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Artikel

‘Dirty money, pretty art’

Witwassen en ondermijning in tijden van financialisering van kunst

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2020
Trefwoorden art market, financialization, money laundering, financial crime, jaw enforcement
Auteurs Christoph Rausch, Léonie Bouwknegt, Jeroen Duijsens e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    What is the current nature and extent of money laundering on the art market in times of an increasing financialization of art? This article introduces the problem of money laundering through art and reflects on the associated risks of financial crime. Drawing on two recently published research reports the article describes art market and art financialization practices that may facilitate money laundering. It presents an overview of relevant rules and regulations and points to the challenges of preventing art-based financial crimes.


Christoph Rausch
Dr. C. Rausch is als universitair hoofddocent verbonden aan het Maastricht Centre for Arts and Culture, Conservation and Heritage (MACCH) van de Universiteit Maastricht.

Léonie Bouwknegt
Mr. L. Bouwknegt is operationeel specialist bij de Politie Limburg en adviseur Ondermijning & Internationale Samenwerking, taakaccent Kunstgerelateerde Criminaliteit.

Jeroen Duijsens
Drs. J.M.H. Duijsens is als programmamanager verbonden aan het Platform Veilig Ondernemen Limburg.

Frank Assendelft
Dhr. F. Assendelft is werkzaam bij de afdeling Tactische Opsporing Financieel-Economisch van de Politie Limburg, taakaccent Kunst en Antiek.
Artikel

Access_open Coronacrisis en fraude: vier mogelijke relaties

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2020
Trefwoorden Corona crisis, crime opportunities, fraud, scenarios, future development
Auteurs Dr. Clarissa Meerts en Dr. Wim Huisman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution contains several concrete examples of ‘Corona crime’ thereby showing how the current crisis is creating new opportunities for committing crimes. The authors revert to an analysis framework that was previously used to interpret new forms of crime during the banking crisis. It consists of four scenarios that are briefly described. The future will have to show what effects the corona pandemic has had on fraud and other financial and economic crime.


Dr. Clarissa Meerts
Dr. C. Meerts is als universitair docent Criminologie verbonden aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

Dr. Wim Huisman
Dr. W. Huisman is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.
Artikel

Reflecties op het verantwoord gebruik van kunstmatige intelligentie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2016
Trefwoorden Artificial Intelligence, Ethical dilemma’s, Designing process, Restrictions and controls, Human rights
Auteurs Dr. M.V. Dignum en Prof.dr. J. van den Hoven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The potential perils of robots and other forms of artificial intelligence (AI) have been a subject for discussion since the 1950s. Nevertheless it seems that society is still not prepared for the great impact of the rapid advancement of AI in the last decennium and the many ethical dilemmas involved. How can moral, social and legal values be integrated in the designing process of AI technologies? Is it imaginable that these AI systems would ever be considered as ethical entities? How to control these systems? The authors argue that we should not only analyze these problems, but also reflect on ethics itself. AI has the potential to change the way we live and work. But it is important to introduce restrictions and controls to guarantee our freedom, autonomy and fundamental human rights.


Dr. M.V. Dignum
Dr. Virginia Dignum is als Associate Professor verbonden aan de Faculteit voor Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de Technische Universiteit Delft.

Prof.dr. J. van den Hoven
Prof. dr. Jeroen van den Hoven is als hoogleraar Ethiek verbonden aan de Faculteit voor Techniek, Bestuur en Management van de Technische Universiteit Delft.
Artikel

De criminele levensloop van hawaladars

Een verkennend onderzoek

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2015
Trefwoorden hawala, underground banking, criminal career, Financial sector, Organised crime
Auteurs M.R. J. Soudijn en E.M. de Groen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This research takes a closer look at the criminal careers of 89 offenders who are involved in offering hawala services. The main finding is that 61% has a criminal record that does not consist of hawala related offenses. This finding is important from both a policy and criminological perspective. Firstly, incorporating hawala in the legal financial sector is a difficult prospect with the current people involved. Somehow the sector needs to be cleaned up. Secondly, the findings tie in with other research about criminal careers in organized crime. About two-thirds came into contact with the authorities later in life. However, an important caveat to the authors’ findings is that the outcomes are based on a known group of offenders. The total size of the hawala population is a dark number.


M.R. J. Soudijn
Dr. Melvin Soudijn is als senior-onderzoeker werkzaam bij de Nationale Politie, afdeling Analyse & Onderzoek van de Landelijke Eenheid.

E.M. de Groen
Eline de Groen MSc. studeerde aan de Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam en liep in het kader van dit onderzoek stage bij het Flexibel Informatie Expertise Team (FIET) Financieel van de Landelijke Eenheid.

    There is currently no legal base for financial supervision and crisis management at the European level. Powers are nationally based. This article develops the financial trilemma, which states that a stable financial system, an integrated financial system and national financial autonomy are incompatible. Any two of the three objectives can be combined, but not all three; one has to give. Assuming that a stable financial system is desirable, this article explores the trade-off between national financial autonomy and financial integration in Europe. Policymakers face a clear choice. If they want to preserve the benefits of the single market for financial services (financial integration), financial supervision and crisis management have to be based on a European footing. This article stresses that a strong legal base is needed for such European arrangements. Voluntary cooperation does not work in a crisis, as national governments tend to follow their national interests. The alternative to European arrangements is preserving the current national powers. This article predicts that banking will then become national: each country has its own national banks.


D. Schoenmaker
Prof. dr. Dirk Schoenmaker is decaan van de Duisenberg School of Finance.

    This article describes the development of the Dutch bar, which seems to follow the international trends, the Anglo-Saxon trends in particular. These trends are internationalization, commercialization, organizational professionalization, specialization and differentiation. The Dutch bar nowadays consists of approximately 15.000 advocates, working in approximately 3.800 law firms. Approximately 3.500 advocates work in the Top 30 law firms, whereas the firms consisting of one advocate form the majority of the bar. Particularly during the last decade the bar has grown tremendously due to an increase in demand for specialistic legal service and advice. Due to new developments the client has become more prominent when it comes to determining the quality of the legal service, a phenomenon also known as ‘simultaneity’.


R. van Otterlo
Prof. mr. dr. Rob van Otterlo is als bijzonder hoogleraar organisatie van de juridische dienstverlening verbonden aan de faculteit Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Hij is tevens werkzaam bij de Nederlandse Orde van Advocaten in Den Haag.
Titel

De programmatische aanpak van mensenhandel en mensensmokkel: Een verkenning aan de hand van <i>Sneep</i>

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 07 2007
Trefwoorden Mensenhandel, Mensensmokkel, Opsporingsonderzoek, Slachtoffer, Fiscale inlichtingen- en opsporingsdienst, Gemeente, Openbaar ministerie, Bestuurder, Dwang, Handhaving
Auteurs Kiemel, J. en Kate, W. ten

Kiemel, J.

Kate, W. ten
Boekbespreking

Voorbij goed en kwaad van witwassen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 02 2006
Trefwoorden Witwassen, Bewijslast, Drug, Illegaal, E-business, Fraude, Bodem, Cocaïne, Compliance, Drugshandel
Auteurs Hoogenboom, A.B.

Hoogenboom, A.B.
Interface Showing Amount
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