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Artikel

De Nederlandse gedragscode wetenschappelijke integriteit 2018

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2019
Trefwoorden good research practice, transparency, independence, duties of care, responsibility
Auteurs Prof. dr. Antoine Hol
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The new Dutch Code of Conduct for Research Integrity (2018) offers an important document for strengthening good research practices. It can be used in training researchers, informing the general public on standards guaranteeing trustworthiness of scientific research and handling allegations of misconduct in this research. The code departs from a set of principles worked out in standards describing the do’s and don’ts of good research practice. The Dutch code distinguishes itself for amongst others having a special section on duties of care of the organization where researchers are appointed. The organization has special responsibilities to give support to its researchers to develop good research practice and to foster a research culture in which dilemmas of integrity can be discussed in an open atmosphere. In this article special attention is paid to the principle of dependency. It is with regard to this principle that the researcher is most vulnerable, especially when it comes to commissioned research projects. How can the researcher be supported when dependency and honesty are under pressure?


Prof. dr. Antoine Hol
Prof. dr. A.M. Hol is hoogleraar Encyclopedie van het recht/Rechtsfilosofie aan de Universiteit Utrecht en medeauteur van de Nederlandse gedragscode wetenschappelijke integriteit. Hij is tevens voorzitter van de Commissies Wetenschappelijke Integriteit van Universiteit Utrecht en Tilburg University.
Artikel

Jongerenrechtbanken: oplossingsgerichte lekenrechtspraak voor en door leerlingen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2018
Trefwoorden youth courts, restorative justice, active citizenship, schools, community
Auteurs Drs. Gert Jan Slump en Prof. dr. Jessica Asscher
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article describes the backgrounds, the development and first findings on youth courts in the Netherlands. A Dutch version of the USA youth courts was developed and piloted in 4 Amsterdam schools. Cases referred are small (partly illegal) incidents committed in the school environment. The Dutch youth court practice is described against the background of transformational change in society and the development of restorative justice and (peer oriented) development of citizenship. Although the model is still in development and schools are somewhat reluctant to deliver and refer cases, practice is growing.


Drs. Gert Jan Slump
Drs. G.J. Slump is criminoloog en landelijk projectleider voor de Stichting Jongerenrechtbanken Nederland. Hij heeft een eigen adviespraktijk voor projecten op strafrechtelijk gebied en geeft trainingen op het terrein van herstelrecht en herstelgericht werken.

Prof. dr. Jessica Asscher
Prof. dr. J. Asscher is hoogleraar Forensische Orthopedagogiek aan de Universiteit Utrecht en hoofddocent aan de Universiteit van Amsterdam. Zij is lid van de Raad van Advies van de stichting Jongerenrechtbanken.
Artikel

Hybridisering van de zwaardmachten: realiteit of fictie?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2018
Trefwoorden militarization of the police, constabularisation of the military, peace support operations, blurring of police and military functions, high-end policing
Auteurs Dr. Peter Neuteboom en Hans Hovens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    National and international security are becoming increasingly interdependent. The question is whether this leads to a certain level of militarization of the police and constibularisation of the military. In some of their operations and units, the Dutch police apply tactics, technologies and organizational principles that resemble those of the military. The police also contribute to international peace support operations and stability missions to train or monitor police in post-conflict areas. The Dutch army has been involved in some sort of interim policing during several stability missions and increasingly support the Dutch police in law enforcement operations by providing search and analytical support. Finally, as a police force with a military status, the Royal Marechaussee has acquired a structural and strong position in the Dutch police system. Although there is some sort of convergence, the authors conclude that the level of militarization of the police and constabularisation of the military remains limited.


Dr. Peter Neuteboom
Dr. P.C.J. Neuteboom is directeur Duurzaamheid en Opsporing bij de Inspectie Leefomgeving & Transport en research fellow bij de Nederlandse Defensie Academie.

Hans Hovens
J.L. Hovens is kolonel b.d. van de Koninklijke Marechaussee.
Artikel

De uitdagingen voor gebiedsgebonden politiezorg

Ambigue ontwikkelingen, platgetreden paden en nieuwe wegen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2017
Auteurs T. Meurs MSc en B.J. Kreulen MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the challenges facing Community Oriented Policing (COP) in an increasingly complex society. The authors describe how the Dutch police adresses this context through a new police organisation on a national basis, specified job protocols, intelligence led policing and higher educated specialists. Seeking for alternatives the authors argue that COP should be based on a problem centered approach which profits from the insights of local policemen and operational specialists. Adressing ambiguous problems will fail when only applying system logic. Instead, moral involvement and sensemaking are indispensable.


T. Meurs MSc
Teun Meurs MSc werkt aan een promotieonderzoek over kennisintensivering en de ontwikkeling van onderzoekende politieprofessionaliteit. Het onderzoek is onderdeel van de Strategische Onderzoeksagenda 2015-2019 en wordt gefaciliteerd door de Hogeschool Arnhem Nijmegen, Universiteit Utrecht, de Politieacademie en de Nationale Politie.

B.J. Kreulen MSc
Bert Jan Kreulen MSc is werkzaam binnen de dienst Politieprofessie in de Eenheid Amsterdam en houdt zich bezig met de ontwikkeling van Gebiedsgebonden Politiezorg, met een focus op de rol van de wijkagent. De auteurs bedanken Wouter Landman voor zijn constructieve commentaar op een eerdere versie van dit artikel.
Artikel

Over mens- en wereldbeelden en hun bijbehorende misdaadrecht

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden worldview, view of man, (pre-/trans-)modernity, science and religion, restorative justice
Auteurs J.A.A.C. Claessen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Criminal law is embedded in a specific view of man and the world. This thesis implies that a change of the view of man and the world leads necessarily to a change of criminal law. Since our view of man and the world is constantly changing, the same applies for our law governing wrongful conduct. In this article is described how our view of man and the world has changed through the ages (during pre-modernity and modernity) and what changes have occurred under the influence thereof. Given the limited size of this article, a macro-perspective is utilized. At the end of the article, the author advocates a new (trans-modern) view of man and the world and a new corresponding law governing wrongful conduct.


J.A.A.C. Claessen
Mr. dr. Jacques Claessen is als universitair docent straf(proces)recht verbonden aan de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Universiteit Maastricht. Daarnaast is hij rechter-plaatsvervanger bij de Rechtbank Limburg en redacteur van de Nieuwsbrief Strafrecht en het Tijdschrift voor Herstelrecht.
Artikel

Het veranderende mensbeeld in het strafrecht

Een bespiegeling op basis van ervaringen in de rechterlijke macht

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2015
Trefwoorden administration of justice, cynicism, optimism, pondering interests, forgiving
Auteurs G.J.M. Corstens
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the author explains his optimistic view of humanity. He argues that a judge, like he was before, should always keep in mind that defendants and convicted people deserve a positive approach, even if this seems to be contrary to the general experience of recidivism. Criminal judges should never adopt an attitude of cynicism and being merciless. However, criminal justice has to take into account the interests of society in general, of victims and of accused and convicted people. Sometimes severe punishment is required in order to underline the rules we have to obey. But even then the judge has to consider whether there is hope. Pondering all the interests concerned is necessary. Sometimes pardoning is appropriate.


G.J.M. Corstens
Mr. Geert Corstens is oud-president van de Hoge Raad der Nederlanden en oud-hoogleraar straf- en strafprocesrecht aan de Radboud Universiteit Nijmegen. Hij is tegenwoordig Appointing Authority bij het Iran US Claims Tribunal en lid van de Ethische Commissie van het Internationaal Olympisch Comité.
Artikel

Principes van klokkenluiden: de benadering van de Raad van Europa

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2013
Trefwoorden Council of Europe, whistleblowing, legal improvements, Recommendation Council of Europe, basic principles of whistleblowing
Auteurs P. Stephenson en M. Levi
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    National governments have adopted a variety of approaches to the protection of whistleblowers. This article refers to examples in Slovenia, the United Kingdom and the United States of America, and ongoing work in Ireland, the Netherlands and Serbia. It is not always clear what would count as success, but none of the existing laws appears to have wholly achieved its aims. The Council of Europe aims to establish some common ground in Europe by drafting a Recommendation which will establish principles on which Member States should draft laws and establish systems. This article considers the work done so far on the draft Recommendation, discusses some of the most important and problematic aspects, and suggests improvements.


P. Stephenson
Paul Stephenson is oud-functionaris van het ministerie van Justitie (Verenigd Koninkrijk) en deskundige op het gebied van anticorruptie.

M. Levi
Prof. Michael Levi is hoogleraar Criminologie aan de Universiteit van Cardiff.
Artikel

Levenslange gevangenisstraf: uitlevering en overlevering aan Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 2 2013
Trefwoorden life imprisonment the Netherlands, extradition, surrender, human rights, European Court of Human Rights
Auteurs V.H. Glerum
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In principle a Dutch life sentence is served in full. ‘Lifers’ can benefit from executive clemency. However, over the last 26 years clemency has been applied so sparingly as to call into question whether clemency for ‘lifers’ is a real possibility at all. Recently the European Court of Human Rights has refined its case-law on the compatibility of life sentences with Art. 3 ECHR, in the national context as well as in the context of extradition. This contribution discusses whether under Article 3 ECHR the Dutch practice of executing life sentences in full acts as a bar to extradition or surrender of a person who faces the imposition and/or execution of a life sentence in the Netherlands.


V.H. Glerum
Mr. dr. Vincent Glerum is senior juridisch medewerker van de Internationale Rechtshulpkamer van de Rechtbank Amsterdam.

    In recent decades the night-time economy has started to play a significant role in city centre regeneration; it has become a vital element of the urban economy, as well as a marketing tool in the competition between cities. Concerns about personal safety and fear of crime determine to a large extent the success of these nightlife districts. Based on an analysis of policy documents, night-time observations and expert interviews with stakeholders in the Safe Nightlife Programmes of Rotterdam and Utrecht, different local safety measures and their legitimizations in different local urban settings will be analysed. The question raised is how surveillance measures in different nightlife districts are legitimized, taking into account the fact that cities' nightlife districts do not only need to be safe, but are also favoured by its visitors for adventure and excitement. What are the social implications of these surveillance measures and what does this mean for the character of cities' nightlife districts?


I. van Aalst
Dr. Irina van Aalst is verbonden aan het Urban and Regional research centre Utrecht (URU) van de Faculteit Geosciences van de Universiteit Utrecht. Dit artikel is gebaseerd op onderzoek dat deel uitmaakt van het door NWO gefinancierde project Surveillance in Urban Nightscapes (SUN), MVi 313-99-140 (www.stadsnachtwacht.nl).

I. van Liempt
Drs. Ilse van Liempt is verbonden aan het Urban and Regional research centre Utrecht (URU) van de Faculteit Geosciences van de Universiteit Utrecht. Dit artikel is gebaseerd op onderzoek dat deel uitmaakt van het door NWO gefinancierde project Surveillance in Urban Nightscapes (SUN), MVi 313-99-140 (www.stadsnachtwacht.nl).

    The main question of this article is why the existing diverse populist movements have at least one feature in common: Crime, security and harsher punishments are high on their political agenda. The author points out that the rise of criminality in the last 20 years is a real basis for the growing anxiety among the population about insecurity. This anxiety is reinforced by the blown up media attention for crime issues. The dominance of the security issue is further explained and enhanced by cultural factors like individualisation, migration and the rise of a vitalist culture characterised by a geografical and normative boundlessness. In this context norm violations are always lurking and contributing to an insecure, complex and chaotic society. (In)security has become the common denominator to which all grievances can be reduced. The creation of new structures giving reassurance could provide a democratic alternative for the unevitable authoritarian tendency in state policy caused by the rise of populism. This type of social order should be understood in terms of arrangements of institutions and of tuning stakeholders to one another. Taking this longing for security among the population seriously means also to stop addressing civilians as consumers and start urging them to act like co-responsibles.


J.C.J. Boutellier
Prof. dr. Hans Boutellier is algemeen directeur van het Verwey-Jonker Instituut en bijzonder hoogleraar Veiligheid & burgerschap aan de Vrije Universiteit in Amsterdam.

    There is a strange contradiction in the history of Dutch criminal justice. On the one hand, until well into the 20th Century, it was peculiarly backward in terms of criminal procedure that remained based on principles deriving essentially from the era of the first Dutch republic (17th and 18th Century) or even earlier. On the other, The Netherlands was one of the first countries in Europe to lastingly abolish capital punishment without the intermediate phase of continuing executions out of public view. In this, Dutch criminal justice was decidedly ahead of its times. This contribution examines this apparent contradiction that cannot be entirely explained by existing theories on (the abolition of) capital punishment. It must also be seen in the light of the historical role of publicity/transparency for the legitimacy of criminal justice in the Netherlands, its link to a legal culture of public confidence in the criminal justice authorities and the relatively late reception of Enlightenment ideals.


C.H. Brants
Prof. dr. Chrisje Brants is als hoogleraar straf- en strafprocesrecht verbonden aan het Willem Pompe Instituut van de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Familierelaties en het stoppen met misdaad

Aangrijpingspunten voor het reclasseringswerk

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2011
Auteurs B. Vogelvang
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Various criminologists describe family and partner relationships as forms of social capital. Also research shows that many delinquents say they have generally good relations with their family. Instead of focusing only on the delinquent's individual responsibility and risk factors, probation work should pay more attention to the protective aspects of the former convict's social environment. The author presents a framework, based on the work of the family therapist Nagy, that provides probations workers with the tools to involve the delinquent's family members in the process towards desistance.


B. Vogelvang
Dr. Bas Vogelvang is als lector Reclassering en Veiligheidsbeleid verbonden aan het Expertisecentrum Veiligheid van Avans Hogeschool te Den Bosch. Hij is tevens als expertadviseur werkzaam bij Adviesbureau Van Montfoort. Dit artikel is gebaseerd op het hoofdstuk ‘Justice for all: Family matters in offender supervision’ (Vogelvang en Van Alphen, 2011).

    Intervention teams are among the most discussed tools in the current process of securitisation. Their integrated approach takes into account all underlying causes of insecurity and quality of life. For a more effective approach authorities and organisations have to cooperate and let go of their mutual boundaries. But can the participants put aside their differences in perspectives and policies? This article discusses the goal of ‘ontkokering’ (‘decompartalisation’), this was done through a study of the practices of intervention team SIP in Amsterdam. On basis of thirteen interviews and observations the authors argue that there are three main mechanisms or ‘molar barriers’, which conserve the old structures in the integrated approach of the intervention team: ‘methodical robustness’, ‘institutional robustness’ and ‘financial robustness’.


M. Schuilenburg
Mr. Drs. Marc Schuilenburg is werkzaam bij de afdeling Strafrecht en Criminologie van de Faculteit der Rechtsgeleerdheid van de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam. Hij is tevens redactieraadlid van Justitiële verkenningen. Zie: www.marcschuilenburg.nl.

C. Dijkstra
Catharina Dijkstra MSc studeerde criminologie aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.

    There is currently no legal base for financial supervision and crisis management at the European level. Powers are nationally based. This article develops the financial trilemma, which states that a stable financial system, an integrated financial system and national financial autonomy are incompatible. Any two of the three objectives can be combined, but not all three; one has to give. Assuming that a stable financial system is desirable, this article explores the trade-off between national financial autonomy and financial integration in Europe. Policymakers face a clear choice. If they want to preserve the benefits of the single market for financial services (financial integration), financial supervision and crisis management have to be based on a European footing. This article stresses that a strong legal base is needed for such European arrangements. Voluntary cooperation does not work in a crisis, as national governments tend to follow their national interests. The alternative to European arrangements is preserving the current national powers. This article predicts that banking will then become national: each country has its own national banks.


D. Schoenmaker
Prof. dr. Dirk Schoenmaker is decaan van de Duisenberg School of Finance.
Redactioneel

Voorwoord

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2010
Auteurs M.P.C. Scheepmaker

M.P.C. Scheepmaker
Titel

De perverse effecten van het Haags Adoptieverdrag

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 07 2008
Trefwoorden kind, Adoptie, Interlandelijke adoptie, Verdrag, Europese commissie, Regering, Kindertehuis, Ouders, Kinderhandel, Ratificatie
Auteurs Post, R.

Post, R.
Titel

Hulp en dwang vanuit zorgetisch perspectief

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 03 2008
Trefwoorden Autonomie, Hulpverlener, Dwang, Tussenkomst, Politie, Illegaal, Keuzevrijheid, Aangifte, Aansprakelijkheid, Diefstal
Auteurs Widdershoven, G.A.M. en Abma, T.A.

Widdershoven, G.A.M.

Abma, T.A.
Titel

Neurowetenschappen veranderen niets en alles aan het rechtssysteem

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 01 2008
Trefwoorden Aansprakelijkheid, Bewijslast, Idee, Fout, Schuld, Bedreiging, Gebrek, Overleden, Slachtoffer, Kind
Auteurs Greene, J. en Cohen, J.D.

Greene, J.

Cohen, J.D.
Titel

Convergerende technologieën, verschuivende verantwoordelijkheden

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 01 2008
Trefwoorden Aansprakelijkheid, Handhaving, Idee, Strafrecht, Privacy, Legitimiteit, Menselijke gedraging, Noodzakelijkheid, Observatie, Technische ontwikkeling
Auteurs Vedder, A.

Vedder, A.
Titel

Vrijheid boven alles: Over de rechtsstaat op een hellend vlak

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 08 2007
Trefwoorden Rechtsstaat, Privacy, Democratie, Idee, Bestuurder, Gemeente, Eigendom, Ombudsman, Noodzakelijkheid, Openbare orde
Auteurs Kwak, A.J.

Kwak, A.J.
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