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Artikel

Opsporingsbevoegdheden en privacy

Een internationale vergelijking

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 3 2012
Auteurs J.B.J. van der Leij
SamenvattingAuteursinformatie

    The Dutch regulation of phone tapping has a great deal of safeguards built in to ensure that this investigation method isn't used flippantly. Despite this, it appears that phone tapping is far more commonly used in The Netherlands than in any other western nation, including England, Sweden and Germany. This study shows that, due to differences in registration of phone tapping statistics, it is difficult to compare various countries' practices. However, it does appear that the Dutch authorities don't perceive to have viable alternatives to phone tapping. The limited alternatives that they do (perceive themselves to) have, such as infiltration, pose even greater ethical considerations, making them less attractive. Authorities in England, Sweden and Germany appear to use alternative investigation methods much more frequently than those in The Netherlands. Some examples of the types of alternatives more often resorted to in other countries are the use of traffic data, (intrusive) surveillance and various forms of infiltration. A comparison of the regulations in all four countries showed differences in the degree to which phone tapping is perceived to pose ethical considerations (posing a threat to the privacy of citizens) as an investigatory method.


J.B.J. van der Leij
Mr. dr. Bas van der Leij is als wetenschappelijk medewerker verbonden aan het WODC.

    There is currently no legal base for financial supervision and crisis management at the European level. Powers are nationally based. This article develops the financial trilemma, which states that a stable financial system, an integrated financial system and national financial autonomy are incompatible. Any two of the three objectives can be combined, but not all three; one has to give. Assuming that a stable financial system is desirable, this article explores the trade-off between national financial autonomy and financial integration in Europe. Policymakers face a clear choice. If they want to preserve the benefits of the single market for financial services (financial integration), financial supervision and crisis management have to be based on a European footing. This article stresses that a strong legal base is needed for such European arrangements. Voluntary cooperation does not work in a crisis, as national governments tend to follow their national interests. The alternative to European arrangements is preserving the current national powers. This article predicts that banking will then become national: each country has its own national banks.


D. Schoenmaker
Prof. dr. Dirk Schoenmaker is decaan van de Duisenberg School of Finance.
Titel

Alternatieven voor (interlandelijke) adoptie

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 07 2008
Trefwoorden Kind, Adoptie, Interlandelijke adoptie, Ouders, Opvoeding, Adoptiekind, Adoptieouder, Kinderhandel, Kindertehuis, Pleegouder
Auteurs Vlaardingerbroek, P.

Vlaardingerbroek, P.
Titel

Coffeeshops, gedoogbeleid en Europa

Tijdschrift Justitiële verkenningen, Aflevering 01 2006
Trefwoorden Lidstaat, Drugshandel, Illegaal, Verdrag, Drug, Cannabis, Europese unie, Delictsbestanddeel, Handel, Strafbaar feit
Auteurs Blom, T.

Blom, T.
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