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Discussie

‘Zij vreet er ook van’

Over de ongemakkelijke relatie tussen huiselijk geweld en zware en georganiseerde criminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden Domestic violence, Organized crime, Bikers
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In The Netherlands not much attention has been paid towards the relationship between domestic violence and organized crime. In this contribution the question is addressed why this is. One of the answers is that there is doubt about the moral status of the victim of organized crime: it assumed that the victim has benefited from the proceedings of organized crime. When domestic violence and involvement with organized crime by one of the family members come together, the case becomes more complex and difficult to deal with. For that reason professionals and researchers should pay more attention to the overlap of both phenomena.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de Nationale Politie en lector Veiligheid in Afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan de Avans Hogeschool.

    Terrorism could be regarded as an extreme type of (violent) criminal behaviour. Against this background, there is much to gain if criminological attention would be extended to terrorism. In this overview, the authors describe how and to what extent criminological theories may provide a significant contribution to underlying causes of terrorism. Previous criminological contributions to the field of terrorism have primarily taken a theory-extended approach, including routine activity theory, rational choice theory and strain theory. However, so far such studies lacked empirical data. Further, to this day, not much is known about the empirical applicability of other criminological theories, including desistance theories, which warrant particular attention. In order for criminology literature to contribute effectively to our understanding of terrorism and to pursue better counter-terrorism policies, empirical evidence should first be obtained. In this way, terrorism researchers, in close collaboration with criminologists, can deepen our theoretical and empirical understanding of this relatively underexplored field.


Marieke Liem
M. Liem is universitair hoofddocent aan de Universiteit Leiden.

Edwin Bakker
E. Bakker is hoogleraar terrorisme en contraterrorisme aan de Universiteit Leiden en hoofd kennis en onderzoek aan de Politieacademie.

Prof dr. Marianne Junger
Prof dr. M. Junger, Hoogleraar Cybersecurity and Business Continuity, Universiteit Twente
Kroniek

Ambtelijke en bestuurlijke corruptie in Nederland; waar staan we anno 2018?

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Corruptie, Integriteit, Rechtshandhaving, Openbaar bestuur
Auteurs Prof. dr. Hans Nelen en Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The most recent extensive study on political and administrative corruption in The Netherlands dates back to 2005 (Huberts & Nelen, 2005). Afterwards various studies have been conducted on related subthemes and areas. In this contribution, the state of affairs regarding political and administrative corruption – and the responses to them – in The Netherlands in 2018 is described, based on the results of these studies. Starting with an overview of the nature and severity of political and administrative corruption, the focus shifts to relevant developments in the control and prevention of corruption, partly addressing the causes of the phenomenon.


Prof. dr. Hans Nelen
Prof. dr. mr. J.M. Nelen is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de Universiteit Maastricht.

Prof. dr. Emile Kolthoff
Prof. dr. E.W. Kolthoff is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de Open Universiteit en als lector Veiligheid, openbare orde en recht aan de Avans Hogeschool in Den Bosch.

Dr. Maarten Kunst
Dr. M.J.J. Kunst is universitair hoofddocent Criminologie aan het Instituut voor Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Strafrecht door de ogen van een witteboordencrimineel

Gevolgen en beleving van strafrechtspleging door vervolgden voor witteboordencriminaliteit

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden Strafrechtspleging, Witteboordencriminaliteit, Detentiebeleving, Strafdoelen, Strafrechtelijk beleid
Auteurs Prof. mr. Wim Huisman en Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Internationally, research on the experiences of white-collar offenders with the criminal justice system and the consequences of prosecution and conviction is scarce. Such research becomes more relevant, as the response to white-collar crime has become more punitive and more offenders are convicted. This paper presents the experiences of the co-author as a convicted white-collar offender as an autobiographical case-study. In this cases study, the consequences and experiences during four phases (investigation, prosecution, sentence-execution and post-sentencing) are analysed on four live-domains: health, private life, social life and professional life. Such an approach could be a blueprint for further and more systematic study of the experiences with and consequences of criminal justice for white-collar offenders. Such study can shed light on the effects and actual achievement of goals of punishment for white-collar crime.


Prof. mr. Wim Huisman
Prof. mr. W. Huisman is als hoogleraar criminologie verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Drs. Dennis Lesmeister
Drs. D.R. Lesmeister is als geassocieerd onderzoeker verbonden aan de afdeling Strafrecht & Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Onderzoeksnotities

Vrijheidsbeneming in Nederland sinds 1837

Een analyse van 180 jaar gevangenisstatistieken

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden gevangenissen, detentie, criminaliteitstrends, historische criminologie
Auteurs Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article studies the development in the prison system over the period 1837-2016 in the Netherlands. It describes trends in three characteristics of the Dutch prison system: (a) the number of prisoners, (b) the number of cells, and (c) the inflow of persons from the free society. The findings are twofold. On the one hand – when examining absolute numbers – the article shows that three distinct periods can be distinguished: a period of 140 years with low stable numbers (1837-1975), four decades in which the numbers tripled (1975-2005), and a subsequent decade where the numbers halved (2005-2016). On the other hand – when examining relative numbers, i.e. per 100.000 inhabitants, and thus controlling for the growth in population – the article displays that developments in the prison system in the Netherlands between 1837-2016 can best be characterized by a long-term continuous decrease in detention.


Prof. dr. Paul Nieuwbeerta
Prof. dr. P. Nieuwbeerta is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Een bijzondere groep daders: vrouwelijke langgestraften na afloop van de Tweede Wereldoorlog in Nederland

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden female, perpetrators, World War II, empirical study, criminal career
Auteurs Drs. Jantien Stuifbergen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Early literature on female perpetrators of World War II focused on labelling the accused as deranged psychopaths, thereby distinguishing the group of perpetrators from the vast subdued and ‘normal’ population. While this perception has changed over the past decades, the perception of female perpetrators has remained limited either way, women are denied having a lot of agency when perpetrating crimes in conflict. Similar to the ‘mad Nazi’-theory these narratives imply that female perpetrators are different from ‘ordinary’ women, as their actions collide with notions of ideal femininity. This empirical research has shown that in the case of female perpetrators of World War II in the Netherlands it seems that they can be seen as ordinary women operating in extraordinary circumstances. In this study, a special group of female war criminals is described. Against the background of early post-war imaging of such women and more recent research on female perpetration during wartime, an analysis of Dutch perpetrators who received severe punishments after the War, is made. Based on unique historical data, the criminal career of these women as World War II perpetrators is analysed. The outcomes show that a notable part already had a criminal record before the war and that the perception of who they were and why they acted the way they did needs reconsideration, since they were not psychologically weak and incompetent. They were generally young, unemployed and low educated and they planned and committed their crimes of treasons in order to create better living conditions for themselves. In fact, one can claim that these women are likely to be ordinary people influenced by dispositional and situational factors.


Drs. Jantien Stuifbergen MSc
Drs. J.A.M. Stuifbergen, MSc is programmacoördinator van de Master International Crimes, Conflict and Criminology en promovenda bij de sectie Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam,

Prof. mr. Hans de Doelder
Prof. mr. H. de Doelder, em. Hoogleraar straf- en strafprocesrecht Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en hoogleraar straf- en strafprocesrecht Universiteit van Curaçao.

Dr. Brenda Oude Breuil
Dr. B.C. Oude Breuil is universitair docent bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen in Utrecht.
Artikel

Naar een blauwe criminologie?

Over illegale visserij, visfraude en criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden illegal fishing, fish fraud, organization crime, green criminology, blue criminology
Auteurs Prof.dr.mr. Wim Huisman, Kees Camphuysen en Prof.dr.mr. Catrien Bijleveld
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Illegal (IUU) fishing is a relatively understudied area within criminology. In this article the authors briefly describe what IUU fishing entails, what is known about the consequences of such fishing, and will list law enforcement issues. They illustrate how illegal fishing can be organized in different ways, and will give some examples of fish fraud. The authors also discuss the (massive) measurement issues. The ecological impact of IUU fishing constitutes an important reason for more research into this phenomenon.


Prof.dr.mr. Wim Huisman
Prof.dr.mr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit.

Kees Camphuysen
K. Camphuysen is senior onderzoeker aan het Koninklijk Nederlands Instituut voor Onderzoek der Zee (NIOZ).

Prof.dr.mr. Catrien Bijleveld
Prof.dr.mr. C. Bijleveld is hoogleraar Methoden en Technieken van Criminologisch Onderzoek aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en directeur van het Nederlands Studiecentrum Criminaliteit en Rechtshandhaving (NSCR).
Discussie

Alle dieren tellen mee!

Over non-speciesisme in de criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden speciesism, animal rights, animal cruelty
Auteurs Dr. Janine Janssen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminology traditionally focuses on the human experience. However, several criminologists have seriously criticized this anthropocentric perspective. In their view from a criminological perspective humans and other than human animals should be given equal attention. Although they advocate a non-speciesist criminology, they are not trying to fundamentally change criminology as we know it. Instead, their appeal is to not consider other than human creatures as passive objects and solely from the perspective of their usefulness for humans. Yet, this objective poses substantial methodological challenges to criminologists.


Dr. Janine Janssen
Dr. J.H.L.J. Janssen is hoofd onderzoek van het Landelijk Expertise Centrum Eer Gerelateerd Geweld (LEC EGG) van de nationale politie, lector Veiligheid in afhankelijkheidsrelaties aan Avans Hogeschool en lid van de Commissie Kennis en Onderzoek van de Politieonderwijsraad.
Redactioneel

Groene criminologie

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Auteurs Dr. Daan van Uhm en Prof. dr. Toine Spapens
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Daan van Uhm
Dr. D.P. van Uhm is universitair docent criminologie bij het Willem Pompe Instituut voor Strafrechtswetenschappen van de Universiteit Utrecht.

Prof. dr. Toine Spapens
Prof. dr. A.C.M. Spapens is hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit van Tilburg.
Artikel

Georganiseerde houtcriminaliteit in de Braziliaanse Amazone

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 2 2018
Trefwoorden criminal timber networks, community-based and situational forest crime prevention, Amazon rainforest, Brazil, Illegal logging
Auteurs Dr. Tim Boekhout van Solinge
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    That criminal networks are active in the illegal exploitation of timber is increasingly acknowledged. The degree of organization of these networks, and the way in which they use (threats of) violence and corruption, is less known. This article describes and analyses, on the basis of various, including local, sources, how organized criminal groups in the Amazon rainforest illegally harvest trees which they sell on the (international) market and how they try to stay immune from the law by using threats, violence, fraud and corruption. This article also discusses the first results of a three-year pilot (2014-2017) of community-based forest monitoring and protection with waterproof GPS-camera’s, developed with communities and with support of the Brazilian Public Prosecutor’s Office.


Dr. Tim Boekhout van Solinge
Dr. T. Boekhout van Solinge is onafhankelijk criminologisch onderzoeker, docent en consultant.

Prof. dr. Richard Staring
Prof. dr. R.H.J.M. Staring is als bijzonder hoogleraar ‘Mobiliteit, toezicht en criminaliteit’ werkzaam bij de sectie Criminologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Artikel

Dochters van de jihad

Hoe familieleden betekenis geven aan het vertrek van Belgische en Nederlandse vrouwen die zich aansloten bij IS

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden women, IS, Jihadism
Auteurs Dr. Marion Van San
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Since it has become apparent that so many Western women have travelled to Syria and Iraq to join Islamic State, there is a relentless stream of publications dealing with the motivations of these women to join the terrorist organization. Most of these publications, based on ‘open sources’, are focusing on the motives spread by the women via social media. These social media reports, however, only provide a distorted view of the women’s motives. This article is based upon ethnographic research focusing on 28 Belgian and Dutch families, whose daughters have left for Syria to join the armed struggle.
    Although the existing literature shows that the feelings of exclusion in Western societies by Muslim women is seen as an important motive for their departure to Syria, the conversations with the families rarely supported this. Moreover, religion and ideology have played a minor role in the departure of their daughters from the perspective of the families, compared to what literature suggests. According to the families the departure of their daughters was mainly driven by romantic motives and the problems they were dealing with in their daily lives.


Dr. Marion Van San
Dr. M.R.P.J.R. van San is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan het RISBO (Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam).
Praktijk

Economische theorievorming over misdaad en straf, vijftig jaar na Becker

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2018
Trefwoorden neoclassical economic theory, rational choice behavior, social cost-benefit analysis
Auteurs Dr. Ben van Velthoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Fifty years ago, Gary Becker’s seminal article on the economics of crime and punishment was published. This paper reviews the theoretical developments in the field since then and takes stock of the strenghts and weaknesses of the economic approach.


Dr. Ben van Velthoven
Dr. B.C.J. van Velthoven is als universitair hoofddocent rechtseconomie verbonden aan de Juridische Faculteit van de Universiteit Leiden.
Boekbespreking

Reactie en naschrift

Tijdschrift Tijdschrift voor Criminologie, Aflevering 1 2018
Auteurs Dr. Annemarie ten Boom en Prof. dr. Jan van Dijk
Auteursinformatie

Dr. Annemarie ten Boom
Dr. A. ten Boom is wetenschappelijk medewerker bij het WODC.

Prof. dr. Jan van Dijk
Prof. dr. J. van Dijk is hoogleraar aan Tilburg University.
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