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Artikel

Welzijn, primaire levensbehoeften en delinquentie bij adolescenten

Etiologische assumpties van het Good Lives Model getoetst

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden GLM, Rehabilitation, Juvenile delinquency, Life satisfaction, Youth
Auteurs Colinda Serie PhD, Prof. dr. Stefaan Pleysier, Prof. dr. Johan Put e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    A recent rehabilitation theory, the ‘Good Lives Model’ (GLM), states that interventions that work towards a higher well-being can reduce recidivism risk more sustainably by promising a happier, pro-social life, rather than just a less harmful one. Although the GLM theory appears promising, limited empirical research has examined its underlying assumptions, applicability and its effectiveness. Research into the GLM with youth is even more limited. Therefore, in the current study, we investigate the main etiological assumptions of the GLM in a large group of adolescents between 14 and 18 years old from the general population (N=5.776), by means of self-report survey data on well-being, primary human goods and delinquency. The results show that a lower subjective global well-being is related to delinquent behavior. Especially the primary human goods of relatedness and working towards a financially stable future appear to be important goals for interventions aimed at rehabilitation of juvenile offenders.


Colinda Serie PhD
C.M.B. Serie is PhD-onderzoeker aan de KU Leuven.

Prof. dr. Stefaan Pleysier
Prof. dr. S. Pleysier is hoofddocent aan de Faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de KU Leuven en coördinator van de Onderzoekslijn Jeugdcriminologie en Jeugdrecht aan het Leuvens Instituut voor Criminologie (LINC).

Prof. dr. Johan Put
Prof. dr. J. Put is gewoon hoogleraar jeugd- en welzijnsrecht aan de KU Leuven.

Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
Prof. dr. C. de Ruiter is als hoogleraar Forensische Psychologie, verbonden aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Delinquentie, vrienden en ‘boosheid met liefde’

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2-3 2020
Trefwoorden peer delinquency, authoritative control, working alliance, prevention
Auteurs Dr. Adriaan Denkers en Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Young people’s delinquent behavior remains a social problem of concern to parents, local residents, teachers, police officers and administrators. With respect to effective interventions, the dominant focus is on ‘what works’. Relatively little is known about ‘who works’. In this study, based on a survey of 679 vmbo-pupils, it was investigated to what extent receiving ‘sternness with love’ from a professional may contribute to mitigating delinquency. For this research, unique graphically supported measuring instruments were developed that enable participants of the target group – including those who suffer from mild intellectual disabilities – to independently fill out the questionnaire. The results based on regression analyses suggest that there is no support for the supposed contribution of the interaction between sternness and love or of the three-way interaction between delinquent friends, sternness and love in explaining the variance of delinquent behavior. The results further show that having delinquent friends is related to participants’ delinquency. The results of these analyses also suggest that the relevant professional’s approach with ‘sternness’ or with ‘love’ moderates the relationship between delinquent friends and committing theft.


Dr. Adriaan Denkers
Dr. A.J.M. Denkers is zelfstandig sociaal wetenschapper en verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Jan Dirk de Jong
Dr. J.D.A. de Jong is lector Aanpak Jeugdcriminaliteit aan de Hogeschool Leiden en verbonden aan de sectie Criminologie, Erasmus School of Law van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

De toekomst is aan de surfende criminoloog

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2019
Trefwoorden criminology, artificial intelligence, research methods, research funding, causality
Auteurs Prof. dr. Jeroen Maesschalck
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    If, as criminologists, we really want to contribute to solutions for the great challenges of our time, we should be…surfing more. In a dynamic environment full of contradictions, we should be constantly in motion, moving left and right between different theoretical-normative perspectives as well as between methodological perspectives. This paper clarifies that surfing movement with some illustrations. It then proposes three goals for a criminological research agenda that should help us address the great challenges: actual (as opposed to superficial) relevance for practice, causal ambitions and multidisciplinarity. The paper concludes with some reflections about the organization and funding of criminological research.


Prof. dr. Jeroen Maesschalck
Prof. dr. J. Maesschalck is verbonden aan het Leuven Instituut voor Criminologie aan de KU Leuven.
Artikel

Access_open Van salafistisch gedachtegoed alleen kun je niet leven: de financiële zelfredzaamheid van 131 uitreizigers nader bekeken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2019
Trefwoorden jihadi travellers, terrorism, terrorist financing, financial independence
Auteurs Dr. Melvin Soudijn
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The present article examines the financial life of 131 jihadi travellers (JTs), also known as foreign terrorist fighters, from the Netherlands. For the purpose of the research, access was acquired to all their banking transactions in the year preceding their departure: over 60,000 transactions in total. Their income from work or employment, various forms of social assistance, student grants, and other income or expenditure were examined. The data provided a good picture of their financial independence, i.e., the extent to which they were capable of making their own living or needed to claim assistance from the authorities. The analysis shows that it is highly exceptional for Dutch JTs to be financially independent. Only 5 percent have sufficient income from work or employment without making any claims on the government for financial assistance, and are free of mounting debts. The low score can for a large part be explained by the fact that almost half of the JTs are under 23 years of age and/or receive a student grant. Their financial picture largely resembles ordinary students. Older JTs (over 22 years of age, and not having received a student grant for at least one year) underperform, however. Only 9 percent are financially independent. Financial support could perhaps be used to monitor or steer recipients’ role in society.


Dr. Melvin Soudijn
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is operationeel specialist bij de afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek, Dienst Landelijke Informatieorganisatie, Landelijke Eenheid, Politie.
Artikel

Patronen in regelovertreding in de chemische industrie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden corporate crime, compliance, longitudinal, life course, criminal career
Auteurs Dr. Marieke Kluin MSc., Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland, Prof. mr. Wim Huisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Unlike criminal career research into the criminal behavior of natural persons, longitudinal research into rule violations by corporations is still scant. The few available studies are mostly limited to US corporations, and suffer from either a small sample size or a short follow-up period, limiting the generalizability of their findings. The present study uses longitudinal data on rule violating behavior of 494 Dutch chemical corporations derived from yearly inspections (N=4.367) of the relevant safety and environmental agencies between 2006 and 2017. The study aims to gain insight in the patterning of rule violations by Dutch chemical corporations, and the extent to which these patterns are associated with sector and corporate characteristics. The results show that rule violation is common among Dutch chemical corporations. A small minority of chronically violating corporations however, is responsible for a disproportional share of all observed rule violations. Using group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) we distinguish several longitudinal patterns of rule violations in our data. Available sector and corporation characteristics are only weakly associated with the patterns of rule violations identified.


Dr. Marieke Kluin MSc.
Dr. M.H.A. Kluin is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Prof. dr. mr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. dr. mr. A.A.J. Blokland is als bijzonder hoogleraar Criminology & Criminal Justice verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden en als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het NSCR.

Prof. mr. Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. W. Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Marlijn Peeters
Dr. M.P. Peeters is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Ellen Wiering MSc
E. Wiering, MSc is als junior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Steven Jaspers MSc
S.J. Jaspers, MSc studeerde criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Een bijzondere groep daders: vrouwelijke langgestraften na afloop van de Tweede Wereldoorlog in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden female, perpetrators, World War II, empirical study, criminal career
Auteurs Drs. Jantien Stuifbergen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Early literature on female perpetrators of World War II focused on labelling the accused as deranged psychopaths, thereby distinguishing the group of perpetrators from the vast subdued and ‘normal’ population. While this perception has changed over the past decades, the perception of female perpetrators has remained limited either way, women are denied having a lot of agency when perpetrating crimes in conflict. Similar to the ‘mad Nazi’-theory these narratives imply that female perpetrators are different from ‘ordinary’ women, as their actions collide with notions of ideal femininity. This empirical research has shown that in the case of female perpetrators of World War II in the Netherlands it seems that they can be seen as ordinary women operating in extraordinary circumstances. In this study, a special group of female war criminals is described. Against the background of early post-war imaging of such women and more recent research on female perpetration during wartime, an analysis of Dutch perpetrators who received severe punishments after the War, is made. Based on unique historical data, the criminal career of these women as World War II perpetrators is analysed. The outcomes show that a notable part already had a criminal record before the war and that the perception of who they were and why they acted the way they did needs reconsideration, since they were not psychologically weak and incompetent. They were generally young, unemployed and low educated and they planned and committed their crimes of treasons in order to create better living conditions for themselves. In fact, one can claim that these women are likely to be ordinary people influenced by dispositional and situational factors.


Drs. Jantien Stuifbergen MSc
Drs. J.A.M. Stuifbergen, MSc is programmacoördinator van de Master International Crimes, Conflict and Criminology en promovenda bij de sectie Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam,
Artikel

Het verloop van de partnerrelaties van gedetineerden tijdens en na detentie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden detention, partnerships, relationship quality, longitudinal
Auteurs Anne Brons MSc, Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta en Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the current criminological literature surprisingly little is known about the development of partnerships of detainees during and after detention. In particular, it is unknown to what extent existing differences in the relationship quality at the start of the detention period continue. Therefore, this study examined how the partnerships of detainees developed by using data from the Prison Project. This is a longitudinal study in which 747 detainees with a partner were interviewed at various moments during detention and six months after detention. The results show that bad partnerships at the beginning of detention remain in general bad or end during and/or after detention, while the average to good relationships remain the same.


Anne Brons MSc
M.D. Brons, MSc is PhD student bij het Nederlands Interdisciplinair Demografisch Instituut (NIDI).

Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Artikel

Overnachten in een politiecel

Een onderzoek naar het psychisch welzijn en slaapproblemen van verdachten

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden police detention centres, police suspects, psychological wellbeing, sleep problems, environmental psychology
Auteurs Koen Geijsen MSc, Dr. Nicolien Kop en Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This study explores the influence of police detention centres environments on police suspects’ psychological wellbeing and sleep problems. Results showed that suspects detained in a police cell experience a decreased psychological wellbeing, that they sleep poorly, and that their psychological wellbeing is related to sleep problems. Implications for police detention in relation to suspects’ psychological wellbeing and sleep problems, as well as directions for future research on police detention centre environments, are discussed.


Koen Geijsen MSc
K. Geijsen, MSc is promovendus aan de Universiteit Maastricht en de Politieacademie en tevens werkzaam bij de politie.

Dr. Nicolien Kop
Dr. N. Kop is lector Criminaliteitsbeheersing en Recherchekunde aan de Politieacademie.

Prof. dr. Corine de Ruiter
Prof. dr. C. de Ruiter is hoogleraar Forensische Psychologie aan de Universiteit Maastricht.
Artikel

Het sociaal netwerk van een criminele jeugdgroep

Omvang, kern en sleutelfiguren

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2017
Trefwoorden criminal youth gang, social network analysis, key players (KPP-1), police records
Auteurs Gerard Wolters MSc, Matthijs Oosterhuis MSc en Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this study the authors examined a criminal youth gang of 35 persons in the Netherlands, using social network analysis, to answer the following questions. To what extent is it possible by means of police records to estimate the size of the complete social network of this criminal youth gang? To what extent are members of this original group part of the core of the complete network? To what extent have members of the original group a central position in the complete network (key players) and are, as such, responsible for holding the complete network together? Information is derived from police records. Results show that the size of the total network of this criminal youth gang consists of 593 individuals with a core of around hundred persons. Seven persons were identified as key players, among which six persons belonged to the original group. The social network approach in this study provides police and justice important indications for a more tailored approach regarding individuals within criminal networks.


Gerard Wolters MSc
G. Wolters MSc is werkzaam als analist bij de afdeling Analyse en Onderzoek van de Dienst Regionale Informatieorganisatie (DRIO) binnen de eenheid Noord-Nederland van de Nationale Politie.

Matthijs Oosterhuis MSc
Mr. M. Oosterhuis is als analist werkzaam bij de afdeling Analyse en Onderzoek van de Dienst Regionale Informatieorganisatie (DRIO), eenheid Noord-Nederland, van de Nationale Politie en bij het 1 Civiel en Militaire Interactiecommando van de Koninklijke Landmacht.

Dr. Jan Kornelis Dijkstra
Dr. J.K. Dijkstra is werkzaam als universitair hoofddocent aan de faculteit Gedrags- & Maatschappijwetenschappen van de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Diversen: Artikelen

De Externe Monitor Tbs en de behandelduur van tbs-gestelden: waardevolle kennis vanuit het tbs-traject

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden forensic psychiatry, disposal on behalf of the state (‘tbs-order’), treatment trajectory, length of stay, digital databases
Auteurs Dr. Marleen Nagtegaal, Dr. Ruud van der Horst, Drs. José Buisman e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The External Monitor of Forensic Psychiatric Patients (EMT) aims to increase the knowledge of forensic psychiatric patients and the effectiveness of mandatory forensic treatment. In the EMT, five judicial organizations merged their anonymized digital data on (ex-)patients for research purposes. Data originated from the databases of the NIFP, DJI, AVT, 3RO and WODC. By merging this data, a larger part of the trajectory of a forensic psychiatric patient becomes known. Results show that it is possible to combine data from the digital databases of separate organizations for research and analysis purposes. To illustrate the opportunities of the use of merged data, an explorative study was conducted into a current subject. In this study, 218 ‘tbs-patients’ were included and several characteristics of patients of whom the mandatory forensic treatment has ended were compared with those of patients still under mandatory treatment. Suggestions are made for merging data files and for future research.


Dr. Marleen Nagtegaal
Dr. M.H. Nagtegaal is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij de afdeling Criminaliteit, Sancties en Rechtshandhaving van het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het Ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie.

Dr. Ruud van der Horst
Dr. R.P. van der Horst is wetenschappelijk adviseur bij het Expertisecentrum Forensische Psychiatrie (EFP) te Utrecht.

Drs. José Buisman
Drs. J. Buisman is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP).

Drs. Marleen Spaans
Drs. M. Spaans is wetenschappelijk onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Instituut voor Forensische Psychiatrie en Psychologie (NIFP).
Artikel

Slachtoffer van arbeidsuitbuiting?

Een kwalitatieve studie naar ideaaltypische trajecten die leiden tot zelfidentificatie als slachtoffer van mensenhandel

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2016
Trefwoorden self-identification, labour exploitation, human trafficking, victimology, grounded theory
Auteurs Niki Tielbaard MSc., Dr. Masja van Meeteren en Xenia Commandeur MA
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Although the Netherlands criminalised some forms of labour exploitation as human trafficking, many cases remain undetected. This is probably due to low self-identification among victims. Whereas research revealed factors obstructing self-identification among victims, it remains unclear how some victims do arrive at self-identification. Drawing on in-depth interviews and focus group discussions with victims and professionals, this qualitative study identifies two ideal-typical pathways to self-identification. In the first trajectory self-identification is gradually formed through information gathering and deteriorating working conditions. In the second trajectory self-identification is triggered by a sudden vital event.


Niki Tielbaard MSc.
N.M Tielbaard is masterstudent Opsporingscriminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en was stagiaire bij FairWork te Amsterdam en masterstudent Veiligheidsbeleid en Rechtshandhaving aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Dr. Masja van Meeteren
Dr. M.J. van Meeteren is Universitair Hoofddocent Criminologie aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Xenia Commandeur MA
Drs. X.D. Commandeur is onderzoeker mensenhandel
Artikel

‘Onze kinderen zijn geen terroristen’

Families van Belgische en Nederlandse Syriëgangers over het vertrek van hun geliefden

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2015
Trefwoorden foreign fighters, armed struggle, families, Syria, radicalization
Auteurs Dr. Marion van San
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since March 2013 a sizeable number of Belgian and Dutch youngsters have joined the armed conflict in Syria. According to recent estimates, Belgium has 438 foreign fighters in Syria, the Netherlands 160. Very little is known about who these people are and what made them decide to join the armed struggle. There is also a lack of information regarding their families. The research on which this article is based comprised interviews with twenty families with at least one member who has left for Syria. In addition, former teachers of these youngsters were asked to reflect on their students’ actions. The central questions of this article concern the views of family members on the youngsters’ decision to join the armed struggle, whether or not there were signs of radicalization prior to their leaving, and whether all of them actually did go through a process of radicalization.


Dr. Marion van San
Dr. M. van San is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het RISBO (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam).

    The explosive growth of the Internet has led to countless new possibilities, and it opened the way for societal progress and an extensive globalization and digitization. However, the original ambition of the Internet as a free, open and neutral medium has also led to new possibilities in the field of crime. The current paper illustrates how governments dealt with the development of the Internet and it gives an explanation for why and how unintended side effects have manifested in society. Using the phenomenon of digital child abuse, this paper offers recommendations for an effective government response and for an effective detection of and fight against cybercrime.


Madeleine van der Bruggen MSc MA
M. van der Bruggen, MSc MA is Operationeel Specialist Zeden bij de Politie Landelijke Eenheid (Dienst Landelijke Recherche) – Team Bestrijding Kinderporno en Kindersekstoerisme (TBKK).

Maartje van der Woude Mr. dr. MSc
Mr. dr. M.A.H. van der Woude, MSc is strafjurist en criminoloog en als universitair hoofddocent Straf(proces)recht werkzaam bij het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden. Zij is tevens werkzaam als rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Noord-Holland.
Redactioneel

Criminologie en opsporing

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, investigative practices, police and security services
Auteurs Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans, Dr. Christianne de Poot en Dr. Antoinette Verhage
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminologists have devoted surprisingly little attention to criminal investigation issues. This is understandable given the difficulties faced when performing empirical research into this subject. Getting access to confidential data from police and security services and disclosing such findings in scientific publications remains a challenge.
    However, knowledge about investigative practices and their effects is essential for current debates about the legitimacy of new investigative methods and related privacy violations. This special issue contains contributions from authors who were able to connect research and science with criminal investigation practices. The contributions concern relevant topics, such as interrogation methods, social network analysis in criminal investigations, investigation of terrorist activities, sexual offenses, and private investigations. With these contributions, this special issue illustrates how empirical research into criminal investigation practices can be executed, and what new insights this provides.


Prof. dr. Edward Kleemans
Prof. dr. E.R. Kleemans is hoogleraar Zware Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Christianne de Poot
Dr. C.J. de Poot is senior onderzoeker bij het WODC en tevens lector Forensisch Onderzoek bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam en de Politieacademie.

Dr. Antoinette Verhage
Dr. A.H.S. Verhage is postdoc onderzoeker aan de Universiteit Gent, en directeur van de research unit Urban Crime & Policing (UGent).
Artikel

Over pragmatisme en strategie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden corporate security, private investigations, private settlements, forum shopping
Auteurs Clarissa Meerts MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article data derived from observations and interviews are used to examine private methods of investigation as used by corporate security providers in the Netherlands, and the private settlement options which follow those investigations. It is argued that, rather than leadership being exercised by public actors and institutions (police, prosecutors, criminal courts and also civil courts), those actors are selectively and strategically mobilised by corporate security, on behalf of their private sector clients. Corporate security and its clients have a ‘pick and choose’ approach when searching for an optimal solution for the incident at hand (forum shopping).


Clarissa Meerts MSc
C.A. Meerts, MSc is promovenda en wetenschappelijk docent bij de Sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus School of Law, Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Acute dreigingen, vage geruchten

Opsporing van terroristische misdrijven en de handelingsruimte van politie- en justitiefunctionarissen

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2014
Trefwoorden criminal investigation, terrorism, discretionary authority, street-level bureaucrats
Auteurs Dr. Barbra van Gestel en Dr. Christianne de Poot
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since 2007 the police and the public prosecution service in the Netherlands can apply special investigative powers in case of ‘indications’ of a terrorist offense. To investigate signs of terrorism, a suspicion is no longer needed. The underlying assumption behind this extension is that the ‘old’ legislation offers insufficient opportunities to investigate signs of terrorism in an early phase. In this article we examine this assumption about the action space of investigating officers. For the period 2007-2011, we examined how investigating officers responded to signs of terrorism in practice, what investigative powers they used, and how they – as street level bureaucrats – handled their discretionary authority. The research shows that police and judiciary officials are very well able to investigate signs of terrorism with the already existing powers, and that they have made little use of the new ‘indications’ criterion


Dr. Barbra van Gestel
Dr. B. van Gestel is socioloog en is als onderzoeker werkzaam voor het WODC.

Dr. Christianne de Poot
Dr. C.J. de Poot is senior onderzoeker bij het WODC en tevens lector Forensisch Onderzoek bij de Hogeschool van Amsterdam en de Politieacademie.
Artikel

‘We zijn geen padvinders’

Een verkennend onderzoek naar de criminele carrières van leden van één procent motorclubs

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2014
Trefwoorden Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs, one percenters, criminal careers, adult onset
Auteurs Prof. Dr. Mr. Arjan Blokland, Melvin Soudijn en Dr. Eric Teng
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Using officially registered conviction history data, this study examines the criminal careers of 601 members of Dutch outlaw motorcycle gangs, identified as such by the Dutch police. We find that the average 1% er in our sample is a 44-year-old, Dutch-born male. The large majority of these 1% ers have been convicted for a crime at least once. One in four convicted 1% ers can be classified as a chronic offender accumulating over ten convictions from age 12 until 2013. The large majority of 1% ers experiences an adult onset of their officially registered criminal career, with almost half acquiring their first conviction when they are aged 30 or older, challenging the generality of criminology's accepted conclusions about criminal career development.


Prof. Dr. Mr. Arjan Blokland
Prof. Dr. Mr. A.A.J. Blokland is senior Onderzoeker Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving en Bijzonder Hoogleraar Criminology and Criminal Justice, Universiteit Leiden.

Melvin Soudijn
Politie, Landelijke Eenheid afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek

Dr. Eric Teng
Dr. M.R.J. Soudijn is Senior Onderzoeker, Landelijke Eenheid, afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek.
Artikel

Detentie en gevolgen van detentie

Onderzoek in Nederland en België

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Detentiebeleid, detentieonderzoek, detentiebeleving, gevangeniscultuur, detentie-effecten
Auteurs Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens, Dr. Anja Dirkzwager en Prof. dr. Dirk Korf
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Prison policy in Belgium and the Netherlands is changing rapidly. While Belgium struggles with a persisting prison overcrowding, the Netherlands strongly cuts back on the prison system and is closing an increasing number of prisons. This introductory article to a special issue on detention starts with a short outline of recent changes in Dutch and Belgian prison policy, focusing on developments in detention capacity and prison population. Subsequently we present an overview of empirical criminological research in the Netherlands and Belgium, situated within the international literature, with a specific focus on studies regarding life in detention and effects of detention on prisoners' lives and on their social environment. Finally, we reflect upon existing detention research in both countries, e.g. in terms of gaps in research topics and methodology, and discuss some future developments.


Prof. dr. Kristel Beyens
Prof. dr. K. Beyens is hoogleraar en voorzitter van de vakgroep Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Brussel.

Dr. Anja Dirkzwager
Dr. A.J.E. Dirkzwager is senior onderzoeker bij het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).

Prof. dr. Dirk Korf
Prof. dr. D.J. Korf is bijzonder hoogleraar criminologie en directeur van het Bonger Instituut, faculteit der rechtsgeleerdheid, Universiteit van Amsterdam.
Praktijk

Neurorecht

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2014
Trefwoorden Neurorecht, Neurolaw, Recht, rechtspraktijk, neurowetenschap
Auteurs Dr. Katy De Kogel
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Katy De Kogel
Dr. C.H. de Kogel is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek- en Documentatiecentrum (WODC) van het ministerie van Veiligheid en Justitie. Zij is psycholoog en promoveerde in de gedragsbiologie. Ook maakt zij deel uit van het MT van het Nationaal Initiatief Hersenen en Cognitie (NWO) met als thema: Veiligheid.
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