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Tijdschrift PROCES x Jaar 2012 x
Artikel

Wel de lasten, niet de lusten

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2012
Trefwoorden migration law, detention law, human rights, crimmigration
Auteurs LLB. Anne Beckers, Lonneke Bontje MSc., LLB. Silvia Gardini e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This paper reviews the status quo of immigration law in the Netherlands in regard to the human rights of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). Based on a thorough reading of the literature, Dutch detention law and policies aimed at immigrants are reviewed in relation to articles 3, 5 and 6 ECHR and 9 ICCPR to see whether they are compatible and whether a breach of human rights takes place in Dutch detention centres. Even though the ECHR has not yet ruled that Dutch immigration detention breaches drawn conclusions as to a potential breach of human rights, the writers of this paper argue that Dutch policy does potentially violate some of them.


LLB. Anne Beckers
Anne Beckers LLB. is student straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Lonneke Bontje MSc.
Lonneke Bontje MSc. studeerde forensische criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

LLB. Silvia Gardini
Silvia Gardini LLB. is student straf- en strafprocesrecht en civiel recht aan de Universiteit Leiden.

David Pinchasik
David Pinchasik is student rechtsgeleerdheid aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

De nagebootste stoornis, gedragskundige en strafrechtelijke benaderingen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2012
Trefwoorden Factitious disorder, Münchhausen syndrome by proxy, Diagnosis, Prosecution
Auteurs Dr. Dick Raes en Mr. Yvo van Kuijk
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Factitious disorders are rather rare. Doctors are not inclined to take such a diagnosis into consideration. Basically, the term Münchhausen-syndrome is not correct, because the stories told by the baron were obviously unbelievable. The DSM IV-TR makes a distinction between malingering, factitious disorder and conversion hysteria. Four cases are shortly described, two with factitious disorder in adults, one with Münchhausen by proxy and one of apparent child abuse.Especially in Münchhausen-syndrome by proxy, clinical and juridical approaches come together in the diagnostic and the criminal investigative phase. Professionals from both disciplines have to work together to protect the wellbeing of the child and to find the adequate (forensic psychiatric) treatment for the mother.


Dr. Dick Raes
Dr. Dick Raes is emeritus hoogleraar Forensische Psychiatrie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en (plv.) raadsheer bij de Penitentiaire Kamer van het Gerechtshof Arnhem.

Mr. Yvo van Kuijk
Mr. Yvo van Kuijk is vicepresident van het Gerechtshof Arnhem en plaatsvervangend lid van het Adviescollege Verloftoetsing Tbs.
Artikel

Reclassering op een kruispunt(?)

Rol en positie van de reclassering bij Forensisch Psychiatrisch Toezicht

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2012
Trefwoorden Forensic Psychiatry, Probation service, General Mental Health, Forensic Psychiatric Supervision
Auteurs Dr. Jaap van Vliet
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The probation service has a legally firmly embedded mandate to guide the Tbs-patients (Forensic Psychiatric Patients, subject of a hospital order) during his return to society and to supervise this return. Also because of incidents with Tbs-patients who returned to society, a new way of guidance and supervision was recently developed, in which the treating clinic, the GGz (general mental health care institutions) and the probation service cooperated and enhanced each other’s expertise, more than had been customary in the past. The aim was to reduce the risk of re-offending as far as possible. The first part of this article deals about Forensic Psychiatric Supervision and the problems regarding the links between the judiciary circuit and the GGz. The second part outline the role of the probation service and is concerned with the importance ánd the danger of risk assessment and risk control. Some conclusions are drawn.


Dr. Jaap van Vliet
Dr. Jaap A. van Vliet is beleidsadviseur bij Leger des Heils Jeugdzorg & Reclassering, onderzoeker bij het lectoraat ‘Werken in justitieel kader’ van de Hogeschool Utrecht en redactielid van PROCES.
Artikel

Jeugdzonde, eeuwig zonde?

Een onderzoek naar de beoordelingswijze van Verklaring Omtrent het Gedrag-aanvragen van jongeren

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden juvenile ex-offenders, collateral sentencing, conduct certificate, legitimacy
Auteurs Elina Kurtovic
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study aims to examine the practice of the decision making on conduct certificate requests of juvenile ex-offenders, as there has not been done any empirical research on this topic so far. 57 cases are studied in order to answer the question whether the decision making meets the legal and penological justifications for collateral sentencing. Conclusion is the decisions are not proportional as to the seriousness of the risks which are aimed to be prevented and the relation between the past convictions and the desired job. Moreover, the requests are being individually assessed, yet more weight should be attached to the age, interests and positive developments of juvenile ex-offenders. Only then, the decisions can be regarded legitimate and proportional and do hinder juvenile ex-offenders’ successful reintegration into society.


Elina Kurtovic
Elina Kurtovic is advocaat te Amsterdam.
Artikel

‘Gestraft’ na de straf

Legitimiteit en proportionaliteit van juridische belemmeringen na afloop van de straf

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2012
Trefwoorden Certificate of good conduct, wet justitiële en strafvorderlijke gegevens, collateral sentencing, disqualifications
Auteurs Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution the question is addressed how measures that aim to hold ex-convicts from occupying certain jobs and positions can be justified and what their limitations are. In the literature on collateral sentencing in particular four conditions are stressed. First, the vulnerable character of the occupation or activity involved. Second, there should be a strong relation between the conviction and the risk that has to be avoided. Third, collateral consequences should be individualized and only be imposed against those posing specific and demonstrable risks. Finally, a broad proportionality test should be applied on them, harsh civil disqualification should not be applied for relatively minor offences and burdensome restrictions may not be imposed in order to prevent relatively trivial risks. This theoretical model is applied on the regulation and practice of the Dutch conduct certificate.


Prof. dr. Miranda Boone
Prof. dr. Miranda Boone is bijzonder hoogleraar Penologie en Penitentiair recht aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen en universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
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