Zoekresultaat: 4 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x Jaar 2011 x

    The Bank of England depleted its open market portfolio by secretly sterilising large gold inflows. Thereafter interest rates were influenced by falsifying reported gold flows. The false reporting was a tightly kept secret, hidden from members of the Bank of England's highest governing bodies. The false reporting obscured the instability of the gold standard and supported monetary policies that degraded British economic performance and increased world financial fragility in the critical early years of the Great Depression. The episode supports the view that the interwar gold standard was not a system guiding policy, but was manipulated to enforce a dysfunctional classical orthodoxy.


J.R. Garrett
Prof. John R. Garrett is hoogleraar economie van de UC Foundation aan de University of Tennessee in Chattanooga. Deze bijdrage is een vertaalde en geactualiseerde versie van Secrecy and manipulation of the golden standard by the Bank of England, 1925-1931, Journal of Economic History, vol. 55, no. 3, september 1995. Na vertaling is het artikel door Eric Mecking verder bewerkt en toegankelijk gemaakt. De redactie is hem hiervoor erkentelijk.

    Comparing an organized crime group to an ‘enterprise’ or ‘firm’ and its key persons to ‘entrepreneurs’ is only a small step to viewing its illegal activities as a business process. Yet, it took until the early 1990s before criminologists started to study the logistics of specific illegal activities. Since then, the Dutch police have adapted to thinking of organized crime in terms of criminal business processes and to erecting barriers (preferably insurmountable ones) to specific steps in these processes. Firstly, the police analyze logistical processes to find weak spots that can be targeted to hinder illegal activities most effectively, either through investigative action or by means of preventive measures. Secondly, law enforcement agencies consider such an analytical approach an attractive tool to explore the viability of involving other public or private parties in setting up barriers. The Dutch investigation authorities have used this concept successfully in the case of ecstasy production, by aiming at the small number of suppliers of particular chemicals and hardware. As regards large-scale (and indoor) cannabis cultivation, however, the approach is less fruitful, because there are no explicitly ‘vulnerable’ stages in the cultivation process. Furthermore, some of the intended barriers can be deemed rather intrusive, such as a plan to persuade banks to withdraw a mortgage if the police discover a cannabis nursery in a person's private home. This raises the question to what extent the police and the judiciary may call in other parties to help them put up barriers to illegal activities, instead of using the conventional tool of criminal investigation.


A.C.M. Spapens
Dr. Toine Spapens is als senior onderzoeker verbonden aan de Faculteit Rechtswetenschappen van de Universiteit van Tilburg. Hij is tevens lector milieucriminaliteit aan de Politieacademie te Apeldoorn.
Artikel

Kwetsbaarheid voor georganiseerde criminaliteit

Een voor preventie bruikbaar concept?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2011
Auteurs T. Vander Beken
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the development of abstract, theoretic vulnerability analysis vis à vis organised crime towards more empirical approaches which take the actual situation in economic sectors as a starting point. Also it incorporates the way workers on the shop floor view vulnerability. The author gathered these data during research among transport and catering companies. He argues that vulnerability should not only be understood in the traditional way (a feeble defense against potential harm/damage/infiltration) but also in terms of resilience. If - despite prevention measures - a company becomes a victim of - and/or is infiltrated by organised crime, the degree of resilience decides whether the company survives or not. Examples are given of factors contributing and undermining resilience.


T. Vander Beken
Prof. dr. T. Vander Beken is als hoogleraar verbonden aan het Institute for International Research on Criminal Policy (IRCP) van de Universiteit Gent.
Artikel

Rechtspraak op televisie?

Een bespreking van het rapport van de commissie-Van Rooy

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2011
Auteurs G. Kor
Auteursinformatie

G. Kor
Dr. Gerben Kor is advocaat, mediaspecialist, programmamaker en onderzoeker aan de Vrije Universiteit. Hij is auteur van Medialisering van recht (Kluwer, 2008).
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