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Artikel

Neurogeheugendetectietests in de Nederlandse strafrechtspleging: hoop of huiver?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden neurogeheugendetectie, Opsporingsmethode, Zwijgrecht, Neurotests, brain-imaging, neurolaw, concealed information
Auteurs Mr. Naomi van Burgsteden
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Neuroscience teaches us that we can obtain information about the brain by the use of neuro tests. An example of a neuro test is the concealed information test (CIT). This test examines whether a suspect recognizes specific details of a criminal offence. Afterwards experts can conclude whether the suspect has knowledge of a criminal offence, which only a perpetrator can know. This way a CIT contributes by the detection and adjudication of criminal offences. In recent decades, the interest in neuro tests such as the CIT has increased, also at the Ministry of Justice and Security. Based on the existing literature, both advantages and disadvantages of the CIT are discussed in this article.


Mr. Naomi van Burgsteden
Mr. Naomi van Burgsteden is juridisch medewerker bij Stichting Rechtswinkel Utrechtse Heuvelrug.
Peer reviewed

Access_open Knokkers en vrije jongens

Het criminele verleden van het Nederlandse kickboksen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2019
Trefwoorden Kickboksen, Verknoping criminaliteit, Penoze
Auteurs Dr. Frank van Gemert
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the early years of kickboxing in the Netherlands, a number of fighters got involved in criminal activities. Literature typically focusses on social learning, but as the inner city of Amsterdam in the eighties provides a specific setting, this article particularly describes a historical process. In the qualitative data from interviews, observations, and various documents, three questions: Who were these kickboxers? Where did they enter the criminal circles? Why did they go along with what happened there? It turns out, successful fighters easily came in contact with people from the underground, as they met in the gyms and in the night life where many fighters worked as bouncers. In a friendly atmosphere, the risks of seduction were hard to recognize for inexperienced fighters.


Dr. Frank van Gemert
Dr. F.H.M. van Gemert is criminoloog en werkt bij de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.
Artikel

Een Europees Openbaar Ministerie: kansen en risico’s

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Europees Openbaar Ministerie (EOM), Europese Unie (EU), Forumshoppen, Telefoontappen
Auteurs Mr. Tom Huisjes
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    By the end of 2020, the European Public Prosecutor’s Office (EPPO) will be operational. The EPPO will be tasked with investigating, prosecuting and bringing to judgement criminal offences against the EU budget. The substantive competence of the EPPO could in the future be extended to terrorism and other serious cross-border crimes. This article will first describe the background, structure and competences of the future EPPO. Then the procedural guarantees will be discussed and the problem of ‘forum shopping for evidence’. This problem entails that the choice in which Member State to conduct an investigative measure could be made on the basis of the less stringent rules in that Member State regarding, for example, the right to privacy. The article will end with a proposal on how to prevent forum shopping for evidence.


Mr. Tom Huisjes
Mr. Tom Huisjes heeft de master Europees Recht afgerond en volgt momenteel de master Strafrecht aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Michel Bravo
J.M. Bravo is hoofd Strategie, Kennis, Onderzoek en Innovatie bij het directoraat generaal Politie van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

De invloed van ouders en vriendin op desistance from crime

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden Jonge veelplegers, Desistance form crime
Auteurs Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article addresses the role of parents and girlfriends in the process of giving up crime. It presents findings from a longitudinal study of 81 young recidivists examined over 15 years. It concludes that parents played a pivotal role in this process, since the young men began to realize what misery they had caused them. However, these young men did not change their path in life because of their parents. We conclude even stronger than with the parents that it does not seem likely that a young recidivist would desist because of his girlfriend. Nevertheless, it would seem that both parents and a secure, lasting relationship could indeed have a positive influence in this process, particularly in the motivation to stick to a new path towards a more pro-social lifestyle once it has been set out on.


Prof. dr. Ido Weijers
Prof. dr. I. Weijers is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdrechtspleging en Jeugdbescherming, Universiteit Utrecht.
Peer reviewed

De twitterende wijkagent, veiligheidsbeleving en het beeld van de politie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Police, perception of safety, sociale media, Twitter
Auteurs Dr. Imke Smulders
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article reports briefly on research into the relationship between Twitter use by community police officers and citizens’ perceived safety. To this end, multiple relevant determinants of safety perceptions were included in the study: assessment of objective safety, perceptions of quality of life and social capital, risk perception and opinion on the police. The use of Twitter proved to have a modest, yet significant impact: followers on Twitter report a lower assessment of objective safety and a more positive opinion on the police. No direct, significant relation was found between the use of Twitter by the neighbourhood police officer and citizens’ perceived safety.


Dr. Imke Smulders
Dr. I.M.P. Smulders is onderzoeker bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool in ’s-Hertogenbosch.
Peer reviewed

Het zal je dochter maar zijn

Op zoek naar verklaringen voor de maatschappelijke impact van drie zaken van dodelijk seksueel geweld tegen jonge vrouwen in 2017

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Sexual violence, societal impact, media impact, altruistic fear of crime
Auteurs Dr. Remco Spithoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Three cases of sexual violence with two teenagers and one young woman as dead victims have put – besides the indescribable sufferings of themselves, their families, friends and acquaintances – a heavy burden on Dutch collective memories of the year 2017. Dutch society commiserated on a massive scale: volunteers helped searching, thousands united in silent marches and more than 400 thousand citizens signed an online petition that emotionally called for a firm revision of the ‘failing justice system’. In this article we explore the deeper social, personal and cultural elements that gave media messages their strong emotional impact in Dutch society.


Dr. Remco Spithoven
Dr. R. Spithoven is lector Maatschappelijke Veiligheid bij de Academie voor Bestuur, Recht en Ruimte van Hogeschool Saxion en research fellow bij de leerstoel Veiligheid en Veerkracht aan de Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Peer reviewed

Dierenliefde en onderwereld-pr

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2018
Trefwoorden Dieren, Georganiseerde misdaad, Ondermijning, Media
Auteurs Janine Janssen en Prof. Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminological literature shows that criminals involved in organized crime benefit from positive images in the media. By opening a hospital or donating funds for the development of a football field they try to present themselves in a cordial way and as good citizens to the public. Using the media to present themselves as animal lovers is a very effective manner to go for public admiration and sympathy. In this contribution is investigated how this mechanism works and why it is so effective.


Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie, lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Prof. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. Emile Kolthoff is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Open Universiteit en lector Ondermijning aan Avans Hogeschool.
Artikel

Leren over radicalisering

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 5 2018
Trefwoorden Radicalisering, Cursus, Praktijk, Professionals
Auteurs Karin Frissen en Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this contribution is explained what the researchers have learned from developing a course for professionals regarding recognizing signs of radicalization among youngsters. Giving this training has given us insight into the knowledge and expertise that professionals possess. The participants in our training were all enthusiastic and competent professionals. The will to support these young people and their families is great. But we have also encountered some bottlenecks: there is not sufficient time to maintain contacts with informal networks and next to that we have noticed that professionals are often insecure, meaning that they don’t know how to handle a case and/or who to contact for further advice or another form of help in dealing with these cases. As a consequence professionals might feel isolated and left behind within the institutions that they are working in. For the future we would like to see that this problem of what in The Netherlands is referred to as ‘professional loneliness’ is addressed.


Karin Frissen
Karin Frissen is als docent verbonden aan de opleiding Social Studies van Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch en tevens als onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties bij het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool.

Janine Janssen
Janine Janssen is lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie. Tevens is zij voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.
Peer reviewed

Mediation in strafzaken in kwaliteit geborgd?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Mediation in strafzaken, Restorative justice, Herstelbemiddeling, Strafrechtmediator
Auteurs mr. Tanja van Mazijk en Mr. Marion Uitslag
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article we discuss what mediation in criminal cases encompasses, what the position is of mediation in criminal cases amidst other forms of recovery mediation and the question is posed whether mediation in criminal cases demands specific things from the mediator.


mr. Tanja van Mazijk
Mr. Tanja van Mazijk is Hogeschooldocent, MfN-registermediator, trainer en onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat ‘toegang tot het recht’ Hogeschool Utrecht.

Mr. Marion Uitslag
Mr. Marion Uitslag is Hogeschooldocent, MfN-registermediator, trainer en onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat ‘toegang tot het recht’ Hogeschool Utrecht.
Peer reviewed

Collectief leren van professionals zorg en strafrecht

Betekenisvol interdisciplinair samenwerken bij huiselijk geweld

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden collectief leren professionals, strafrecht en zorg, huiselijk geweld, Good Work
Auteurs Dr. Sietske Dijkstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article concerns an experiment involving three learning communities of professionals cooperating across institutional boundaries to address domestic violence cases in multiple complementary ways. Providers of social services interacted with law enforcement in a juridical context to achieve an integrated approach. This alliance indicates the potential for values-based Good Work based on safety, professional care, and compassionate treatment. Playing with time and capacity can be a strategy, and each professional can benefit from multiple viewpoints for recognising and anticipating patterns of domestic violence before it (re)occurs.
    A lack of funding has suspended embedding this Good Work, slowing progress toward achieving long-term goals and making this interdisciplinary approach to assuring sustainable safety unavailable to prevent repeated outbreaks of domestic violence.


Dr. Sietske Dijkstra
Dr. Sietske Dijkstra is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het KSI van de Hogeschool Utrecht en werkzaam als onderzoeker, adviseur en docent bij Bureau Dijkstra (www.sietske-dijkstra.nl). Zij dankt haar co-onderzoekers Lous Krechtig en Anneke Menger voor de samenwerking in dit project.
Artikel

Datingfraude: van romantische droom naar financiële nachtmerrie

Een onderzoek naar hulpverlening voor slachtoffers van datingfraude

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Slachtofferschap, Datingfraude, Hulpverlening, Slachtofferhulp
Auteurs Dr. mr. Miriam Wijkman en Isabel Kooij MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Datingfraud is nothing new but it is an underexposed subject. Victims are approached on online datingsites by criminals whose goal is to gain large amounts of money. To achieve this, they start, with a false identity, an online relationship with their victims. In this article research has been done what the needs of the victims are after the offense has been committed. To this end interviews have been made with victims of datingfraud and staff members of victim support. Many victims do not end up with victim support because the police refuse to make a report. Nevertheless, the emotional and legal aid seems to functioning well. However, the practical help leaves much to be desired, especially because employees are not informed about all possibilities there are to support the victims.


Dr. mr. Miriam Wijkman
Dr. mr. M. Wijkman is universitair docent aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Isabel Kooij MSc
Isabel Kooij MSc is recruiter bij Fortress Staffing Services.
Artikel

Access_open Neurowetenschappelijke kennis en de jeugdstrafrechtsketen

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden Neurowetenschappen, jeugdstrafrechtketen, interventie, meetmethoden
Auteurs Liza Cornet MSc en Dr. Katy de Kogel
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2017, the Research and Documentation Centre of the Ministry of Justice & Security (WODC) published the report ‘Neuroscientific application in the juvenile criminal justice system’. This report concerns an inventory of possible neuroscientific applications in the juvenile criminal justice system. The release of the report attracted attention from well-recognized national media. The positive media attention was striking for several reasons. It indicated that –in contrast to a few decades ago – it has become more accepted to study neurobiological correlates of antisocial behavior. On the other hand, the overwhelming news value indicated that the idea that antisocial behavior is also associated with neurobiological deficts has not become common knowledge yet. Based on the WODC report, in the current article the authors summarize how neuroscientific knowledge and methods could be applied in the juvenile criminal justice system.


Liza Cornet MSc
L.J.M. Cornet MSc is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Twente. Zij was ten tijde van het schrijven van dit artikel nog werkzaam als onderzoeker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Dr. Katy de Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum, ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.
Artikel

Daders van arbeidsuitbuiting

Over de vermeende rol van de georganiseerde misdaad

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Arbeidsuitbuiting, Mensenhandel, georganiseerde criminaliteit, grensoverschrijdende criminaliteit
Auteurs Dr. Masja van Meeteren en Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Human traffickers are usually depicted in public discourse as evil villains: the crème de la crème of organized crime. Although this image has also been dominant among scholars for a long time, it has become increasingly controversial. On the one hand, this debate is fueled by discussions amongst criminologists on criminal networks, on the other hand by the expansion of the legal definition of the crime since 2005. Apart from exploitation in the prostitution sector, various other forms of human trafficking are distinguished now, including labor exploitation. This article explores the question of which organizational forms play a role in labor exploitation. Through a review of the empirical research literature on labor exploitation, the authors show that in the field of labor exploitation, there is probably less involvement in criminal syndicates or criminal networks that maintain contacts with other criminal networks. In many cases, labor exploitation is committed by individuals or family businesses, or smaller loosely organized networks that are not necessarily embedded in other criminal networks. For researchers and policy makers alike, it is therefore advisable not to approach labor exploitation exclusively from the perspective of transnational organized crime.


Dr. Masja van Meeteren
Dr. Masja van Meeteren is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun
Prof. dr. Joanne van der Leun is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Access_open ‘Vergeet Mij Niet’

Hoe ruziënde ouders in een virtuele omgeving de emoties van plegers van partnergeweld beïnvloeden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden Virtual reality, Huiselijk geweld, Reclassering
Auteurs Dr. Renée Henskens, Dr. Bernd Wondergem, Drs. Jolanda Mooij e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In 2017 the Probation Service carried out a pilot with the virtual reality (VR)-simulation ‘Don’t you Forget about Me’. In total 13 offenders of domestic violence experienced as a 7-Year old boy a serious fight between parents. The simulation was part of the cognitive behavioral intervention BORG. Four groups underwent the simulation in Amsterdam and Rotterdam. It was assumed that this experience would lead to more empathy, awareness, and self-reflection.
    As the results showed, the simulation seemed suitable in BORG. Most of the participants were very positive about it. The fighting parents had a huge effect on them. Self-reported questionnaires administered after he simulation showed a better self-reflection on the behavior of the participants, more sympathy with the feelings of their children and (ex)-partner, and more insight into the damaging effects of the violence. The simulation appeared to be a powerfull device: it made a deep emotional connection, which enabled to create more empathy.


Dr. Renée Henskens
Dr. Renée Henskens is gedragswetenschapper bij Reclassering Nederland.

Dr. Bernd Wondergem
Dr. Bernd Wondergem werkt als innovatiemanager bij het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

Drs. Jolanda Mooij
Drs. Jolanda Mooij werkt als beleidsmedewerker bij Reclassering Nederland.

Drs. Christel van Zon
Drs. Christel van Zon werkt als Senior Opleidingskundig Coördinator Interventies bij Reclassering Nederland.

Drs. Lisette Schoutens
Drs. Lisette Schoutens werkt als toezichthouder bij Reclassering Nederland. Ze was vanuit het innovatieproject betrokken bij de vervolgpilot ‘Vergeet Mij Niet’, met als doel een brug te slaan tussen theorie en praktische implementatie.
Praktijk

Suïcide bij gedetineerden in België: een dossierstudie

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Zelfdoding, Suïcidepreventie, Detentie, België, suicide, prevention, prison, Belgium
Auteurs Louis Favril, Ciska Wittouck, Kurt Audenaert e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Reducing the number of suicides in prison has been highlighted as an international priority. To date, however, studies examining prison suicides in Belgium are lacking. Therefore, adopting a retrospective record-based approach, we sought to investigate all suicides occurring in the whole Belgian prison estate during a 17-year period. The results underline the need for suicide prevention among prisoners in Belgium, and echo prior findings that restrictive preventive measures should be combined with psychosocial interventions in order to address the causes of prisoners being suicidal. Such strategies are ideally embedded within a comprehensive suicide prevention policy on a national level.


Louis Favril
Louis Favril is klinisch psycholoog en criminoloog van opleiding en voert momenteel een doctoraatsonderzoek uit aan de Universiteit Gent.

Ciska Wittouck
Ciska Wittouck is klinisch psycholoog en criminoloog van opleiding en voert momenteel een doctoraatsonderzoek uit aan de Universiteit Gent.

Kurt Audenaert
Kurt Audenaert is buitengewoon hoogleraar Psychiatrie en hoofddocent Criminologie, en is verbonden aan de Universiteit Gent.

Freya Vander Laenen
Freya Vander Laenen is buitengewoon hoogleraar Psychiatrie en hoofddocent Criminologie, en is verbonden aan de Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

ERM-Vroegsignalering opent de deur naar risicomanagementobservaties en dialoog met gedetineerden

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden Risicomanagement, Vroegsignalering, Agressiehantering, Incidentpreventie
Auteurs Dr. Frans Fluttert en Gunnar Eidhammer MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prison staff is exposed to aggression of prisoners which evokes work stress. In forensic psychiatry risk management principles, such as the Risk-Needs-Responsivity-model (RNR), assist staff to manage aggression by means applying risk management strategies. The Early Recognition Method (ERM) is such an evidence based strategy, developed and tested in forensic psychiatry. In ERM, staff gradually try to attune to aggressive behavior by means of the identification of early warning signs of aggression and systematically evaluated these in predetermined intervals. In this article it is explained and discussed how ERM could be applied meaningfully in prison services.


Dr. Frans Fluttert
Dr. Frans Fluttert is senior onderzoeker bij FPC Dr. S. van Mesdag, Associate Professor aan zowel de Molde University College in Noorwegen als de University of Southern Denmark, en Research Supervisor bij het Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital, Noorwegen.

Gunnar Eidhammer MSc
Gunnar Eidhammer MSc is onderzoeker bij het Centre for Research and Education in Forensic Psychiatry, Oslo University Hospital in Noorwegen, en verpleegkundige en onderzoeker bij de Division of Mental Health and Addiction, Trust Vestre Viken Hospital, Drammen, Noorwegen.
Artikel

Veilige resocialisatie van zedendaders met inzet van vrijwilligers

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 6 2017
Trefwoorden COSA, Zedendelinquenten, Resocialisatie, Vrijwilligers
Auteurs Dr. Mechtild Höing en Audrey Alards
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Circles of Support and Accountability (COSA) is a method in which volunteers support and monitor a convicted sex offender during his or her re-entry into society in order to prevent new sex offences. COSA was developed in Canada in 1994 as a grass roots approach to an acute crisis in a small town near Toronto, and since then has spread throughout Canada. In 2002, the COSA model was introduced and further developed in England, and from there the approach found its way to the Netherlands, where circle projects are provided by the Dutch Probation Organization since 2010. Until now, more than one hundred sex offenders (‘core members’ in a circle) have participated in a circle in the Netherlands. Although the COSA model predates the Good Lives Model, it’s basic principles align very well to the Good Lives Model. In COSA, a group of three to five volunteers form a surrogate social network, that offers social inclusion, practical and moral support in all kinds of daily challenges the core member faces, and that monitors risk and risk behavior. The volunteers are supervised by a professional circle-coordinator and supported by professionals who are involved in the core members’ after care arrangements. The COSA intervention model describes a number of conditions and strategies that support its effectiveness. Canadian, American and English case-control studies into the effectiveness of COSA shows a substantial reduction of offending behavior in core members compared to controls. Since the international proliferation of the COSA model is ever increasing, protecting the program integrity is a growing concern, and stresses the need for international cooperation between COSA providers.


Dr. Mechtild Höing
Dr. Mechtild Höing is socioloog aan het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van de Avans Hogeschool en projectleider en lid van de kenniskring lectoraat Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties.

Audrey Alards
Audrey Alards is werkzaam bij Reclassering Nederland; als cirkelcoördinator is zij sinds 2009 werkzaam voor COSA.
Artikel

Nazorg voor ex-gedetineerden door Exodus: maakt het verschil?

Recidiveonderzoek onder ex-gedetineerden die bij Exodus verbleven in de periode 1999-2012

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Recidive (Reoffending), Nazorg (Aftercare), Quasi-experimenteel onderzoek (Quasi-experimental research), Gevangenis (Prison), Exodus
Auteurs Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden, Suzan Verweij MSc, Dr. Bouke Wartna e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Exodus is an organization aimed at assisting prisoners at their transition to society. In the Exodus halfway houses participants receive help in finding a house and a job, in improving relationships with family and friends and in giving meaning to life. This study uses a quasi-experimental design to investigate whether participating in the Exodus program reduces reoffending: the observed reoffending rate is compared to the reoffending rate that was predicted based on characteristics of the participants. The findings show that two years after leaving Exodus, 46.5% of the participants reoffended. This is 4.1 percent point less than the total population of former prisoners and 4.6 percent point less than the predicted reoffending rate.


Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden
Mr. dr. Sigrid van Wingerden is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens voorzitter van de redactie van PROCES.

Suzan Verweij MSc
Suzan Verweij MSc is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Dr. Bouke Wartna
Dr. Bouke Wartna is senior wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Prof. dr. mr. Martin Moerings
Prof. dr. mr. Martin Moerings is emeritus hoogleraar Penologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Hoe werkt vroegsignalering door lokale jongerenwerkers in de strijd tegen terrorisme?

Tijdschrift PROCES, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden Radicalisering, Gewelddadig extremisme, Jongerenwerker, Subjectieve oordeelsvorming
Auteurs Annemarie van de Weert MSc en Mr. dr. Quirine Eijkman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyses whether the local youth worker can operate on the intersection of social welfare and signalling of extremism. Although it is a rare phenomenon, there is a clear message from the government to watch out for the first signs of deviant behavior and unacceptable behavior. However, shouldn’t we ask ourselves whether youth workers are adequately equipped at local level to signal threat? The qualitative results show that in daily practice there is a lack of clear standards which make terminology for social professionals not easily distinguished. In addition their opinion depends largely on their own intuition regarding the issues. This can create side effects which form a risk that the local terrorism policy does not have the intended effect.


Annemarie van de Weert MSc
Annemarie van de Weert MSc is onderzoeker Toegang tot het recht aan het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie (KSI), Hogeschool Utrecht.

Mr. dr. Quirine Eijkman
Mr. dr. Quirine Eijkman is lector Toegang tot het recht aan het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie (KSI), Hogeschool Utrecht.
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