Zoekresultaat: 5 artikelen

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Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x Jaar 2009 x

    There is currently no legal base for financial supervision and crisis management at the European level. Powers are nationally based. This article develops the financial trilemma, which states that a stable financial system, an integrated financial system and national financial autonomy are incompatible. Any two of the three objectives can be combined, but not all three; one has to give. Assuming that a stable financial system is desirable, this article explores the trade-off between national financial autonomy and financial integration in Europe. Policymakers face a clear choice. If they want to preserve the benefits of the single market for financial services (financial integration), financial supervision and crisis management have to be based on a European footing. This article stresses that a strong legal base is needed for such European arrangements. Voluntary cooperation does not work in a crisis, as national governments tend to follow their national interests. The alternative to European arrangements is preserving the current national powers. This article predicts that banking will then become national: each country has its own national banks.


D. Schoenmaker
Prof. dr. Dirk Schoenmaker is decaan van de Duisenberg School of Finance.
Artikel

De ontknoping van de nodale oriëntatie

Op zoek naar randvoorwaarden en kritische factoren

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2009
Auteurs A. van Sluis en V. Bekkers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In this article the authors try to analyze the prerequisites and critical factors for the successful implementation of a nodal orientation in law enforcement. Their analysis is based on an exploration of the exemplary case of the Dutch national airport Schiphol, one of the most important multi nodal and infrastructural nodes in the Netherlands, where transport by air, road and rail and streams of people and goods intersect. The authors reject naive instrumentalism that sometimes comes along with the nodal orientation. They discuss the possibilities and limitations of high tech, the stipulation of nodal security governance and the dilemma's with regard to the privacy of citizens. They advocate a balance between the need for safety and personal freedom, based on a dialogue in politics and in broader society, and more accountability in the application of high tech detection equipment.


A. van Sluis
Dr. Arie van Sluis is als universitair docent Bestuurskunde verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

V. Bekkers
Dr. Victor Bekkers is als hoogleraar Bestuurskunde verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

    This paper advances a ‘nodal governance’ perspective, which understands the delivery of security as being accomplished through the thinking and practices of various ‘nodes’ or entities characterized by ways of thinking about problems and influencing events. In this light, policing should be understood sociologically as involving the activities of state and non-state entities (e.g. corporations and well-resourced communities) as well as the public police. The authors argue that it is essential for police to recognize the nodal world within which they live and to locate themselves within ‘nodal assemblages’ for the delivery of security. As illustrations, the paper discusses two practical projects devoted to exploring nodal security governance arrangements in the country contexts of South Africa and Australia. The authors add that the question of what precisely nodal policing can or should look like in concrete terms is an empirical matter to be resolved within site-specific contexts.


J. Wood
Prof. Jennifer Wood is als hoogleraar verbonden aan het Department of Criminal Justice van de Australische Temple University.

C.D. Shearing
Prof. Clifford Shearing is hoogleraar bij het Centre of Criminology van de University of Cape Town, Zuid-Afrika.
Redactioneel

Voorwoord

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 7 2009
Auteurs M.P.C. Scheepmaker

M.P.C. Scheepmaker

    In March 2008 the Minister of Agriculture, Nature and Food Quality put forward a bill on animal welfare and animal health to the Dutch Parliament. In this bill five acts on kept animals are integrated. The authors discuss whether the integration is a goal in itself or means to an end. In their view the choice of legislation involved in the integration is not a logical one, and it is questionable whether this integration is necessary at all. Furthermore, the bill in its present form is not an adequate instrument to attain the policy goals in the field of animal welfare and animal health.


I.E. Boissevain
Mr. ing. Iaira Boissevain is als junior universitair docent verbonden aan de Leerstoel Dier en Recht en tevens docent Gerechtelijke Diergeneeskunde bij de faculteit Diergeneeskunde van de Universiteit Utrecht.

A.A. Freriks
Prof. mr. Annelies Freriks is hoogleraar Dier en Recht aan de Universiteit Utrecht en tevens advocaat/partner bij AKD Prinsen Van Wijmen NV in Breda.
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