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Artikel

Neurogeheugendetectietests in de Nederlandse strafrechtspleging: hoop of huiver?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden neurogeheugendetectie, Opsporingsmethode, Zwijgrecht, Neurotests, brain-imaging, neurolaw, concealed information
Auteurs Mr. Naomi van Burgsteden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Neuroscience teaches us that we can obtain information about the brain by the use of neuro tests. An example of a neuro test is the concealed information test (CIT). This test examines whether a suspect recognizes specific details of a criminal offence. Afterwards experts can conclude whether the suspect has knowledge of a criminal offence, which only a perpetrator can know. This way a CIT contributes by the detection and adjudication of criminal offences. In recent decades, the interest in neuro tests such as the CIT has increased, also at the Ministry of Justice and Security. Based on the existing literature, both advantages and disadvantages of the CIT are discussed in this article.


Mr. Naomi van Burgsteden
Mr. Naomi van Burgsteden is juridisch medewerker bij Stichting Rechtswinkel Utrechtse Heuvelrug.
Artikel

Gluren bij de buren

Over strafbaarstelling van heimelijk filmen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2017
Trefwoorden Heimelijk filmen, seksuele strekking, rechtsvergelijking
Auteurs Prof. dr. mr. Jeroen ten Voorde
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In early 2016, the Dutch minister of Security and Justice announced a revision of the sexual offences in the Dutch Penal Code. One topic that has been debated in Dutch literature and case law, is whether secretly scanning of naked persons should be criminalised as a separate sexual offence. This article discusses various (recently introduced) criminalisations of secretly scanning of naked persons in different countries, with the purpose of exploring the difficulties of a separate criminal offence.


Prof. dr. mr. Jeroen ten Voorde
Prof. dr. mr. Jeroen ten Voorde is universitair hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht. Hij is tevens als bijzonder hoogleraar Strafrechtsfilosofie, leerstoel Leo Polak, verbonden aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en redacteur van PROCES.
Artikel

Het EVRM en een strafbaarstelling voor overtreding van een visumsysteem in de strijd tegen het terrorisme

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden Terrorismebestrijding, Visumstelsel, FTF, Mensenrechten
Auteurs Ernesto M.J. Lentze
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A visa system covered by criminal law could adequately confront the current issues surrounding terrorism and in particular Foreign Terrorist Fighters (FTF’s). Classical legal research demonstrates that the idea of creating a criminal offense for breaching this visa system does not conflict with relevant human rights parameters of the European Convention, except in cases where journalists or non-journalists with a strong civil expression would be prevented to undertake obvious journalistic activities. The latter differs during a state of emergency, but this is undesirable given the fundamental role of freedom of expression within democratic constitutional societies.


Ernesto M.J. Lentze
Ernesto Lentze is politicoloog, jurist en journalist.
Artikel

Actuele opvattingen inzake civiel schadeverhaal via het strafproces

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2017
Trefwoorden schadevergoeding, voeging benadeelde partij, onevenredige belasting, convergentie strafrecht/civielrecht
Auteurs Dr. Renée Kool en Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Crime victims’ compensation is a focal point of interest within the present Dutch penal policy. Coming forward as an injured party, crime victims may claim compensation for pecuniary and non-pecuniary damages from the prepetrator. Since the claim is of a subsidiary, civil nature, the decision making may not represent an undue burden to the criminal procedure. To further compensation, the legal criterion for accessibility was extended (2010) and policy measures were taken. The article provides an overview of the most important findings of an evaluation into to date’s practice, paying special attention to the opinion of legal professionals. Focussing on both the preparatory and the trial phase, a multidisciplinary research was executed, combining quantitative and qualitative research methods. The results show an increase of the amount of claims awarded since 2007. To date, victims’ compensation is commonly accepted within the Dutch criminal procedure. Nevertheless, the legal professionals point at the potential draw backs that sprout from the acknowledgment of the victim as a participant within the Dutch criminal proceedings.


Dr. Renée Kool
Dr. Renée Kool is universitair hoofddocent Strafrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en als onderzoeker verbonden aan het Utrechtse onderzoekscentrum Ucall.

Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus
Mr. dr. Jessy Emaus is universitair docent Privaatrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en als onderzoeker verbonden aan de Utrechtse onderzoekscentra Ucall en Renforce, en is SIM-fellow.
Artikel

Vreemdelingenbewaring in crimmigratieperspectief

Over de rol van strafrechtelijke antecedenten en het ultimum-remediumbeginsel voor de maatregel van bewaring in de rechtspraktijk

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2012
Trefwoorden immigration detention, legal practice, crimmigration, ultimum remedium
Auteurs LLB. Jo-Anne Nijland
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The judge has a very important task in reviewing cases of immigration-related detention and guaranteeing the alien’s safeguards. This study examines the legal practice of reviewing detention orders from the theoretical perspective of crimmigration. Analyses of cases and interviews with judges show that the alien’s criminal background is not important for the review of grounds, but still of significance in the balancing of interests. In addition, the data reveal a protective gap in the reviewing mechanisms for aliens arrested on the basis of identification requirements. Moreover, the ultimum remedium principle proves to be a hollow notion, but the responsibility for its erosion lies largely outside the judicial practice.


LLB. Jo-Anne Nijland
Jo-Anne Nijland LLB. is student Legal Research aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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