Verfijn uw zoekresultaat

Zoekresultaat: 589 artikelen

x
De zoekresultaten worden gefilterd op:
Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen x
Artikel

Invordering schulden: van eigenbelang naar gezamenlijk belang

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden debt recovery, seizing wage, seizing bank account, multiple creditors, legislation
Auteurs Mr. André Moerman
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This contribution treats debt recovery as an important cause for the emergence and worsening of the debt problem. It is explained that when a bailiff seizes wage, the debtor often has too little left to live on. In addition to seizure of wage, the bailiff can also seize the bank account or seize household goods in order to sell these. The author describes how this can lead to new debts and what legislation is being prepared to modernize this situation. In case of problematic debts, multiple creditors are collecting from the same debtor, which requires coordination. The recovery by creditors facilitated by the current rules focuses on the claims of individual creditors. However, as soon as problematic debts are involved, an integrated approach is necessary, in which the common interest, the interest of all creditors and that of the debtor, takes precedence over self-interest.


Mr. André Moerman
Mr. A.J. Moerman is manager bij Bindkracht10, voorzitter van de signaleringscommissie van de Landelijke Organisatie Sociaal Raadslieden en eigenaar van www.schuldinfo.nl.
Artikel

De onbenutte kracht van schuldpreventie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden problematic debt, debt prevention, early detection, financial skills, legislation
Auteurs Dr. Tamara Madern
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Problematic debt has a large impact on people’s lives and tends to escalate quickly, making early detection and debt prevention crucial. Debt prevention is a mix of measures, activities and provisions aimed at ensuring that people acquire financial skills and that they are capable and actually behave financially sound, so that their finances are and remain in order. So people have to be financially literate and have financial skills, but they also have to be able to act at the right time in the right way. There is currently not enough attention for these three elements in legislation and regulations.


Dr. Tamara Madern
Dr. T.E. Madern is lector Schuldpreventie en Vroegsignalering bij het lectoraat Schulden en Incasso van het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie aan de Hogeschool Utrecht.
Artikel

Naar een maatschappelijk effectieve schuldenrechter

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden judiciary, debt collection cases, local experiments, reorganization, legislation
Auteurs Prof. mr. Nick Huls
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The corona crisis can be seen as an opportunity to facilitate a much wider access to the courts for a clean slate in the case of personal insolvency. This access was provided by the 1998 Dutch law on debt rescheduling Wsnp. After explaining the relapse of the law and the problems of the present system, an overview is given of the societal activities to turn the tide. The judiciary has started several local experiments to help overindebted citizens. Using the concept of societally effective courts the Council of the judiciary has backed this development. In the concluding part the author discusses several paths to improve the situation. First, the courts should organize themselves in such a way that debt collection and debt help are coordinated. Second, the courts must abandon their strict attitude towards the formalities for access that are now in place. The municipal assistance institutions should be given the possibility to suggest to the courts that their clients are ripe for a fresh start.


Prof. mr. Nick Huls
Prof. mr. N.J.H. Huls is emeritus hoogleraar rechtssociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en de Universiteit Leiden.
Artikel

Stabilisatie van het schuldenprobleem is niet genoeg

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden debt counseling
Auteurs Dr. Ad Baan en Drs. Bram Berkhout
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Dutch debt counseling system, a close collaboration between two trajectories, being voluntary debt settlements and debt settlements imposed by a judge, is vital for the overall success of the system. This article shows that this crucial collaboration is in fact poor, and negatively impacts the success of the debt counseling system. One of the underlying factors is the poor performance of the system as a whole. Although there is a common interest in reducing debts, the involved parties also have their own conflicting interests. The current system fails however to accomplish a tighter collaboration, and even sometimes seems to do the opposite. The authors conclude that a redesign of the Dutch system is necessary to organize a better and more coherent playing field.


Dr. Ad Baan
Dr. A. Baan is werkzaam als senior adviseur bij Berenschot op het terrein van schuldhulpverlening, werk- en inkomensvraagstukken en organisatievragen in het sociaal domein.

Drs. Bram Berkhout
Drs. A. Berkhout is als senior managing consultant verbonden aan Berenschot. Hij is expert in het opzetten en uitvoeren van evaluatie- en monitoronderzoek om de doelmatigheid en/of doeltreffendheid van beleid in kaart te brengen.
Artikel

Financiële problematiek als belemmering voor re-integratie van ex-delinquenten

Een onderzoek onder reclasseringswerkers en hun cliënten

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden financial problems, debts, delinquency, risk factors, probation
Auteurs Gercoline van Beek MA, Dr. Vivienne de Vogel en Prof. dr. Dike van de Mheen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In order to improve the effectiveness of offender supervision many studies have been conducted into risk factors for delinquency. Evidence was found that debts and crime are interrelated. However, understanding of potential underlying risk factors in this relationship is limited. Results of an analysis of client files (N=250) show that debts among probation clients are highly prevalent and problems with respect to education, work and mental and physical health seem to be important underlying factors in the relationship between debts and crime. In addition, interviews were conducted with both probation workers (N=33) and clients (N=16) to get insight into the possibilities to adequately support clients with regard to debts in order to stimulate successful resocialization. Results underline the importance of paying attention to possible underlying factors to effectively supervise clients.


Gercoline van Beek MA
G. van Beek MA is onderzoeker en docent aan de Hogeschool Utrecht. Zij doet momenteel promotieonderzoek naar financiële problematiek onder reclasseringscliënten (zie www.hu.nl/onderzoek/onderzoekers/gercoline-van-beek).

Dr. Vivienne de Vogel
Dr. V. de Vogel is lector Werken in Justitieel Kader aan de Hogeschool Utrecht en onderzoeker bij De Forensische Zorgspecialisten in Utrecht (zie www.hu.nl/onderzoek/onderzoekers/vivienne-de-vogel).

Prof. dr. Dike van de Mheen
Prof. dr. H. van de Mheen is hoogleraar Transformaties in de Zorg bij Tranzo, het wetenschappelijk centrum voor zorg en welzijn van de Universiteit van Tilburg (zie www.tilburguniversity.edu/nl/medewerkers/h-vdmheen).
Boekbespreking

Over het incassobeleid van het CJIB

Het laatste onderzoek van Roland Eshuis (1960-2020)

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Prof. mr. Nick Huls
Auteursinformatie

Prof. mr. Nick Huls
Prof. mr. N.J.H. Huls is emeritus hoogleraar rechtssociologie aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam en de Universiteit Leiden.
Redactioneel

Inleiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Auteurs Mr. drs. Marit Scheepmaker
Auteursinformatie

Mr. drs. Marit Scheepmaker
Mr. drs. M.P.C. Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Access_open Hoe de onvrede over het schuldhulpstelsel ontstond

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 1 2020
Trefwoorden overindebtedness, legislation, debt recovery, policy change, coronacrisis
Auteurs Dr. Nadja Jungmann
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In the Netherlands a large number of households is overindebted. Despite the economic prosperity, 20% of the households has to deal with large debts. Dissatisfaction with the position of debtors has grown in recent years. Numerous initiatives are being launched to improve their position. New legislation is provided for and municipalities are starting up all kinds of pilots. There is momentum for improvement. It is important that all initiatives are coordinated. In addition, it is also important to investigate what the legislation and initiatives yield.


Dr. Nadja Jungmann
Dr. N. Jungmann is lector Schulden & Incasso aan de Hogeschool Utrecht. Zij is tevens eigenaar van trainings- en adviesbureau Social Force.
Artikel

Access_open Havens en georganiseerde criminaliteit: een historische bespiegeling

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden international harbors, organized crime, history, smuggling, Rotterdam
Auteurs prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The structural vulnerability of the port of Rotterdam to organized crime is dealt with in this article from a broader, historical perspective. Using examples from ports in Italy and the United States, among others, the author shows how at the end of the last century local criminal groups managed to gain a dominant position in the handling of good flows. The author discusses various research reports that have been published over the years on the import of drugs into the port of Rotterdam and other European ports. Drug traffickers turn out to respond very flexible to stricter controls by simply moving to alternative ports or opting for transferring drug loads to small fast boats in open water. The author emphasizes that ports should not be studied as isolated transition points, but must be considered as nodes in networks that extend far inland and abroad. This is the only way to see the broader strategic and tactical options for stopping or reducing drug trafficking. In addition, attention must be paid to the problem of corruption among port workers, police and customs officers.


prof. dr. Cyrille Fijnaut
Em. prof. dr. C.J. Fijnaut is emeritus hoogleraar criminologie aan de Universiteit Tilburg.
Artikel

Transitcriminaliteit en logistieke knooppunten in Nederland

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden Drug trafficking, airports, seaports, security checks, corruption
Auteurs Renushka Madarie MSc en Dr. Edwin Kruisbergen
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Netherlands functions as an important source and transit country for international organized drug trafficking. This is in part due to its large logistical nodes in the world economy, like the airport and the seaport. Based on in-depth analyses of sixteen cases of the Dutch Organized Crime Monitor, this article explores how drug traffickers operate at logistical nodes, in particular airports. The results demonstrate that organized crime groups deploy mainly three types of tactics to traffic drugs, namely defying, avoiding, and neutralizing security checks. Occupational embeddedness is manifested through several job-related factors. Autonomy, mobility, and the similarity between legitimate duties and criminal activities facilitate discrete engagement in organized crime activities during work time. Port employees are also attractive to organized crime groups because of their job-related social capital and knowledge.


Renushka Madarie MSc
R. Madarie MSc. is als promovendus verbonden aan het NSCR te Amsteram

Dr. Edwin Kruisbergen
Dr. E.W. Kruisbergen is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het WODC.
Artikel

Uitdagingen in publiek-private samenwerking in de aanpak van drugscriminaliteit in de Rotterdamse haven

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 5 2019
Trefwoorden public private partnerships, Rotterdam harbor, security, drugs, crime
Auteurs Dr. Lieselot Bisschop, Dr. Robby Roks, Prof.dr. Richard Staring e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article focuses on the challenges associated with public-private partnerships in tackling drug crime in the port of Rotterdam. The authors identified the actors involved in the fight against drug crime and, more generally, security in the port. The authors show how these various actors view the subject of drug crime (so-called mentalities), what they set as objectives (finalities) and how they try to achieve these objectives. Subsequently the various aspects of the interactions between these actors are being analyzed. The article is empirically based on 76 interviews with public and private actors in the port of Rotterdam, that were conducted in the period from January 2018 to February 2019, and an analysis of literature, news items, government reports and other documents.


Dr. Lieselot Bisschop
Dr. L.C.J. Bisschop is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Dr. Robby Roks
Dr. R. Roks is als universitair docent werkzaam bij de sectie Criminologie van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Prof.dr. Richard Staring
Prof.dr. R. Staring is als hoogleraar Criminologie verbonden aan de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.

Elisabeth Brein MSc
E. Brein MSc is als onderzoeker en programmamanager verbonden aan de Rotterdam School of Management van de Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam.
Redactioneel

Inleiding

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2019
Auteurs Mr. Marit Scheepmaker
Auteursinformatie

Mr. Marit Scheepmaker
Mr. drs. M.P.C. Scheepmaker is hoofdredacteur van Justitiële verkenningen.
Artikel

Drie ingrepen om de jeugdzorg te redden

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden Dutch youth care, decentralization, evaluation, crisis, access to youth mental health care
Auteurs Dr. Ido Weijers
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Dutch youth care was decentralized in 2015. Since the transfer to the municipalities, youth care is in a state of deep crisis. There are long waiting lists, even in situations of acute need; there is lack of money, of professional and experienced staff, of adequate care, and of central coordination and guidance. In contrast to Denmark, where youth care was transferred to municipalities in 2007, there was barely time to prepare the transfer in the Netherlands. Moreover, the number of municipalities was not significantly reduced and the funding was extremely cut back. In this article, a number of interventions is being proposed to save what can still be saved. First, funding will have to be substantially increased. Second, the access to youth mental health care should not be a matter of municipal authority.


Dr. Ido Weijers
Dr. I. Weijers is emeritus hoogleraar Jeugdbescherming en Jeugdrechtspleging aan de Universiteit Utrecht.
Artikel

Gezinsgericht werken in de gesloten residentiële jeugdhulp

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden residential youth care, family-centered care, parental participation, closed institutions, systemic therapy
Auteurs Drs. Linde Broekhoven, Dr. Inge Simons en Dr. Floor van Santvoort
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The importance of family-centered care in residential youth care is widely recognized in research, as well as in practice and policies. Involving parents in residential treatment is frequently associated with positive outcomes. However, applying a family-centered vision in the practice of residential youth care remains challenging. A program for family-centered care is developed by the Academic Workplace for Risk Youth (AWRJ). The program emphasizes the importance of involving parents from the start of the placement. Parents should be informed about family activities in the institution. Professionals treat parents as ‘experts’ concerning their child and involve them in decisions. Furthermore, parents are asked about their needs and supported for participation. Another important part of the program is the possibility to start systemic therapy during placement and continuing the therapy when the youth returns home. This article also discusses how to overcome barriers in involving parents and how this program can be implemented successfully.


Drs. Linde Broekhoven
Drs. L. Broekhoven is werkzaam als promovenda bij Pluryn en Amsterdam UMC.

Dr. Inge Simons
Dr. I. Simons is als Gz-psycholoog en senior onderzoeker verbonden aan Youz, onderdeel van Parnassia Groep.

Dr. Floor van Santvoort
Dr. F. van Santvoort is werkzaam als senior onderzoeker bij Pluryn.
Artikel

Zorg voor en zorgen om alleenstaande minderjarige vreemdelingen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden unaccompanied minor asylum seekers, mental health problems, mental health care, resilience, guardianship
Auteurs Prof. dr. Monika Smit
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Among the asylum seekers arriving in Europe are unaccompanied minors (UMAs). As a result of the often traumatic experiences before and during their flight, many have mental health problems. The question is how they cope in the country of destination. After the flight, the plight is not over: destination countries are often not welcoming in all respects, UMAs may encounter violence in reception facilities, and experience stress related to the asylum procedure and possible family reunification, as well as worries about relatives left behind. Although UMAs are also known to be resilient, and most are supported by family members and/or significant others, there are worries about their transition to adulthood. When they turn 18, they have to deal with the developmental tasks that come with that age, as well as to come to terms with past experiences. At the same time their guardianship ends, and they are supposed to manage on their own in the relatively new country. Many UMAs seem to manage, but it would be helpful if the 18 years age limit could be used flexible when necessary.


Prof. dr. Monika Smit
Prof. dr. M. Smit is hoofd van de Onderzoeksafdeling Rechtsbestel, Wetgeving en Internationale en Vreemdelingenaangelegenheden van het WODC en bijzonder hoogleraar Psychosociale zorg voor alleenstaande minderjarige vreemdelingen aan de Rijksuniversiteit Groningen.
Artikel

Kinderbescherming over de grens

Lessen voor Nederland en leren van Denemarken?

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden child protection, youth care systems, international comparison, Denmark, trust versus risk management
Auteurs Drs. Caroline Vink
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    In view of the recent problems arising from the decentralization of the Dutch youth care system, this article examines whether the Netherlands could learn from decentralization experiences in other countries. The author focuses on Denmark, where such decentralization took place fairly recently. In addition, elements of the organization of youth care in Germany and Norway are also discussed. It becomes clear that the Netherlands has a relatively complex system with many different organizations with overlapping tasks and powers. In the Netherlands, much attention is paid to control and risk management. In Denmark, on the other hand, there is much more confidence in the capacities of parents and children to find solutions. It is noticeable that in the vast majority of cases there is consensus between parents, child/youngster and care providers about how to deal with the problems. The most important lesson that the Netherlands can learn from abroad – and especially the Danes – is: invest in underlying values and principles and give professionals and families time, support and space.


Drs. Caroline Vink
Drs. C. Vink is senior adviseur bij het Nederlands Jeugdinstituut in Utrecht. Zij adviseert en ondersteunt gemeenten en zorgaanbieders met betrekking tot de transitie en transformatie van de zorg voor jeugd.
Artikel

Access_open Van sleutelen aan het stelsel naar bouwen aan inhoudelijke vernieuwing

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 6 2019
Trefwoorden Decentralization Dutch youth care, System change, Pedagogical civil society, Prevention, Social issues
Auteurs Dr. Saskia Wijsbroek, Dr. Marije Kesselring en Dr. Dorien Graas
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    This article analyzes the decentralization and transformation of Dutch youth care since 2015. The authors point out that many problems still exist and in some cases have become worse. To fundamentally reform youth care much more is needed than just money or a system change. It is necessary, also according to international research, to create a strong pedagogical basis or ‘pedagogical civil society’. Also prevention on various levels (universal, selective, indicated) should receive a lot of attention, while the same applies to improving primary care support, such as youth health care, GP practice support, youth work and school social work. It would also be wise to invest in intensive youth care with long-lasting effects. Generally there should be a strong focus on tackling local and (supra)regional social issues.


Dr. Saskia Wijsbroek
Dr. S.A.M. Wijsbroek werkt als lector Jeugd bij het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie aan de Hogeschool Utrecht en als universitair docent bij de onderzoeksgroep Jeugd en Gezin aan de Universiteit Utrecht.

Dr. Marije Kesselring
Dr. M. Kesselring is als onderzoeker verbonden aan het lectoraat Jeugd bij het Kenniscentrum Sociale Innovatie aan de Hogeschool Utrecht.

Dr. Dorien Graas
Dr. T.A.M. Graas werkt als lector Jeugd bij het Kenniscentrum Gezondheid en Welzijn aan de Hogeschool Windesheim.

    Trendwatching is a tool to get a better grip on what happens next and as such it is used by the Dutch Financial and Fiscal Investigation Service (FIOD) to explore possible futures of financial crime with a time lap of two years. The author describes how trendwatching works. In this case a platform Trends4fi (www.trends4fi.org) was created with a website, a mobile app and trend groups to generate foresights in cooperation with connected networks from public and private organisations. This is called network trendwatching, in fact a social intelligence tool designed to generate as much new information and new insights on developments which might have an impact on financial crime and the fight against it.


Drs. Andrea Wiegman
Drs. A.K. Wiegman is projectleider van Trends4fi bij de FIOD en auteur van De Tijdgeest ontrafeld. Van Snapshots naar Trends (Boom/Nelissen 2014).
Artikel

Over Cyber Forecasting-toernooien

Naar een effectiever gebruik van gekwantificeerde voorspelllingen

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 4 2019
Auteurs Regina Joseph MSc, Dr. Marieke Klaver, Dr. Judith van de Kuijt e.a.
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    Threats, vulnerabilities, and new forms of attack within the cyber domain develop rapidly. To keep up with and respond to these trends, cyber security professionals must demonstrate reaction velocity, accuracy and a high tolerance for complexity. Publicly available information (PAI) can serve as an important aid to personnel engaged in cyber security analysis. However, evaluation of cyber analytical capacity – a pre-requisite for any measurement of quality or improvement – is still inchoate. This article covers the concept and design of an initial phase of research begun in October 2018 in The Netherlands to measure and improve cyber analysis techniques. The research program features a forecasting tournament to record participants’ probabilistic estimates on future cyber outcomes based exclusively on PAI knowledge acquisition. This phase of research seeks to address whether analysts’ predictions are more accurate in certain subjects within the cyber domain than in others and to assess how predictive accuracy in the cyber domain compares to accuracy in other domains in which forecasting tournaments have been organized.


Regina Joseph MSc
R. Joseph M.Sci. is oprichter van de denktank Sibylink, gevestigd in Den Haag.

Dr. Marieke Klaver
Dr. M. Klaver is als onderzoeker verbonden aan TNO.

Dr. Judith van de Kuijt
Dr. J. van de Kuijt is als onderzoeker verbonden aan TNO.

Dr. Diederik van Luijk
Dr. D. van Luijk is werkzaam bij het Nationaal Cyber Security Centrum van het ministerie van Justitie en Veiligheid.

    This article focusses on the question whether quantitative modelling and simulation is useful for judicial forecasting, ex-ante testing of judicial policies, and (re)designing chains of organisations like the judicial chain. Specific attention is given to methods that can be used in the face of complexity and deep uncertainty. That is, when facing many substantial uncertainties. Complexity and uncertainty are first of all focused on. Subsequently, modelling methods for dealing with complexity and uncertainty are discussed in more detail, examples are given, and the process needed to build such models in a participatory way is discussed.


Dr. Erik Pruyt
Dr. E. Pruyt is als universitair hoofddocent Policy Modelling verbonden aan de Technische Universiteit Delft. Hij is tevens founding partner van het Center for Policy Exploration Analysis and Simulation en directeur van het Institute for Grand Challenges.
Toont 1 - 20 van 589 gevonden teksten
« 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 29 30
U kunt door de volledige tekst zoeken naar alle artikelen door uw zoekterm in het zoekveld in te vullen. Als u op de knop 'Zoek' heeft geklikt komt u op de zoekresultatenpagina met filters, die u helpen om snel bij het door u gezochte artikel te komen. Er zijn op dit moment twee filters: rubriek en jaar.