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Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x Jaar 2017 x
Artikel

Liquidaties nieuwe stijl

Verruwing en professionalisering bij liquidaties in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2017
Trefwoorden Assassination, homicide, organized crime, violent crime, drugs
Auteurs Dr. B. van Gestel en Dr. M.A. Verhoeven
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    While contract killings by organized crime groups are by no means new to the Netherlands (with around twenty to thirty cases a year over the last few decades), there is reason to believe that the nature of the killings has changed. The key question of this article is which recent developments can be identified in relation to the phenomenon of contract killings. The availability of new groups of hitmen and new means has led to a number of changes in modus operandi for contract killings within organized crime. On the one hand, there is a process of professionalization when it comes to methods of observation and counterstrategies, which involves the use of the latest technological tools. The digitization of resources and traces plays a significant part in this. On the other hand, the perpetrators are resorting to much coarser methods for the actual killings. This may be attributed to the abundance of heavy firearms available in the Netherlands and to new inexperienced homegrown hitmen, who are willing to kill in exchange for payment.


Dr. B. van Gestel
Dr. Barbra van Gestel is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.

Dr. M.A. Verhoeven
Dr. Maite Verhoeven is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.
Artikel

‘Hitman, at your service’: een crime-scriptanalyse van liquidaties in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2017
Trefwoorden contract killings, crime script analysis, hitman, facilitators, spy shops
Auteurs L.R. de Korte MSc
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Contract killings in the Netherlands have been a common phenomenon for the last two decades. In those two decades, the killings have become more violent and they are often executed in public spaces. Despite their big societal impact, scientific research into the contract killings is not available. This article aims to broaden the empirical basis of contract killings by studying the killings through crime script analysis. The focus of the article is on the objects and facilitators necessary for the preparations of the killings. First, the analysis of six police files showed that stolen vehicles, machine guns, and technical equipment like encrypted phones and tracking equipment are very often used in the preparation of a contract killing. Second, spy shops facilitated the contract killings by ensuring safe communication for the hitmen and by using tracking equipment the specific location of the victim is easily available. Finally, the analysis shows that hitmen were hired to execute the killings.


L.R. de Korte MSc
Laura Roos de Korte MSc studeerde opsporingscriminologie en bestuurskunde aan de Vrije Universiteit te Amsterdam.
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