Zoekresultaat: 6 artikelen

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Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2017 x
Artikel

Dangerous liaisons

Over de relatie tussen eergerelateerd geweld en mensenhandel

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2017
Trefwoorden honour-based violence, human trafficking, family-honour
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Mart Rasenberg
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Violence in the name of the honour of the family and human trafficking are considered to be different phenomena. But in the impressive body of literature on both types of crime and as seen by specialists from the Dutch National Police, some indications can be found that there is a toxic relationship between the two forms of delinquency: human traffickers can call on the family-honour of their victims in order to blackmail them into prostitution and to keep them working in that field against their will.


Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Mart Rasenberg
Mart Rasenberg is inspecteur van politie en als materiedeskundige verbonden aan het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie.

    Amsterdam is a popular destination for tourists. The number of tourists visiting Amsterdam increases every year and is expected to hit 23 million by 2025. This article describes which implications increasing tourism has on security and crime in Amsterdam. It appears that increasing tourism has a negative effect on social cohesion and can be a serious threat to safety. Tourism also attracts crime. Tourists are far more likely to suffer from crimes than inhabitants of Amsterdam. In particular they become victims of crimes like pickpocketing, mugging and scams. Tourists are also often associated with drug- and alcohol-related incidents. Apart from being a victim, a tourist can also be a perpetrator of crime. Inhabitants of Amsterdam regularly complain about nuisance caused by tourists. Especially subletted apartments via Airbnb is a serious concern for residents of Amsterdam and local policymakers.


Dr. Joke Harte
Dr. Joke Harte is universitair hoofddocent bij de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en redactielid van PROCES.

Ingrid van Houwelingen MSc
Ingrid van Houwelingen MSc is als junior onderzoeker werkzaam bij de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Dierenmishandelaars in beeld

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Dierenmishandeling, Dierenmishandelaars, Dierenbeulen
Auteurs Manon Hardeman en Anton van Wijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the media one notices items on mistreatment of animals on a regular basis. These can cause intense agitation in the society. Think of the many horses that have been abused throughout the country in 2012. This case remains unsolved to this day. The question is: who does this, who are the animal abusers, what are their characteristics and backgrounds? After a long search in several registration systems of many institutions the characteristics and backgrounds of 97 animal abusers have been found. The data of the institutions have also been used to create an image of the nature and extent of animal abuse. Subsequently there have been interviews with several experts from different organisations to record their knowledge and experience and to indicate the results. The characteristics and backgrounds of the animal abusers are diverse. Their ages range from 7 to 85 years. The offenders are an average of 34 years old at the time of committing the animal abuse. Animal abusers are not notorious criminals. Half is reported to be the first offender according to police data. The other half commits all forms of crime. This includes the share of capital offenses (34%) and violent crimes (23%). Dogs are most often abused. The motives are diverse. Disappearing anger and frustration seems to be an important reason to abuse animals. Only nine people found that there was domestic violence in addition to animal abuse. An initial classification of types of animal traffickers in, amongst others, group planners, loners and sadists, has to be empirically substantiated.


Manon Hardeman
Manon Hardeman is criminoloog en werkzaam bij Bureau Beke te Arnhem.

Anton van Wijk
Anton van Wijk is criminoloog en werkzaam bij Bureau Beke te Arnhem.
Artikel

Wat hebben mannen nodig?

Een verkenning naar het aanbod van mannenhulpverlening

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2017
Trefwoorden Gender, Geweld in afhankelijkheidsrelaties, Mannen
Auteurs Mustapha Aoulad Hadj, Rob Straver en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands violence in dependent relationships is handled ‘gender neutral’: it is assumed that men and women can both be perpetrator and victim of this violence. A gender neutral approach does not hinder gender sensitivity. With gender sensitivity it is about the question whether sufficient account is taken with gender aspects. In this article the authors look into what is on offer for the men. Although regular welfare organisations, private organisations and local self-help organisations are involved, until now there is is no structural offering of methodologically well substantiated activities.


Mustapha Aoulad Hadj
Mustapha Aoulad Hadj is docent aan de Academie voor Sociale Studies van Avans hogeschool in Den Bosch en als onderzoeker verbonden aan de kenniskring van het lectoraat Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties van Avans hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Rob Straver
Rob Straver is docent aan de Academie voor Sociale Studies van Avans hogeschool in Den Bosch en als onderzoeker verbonden aan de kenniskring van het lectoraat Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties van Avans hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans hogeschool in Den Bosch, hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld van de nationale politie en voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Artikel

Ontstaan en ontwikkeling van de reclassering in vogelvlucht: 1823-heden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2017
Trefwoorden Probation service, History of social work, history of pprobation, Solitary confinement, professionalization, Volunteer work, state control, social casework, resocialization, Alternative sanctions, What Works-debate
Auteurs Dr. Maarten van der Linde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the last decade history of social work gained a growing interest among social professionals, teachers, students and policy makers. They want to know more about the contributions the social work professions made to social welfare, community building and public safety. A website was launched, which today in 2017 presents the history of fifteen fields of social work: www.canonsociaalwerk.eu/.
    Part of this is the history of Probation. In this article this history is told, following highlights as the inspiration from Great Britain, the start in 1823 and the first decades of volunteer work. Probation tried to compensate the negative effects of solitary confinement. Since the early twentieth century the role of the state was growing (Probationcharter 1910) leading to 100% financial support in 1965 and 100% control in the 1980s. The probation service was integrated in the juridicial system, but became not an stateservice. Performance was delegated to relative independant institutions, heirs of the private probation associations of the past, with strong traditions of work ethic. This history of probation shows the influence of social casework methods since the 1950s, the search for a balance between dependance and independance from the state, and the balance between punishment and resocializing. Since the 1990s the role of probation in alternative sanctions, the contribution of volunteer work to a highly professionalized probation service and the What Works-debate brought innovation and new inspiration to the field of probation service.


Dr. Maarten van der Linde
Dr. Maarten van der Linde is emeritus lector Geschiedenis van sociaal werk aan de Hogeschool Utrecht.
Artikel

Actuele opvattingen inzake civiel schadeverhaal via het strafproces

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden schadevergoeding, voeging benadeelde partij, onevenredige belasting, convergentie strafrecht/civielrecht
Auteurs Dr. Renée Kool en Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Crime victims’ compensation is a focal point of interest within the present Dutch penal policy. Coming forward as an injured party, crime victims may claim compensation for pecuniary and non-pecuniary damages from the prepetrator. Since the claim is of a subsidiary, civil nature, the decision making may not represent an undue burden to the criminal procedure. To further compensation, the legal criterion for accessibility was extended (2010) and policy measures were taken. The article provides an overview of the most important findings of an evaluation into to date’s practice, paying special attention to the opinion of legal professionals. Focussing on both the preparatory and the trial phase, a multidisciplinary research was executed, combining quantitative and qualitative research methods. The results show an increase of the amount of claims awarded since 2007. To date, victims’ compensation is commonly accepted within the Dutch criminal procedure. Nevertheless, the legal professionals point at the potential draw backs that sprout from the acknowledgment of the victim as a participant within the Dutch criminal proceedings.


Dr. Renée Kool
Dr. Renée Kool is universitair hoofddocent Strafrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Utrechtse onderzoekscentrum Ucall.

Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus
Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus is universitair docent Privaatrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrechtse onderzoekscentra Ucall en Renforce, en is SIM-fellow.
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