organization presents itself to its audiences and the internal dynamics within the movement. In their frontstage performance, they highlight the open and non-coercive nature of their movement, which they describe as new activism. However, this performance contrasts with the abolitionist vision and internal dynamics within the movement, which is characterized by a clear hierarchy, strict rules for a vegan lifestyle and far-reaching consequences when not complying with those rules.


Anantha Thelen
Anantha Thelen, MSc, is junior-onderzoeker binnen de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. thelen@law.eur.nl

Fiore Geelhoed
Dr. mr. Fiore Geelhoed is universitair docent binnen de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en redactielid van Tijdschrift over Cultuur en Criminaliteit. geelhoed@law.eur.nl
Artikel

Daderschap in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environmental crime, offenders, responsibilities, Anthropocene
Auteurs Lieselot Bisschop
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Past and present human activity lies at the basis of the unprecedented environmental crisis we face today. This article explores the drivers and dynamics that are directly and indirectly responsible for the environmental crisis in the Anthropocene by using a green and organizational criminology perspective and combining it with insights from perpetrator studies. Responsible actors and responsibilities are discussed on societal, organizational and individual level. Lessons are drawn on how existing insights in criminology can be challenged to better accommodate for the ecological challenges in the antropocene and on what that means for criminologists experiencing and researching the Anthropocene.


Lieselot Bisschop
Prof. dr. Lieselot Bisschop is professor of Public and Private Interests, Erasmus School of Law, Sectie Criminologie en Erasmus Initiative on Dynamics of Inclusive Prosperity. bisschop@law.eur.nl, Rotterdam
Artikel

Access_open Het antropoceen

De criminologische uitdaging in de 21ste eeuw

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden antropocene, criminology, non-speciesism
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Marc Schuilenburg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    ‘Antropocene’ is a wellknown concept among those that are concerned about the Earth’s future. Nevertheless, there is a heated scientific debat about the start of this era in history and the name ‘antropocene’in itself. In this contribution it is stated that that debate is helpful in raising important questions about the desatrous influence of mankind on live on this planet. Criminologists should take a stance and address these questions as well. This contribution includes a manifest that contains points for further action for criminologists.


Janine Janssen
Prof. dr. Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie, bijzonder hoogleraar Rechtsantropologie aan de Open Universiteit, lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties bij Avans Hogeschool en de Politieacademie en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. jhlj.janssen@avans.nl

Marc Schuilenburg
Dr. mr. Marc Schuilenburg is universitair docent Strafrecht en Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en redacteur van Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit. m.b.schuilenburg@vu.nl
Essay

Herstelrecht en milieuzaken: een verkenning van mogelijkheden in het antropoceen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Trefwoorden environment, rights of nature, restorative justice, green criminology, Anthropocene
Auteurs Femke Wijdekop en Anneke van Hoek
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The environmental crisis makes it clear that our current legal instruments and concepts are not sufficient to effectively combat, remedy and prevent widespread environmental harm. However, new concepts and approaches are being developed that try to reduce these legal imperfections. Our essay explores these developments, in particular the emergence of a legal duty of care for the environment, the rights of nature-movement, the campaign to make ecocide (mass damage and destruction of the environment) an international crime and the application of restorative justice to repair environmental harm. We also advocate a new multidisciplinary perspective launched by us: positive green criminology.


Femke Wijdekop
Mr. Femke Wijdekop is juridisch adviseur en content manager Stop Ecocide Nederland. femke@stopecocide.nl

Anneke van Hoek
Drs. Anneke van Hoek is medeoprichter en manager van Restorative Justice Nederland. anneke.vanhoek@gmail.com
Significant others

Susanne Karstedt

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift over Cultuur & Criminaliteit, Aflevering 1 2021
Auteurs Maartje Weerdesteijn
Auteursinformatie

Maartje Weerdesteijn
Dr. Maartje Weerdesteijn, MSc, is universitair docent bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, en onderzoeker bij het Center for International Criminal Justice. m.weerdesteijn@vu.nl
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